• 제목, 요약, 키워드: soil-structure interaction

검색결과 513건 처리시간 0.044초

일반 시설물의 지반-구조물 상호작용 해석 기준에 대한 고찰 (Overview on Standards for Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis used in Design of Infrastructure)

  • 김현욱;하정곤;김동수;주광호
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.227-236
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study reviews concepts, theories and formulas included in standards on soil-structure interaction and also shows practical example of application for engineers. Real structures are 3 dimensional and multi degree of freedom but they are often idealized to single degree of freedom for convenience. In this study, detailed procedures to calculate soil spring constants and damping coefficients and method to model soil-structure system are explained. Additionally, case studies to judge fixed base condition and evaluation of applicability of simple analysis method based on response spectra are performed.

Soil-structure interaction effect on active control of multi-story buildings under earthquake loads

  • Chen, Genda;Chen, Chaoqiang;Cheng, Franklin Y.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.10 no.6
    • /
    • pp.517-532
    • /
    • 2000
  • A direct output feedback control scheme was recently proposed by the authors for single-story building structures resting on flexible soil body. In this paper, the control scheme is extended to mitigate the seismic responses of multi-story buildings. Soil-structure interaction is taken into account in two parts: input at the soil-structure interface/foundation and control algorithm. The former reflects the effect on ground motions and is monitored in real time with accelerometers at foundation. The latter includes the effect on the dynamic characteristics of structures, which is formulated by modifying the classical linear quadratic regulator based on the fundamental mode shape of the soil-structure system. Numerical result on the study of a $\frac{1}{4}$-scale three-story structure, supported by a viscoelastic half-space of soil mass, have demonstrated that the proposed algorithm is robust and very effective in suppressing the earthquake-induced vibration in building structures even supported on a flexible soil mass. Parametric studies are performed to understand how soil damping and flexibility affect the effectiveness of active tendon control. The selection of weighting matrix and effect of soil property uncertainty are investigated in detail for practical applications.

Evaluation of the influence of interface elements for structure - isolated footing - soil interaction analysis

  • Rajashekhar Swamy, H.M.;Krishnamoorthy, A.;Prabakhara, D.L.;Bhavikatti, S.S.
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-83
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, two extreme cases of compatibility of the horizontal displacements between the foundation and soil are considered, for which the pressure and settlements of the isolated footings and member end actions in structural elements are obtained using the three dimensional models and numerical experiments. The first case considered is complete slip between foundation and soil, termed as the un-coupled analysis. In the second case of analysis, termed as the coupled analysis, complete welding is assumed of joints between the foundation and soil elements. The model and the corresponding computer program developed simulate these two extreme states of compatibility giving insight into the variation of horizontal displacements and horizontal stresses and their intricacies, for evaluation of the influence of using the interface elements in soil-structure interaction analysis of three dimensional multiscale structures supported by isolated footings.

Analysis for foundation moments in space frame-shear wall-nonlinear soil system

  • Jain, D.K.;Hora, M.S.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.10 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1369-1389
    • /
    • 2016
  • The soil-structure interaction effect significantly influences the design of multi-storey buildings subjected to lateral seismic loads. The shear walls are often provided in such buildings to increase the lateral stability to resist seismic loads. In the present work, the nonlinear soil-structure analysis of a G+5 storey RC shear wall building frame having isolated column footings and founded on deformable soil is presented. The nonlinear seismic FE analysis is carried out using ANSYS software for the building with and without shear walls to investigate the effect of inclusion of shear wall on the moments in the footings due to differential settlement of soil mass. The frame is considered to behave in linear elastic manner, whereas, soil mass to behave in nonlinear manner. It is found that the interaction effect causes significant variation in the moments in the footings. The comparison of non-interaction and interaction analyses suggests that the presence of shear wall causes significant decrease in bending moments in most of the footings but the interaction effect causes restoration of the bending moments to a great extent. A comparison is made between linear and nonlinear analyses to draw some important conclusions.

Influence of structure-soil-structure interaction on foundation behavior for two adjacent structures: Geo-centrifuge experiment

  • Ngo, Van-Linh;Kim, Jae-Min;Lee, Changho
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.407-420
    • /
    • 2019
  • This paper illustrates the results of a series of seismic geotechnical centrifuge experiments to explore dynamic structure-soil-structure interaction (SSSI) of two structures (named S1 and S2) installed on ground surface. A dense homogeneous ground is prepared in an equivalent shear beam (ESB) container. Two structural models are designed to elicit soil-foundation-structure interaction (SFSI) with different masses, heights, and dynamic characteristics. Five experimental tests are carried out for: (1) two reference responses of the two structures and (2) the response of two structures closely located at three ranges of distance. It is found that differential settlements of both structures increase and the smaller structure (S2) inversely rotates out of the other (S1) when they interact with each other. S2 structure experiences less settlement and uplift when at a close distance to the S1 structure. Furthermore, the S1 structure, which is larger one, shows a larger rocking and a smaller sliding response due to the SSSI effects, while S2 structure tends to slide more than that in the reference test, which is illustrated by an increase in sliding response and rocking stiffness as well as a decrease in moment-to-shear ratio (M/H·L) of the S2 structure.

복잡한 지반층을 고려한 지반-말뚝-구조물의 상호작용 동해석 (Dynamic Analysis of Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction Considering a Complex Soil Profile)

  • 박장호;박재균
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.21-28
    • /
    • 2009
  • 지반-말뚝-구조의 상호작용을 정밀하게 해석하기 위해서는 토층, 말뚝 그리고 구조물의 적절한 묘사가 필요하다. 일반적으로 사용하는 유한요소해석의 경우에는 지반이나 구조물의 물성이 바뀌는 경계를 따라서 요소의 경계가 정해지게 된다. 그러나 실제로는 토층 단면과 말뚝의 형상이 매우 복잡하여 요소의 배열이 매우 어려운 작업이 될 수 있다. 이 어려움을 해결하기 위하여, 이 논문에서는 불연속선의 위치에 관계없이 규칙적인 요소를 사용하여 쉽게 적분을 가능하게 하는 다른 적분 방법을 채택하였다. 이 방법을 적용함으로 써 요소는 매우 빠르고 규칙적인 강성 매트릭스를 만든다. 구조물 응답에 대한 토층과 말뚝의 영향을 조사하였고, 예를 통하여 본 방법의 유효성을 보였다. 탄성 말뚝의 사용으로 20% 대의 가속도 감소 효과를 얻었고 지반 층의 모양에 따라 그 영향이 변하는 것을 확인하였다.

Time domain earthquake response analysis method for 2-D soil-structure interaction systems

  • Kim, Doo-Kie;Yun, Chung-Bang
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.717-733
    • /
    • 2003
  • A time domain method is presented for soil-structure interaction analysis under seismic excitations. It is based on the finite element formulation incorporating infinite elements for the far field soil region. Equivalent earthquake input forces are calculated based on the free field responses along the interface between the near and far field soil regions utilizing the fixed exterior boundary method in the frequency domain. Then, the input forces are transformed into the time domain by using inverse Fourier transform. The dynamic stiffness matrices of the far field soil region formulated using the analytical frequency-dependent infinite elements in the frequency domain can be easily transformed into the corresponding matrices in the time domain. Hence, the response can be analytically computed in the time domain. A recursive procedure is proposed to compute the interaction forces along the interface and the responses of the soil-structure system in the time domain. Earthquake response analyses have been carried out on a multi-layered half-space and a tunnel embedded in a layered half-space with the assumption of the linearity of the near and far field soil region, and results are compared with those obtained by the conventional method in the frequency domain.

Soil -structure interaction analysis of a building frame supported on piled raft

  • Chore, H.S.;Siddiqui, M.J.
    • Coupled systems mechanics
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-58
    • /
    • 2016
  • The study deals with physical modeling of a typical building frame resting on pile raft foundation and embedded in cohesive soil mass using finite element based software ETABS. Both- the elements of superstructure and substructure (i.e., foundation) including soil is assumed to remain in elastic state at all the time. The raft is modelled as a thin plate and the pile and soils are treated as interactive springs. Both- the resistance of the piles as well as that of raft base - are incorporated into the model. Interactions between raft-soil-pile are computed. The proposed method makes it possible to solve the problems of uniformly and large non-uniformly arranged piled rafts in a time saving way using finite element based software ETABS. The effect of the various parameters of the pile raft foundation such as thickness of raft and pile diameter is evaluated on the response of superstructure. The response included the displacement at the top of the frame and bending moment in columns. The soil-structure interaction effect is found to increase displacement and increase the absolute maximum positive and negative moments. The effect of the soil- structure interaction is observed to be significant for the type of foundation and soil considered in the present study.

Structural damping for soil-structure interaction studies

  • Lutes, Loren D.;Sarkani, Shahram
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.107-120
    • /
    • 1995
  • A soil-structure interaction formulation is used here which is based on consideration of the dynamics of the structure with a free, rather than a fixed, base. This approach is shown to give a quite simple procedure for coupling the dynamic characteristics of the structure to those of the foundation and soil in order to obtain a matrix formulation for the complete system. In fixed-base studies it is common to presume that each natural mode of the structure has a given fraction of critical damping, and since the interaction formulation uses a free-base model, it seems natural for this situation to assign the equal modal damping values to free-base modes. It is shown, though, that this gives a structural model which is significantly different than the one having equal modal damping in the fixed-base modes. In particular, it is found that the damping matrix resulting in equal modal damping values for free-based modes will give a very significantly smaller damping value for the fundamental distortional mode of the fixed-base structure. Ignoring this fact could lead one to attribute dynamic effects to interaction which are actually due to the choice of damping.

VIV simulation of riser-conductor systems including nonlinear soil-structure interactions

  • Ye, Maokun;Chen, Hamn-Ching
    • Ocean Systems Engineering
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.241-259
    • /
    • 2019
  • This paper presents a fully three-dimensional numerical approach for analyzing deepwater drilling riser-conductor system vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) including nonlinear soil-structure interactions (SSI). The drilling riser-conductor system is modeled as a tensioned beam with linearly distributed tension and is solved by a fully implicit discretization scheme. The fluid field around the riser-conductor system is obtained by Finite-Analytic Navier-Stokes (FANS) code, which numerically solves the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations. The SSI is considered by modeling the lateral soil resistance force according to nonlinear p-y curves. Overset grid method is adopted to mesh the fluid domain. A partitioned fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method is achieved by communication between the fluid solver and riser motion solver. A riser-conductor system VIV simulation without SSI is firstly presented and served as a benchmark case for the subsequent simulations. Two SSI models based on a nonlinear p-y curve are then applied to the VIV simulations. Also, the effects of two key soil properties on the VIV simulations of riser-conductor systems are studied.