• Title, Summary, Keyword: solvent extraction method

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Extraction Method of Antioxidants in Soybean Oil (Sweep Co-Distillation 법에 의한 산화방지제의 추출법)

  • 황혜정
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.358-363
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the extraction methods for the determination of antioxidants in soybean oil. Recovery rates of various antioxidants in soybean oil showed similar rates as 80.4~102.1% by solvent/solvent extraction method and 89.9~106.4% by sweep co-distillation method except 46.6~61.2% of PG at corresponding spiked concentractions. The maximun recovery rates of antioxidnts were obtained when extraction time and extraction temperature used in UNITREX were 20min and 21$0^{\circ}C$ respectively. In the recovery rates with the activation of florisil when 2% ofwater was added to florisil the highest recovery rates for TBHQ, BHA, BHT were obtained by sweep co-distillation met-hod. Therefore sweep co-distillation method showed less solvent simple operation and high recovery rate compared with solvent/solvent extraction method.

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Use of Accelerated Solvent Extraction Method for Determination of Residual Pesticides in Agricultural Products (농산물의 잔류농약분석을 위한 가속용매추출 (Accelerated Solvent Extraction) 방법의 이용)

  • Lee, Sung-Woo;Seo, Hye-Young;Han, Byung-Jae;Jeong, Yang-Mo;Kim, Jun-Hyoung;No, Ki-Mi;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.228-237
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    • 2004
  • ASE (accelerated solvent extraction) was used to develop an analytical method for reducing the sample preparation time in pesticide residues analyses of agricultural produce. The conditions of ASE were as follows: preheat 1 min, heat 5 min, static 1 min, solvent flush% 60 vol., nitrogen purge 60 sec, 4 cycles, 1,500 psi pressure, and $100^{\circ}C$ temperature. When n-hexane:acetone (4 : l, v/v) was used as, an extraction solvent, the extraction and purification efficiency of ASE did not show the considerable difference compared with solvent extraction, and the reduction of extraction solvent did not affect the performance of extraction. It was proved that ASE method can reduce, sample preparation time as the extraction and purification steps were combined, and the extraction solvent was significantly reduced.

Extraction Methods of Organic Components from Rubber Composites and Analysis of the Extract Using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

  • Chae, Eunji;Choi, Sung-Seen
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.188-200
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    • 2019
  • Rubber articles contain various organic additives such as antidegradants, curing agents, and processing aids. It is important to extract and analyze these organic additives. In this paper, various extraction methods of organic additives present in rubber composites were introduced (solvent extraction, Soxhlet extraction, headspace extraction, and solid-phase microextraction), and the extracts were characterized using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Solvent and Soxhlet extractions are easy-to-perform and commonly used methods. Efficiency of solvent extraction varies according to the type of solvent used and the extraction conditions. Soxhlet extraction requires a large volume of solvent. Headspace sampling is suitable for extracting volatile organic compounds, while solid-phase extraction is suitable for extracting specific chemicals. GC/MS is generally used for characterizing the extract of a rubber composite because most components of the extract are volatile and have low molecular weights. Identification methods of chemical structures of the components separated by GC column were also introduced.

Optimal Organic Solvent Extraction Method for Dewaxing of Beeswax-treated Hanji (밀랍도포한지의 탈랍을 위한 최적 유기용매 추출기법 탐색)

  • Choi, Do-Chim;Choi, Eun-Yeon;Jo, Byoung-Muk;Cho, Byoung-Uk
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the beeswax extraction methods using organic solvents were examined to develop a optimal dewaxing technology for beeswax-treated Hanji. Thermally-aged beeswax-treated Hanji was dewaxed using four types of extraction methods including dipping, Soxhlet extraction, ultrasonic washing and shaking methods. Then, the aging stability of the dewaxed Hanji was evaluated in terms of variations in paper strength and in the color of the printed area with muk. The experimental results suggested that the dewaxing methods allowing solvent to flow during extraction showed superior extraction efficiency. The dipping method in which the organic solvent does not flow showed the slowest extraction rate of beeswax compared to three other methods. In terms of variations in tensile strength and folding endurance, however, no obvious differences in the aging stability were observed amongst these four extraction methods. Regarding the aging stability in terms of the color of the printed area with muk, Soxhlet extraction method showed the best performance of dewaxing.

A Study on the Development of Analytical Method for Micro-Odorous Compounds in Water (흡착제를 이용한 수중의 미량 이취물질 분석법 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 김은호;성낙창;최용락
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.575-580
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    • 1999
  • Even if odorous compounds remained very low concentration in water, it caused strong odor. Because Geosmin and most of odorous compound had very vaporization, those were difficult to analyze with GC/MSD and Purge & Trap. So, we needed pre-treatment method for decreasing amounts of extracting solvents, improving recovery efficiencies and increasing analytical efficiencies. This study developed efficient technology for analyzing odorous compounds, using various adsorbents and extracting solvents. The optimum adsorbent was XAD resins. Especially, XAD-2, XAD-7 and XAD-2010 were superior, but XAD-2 of these and MTBE was the optimum extraction solvent. Other extraction solvent's efficiency was in order of MTBE>Dichloromethane>n-Hexane>Diethylether. The optimum NaCl dosage for increasing efficiency was 5g in liquid-liquid extraction method. The shaking time(0∼24hr) had no concern with adsorption efficiency. The optimum adsorbent was XAD-2 resin and extraction solvent was MTBE. Dosing NaCl, adsorption efficiency was increased in liquid-liquid extraction method, but NaCl has no effect on liquid-solid extraction method. In this experimental results, this method will apply to not only Geosmin but other well-known odorous compounds (2-MIB, IBMP, IPMP, TCA) and algae toxins (Mycrocystin, Anatoxin etc)

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Optimization of Extraction of Astaxanthin from Portunus trituberculatus by Ionic Liquids (이온성 액체를 사용한 꽃게 껍질에서 아스타크산틴 추출 조건의 최적화)

  • Lee, Yu Jin;Lee, Yu Ri;Tang, Baokun;Row, Kyung Ho
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.238-243
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    • 2013
  • Astaxanthin is one of the carotenoid with strong antioxidant. The conditions of extraction of astaxanthin from Portunus trituberculatus were optimized in this work. Six factors of conditions such as, extraction method, extraction solvent, ratio of solvent to raw material, temperature, and time, were investigated. For the increase of the extraction yield, ionic liquids were used as additives in the extraction solvent. The optimum extraction conditions were found: heat reflux extraction, Dichloromethane/methanol (25:75, v/v) as solvent, 1:30 of the ratio of solvent raw material, $80^{\circ}C$, 90 min, and ionic liquid as additive. As a result, 45.81 ${\mu}g/g$ of astaxanthin was extracted from waste.

Analytical Method for Dioxin and Organo-Chlorinated Compounds: (Ⅱ) Comparison and Extraction Methods of Dioxins from XAD-2 Adsorbent

  • 양정수;이성광;박영훈;이대운
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.689-695
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    • 1999
  • Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), ultrasonic extraction (USE), and accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) were compared with the well known Soxhlet extraction for the extraction of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins(PCDDs) from the XAD-2 resin which was used to adsorb PCDDs in the atmosphere. XAD-2 resin spiked with five PCDDs was chosen as a sample. The optimum conditions for the extraction of PCDDs by SFE were turned out to be the use of CO2 modified with 10% toluene at 100 ℃ and 350 atm, with 5 min static extraction followed by 20 min dynamic extraction. SFE gave a good extraction rate with good reproducibility for PCDDs ranging from 68 to 98%. The ultrasonic extraction of PCDDs from XAD-2 was investigated and compared with other extractions. A probe type method was compared with a bath type. Two extraction solvents, toluene and acetone were compared with their mixture. The use of their mixture in probe type, with 9 minutes of extraction time, was found to be the optimum condition. The average recovery of the five PCDDs for USE was 82-93%. Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) with a liquid solvent, a new technique for sample preparation, was performed under elevated temperatures and pressures. The effect of tem-perature on the efficiency of ASE was investigated. The extraction time for a 10 g sample was less than 15 min, when the organic solvent was n-hexaneacetone mixture (1 : 1, v/v). Using ASE, the average recoveries of five PCDDs ranged from 90 to 103%. SFE, USE, and ASE were faster and less laborious than Soxhlet extraction. The former three methods required less solvent than Soxhlet extraction. SFE required no concentration of the solvent extracts. SFE and ASE failed to perform simultaneous parallel extractions because of instrumental limitations.

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Determination of Polonium Nuclides in a Water Sample with Solvent Extraction Method

  • Lee, M.H.;Lee, C.H.;Song, K.;Kim, C.K.;Martin, P.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.2488-2492
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    • 2010
  • A method is described for the determination of the Po nuclides in a water sample. After the Po nuclides were purified from interfering elements in a water sample using a manganese dioxide precipitation followed by a solvent extraction method, the Po nuclides were deposited onto the silver plate. A large volume of the water sample was effectively pretreated with manganese dioxide precipitation method. To determine the optimum conditions for plating Po, the effects of the pH, volume, temperature and time on the Po deposition were investigated in hydrochloric acid solution. The investigated determination method of Po nuclides with solvent extraction was applied to a tap water sample.

Solvent Extraction of Cobalt Chloride from Strong Hydrochloric Acid Solutions by Alamine336 (진한 염산용액에서 Alamine336에 의한 염화코발트의 용매추출)

  • Lee, Man-seung;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Metals and Materials
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2008
  • Solvent extraction reaction of cobalt by Alamine336 from strong hydrochloric acid solution was identified by analyzing the solvent extraction data reported in the literature. Analysis of the data by graphical method revealed that Alamine336 took part in the solvent extraction reaction as a monomer in the concentration ranges, [Co(II)] : 0.0169 - 0.102 M, [Alamine336] ; 0.02- 1.75 M, and [HCl ] : 5 - 10 M. The following solvent extraction reaction and equilibrium constant was obtained from the experimental data by considering the activity coefficients of chemical species present in the aqueous phase. $Co^{2+}+2Cl^{-}+R_3NHCl_{org}=CoCl_3\;R_3NH_{org}$, $K_{ex}=2.21$ The distribution coefficients of cobalt predicted in this study agreed well with those reported in the literature.

The Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Fats from Irradiated Meat Products for the Detection of Radiation-Induced Hydrocarbons

  • Kwon, Joong-Ho;Kausar, Tusneem;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Hyun-Ku;Ahn, Dong-U
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.150-153
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    • 2007
  • Hydrocarbons have been successfully used as a chemical marker in order to identify irradiated from non-irradiated foods. The method for determining hydrocarbons consists of extraction of fats, followed by separation of hydrocarbons by florisil column chromatography, and then identification of hydrocarbons by GC/MS. Currently, solvent extraction method for fats has certain limitations with regard to extraction time and solvent consumption. Commercial hams and sausage were irradiated at 0 and 5 kGy, and the efficiency of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and conventional solvent extraction (CSE) methods on the extraction of radiation-induced hydrocarbons from the meat products was compared. Significant levels of hydrocarbons, mainly composed of 1,7-hexadecadien, 1,7,10-hexadecatriene, and 6,9-heptadecadiene, were detected in the extracts from irradiated hams and sausages by both CSE and MAE methods. Both methods were acceptable in extracting hydrocarbons from samples, but MAE method required apparently reduced amounts of solvent from 150 (CSE) to 50 mL and reduced extraction time from 23 (CSE) to 5 min.