• Title, Summary, Keyword: soil-structure interaction

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Dynamic Amplification Characteristics of Major Domestic Seismic Observation Sites using Ground Motions from Domestic Macro Earthquakes (국내 중규모지진의 자료를 이용한 주요 관측소 지반의 동적 증폭특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun Kyoung
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.399-408
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    • 2012
  • To estimate seismic source and soil-structure interaction more reliably, site amplification characteristics should be considered. Among the various estimation methods, we used Nakamura's method (1989) to estimate site amplification. This method was originally applied to background noise; however, it has recently been successfully applied to S-wave and Coda-wave energy, and is applied to S-waves in the present study. We used more than 180 observed ground motions from 23 macro-earthquakes and then analyzed site amplification characteristics at eight seismic stations. Each station showed characteristics of site amplification properties in the low-, high- and resonance-frequency ranges. Comparison of the present results with those of other studies provide successful information regarding the dynamic amplification of domestic site characteristics and site classification.

A Study on the Inner tank Seismic Analysis Model for Calculation of Seismic Forces of LNG Storage Tank (LNG저장탱크 지진력 산정을 위한 내부탱크 지진해석 모델에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Miseung;Lee, Kangwon;Kim, Junhwi;Yoon, Ihnsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2013
  • LNG(Liquefied Natural Gas) has been considered as the green energy. Thus, the demand of natural gas is keep increasing around the world, and various studies are actively under progress about the LNG storage tank. To calculate the seismic forces of actual LNG storage tank, FEM model has to include inner tank, outer tank, pile and soil to implement the interaction between structure and ground. So, this paper is represent the study about inner tank model of three cases using Malhotra method in EN 1998-4(European Standard). The results of calculation were compared, and the most suitable to inner tank model was suggested.

Structural response of historical masonry arch bridges under different arch curvature considering soil-structure interaction

  • Altunisik, Ahmet Can;Kanbur, Burcu;Genc, Ali Fuat;Kalkan, Ebru
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, it is aimed to present a detail investigation about the comparison of static and dynamic behavior of historical masonry arch bridges considering different arch curvature. $G{\ddot{o}}derni$ historical masonry two-span arch bridge which is located in Kulp town, Diyarbakir, Turkey is selected as a numerical application. The bridge takes part in bowless bridge group and built in large measures than the others. The restoration projects were approved and rehabilitation studies have still continued. Finite element model of the bridge is constituted with special software to determine the static and dynamic behavior. To demonstrate the arch curvature effect, the finite element model are reconstructed considering different arch curvature between 2.86 m-3.76 m for first arch and 2.64 m-3.54 m for second arch with the increment of 0.10 m, respectively. Dead and live vehicle loads are taken into account during static analyses. 1999 Kocaeli earthquake ground motion record is considered for time history analyses. The maximum displacements, principal stresses and elastic strains are compared with each other using contour diagrams. It is seen that the arch curvature has more influence on the structural response of historical masonry arch bridges. At the end of the study, it is seen that with the increasing of the arch heights, the maximum displacements, minimum principal stresses and minimum elastic strains have a decreasing trend in all analyses, in addition maximum principal stresses and maximum elastic strains have unchanging trend up to optimum geometry.

Bore-induced Dynamic Responses of Revetment and Soil Foundation (단파작용에 따른 호안과 지반의 동적응답 해석)

  • Lee, Kwang-Ho;Yuk, Seung-Min;Kim, Do-Sam;Kim, Tae-Hyeong;Lee, Yoon-Doo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2015
  • Tsunami take away life, wash houses away and bring devastation to social infrastructures such as breakwaters, bridges and ports. The coastal structure targeted object in this study can be damaged mainly by the wave pressure together with foundation ground failure due to scouring and liquefaction. The increase of excess pore water pressure composed of oscillatory and residual components may reduce effective stress and, consequently, the seabed may liquefy. If liquefaction occurs in the seabed, the structure may sink, overturn, and eventually increase the failure potential. In this study, the bore was generated using the water level difference, its propagation and interaction with a vertical revetment analyzed by applying 2D-NIT(Two-Dimensional Numerical Irregular wave Tank) model, and the dynamic wave pressure acting on the seabed and the surface boundary of the vertical revetment estimated by this model. Simulation results were used as input data in a finite element computer program(FLIP) for elasto-plastic seabed response. The time and spatial variations in excess pore water pressure ratio, effective stress path, seabed deformation, structure displacement and liquefaction potential in the seabed were estimated. From the results of the analysis, the stability of the vertical revetment was evaluated.

Development of TANK_GS Model to Consider the Interaction between Surface Water and Groundwater (지표수-지하수 상호흐름을 고려한 TANK_GS 모형의 개발)

  • Lee, Woo-Seok;Chung, Eun-Sung;Kim, Sang-Ug;Lee, Kil-Seong
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.893-909
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to consider the interaction between surface water and groundwater in basin scale by developing TANK_GS model. The soil moisture structure of tank model with 3 tanks is improved to simulate the appropriate stream-aquifer interactions. Maximum likelihood method is applied to calibrate parameters with variance functions to deal with heteroscedasticity of residuals. The parameters of improved TANK_GS model and variance function are simultaneously estimated by Simulated Annealing method, a global optimization technique. The results of TANK-GE are compared to those of the SWMM-GE model which had been developed to consider the stream-aquifer interactions. The new TANK_GS model and SWMM-GE model are applied to Gapcheon basin, which belongs to Geum River basin. TANK_GS model showed better model performance compared to the original TANK model and characterized the relationship of stream-aquifer interactions as satisfactorily as the SWMM-GE model. The sustainable groundwater yield can be estimated for the regional water resources planning using the TANK_GS model

A study on the effect of the locations of pile tips on the behaviour of piles to adjacent tunnelling (말뚝선단의 위치가 터널근접 시공에 의한 말뚝의 거동에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Cheol-Ju;Jeon, Young Jin
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2015
  • In the current work, a series of three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses have been performed to study the effects of the locations of pile tips on the behaviour of single piles to adjacent tunnelling. In the numerical modelling, several key issues, such as tunnelling-induced pile head settlements, axial pile forces, interface shear stresses and apparent factors of safety have been studied. When the pile tips are inside the influence zone which considers the relative pile tip location with respect to the tunnel position, tunnelling-induced pile head settlements are larger than those computed from the greenfield condition. However, when the pile tips were outside the influence zone, an opposite trend was observed. When the pile tips were inside the influence zone, tunnelling-induced tensile pile forces developed; however, when the pile tips were outside the influence zone, tunnelling-induced compressive pile forces were mobilised, associated with larger settlements of the surrounding soil than the pile settlements. It has been shown that the increases in the tunnelling-induced pile head settlements have resulted in reductions of the apparent factor of safety by about 50% when the pile tips are inside the influence zone, therefore severly affecting the serviceability of piles. The pile behaviour, when considering the location of pile tips with regards to the influence zone, has been analysed in great detail by taking the tunnelling-induced pile head settlements, axial pile force and apparent factor of safety into account.

Analysis on the characteristics of the earth pressure distribution induced by the integrated steel pipe-roof construction (일체형 강관 파이프루프 시공에 따른 주변 지반의 토압 분포 특성 분석)

  • Sim, Youngjong;Jin, Kyu-Nam;Song, Ki-Il
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.455-468
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    • 2013
  • In recent, various types of steel pipe-roof methods, which is reinforced by mortar after propulsion of steel pipe into the ground, have been used for the construction of trenchless underpass. Integrated steel pipe-roof has flexural stiffness and can resist against overburden load and reduce the stress acting on the concrete underpass structures. Due to arching effect, vertical and horizontal stress distribution around the steel pipe-roof is changing. In this study, therefore, the characteristic of stress distribution around the underpass induced by the construction of integrated steel pipe-roof is investigated by using numerical method. To examine the soil-structure interaction, interface element is introduced. Results show that vertical stress acting on the concrete structure placing inside the steel pipe-roof is significantly reduced due to arching effect and flexural stiffness of integrated steel pipe-roof. Design load can be reduced and effective design of underpass will be available if the earth pressure reduction due to arching effect is considered in the design stage.

Analysis of Site Amplification of Seismic Stations using Odesan Earthquake (오대산지진 자료를 이용한 국내 지진관측소 부지의 지반증폭특성 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2009
  • Site amplification should be considered in order to estimate Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI), seismic source and attenuation parameters with a greater degree of reliability. The horizontal to vertical (H/V) ratio technique, originally proposed by Nakamura (1989), has been applied to analyze the surface waves in microtremor records. Recently, its application has been extended to the shear wave energy of strong motion in order to study the site transfer function. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the H/V spectral ratio using the observed data from 9 seismic stations distributed within the Southern Korean Peninsula, from the Odesan earthquake (2007/01/20). The results show that most of the stations have more stable amplification characteristics in a low frequency band than in a high frequency band. However, each seismic station showed its own characteristic resonant frequency and low and high frequency. The resonant frequency at each station should be estimated carefully, because the quality of seismic data is dependent on the resonant frequency. It can be obtained more reliable results of seismic source and attenuation parameters, if seismic ground motions which deconvolved from site transfer function is used. The site amplification data from this study can be used to generally classify the sites within the Southern Korean Peninsula.

A Study on Behaviour of Tunnel Considering the Location of Groundwater Leaching and Fault Fracture Zone under Tunnel Construction (지하수 용출과 단층파쇄 위치에 따른 터널 거동 연구)

  • Son, Yongmin;Kim, Nagyoung;Min, Kyungjun
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2015
  • Ground characteristics is important in tunnel structure utilizing the strength of underground. In the case of the fault fracture zone such as weak soil conditions exists in the tunnel section and groundwater leaching occurs at the same time, it happens to occur to excessive displacement or collapse of tunnel frequently. Fault fracture zone is an important factor that determines the direction of displacement and the collapse of the tunnel under construction. Behavior of fault fracture zone is determined depending on the size and orientation of the surface portion of the tunnel. If the groundwater occurs in the face of tunnel, groundwater causes displacement and collapse. And the collapse characteristics of tunnel is a major factor in determining that the time-dependent behavior. It is difficult to accurately predict groundwater leaching from the fault fracture zone in the numerical analysis method and analyze the interaction behavior of groundwater and fault fracture zone. Therefore numerical analysis method has limitations the analysis of ground water in the ground which the fault fracture zone and groundwater occurs at the same time. It is required to comprehensively predict the behavior of tunnel and case studies of tunnel construction. Thus, the location of fault fracture zone is an important factor that determines the direction of displacement and the collapse of the tunnel. In this study, behavior characteristics of the tunnel according to the location of the fault fracture was analyzed.

A Review on Ultimate Lateral Capacity Prediction of Rigid Drilled Shafts Installed in Sand (사질토에 설치된 강성현장타설말뚝의 극한수평지지력 예측에 관한 재고)

  • Cho Nam Jun;Kulhawy F.H
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2005
  • An understanding of soil-structure interaction is the key to rational and economical design for laterally loaded drilled shafts. It is very difficult to formulate the ultimate lateral capacity into a general equation because of the inherent soil nonlincarity, nonhomogeneity, and complexity enhanced by the three dimensional and asymmetric nature of the problem though extensive research works on the behavior of deep foundations subjected to lateral loads have been conducted for several decades. This study reviews the four most well known methods (i.e., Reese, Broms, Hansen, and Davidson) among many design methods according to the specific site conditions, the drilled shaft geometric characteristics (D/B ratios), and the loading conditions. And the hyperbolic lateral capacities (H$_h$) interpreted by the hyperbolic transformation of the load-displacement curves obtained from model tests carried out as a part of this research have been compared with the ultimate lateral capacities (Hu) predicted by the four methods. The H$_u$ / H$_h$ ratios from Reese's and Hansen's methods are 0.966 and 1.015, respectively, which shows both the two methods yield results very close to the test results. Whereas the H$_u$ predicted by Davidson's method is larger than H$_h$ by about $30\%$, the C.0.V. of the predicted lateral capacities by Davidson is the smallest among the four. Broms' method, the simplest among the few methods, gives H$_u$ / H$_h$ : 0.896, which estimates the ultimate lateral capacity smaller than the others because some other resisting sources against lateral loading are neglected in this method. But it results in one of the most reliable methods with the smallest S.D. in predicting the ultimate lateral capacity. Conclusively, none of the four can be superior to the others in a sense of the accuracy of predicting the ultimate lateral capacity. Also, regardless of how sophisticated or complicated the calculating procedures are, the reliability in the lateral capacity predictions seems to be a different issue.