• Title, Summary, Keyword: solar radiation pressure

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Design and Performance Prediction of Power System in a Solar Stirling Engine for 9 kW Output (9 kW 출력용 태양열 스털링엔진 발전시스템의 설계와 성능예측)

  • Bae, Myung-Whan;Kang, Sang-Yul
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2198-2204
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    • 2003
  • In order to make a match of the insufficient direct solar radiation, in this study, the target output is lowered to 9 kW smaller than 25 kW in former studies. It is also necessary to match the collector/receiver with engine/generator systems to accomplish the power level of a system. The simulation analyses of a dish solar power system with stirling engine are totally carried out to predict the system performance with the designed values. In addition, an influence of direct solar radiation on system performance and operation control is discussed in simulation. It is found that the diameter of concentrator could be made small to 8 m regardless of slope errors with 2.5 and 5.0 mrad radiation, and the operation range of mean pressure control. is wide even if the direct solar radiation is a quit low.

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Impact by Estimation Error of Hourly Horizontal Global Solar Radiation Models on Building Energy Performance Analysis on Building Energy Performance Analysis

  • Kim, Kee Han;Oh, John Kie-Whan
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2014
  • Impact by estimation error of hourly horizontal global solar radiation in a weather file on building energy performance was investigated in this study. There are a number of weather parameters in a given weather file, such as dry-bulb, wet-bulb, dew-point temperatures; wind speed and direction; station pressure; and solar radiation. Most of them except for solar radiation can be easily obtained from weather stations located on the sites worldwide. However, most weather stations, also including the ones in South Korea, do not measure solar radiation because the measuring equipment for solar radiation is expensive and difficult to maintain. For this reason, many researchers have studied solar radiation estimation models and suggested to apply them to predict solar radiation for different weather stations in South Korea, where the solar radiation is not measured. However, only a few studies have been conducted to identify the impact caused by estimation errors of various solar radiation models on building energy performance analysis. Therefore, four different weather files using different horizontal global solar radiation data, one using measured global solar radiation, and the other three using estimated global solar radiation models, which are Cloud-cover Radiation Model (CRM), Zhang and Huang Model (ZHM), and Meteorological Radiation Model (MRM) were packed into TRY formatted weather files in this study. These were then used for office building energy simulations to compare their energy consumptions, and the results showed that there were differences in the energy consumptions due to these four different solar radiation data. Additionally, it was found that using hourly solar radiation from the estimation models, which had a similar hourly tendency with the hourly measured solar radiation, was the most important key for precise building energy simulation analysis rather than using the solar models that had the best of the monthly or yearly statistical indices.

Comparison of Meteorological Elements by Type of City during Summer Season - Focus on the Daegu Metropolitan City and the Surrounding Four Regions - (하절기 도시 유형별 기상요소 비교 -대구광역시와 인근 4개 지역을 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Dong-Ho;Lee, Bu-Yong;Jeong, Hyeong-Se
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to understand relation of meteorological elements of air temperature, relative humidity and vapor pressure of four cities with Daegu. The followings are main results from this study. 1) There is very high correlation of meteorological elements according to distance between city and city. 2) In case of seaside town at Pohang, there were little changes than other cities for temperature, humidity and vapor pressure. 3) It was analysed stable and similar diurnal variation in water vapor pressure than air temperature and relative humidity at all observation site.

Analysis on Daily Variation Mechanism of Short-wave Radiation between Downtown and Suburban Area during Summer Season (하절기 도심과밀지역과 인근 교외지역의 단파복사 일변화 메커니즘에 대한 해석)

  • Choi, Dong-Ho;Lee, Bu-Yong;Jeong, Hyeong-Se
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to understand daily variation of short-wave radiation trends according to the state of surface and observation of atmosphere conditions in downtown and suburban observation area. The followings are main results from this study. 1) We found out daily air temperature variation of downtown is less than that of suburban area because of bigger heat capacity of artificial elements such as massive buildings and pavements. 2) It is more effective to estimate of air condition by water vapor pressure than relative humidity in the atmosphere. 3) The difference of solar radiation ratio between downtown and suburban area is dependant on different atmosphere conditions at two observation stations.

Development of Solar-Meteorological Resources Map using One-layer Solar Radiation Model Based on Satellites Data on Korean Peninsula (위성자료 기반의 단층태양복사모델을 이용한 한반도 태양-기상자원지도 개발)

  • Jee, Joonbum;Choi, Youngjean;Lee, Kyutae;Zo, Ilsung
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.56.1-56.1
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    • 2011
  • The solar and meteorological resources map is calculated using by one-layer solar radiation model (GWNU model), satellites data and numerical model output on the Korean peninsula. The Meteorological input data to perform the GWNU model are retrieved aerosol optical thickness from MODIS (TERA/AQUA), total ozone amount from OMI (AURA), cloud fraction from geostationary satellites (MTSAT-1R) and temperature, pressure and total precipitable water from output of RDAPS (Regional Data Assimilation and Prediction System) and KLAPS (Korea Local Analysis and Prediction System) model operated by KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration). The model is carried out every hour using by the meteorological data (total ozone amount, aerosol optical thickness, temperature, pressure and cloud amount) and the basic data (surface albedo and DEM). And the result is analyzed the distribution in time and space and validated with 22 meteorological solar observations. The solar resources map is used to the solar energy-related industries and assessment of the potential resources for solar plant. The National Institute of Meteorological Research in KMA released $4km{\times}4km$ solar map in 2008 and updated solar map with $1km{\times}1km$ resolution and topological effect in 2010. The meteorological resources map homepage (http://www.greenmap.go.kr) is provided the various information and result for the meteorological-solar resources map.

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Parametric Analysis of the Solar Radiation Pressure Model for Precision GPS Orbit Determination

  • Bae, Tae-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2017
  • The SRP (Solar Radiation Pressure) model has always been an issue in the dynamic GPS (Global Positioning System) orbit determination. The widely used CODE (Center for Orbit Determination in Europe) model and its variants have nine parameters to estimate the solar radiation pressure from the Sun and to absorb the remaining forces. However, these parameters show a very high correlation with each other and, therefore, only several of them are estimated at most of the IGS (International GNSS Service) analysis centers. In this study, we attempted to numerically verify the correlation between the parameters. For this purpose, a bi-directional, multi-step numerical integrator was developed. The correlation between the SRP parameters was analyzed in terms of post-fit residuals of the orbit. The integrated orbit was fitted to the IGS final orbit as external observations. On top of the parametric analysis of the SRP parameters, we also verified the capabilities of orbit prediction at later time epochs. As a secondary criterion for orbit quality, the positional discontinuity of the daily arcs was also analyzed. The resulting post-fit RMSE (Root-Mean-Squared Error) shows a level of 4.8 mm on average and there is no significant difference between block types. Since the once-per-revolution parameters in the Y-axis are highly correlated with those in the B-axis, the periodic terms in the D- and Y-axis are constrained to zero in order to resolve the correlations. The 6-hr predicted orbit based on the previous day yields about 3 cm or less compared to the IGS final orbit for a week, and reaches up to 6 cm for 24 hours (except for one day). The mean positional discontinuity at the boundary of two 1-day arcs is on the level of 1.4 cm for all non-eclipsing satellites. The developed orbit integrator shows a high performance in statistics of RMSE and positional discontinuity, as well as the separations of the dynamic parameters. In further research, additional verification of the reference frame for the estimated orbit using SLR is necessary to confirm the consistency of the orbit frames.

An Analysis of Global Solar Radiation using the GWNU Solar Radiation Model and Automated Total Cloud Cover Instrument in Gangneung Region (강릉 지역에서 자동 전운량 장비와 GWNU 태양 복사 모델을 이용한 지표면 일사량 분석)

  • Park, Hye-In;Zo, Il-Sung;Kim, Bu-Yo;Jee, Joon-Bum;Lee, Kyu-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2017
  • Global solar radiation was calculated in this research using ground-base measurement data, meteorological satellite data, and GWNU (Gangneung-Wonju National University) solar radiation model. We also analyzed the accuracy of the GWNU model by comparing the observed solar radiation according to the total cloud cover. Our research was based on the global solar radiation of the GWNU radiation site in 2012, observation data such as temperature and pressure, humidity, aerosol, total ozone amount data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) sensor, and Skyview data used for evaluation of cloud mask and total cloud cover. On a clear day when the total cloud cover was 0 tenth, the calculated global solar radiations using the GWNU model had a high correlation coefficient of 0.98 compared with the observed solar radiation, but root mean square error (RMSE) was relatively high, i.e., $36.62Wm^{-2}$. The Skyview equipment was unable to determine the meteorological condition such as thin clouds, mist, and haze. On a cloudy day, regression equations were used for the radiation model to correct the effect of clouds. The correlation coefficient was 0.92, but the RMSE was high, i.e., $99.50Wm^{-2}$. For more accurate analysis, additional analysis of various elements including shielding of the direct radiation component and cloud optical thickness is required. The results of this study can be useful in the area where the global solar radiation is not observed by calculating the global solar radiation per minute or time.

Estimation of Insolation over the Oceans around Korean Peninsula Using Satellite Data

  • Park, Kyung-Won;Kim, Young-seup;Sang, Chung-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.227-230
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    • 1999
  • Surface solar radiation over the sea is estimated using Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer data onbord Geostationary Meteorological Satellite(GMS) 5 for January, 1997 to December 1997 in clear and cloudy conditions. The hourly insolation is estimated with a spatial resolution of 5$\times$ 5 km grid. The island pyranometer belonging to the Japan Meteorological Agency is used for validation of the estimated insolation. It is shown that the estimated hourly insolation has RMSE(root mean square) error of 104 W/$m^2$. The variability of the hourly solar radiation was investigated on 3 areas over seas around Korean Peninsula. The solar radiation of East Sea is similar to Yellow Sea. The maximum value of solar radiation is on June of year. The maximum value in south sea is on August because weather is poor by low pressure and front in June

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Non-grey Radiative Transfer in the Solar Surface Convection

  • Bach, Kie-Hunn;Kim, Yong-Cheol
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.34.1-34.1
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    • 2011
  • Combining a detailed non-grey radiative transfer computation with the three dimensional hydrodynamics, we investigate a reliable numerical scheme for turbulent convection in the solar surface. The solar photosphere is the extremely turbulent region composed of partly ionized compressible gases in high temperature. Especially, the super adiabatic layer (SAL) near the solar photosphere is the shallow transition region where the energy transport varies steeply from convection to radiation. In order to describe physical processes accurately, a detailed treatment of radiative transfer should be considered as well as the high resolution computation of fluid dynamics. For a direct computation of radiation fields, the Accelerated Lambda Iteration (ALI) methods have been applied to hydrodynamical medium, incorporating the Opacity Distribution Function (ODF) as a realistic schemes for non-grey problems. Computational domain is the rectangular box of dimensions $42{\times}3Mn$ with the resolution of $1202{\times}190$ meshed grids, which covers several granules horizontally and 8 ~ 9 pressure scale heights vertically. During several convective turn-over times, the 3-D snapshots have been compiled with a second order accuracy. In addition, our radiation-hydrodynamical computation has been compared with the classical approximations such as grey atmospheres and Eddington approximation.

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Leaf Temperature Characteristics being Affected by Light Regimes (광조건에 따른 식물의 엽온 특성)

  • Park, Yong-Mok
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.1599-1605
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    • 2011
  • To evaluate heat environment surrounding plants diurnal change of leaf temperature in the broad-leaved deciduous and evergreen trees was measured with microclimatic environmental factors including global solar radiation, and upward and downward long wave radiation. Maximum daily solar radiation was 961.2 and 976.3 w/$m^2$ in August 9 and 23, respectively. Upward long wave radiation was slightly higher than downward long wave radiation, showing 404.2 w/$m^2$ in August 9 and 394.5 w/$m^2$ in August 23. In addition, daily maximum vapor pressure deficit was 5.42 and 6.84 kPa in August 9 and 23, respectively, indicating high evaporative demand. Quercus glauca and Acer mono was differently responded to changing light regimes. On August 9, leaf temperature at the top-positioned leaves of Acer plants was higher than air temperature as well as those of Quercus plants in the morning. This indicates that stomata in Acer plants were closed by heat stress or water stress in the morning, while Quercus plant maintained active transpiration by opening stomata. These results indicated that improved light regimes such as gap opening in the closed forest may not always affect positively in the physiology of understory plants.