• Title/Summary/Keyword: social support

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Mediation effects of social support and self-efficacy between academic stress and college adjustment in physical therapy students (물리치료학과 학생의 학업스트레스와 대학생활적응의 관계에서 사회적 지지와 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Sangwoo;Lee, Byounghee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.48-62
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the mediating effects of social support and self-efficacy between academic stress and college adjustment in physical therapy students. Design: Survey. Methods: 75 subjects were surveyed about the level of academic, Academic Stress, College Adjustment, Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and self-control. To confirm the cognitive function on brain activity were evaluated. Results: First, College students have higher academic stress and lower college adjustment. Higher social support and self-efficacy have lower academic stress and better college adjustment. Second, students with high academic stress need constant attention to increase their social support and programs to reduce academic stress. Third, students with high academic stress, low social support, and low self-efficacy can increase their cognitive strength through the brain wave thereby reducing the academic stress they are currently feeling. Conclusion: In order to improve the College Adjustment, it is considered that it is important to increase the cognitive function through brain train along with the development of a student management program that can reduce academic stress and increase social support and self-efficacy.

The Influence of Post-Traumatic Stress and Social Support on Depression of Vietnam Veterans (베트남 참전군인의 외상 후 스트레스와 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Hyun, Hye-Sun;Kim, Tae-Yeol;Kim, Yun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.137-147
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify the post-traumatic stress, social support, and depression of Vietnam veterans and the effects of post-traumatic stress and social support on depression. Methods : This study was carried out from June 2017 to September 2017 with the cooperation of the Korean Society of Veterans' Affairs and 250 Vietnamese veterans from D city were randomly sampled and collected. The collected data were used by SPSS 24.0 Statistics Program. Results : Social support was inversely correlated with post-traumatic stress (r=-.268, p<.001) and depression (r=-.333, p<.001), and post-traumatic stress and depression (r=.592, p<.001) were positively correlated. Post-traumatic stress and social support of veterans had a significant effect on depression, and post-traumatic stress and social support showed an explanatory power of 37.7% in depression. Conclusions : It is necessary to improve soldiers' mental health by mediating their post-traumatic stress and reducing their depression level by establishing a social support system.

The Association of Resilience and Perceived Social Support on Health Behavior Compliance in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 극복력, 지각된 사회적 지지와 건강행위 이행의 관련성)

  • Kang, Su Jin;Lee, Yunjung
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.36-48
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: This study was performed to examine the relationship between resilience and perceived social support on health behavior compliance in stroke patients. Methods: We included 177 stroke outpatients from W University hospital in Jeollabuk-Do province. The research tools were composed of Korean Version of Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, Multidimensional Scale Perceived Social Support and Health behavior compliance. The data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 22.0, the statistical methods used were t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean score for resilience was 2.53(SD=±0.60), for perceived social support was 3.65(SD=±0.76), and for health behavior compliance was 4.05(SD=±0.64). All three parameters showed significant positive correlation to each other. The important factor related to the health behavior compliance by the perceived social support(F=273.119, p<.001). Conclusion: The social support system including direct and indirect intervention programs, should be improved to increase the opportunities for perceived social support in stroke patients.

Social Support and The Percieved Life Satisfaction of Middel-aged Wives. (중년기 부인의 사회적 지원과 생활만족도에 관한연구)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.151-166
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    • 1996
  • This study examined the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. To better understand the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives this study considered the following four different types of social support: emotional material informational and companionshp support. In addition each type of social support from the following five sources-the family of origin network the family of husband network friends neighbors and social organization-were examined separately in relation to the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. The data for his study were collected in the winter of 1995 from 417 housewives in Pusam wholse youngest child has graduated from elementary schools. Analyses of these data proved that (1) contrary to the classical "middle-age cristis" theory the average level of the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives is relatively high; (2) there is a strong positive correla ion between the global level of social support and the overall life satisfaction of middle-aged wives; (3) the family of origin network is the most important provider of social support to middle-aged wives; and (4) the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives differ across types and sources of support. Findings showed that emotional informational and companionship support from the family of origin network have significantly positive effects on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. On he other hand the material support from the family of origin network proved to have little effect.le effect.

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The Influence of Pre-Service Child Care Teachers' Behavioral Characteristics on Self-Efficacy : Focused on the Mediating Effects of Social Support (예비보육교사의 행동특성이 자기 효능감에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 지지의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Seol, Hee-Jeong;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2013
  • This investigation studied 1)the correlations among pre-service child care teachers' behavioral characteristics, social support and self-efficacy, and 2)the mediating effects of pre-service child care teachers' behavioral characteristics and social support on self-efficacy. The subjects were 240 pre-service child care teachers working at S-center for nursery teacher education or I-center for nursery teacher education in the Incheon area. The findings are as follows. First, the relationships among pre-service child care teachers' behavioral characteristics, social support and self-efficacy were examined by showing correlations. Second, we found that in terms of the mediating role of social support in the relationship between pre-service child care teachers' behavioral characteristics and self-efficacy, type D and type S show self-efficacy; they also have a direct impact on the social support indirectly affected through. Thus, social support can be seen as having a partial mediating effect.

The Effect of Early Childhood Teachers' Happiness and Social Support on Job Performance (유아교사의 행복감과 사회적 지지가 직무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Ma, Jisun;An, Rari;Lee, Sunai
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.43-62
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of child care teachers' happiness and social support on job performance. Methods: The subjects were 380 teachers employed in child care centers and kindergartens in Gyeonggi Province. Self-report questionnaires were used to investigate teachers' happiness, social support and job performance. The data were analyzed by frequency, percent, Pearson's correlation and stepwise regression with the SPSS program. Results: The results of this study were as follow. First, teachers' job performance was positively associated with teachers' happiness. The highest correlation sub-variable was purpose in life. Next were personal growth, self-acceptance, environmental mastery and autonomy. And the last was positive relationships with others. Teachers' job performance was positively associated with teachers' social support. The highest correlation sub-variable was evaluative support. Next were affective support and material support. And the last was informative support. Second, teachers' happiness and social support affected job performance. Evaluative support, which was a sub-variable of social support, affected job satisfaction. And personal growth, purpose in life, and self-acceptance, which were sub-variables of happiness, affected job satisfaction. Conclusion: This study revealed that teacher's happiness and social support were important factors for teachers job performance.

The Effects of Stress, Social Support and Impulsiveness on Adolescents' Internet Addiction (청소년의 스트레스, 사회적 지지 및 충동성이 인터넷 중독에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Gi-Eun;Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The study was to identify the influences of stress, social support and impulsiveness on the internet addiction of adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 243 male middle and high school students in D city. Data were collected from March to April in 2009 using self-report questionnaires such as internet addiction test, perceived stress, social support appraisal scale and Barratt impulsiveness scale. Data were analyzed using frequency, mean, Pearson's corelation coefficient, & hierarchial multiple regression. Results: The results showed that adolescents who had poor social support or higher stress and impulsiveness were more likely to have higher levels of internet addiction. The internet addiction was positively related to the stress and impulsiveness and negatively related to the social support. And education, record at school, stress, social support and impulsiveness had influence on the depression. Conclusion: Based on the findings, school nurses need to screen the risk of the internet addiction for adolescents who are in serious stress and have poor social support and impulsiveness. It is necessary to develop some preventive programs for those in high risk of internet addiction.

The Influence of Uncertainty and Social Support on General Well-being among Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자가 지각하는 불확실성과 사회적 지지가 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Youn-Jin;Choi, Hee-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore factors affecting uncertainty and general well-being based on Uncertainty in Illness Theory. Methods: Data were collected from 125 outpatients who had received hemodialysis. The path model among four concepts, such as period of hemodialysis, social support, uncertainty, and general well-being, was tested. Tangible support, positive social interaction, affectionate, and emotional/informational support were measured as social support. Adaptation in the model was operationalized as general well-being which consisted of anxiety, depression, positive well-being, self-control, and general health. Results: All paths were statistically significant at the level of ${\alpha}$=.05. The significant paths were the path from period of hemodialysis to uncertainty (t=-2.86), social support to uncertainty (t=-2.01), uncertainty to general wellbeing (t=-2.85), and social support to general well-being (t=3.55). Conclusion: Patients who perceived low uncertainty and high social support were likely to feel well-being. Therefore, nurses should give patients appropriate information according to their needs and have meaningful interaction with patients to reduce their uncertainty and render social support.

Adolescents' Maladjustment in terms of Type and Source of Social Support (청소년 자녀가 지각한 사회적 지지원 및 지지유형 수준에 따른 부적응)

  • 신효식
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescents' maladjustment in terms of type and source of social support. The main results of this study were as follows; 1. In social support source the mean score of peer support was higher than family support. In social support type the mean score of expressive support was higher than other support type. 2. Social support source was found significantly different according to sex of the children educational level of the father and mother and income. Social support type was found significantly different according to sex of the children educational level of the father and mother. Maladjustment were found significantly different according to sex of the children educational level of the father and mother Maladjustment were found significantly different according to sex of the children educational level of the father and mother income and marital satisfaction of the mother. 3. In social support source it was significantly it was signif cantly different according to all maladjustment subscale in family support and to over-anxiousness social withdrawal and hyperactivity in peer support. In social support type it was significantly different according to over-anxiousness hyperactivity and delinquency in esteem support and to over-anxiousness in informational support.

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A Study on the Relationship between Social Support and the Infertility Stress of Infertile Women (불임 여성의 사회적 지지와 불임 스트레스)

  • Kim, Hee-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.36-50
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was determine the relationship between social support and the infertility stress of infertile women. The subjects for this were 64 infertile women living in S city, Kyung Book Province. The data was collected during $4^{th}$ July and $14^{th}$ August, 1988 using the social support scale developed by Park(1985) and the infertility stress scale developed by Kim et. al.(1995) The data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS PC program. The results were as follows. 1. The mean of social support of the infertile women was 3.80. 2. The negative correlation was revealed between social support and the infertility stress(r=-.56, p=.001). 3. Research has revealed that the support need of social support was a predictor of the infertility stress of the infertile women, explaining 30.9% of total variance. 4. the general characteristic variable significantly related to the level of the infertility stress of the infertile women was marriage satisfaction(t=-3.28, p=.004). The results of this study suggest that social support is related to the infertility stress of the infertile women. Therefore, The nurse is recommended to apply supportive intervention in caring for infertile women.

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