• 제목, 요약, 키워드: soil-structure interaction

검색결과 513건 처리시간 0.064초

지반-구조물 상호작용을 고려한 복합제어시스템의 최적설계 (Optimal Design of Integrated Control System Considering Soil-Structure Interaction)

  • 박관순;박장호
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2012
  • For the vibration control of earthquake-excited buildings, an optimal design method of integrated control system considering soil-structure interaction is studied in this paper. Interaction between soils and the base of the building is simply modeled as lumped parameters and equations of motion are derived. The equations of motion are transformed into the state space equations and the probabilistic excitations such as Kanai-Tajumi power spectral density function is introduced. Then an optimization problem is formulated as finding hybrid or integrated control systems which minimizes the stochastic responses of the building structure for given constraints. In order to investigate the feasibility of the optimization method, an example design and numerical simulations are performed with tenstory building. Finally, numerical results are compared with a conventional design case that soil-structure interaction is not considered.

Computational Soil-Structure Interaction Design via Inverse Problem Formulation for Cone Models

  • Takewaki, Izuru;Fujimoto, Hiroshi;Uetani, Koji
    • Computational Structural Engineering : An International Journal
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2002
  • A computationally efficient stiffness design method for building structures is proposed in which dynamic soil-structure interaction based on the wave-propagation theory is taken into account. A sway-rocking shear building model with appropriate ground impedances derived from the cone models due to Meek and Wolf (1994) is used as a simplified design model. Two representative models, i.e. a structure on a homogeneous half-space ground and a structure on a soil layer on rigid rock, are considered. Super-structure stiffness satisfying a desired stiffness performance condition are determined via an inverse problem formulation for a prescribed ground-surface response spectrum. It is shown through a simple yet reasonably accurate model that the ground conditions, e.g. homogeneous half-space or soil layer on rigid rock (frequency-dependence of impedance functions), ground properties (shear wave velocity), depth of surface ground, have extensive influence on the super-structure design.

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The effects of foundation size on the seismic performance of buildings considering the soil-foundation-structure interaction

  • Nguyen, Quoc Van;Fatahi, Behzad;Hokmabadi, Aslan S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.1045-1075
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    • 2016
  • Shallow footings are one of the most common types of foundations used to support mid-rise buildings in high risk seismic zones. Recent findings have revealed that the dynamic interaction between the soil, foundation, and the superstructure can influence the seismic response of the building during earthquakes. Accordingly, the properties of a foundation can alter the dynamic characteristics (natural frequency and damping) of the soil-foundation-structure system. In this paper the influence that shallow foundations have on the seismic response of a mid-rise moment resisting building is investigated. For this purpose, a fifteen storey moment resisting frame sitting on shallow footings with different sizes was simulated numerically using ABAQUS software. By adopting a direct calculation method, the numerical model can perform a fully nonlinear time history dynamic analysis to realistically simulate the dynamic behaviour of soil, foundation, and structure under seismic excitations. This three-dimensional numerical model accounts for the nonlinear behaviour of the soil medium and structural elements. Infinite boundary conditions were assigned to the numerical model to simulate free field boundaries, and appropriate contact elements capable of modelling sliding and separation between the foundation and soil elements are also considered. The influence of foundation size on the natural frequency of the system and structural response spectrum was also studied. The numerical results for cases of soil-foundation-structure systems with different sized foundations and fixed base conditions (excluding soil-foundation-structure interaction) in terms of lateral deformations, inter-storey drifts, rocking, and shear force distribution of the structure were then compared. Due to natural period lengthening, there was a significant reduction in the base shears when the size of the foundation was reduced. It was concluded that the size of a shallow foundation influences the dynamic characteristics and the seismic response of the building due to interaction between the soil, foundation, and structure, and therefore design engineer should carefully consider these parameters in order to ensure a safe and cost effective seismic design.

유연한 기초 위에 세워진 구조물의 지진거동 (Seismic Response of Structure on Flexible Foundation)

  • 김용석
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 1997
  • 그 동안 구조물에 대한 지진해석이 기초와 지반의 특성을 무시하고 기초가 매우 단단한 것으로 가정하고 수행되었다. 최근 구조물-지반 상호작용에 관한 연구결과 구조물 지진거동이 기초와 지반의 특성에 따라 심하게 영향을 받을 수 있다는 것이 알려졌다. 전형적인 구조물-지반 상호작용 영향은 무한강성 무질량 기초의 운동학적 상호작용과 지반과 구조물 사이에서 발생하는 관성상호작용이다. 운동학적 상호작용은 묻힌 기초의 경우에는 중요하지만, 수직으로 전달되는 지진파를 받는 지표면상 기초의 경우에는 무시될 수 있다. 이 논문에서는 멕시코시티 4개 건물에 대해 관성상호작용만을 고려하고 1985년 멕시코시티 동서방향 지진기록을 사용하여 구조물의 지진거동을 조사하였다. 연구는 지표면상 기초나 말뚝기초를 가진 구조물에 대해 선형 및 비선형 지반조건을 고려하여 수행하였으며, 연구결과를 매우 견고한 기초를 갖는 구조물에 대한 것과 비교하였다.

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낮은 심도의 연약지반에 대한 비선형 지진응답해석 (Nonlinear Seismic Response Analysis for Shallow Soft Soil Deposits)

  • 박홍근;김동관;이경구;김동수
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서는 얕은 연약지반에서 구조물-지반 상호작용의 영향을 받는 구조물의 비탄성거동을 정확히 나타낼 수 있는 유한요소해석 방법을 연구하였다. 이를 위하여, 국내의 지반특성을 반영한 얕은 연약지반과 단자유도 구조물로 2차원 유한요소모델을 구성하고, 다양한 지진파와 지반에 대해 OpenSees 해석프로그램을 이용한 비선형 시간이력해석을 수행하였다. 연약지반의 비선형거동을 반영하기 위하여 일반적으로 흔히 사용되는 등가선형 주파수영역 해석 결과와 비선형 시간이력 유한요소해석 결과의 차이를 검토하였다. 그 비교결과는 등가선형강성을 사용하고 지반-구조물 상호작용을 고려하지 않는 주파수영역해석은 단주기영역의 구조물의 응답스펙트럼을 과대평가할 수 있음을 보여주었다. 응답스펙트럼에 대한 지반-구조물 상호작용의 영향은 기초크기와 구조물의 질량의 변화와 큰 관계 없이 일정하게 나타났다.

구조물-지반 상호작용 영향을 고려한 새로운 지반계수 평가방법에 대한 제안 (Proposed New Evaluation Method of the Site Coefficients Considering the Effects of the Structure-Soil Interaction)

  • 김용석
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.327-336
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    • 2006
  • Site coefficients in IBC and KBC codes have some limits to predict the rational seismic responses of a structure, because they consider only the effect of the soil amplification without the effects of the structure-soil interaction. In this study, upper and lower limits of site coefficients are estimated through the pseudo 3-D elastic seismic response analyses of structures built on linear or nonlinear soil layers considering the structure-soil interaction effects. Soil characteristics of site classes of A, B, and C were assumed to be linear, and those of site classes of D and E were done to be nonlinear and the Ramberg-Osgood model was used to evaluate shear modulus and damping ratio of a soil layer depending on the shear wave velocity of a soil layer. Seismic analyses were performed with 12 weak or moderate earthquake records, scaled the peak acceleration to 0.1g or 0.2g and deconvoluted as earthquake records at the bedrock 30m beneath the outcrop. With the study results of the elastic seismic response analyses of structures, new standard response spectrum and upper and lower limits of the site coefficients of Fa and Fv at the short period range and the period of 1 second are suggested Including the structure-soil interaction effects.

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입사각을 고려한 장대교량의 지반-구조물 상호작용 해석 (Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction of a Long-Span Bridge Considering Incident Angle of Input Ground Motion)

  • 박장호;신영석;최승환
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2008
  • In a long-span bridge which is constructed on soft soil, it is requested to make a plan considering soil-structure interaction, and soil-structure interaction is partially under consideration at the actual bridge plan. Many researches on dynamic behavior of a bridge affected by soil-structure interacting have been accomplished, but it is difficult to estimate dynamic behavior of a bridge on soft soil accurately because of many uncertainties. This paper presents the results about dynamic response of a long-span suspension bridge in the site composed of soft soil considering incident angle of input ground motion. The effect of soft soil was evaluated by the use o computer program SASSI and a long-span suspension bridge was modeled by finite element program MIDAS. The effect of incident angle of input ground motion was investigated on the dynamic response of a long-span bridge.

지반-구조물 상호작용 효과를 고려한 확률론적 역량스펙트럼법 (Probabilistic capacity spectrum method considering soil-structure interaction effects)

  • 채리토노세테;김두기;김동현;조성국
    • 한국전산구조공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2008
  • The capacity spectrum method (CSM) is a deterministic seismic analysis approach wherein the expected seismic response of a structure is established as the intersection of the demand and capacity curves. Recently, there are a few studies about a probabilistic CSM where uncertainties in design factors such as material properties, loads, and ground motion are being considered. However, researches show that soil-structure interaction also affects the seismic responses of structures. Thus, their uncertainties should also be taken into account. Therefore, this paper presents a probabilistic approach of using the CSM for seismic analysis considering uncertainties in soil properties. For application, a reinforced concrete bridge column structure is employed as a test model. Considering the randomness of the various design parameters, the structure's probability of failure is obtained. Monte Carlo importance sampling is used as the tool to assess the structure's reliability when subjected to earthquakes. In this study, probabilistic CSM with and without consideration of soil uncertainties are compared and analyzed. Results show that the analysis considering soil structure interaction yields to a greater probability of failure, and thus can lead to a more conservative structural design.

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Soil-structure interaction analysis of beams resting on multilayered geosynthetic-reinforced soil

  • Deb, Kousik
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.369-383
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, soil-structure interaction analysis has been presented for beams resting on multilayered geosynthetic-reinforced granular fill-soft soil system. The soft soil and geosynthetic reinforcements are idealized as nonlinear springs and elastic membranes, respectively. The governing differential equations are solved by finite difference technique and the results are presented in non-dimensional form. It is observed from the study that use of geosynthetic reinforcement is not very effective for maximum settlement reduction in case of very rigid beam. Similarly the reinforcements are not effective for shear force reduction if the granular fill has very high shear modulus value. However, multilayered reinforced system is very effective for bending moment and differential settlement reduction.

경계반력법을 이용한 지진격리 원전구조물의 비선형 지반-구조물 상호작용 해석 (Nonlinear Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Seismically Isolated Nuclear Power Plant Structure using the Boundary Reaction Method)

  • 이은행;김재민;이상훈
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a detailed procedure for a nonlinear soil-structure interaction of a seismically isolated NPP(Nuclear Power Plant) structure using the boundary reaction method (BRM). The BRM offers a two-step method as follows: (1) the calculation of boundary reaction forces in the frequency domain on an interface of linear and nonlinear regions, (2) solving the wave radiation problem subjected to the boundary reaction forces in the time domain. For the purpose of calculating the boundary reaction forces at the base of the isolator, the KIESSI-3D program is employed in this study to solve soil-foundation interaction problem subjected to vertically incident seismic waves. Wave radiation analysis is also employed, in which the nonlinear structure and the linear soil region are modeled by finite elements and energy absorbing elements on the outer model boundary using a general purpose nonlinear FE program. In this study, the MIDAS/Civil program is employed for modeling the wave radiation problem. In order to absorb the outgoing elastic waves to the unbounded soil region, spring and viscous-damper elements are used at the outer FE boundary. The BRM technique utilizing KIESSI-3D and MIDAS/Civil programs is verified using a linear soil-structure analysis problem. Finally the method is applied to nonlinear seismic analysis of a base-isolated NPP structure. The results show that BRM can effectively be applied to nonlinear soil-structure interaction problems.