• 제목/요약/키워드: social support

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가족건강성이 청소년의 학교적응에 미치는 영향 및 사회적 지지의 매개효과 - 경남지역 중학생을 중심으로 - (A Study of the Effect of Family Strength on School Adjustment among Adolescents and the Mediating Effect of Social Support - Focus on Middle School Students of the Gyeongnam Region -)

  • 심미영;황순금
    • 한국가족자원경영학회지
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2013
  • This study focused on adolescents who are studying in middle schools of the Gyeongnam region, aims to provide methods for improving school adjustment among adolescents through the enhancement of family strength. It will examine the effect of family strength on adolescents' school adjustment verify the mediating effect of social support in the influential relationships of school adjustment. The summarizations, obtained in this study are as follows: First, an analysis of the results of the effect of family strength on social support demonstrated that family strength had a positive effect on social support. That is, as family strength was higher, social support increased. Second, an analysis of the results of the effect of family strength on school adjustment show that family strength would have a direct effect on school adjustment, which is positive. Where family strength was higher, school adjustment of adolescents was also higher. Third, the results of the effect of social support on school adjustment when controlling family strength demonstrate that social support would have a positive effect on school adjustment, however, family strength did not predict school adjustment. Therefore, the complete mediating effect of social support in the relationship between family strength and school adjustment was identified. In conclusion, it was identified that family strength had an indirect effect on school adjustment, but not a direct effect. Therefore, it is indicated that indirect intervention through the social support system as well as direct intervention for the improvement of adolescents' school adjustment is required. In addition, it was confirmed that family strength and social support would be more important variables than control variables, which reflect the characteristics of adolescents and family in terms of school adjustment. Therefore, the recognition that the responsibility in adjusting to school is the common role of families, schools, and community going beyond the individual responsibility of adolescents is needed.

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성인기의 생애주기별 사회적지지망 연구 (A Study on Social Support Networks for Each Life-cycle Stage of Adults)

  • 정추자;이선옥;강정희;김정아;김혜령;오경옥;이숙자;전화연;홍성경
    • 한국간호교육학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.436-445
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify social support networks for each life-cycle stage of adults. Method: A total of 1,047 subjects included 454 young adults, 262 middle-aged adults and 331 senior adults. Data were collected using Oh's Korean Version Norbeck's Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ), and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Result: For the young adults, parents were the top and second priority as important social support resources, the third was siblings, and then friends. For the middle-aged, spouse was the first priority as an important social support resource, while the second and the third were children. For the senior adults, children ranked from the top to the seventh priority. The mean number of social support resources was 13.23 for the young adult, 12.93 for the middle-aged and 5.30 for the senior adults. Social support networks of the young adults significantly differed according to gender and marital status. That of the middle-aged significantly differed according to family size. In addition, that of the senior adults was significantly different according to marital status, economic status, religion and family size. Conclusion: It is essential to consider social support networks for each life-cycle stage of adults when making a social support intervention program.

직무스트레스와 사회적 지원이 병원종사자들의 조직효과성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (The Effect of Job Stress and Social Support on the Organizational Effectiveness of Hospital Employees)

  • 고종욱;서영준;박하영
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.295-309
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of job stress and social support on the organizational effectiveness of hospital employees and to examine the role of social support in the experience of job stress among the employees. Previous studies have yielded mixed results regarding the role of social support. Some studies provide supporting evidence for the buffering effect of social support, while others do not. Still others report findings about reverse buffering effects. These inconsistent findings are, in part, accounted for by methodological problems such as poor measurement, small sample size, and the existence of high multicollinearity. To examine more rigorously the role of social support in relation to the negative effects of job stress, this study was carefully designed to overcome methodolgical shortcomings found in the past research. In addition, unlike the previous studies, which were concerned mostly with health-related variables as consequences of job stress, in this study, three work-related variables (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intent to stay) which had close relationships with organizational effectiveness were examined as output variables. The sample used in this study consisted of 353 employees from a university hospital in the surburbs of Seoul. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using canonical analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that; (1) job stress has negative main effects on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intent to stay; (2) social support has positive main effects on the same three output variables, (3) social support does not moderate the harmful effects of job stress on the three outcome variables, and (4) the three-way interaction effects of (social support * job stress * gender) and of (social support * job stress * education) are not supported. The implications of these findings for the management of human resources are discussed.

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가정폭력 노출 경험이 남녀 대학생의 정신건강에 미치는 영향 - 사회적 지지 자원의 조절효과를 중심으로 - (The Impact of Domestic-Violence Exposure Experience on Mental Health among Male and Female College Students: - Focused on the Moderating Effects of Social Support Resources -)

  • 박주희
    • 한국가족자원경영학회지
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.131-149
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    • 2016
  • The aims of this study are to investigate the impact of the experience of exposure to domestic violence(witnessed interparental conjugal violence and child abuse) on mental health among college students, and to explore whether social support acts as a moderator between domestic violence and mental health. Through this process, I intended to provide a reference base to suggest substantial interventions for family welfare by helping students to overcome negative domestic violence exposure experiences and adapt as healthy members of society. To achieve this goal, the study established a conceptual framework by considering the mental health of adolescents with domestic-violence exposure experience as a dependent variable, domestic violence exposure experience (witnessed interparental conjugal violence and child abuse) as an independent variable, and social support as a moderator of the relationship between these two variables. The subjects composed 747 college students in 8 colleges in Seoul. The main summary of this study is as follows: First, according to the analysis of domestic-violence exposure experience, all the subjects of this study had substantial experience of violence at home and witnessed interparental conjugal violence. These students scored 3.83 points in social support, higher than the median of 3, implying that these students had a higher awareness of social support. Moreover, their mental health score was 3.50 points, which is higher than the median of 3, indicating a somewhat positive tendency toward mental health. Second, to explore the moderating effects of social support between child violence experience and mental health, gender, age, financial status, academic-performance, child abuse and social support were input in the first step, and then buffering effects were examined by entering an interaction term to the first step in the second step. There was a significant interaction between social support and mental health. Therefore, social support was identified as having moderating effects on the relationship between child violence and mental health. Third, the analysis of moderating effects of social support between witnessed interparental conjugal violence and mental health revealed that social support had a positive influence on mental health in the first step. By contrast, the interaction term of witnessed interparental conjugal violence and social support showed no significance, indicating no moderating effect of social support in the second step. To sum up, social support served as a moderator for mental health among college students with child abuse experience, but had no moderating effect on witnessed interparental conjugal violence experience.

아동의 사회적 지지지각 및 만족도와 적응능력간의 관계 (A Study on The Relations between the perceived Social support and Adjustment of Children)

  • 최진아;이숙
    • 가정과삶의질연구
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study were i)to investigate children's perceived social support and satisfaction with level of social support and ii) to investigate the relations between children's social support and their adjustment. Subjects of this study were 412 children from the 5-6th grades of elementary school and the data were analyzed by GLM analysis canonical correlation analysis using SAS. The results were as follows: 1)Children's perceived social support levels differed across support providers and support types. 2) A canonical correlation analysis of the children's social support and the children's adjustment demonstrated that perceived maternal and peer support levels were most highly correlated to children's adjustment and satisfaction with the social support of providers in this study was highly correlated to children's adjustment.

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병원간호사의 가기효능감과 사회적 지지가 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of the Perception of Self-efficacy and Social Support on Organizational Citizenship Behavior among Nurses in Hospital)

  • 한수정
    • 성인간호학회지
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.606-614
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) among hospital nurses. Methods: Participants in this study were 231 nurses from two hospitals. The self-reported questionnaire was used to assess the level of self-efficacy, social support and OCB. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression. Results: The mean score of OCB was 4.82, self-efficacy was 4.65, and social support was 4.56. The OCB was statistically significant according to position (t=-1.97, p=.049). The OCB was positively correlated with self-efficacy (r=.558, p<.001) and social support (r=.245, p<.001). The self-efficacy and social support explained 33.0% of the variance for OCB. Conclusion: The findings suggest that developing programs to improve self-efficacy and social support might be useful. Furthermore, more studies are needed to explore variables that influence nurses' Organizational Citizenship Behavior.

청소년의 스트레스와 사회적 지원 및 부적응 (Stress, Social Support, and Maladjustment of Adolescents)

  • 심희옥
    • 아동학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 1995
  • The present study explored a factor, social support, that could mediate the relationship between negative life events and behavioral problems during adolescence. It was hypothesized that social support from parents, peers, and teachers would be an effective mediator between negative life events and delinquent behavior. Data were collected from 161 of the 9th graders in a high school in a coastal community of Oregon. A series of path analyses using regression techniques was used to examine the research hypotheses. Results indicated that social support mediated the relationship between negative life events and delinquent behavior, implying the importance of social support from family, peers, and school in preventing delinquent behavior among adolescents. That is, negative life events were found to exert influence indirectly upon delinquent behavior through its direct effect on social support. Results were discussed in relation to the effects of negative life events on social support and delinquent behavior.

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아동의 자아탄력성과 사회적 지지가 시험불안 및 학교적응에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Children's Ego-Resilience and Social Support on Exam Anxiety and School Adjustment)

  • 박정희;박정미
    • 아동학회지
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this paper is to examine the effects of children's ego-resilience and social support on exam anxiety and school adjustment. The subjects of this study were 534, $5^{th}$ and $6^{th}$ grade students (275 boys and 259 girls) from the Pusan area. The results of this study revealed that the levels of Ego-resilience and social support correlated negatively with exam anxiety, and positively with school adjustment. Therefore the more ego-resilience and social support children felt that they had, the lower the levels of exam anxiety they experience, and the higher their levels of school adjustment. The influence of ego-resilience on exam anxiety was higher than that of social support and the influence of ego-resilience on school adjustment was similar to that of social support. The implications of the present study were also discussed.

성, 연령, 사회적 지원에 따른 노인의 자아존중감에 관한 연구 (The Effects of Sex, Age, and Social Support on Self-Esteem of the Aged.)

  • 조옥희
    • 가정과삶의질연구
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of the sex, age, degree of social support on self-esteem of the old aged and to provide information for finding out ways of developing their self-esteem. The subject of this study were 504 old aged in Kwang-ju and Jun-nam. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency percentage mean standard deviation reliability ANOVA stepwise and multiple regression analysis through the SAS package program, . The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows; 1) The self-esteem of old aged was 27, 2 which was above the median 22.5 2) According to the results related to the old aged the effect were by sex, age, social support, . There were also significant interaction effects by $age^{\star}$social support $sex^{\star}\;age^{\star}$aocial support $sex^{\star}$social support $sex^{\star}$age it was shown that influencing variable on their self-esteem was sex social support $sex^{\star}$social support $sex^{\star}$age age.

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류마티스 관절염 환자가 지각하는 사회적 지지와 영향요인에 관한 조사연구 (Influencing Factor on Social Support perceived by Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis)

  • 유경희
    • 근관절건강학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors on the social support perceived by patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: The subjects for this study were 468 patients registered in 2 general hospitals and the period of data collection was from October 20, 2013 to February 20, 2014. The data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The mean of item of social support was 3.31 in patients. For social support, there were significant differences by gender and economics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusion: Managing social support was important for patients with rheumatoid arthritis to promote health. To enhance social support of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, nursing intervention strategies must be developed for increasing economics or giving information about their activity of daily living.