• Title/Summary/Keyword: social support

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Impact of Self-esteem, Family Function and Social Support on Stress in Undergraduate Students (자아존중감, 가족기능 및 사회적 지지가 대학생의 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem, family function, and social support which might influence stress in college students. Method: Data were collected from October 15 to December 20, 2007 when 411 students completed a questionnaire which included Self-esteem scale, Family APGAR questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Global Assessment of Recent Stress scale. The collected data was analyzed with the SPSS Win 14.0 statistics program. Results: The scores for stress showed significantly negative correlations with the scores for self-esteem (r= -.394, p<.001), family function (r= -.215, p<.001), and social support (r= -.249, p<.001). Self-esteem, family function and social support by friends were significant predictors and accounted for 18.5% of the variance in stress in undergraduate students. Conclusion: Future stress management programs for undergraduate students should be developed to reinforce self-esteem, family function and social support by friends.

A Study on the Longitudinal Relations Between First-time Mothers' Social Support and the Home Environment for Preschoolers: The Mediation of Depression (첫 자녀 어머니의 사회적 지지와 학령전기 가정양육환경의 종단적 관계: 우울의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Chang, Young Eun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2016
  • The current study examined the effects of early social support of first-time mothers on the home environment for their preschool-aged children via the mediation of mothers' depression. The study sample included 755 first-time mothers participating in the Panel Study on Korean Children(PSKC). Using Structural Equation Modeling(SEM), the longitudinal structure from mothers' social support when the child is one year old to the quality of the home environment when the child is 4 years old was examined. The results revealed that mothers' social support at age 1 predicted social support at age 3, which in turn predicted higher quality of the home environment for their children at age 4. The mediation of depression was also significant. Mothers' social support predicted lower levels of depression at both phases and mothers' depression was significantly associated with the quality of the home environment.

Stress and Social Support According to Internet Addiction (청소년의 인터넷 중독, 스트레스와 사회적 지지)

  • Choi, Yeon-Hee;Suh, Boo-Deuk;Choi, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.452-459
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine stress and social support according to Internet addiction in juveniles. Method: Subjects were middle and high school students in Daegu (N=492). Data were collected using a self-rating questionnaire including demographic data, which was the Korean versions of an Internet addiction scale, a stress scale and a social support scale. Results: Stress and social support were significantly different according to Internet addition. Significant correlations were observed between Internet addiction and stress and between Internet addiction and social support. Conclusion: These results indicate that the more addictive to the Internet a student is, the more stress and the less social support he/she has. Therefore, further studies are needed to generalize these results and examine widely the effects of Internet addiction.

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Relationships between Perceived Stress, Mental Health, and Social Support in Community Residents (일 도시지역 주민의 스트레스 지각, 정신건강 및 사회적 지지)

  • Kim, Pan-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The study investigated the relationships among perceived stress, mental health, and social support in community residents. Method: A self-reporting questionnaire was completed by 302 community residents aged 19-64-years-of-age from October 7 to November 30, 2008. Assessment tools were an The established perceived stress scale, standardized mental health scale, and established social support scale. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Result: Significantly negative correlations were evident between perceived stress and social support, and between social support and mental health. But, there was a significantly positive correlation between perceived stress and mental health. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy to decrease perceived stress, improve mental health, and increase social support for community residents.

The Relationships among Social Support, Stress, and Loneliness in Migrant Yanbian Korean Workers (조선족 근로자의 사회적 지지, 스트레스, 외로움과의 관계)

  • Kim, Ok-Soo;Baik, Sung-Hee;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.607-616
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among social support (network, composition, and satisfaction), stress, and loneliness in migrant Yanbian Korean workers. Method: Data were collected by using Social Support Questionnaire 6, Visual Analogue Scale, and the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Result: Results indicate that means for social support were 1.52 for network size and 4.83 for satisfaction. The proportion percentage of network for kin members was 67.37. Subjects felt the moderate level of stress and loneliness. The level of loneliness was negatively related to the level of social support. Conclusion: This study showed that there is necessity to reduce stress and loneliness among migrant Yanbian Korean workers. Adequate social support satisfaction is crucial to reduce the level of loneliness in migrant Yanbian Korean workers.

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The Effects of Social Support and Coping Styles on Quality of Life in Abused Wives (사회적 지지 및 대처방식이 아내학대 피해여성의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ran;Kim, Kyeong-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2007
  • The purposes of present study were to investigate relationships among wife abuse, social support, coping styles, and quality of life, and to examine how abused wives' social support influences coping and quality of life. The subjects were consisted of 144 abused wives in Gwangju, Korea. The major findings are as follows; 1. Problem-focused coping and seeking of social support were different by the wife abuse. 2. Abused wives' quality of life was positively related monthly income, social support, problem-focused coping, and wishful thinking coping. 3. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the social support had the strongest impact on abused wives' quality of life. And the problem-focused coping, monthly income, and emotion-focused coping. These variables accounted for 32% of variance of abused wives' quality of life.

The Role of Self-Efficacy and Social Support in the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Burn out, Turn over Intention among Hospital Nurses (간호사의 감정노동과 소진, 이직의도와의 관계에서 자기효능감과 사회적 지지의 역할)

  • Kim, In-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.515-526
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Self-efficacy and Social Support in the emotional labor among hospital nurses. Method: Data was collected from 389 nurses in 3 general hospitals by means of structured questionnaires. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchial multiple regression using the SPSS 14.0 program. Result: (a) self-efficacy of hospital nurses had no significant moderating and mediating effects between emotional labor and burn out, turn over intention. (b) Social support of hospital nurses had significant mediating effects between emotional labor and burn out, turn over intention. However, social support did not show moderating effects. Conclusion: Social support was a more important predictor of emotional labor than self-efficacy of hospital nurses. This finding suggests the importance of social support to increase hospital nurses psychological well-being and development of organization.

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Effects of Depression, Self-Esteem, and Social Support on Suicidal Ideation in College Students (대학생의 우울, 자존감, 사회적 지지가 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Younghee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine whether depression, self-esteem, and social support influence suicidal ideation among college students. Methods: Using a correlation study design, participants were recruited from two universities selected by convenience sampling. Data were collected from June 1, to August 31, 2014 from the 206 participants included in the study. The data were analyzed using SPSS / Win 18.0. Results: There was a significant correlation between depression, self esteem, social support, and suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was negatively correlated with self-esteem (r=-.64, p<.001) and social support (r=-.45, p<.001), while, suicidal ideation showed a positive correlation with depression (r=.69, p<.001). The significant predictors related to suicidal ideation were depression, self-esteem, and social support. Conclusion: Findings indicate that sensitively assessing depression in college students and efforts to reduce depression can reduce the risk of suicide. Self-esteem and social support of college students are also important resources for suicide prevention.

The Relationship among Perceived Social Support from Care Teacher, Internal Locus of Control, and School Adjustment of Institutionalized Children (시설보호 아동이 지각한 보육사의 사회적 지지와 내적 통제 성항 및 학교 적응)

  • 권기남;유안진;민하영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 2002
  • This study focused on the relationship among perceived social support from care teacher(institution staff), internal locus of control, and school adjustment of institutionalized children. This also examined the differences of perceived social support, internal thou of control, and school adjustment by gender and the duration in the institution. Participant were 119 fifth-and sixth-grade elementary school studens(58 boys, 61 girts). Perceived social support from care teacher, internal locus of control, and school adjustment were measured by self-reports of institutionalized children. The data were analyzed, in SPSS Win program, by Cronbach's α, T-test, Pearson Correlations, Simple Regression, Hierarchical Multiple Regression. As expected, results confirm that perceived social support was associated positively with internal locus of control and school adjustment. further, perceived social support also exerts indirect effects on school adjustment, mediated by internal locus of control. However, none of these variables differed by gender and the duration in the institution.

Search for the Meaning of Social Support in Korean Society (Social Support의 한국적 의미)

  • 오가실;서미혜;이선옥;김정아;오경옥;정추자;김희순
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.264-277
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    • 1994
  • In Korea the concept of social support was first used as a research concept in nursing and has not had much application in the clinical field. Another problem is that research on social support has used a direct translation of the words “social support” into Korean as “sawhejuk jiji”. Three questions were posed to direct the re-search. 1) Is there a concept of social support in Korean society? 2) if so, what words or expressions are used to de-scribe it? 3) further, if so, how is social support structured and how does it function? In order to answer the research questions a three-step research methodology was used : The first step consisted of a literature review on re-search related to social support and on information on the background of, and the way of thinking re-lated to interpersonal relations among Korean people. The second step, which was done to identify whether there is a concept of social support in korean society, involved interviewing a sample of the population. The third step involved a panel discussion that included the members of the research team and three consultants, a sociologist, a philosopher and a scholor in korean literature. A review of the literature on interpersonal relationships in traditional korean society identified a four cirole structure that explains interpersonal relationships. The first circle with “me” at the center is the family but here “me” disappears into the “we” that is essential for a cooperative agricultural society. In the second circle are those close to “me” but outside the family. The third circle includes those with whom “I ” have infrequent but regular contact and with whom correct conduct is important. The last circle is all the people with whom “I” have nothing in common. They are excluded in interpersonal relationships. The literature on interpersonal relationships showed that within the traditional Korean society people lived in villages where most people were very familiar with each other. “Yun”, the social network established the connection and “Jung”, the feeling of affection increased with time as the connection was strengthened. In the traditional village psychological support was provided through “Mallaniki”, “Pumashi” and “Kae” with the latter two also providing material support. In modern Korea there are more informal and formal social networks, like social services and community activities on the formal level and cultural and leisure groups along with “kae’s on the informal level. But even with this modern variety of groups, most social support comes from informal networks that resemble the traditiorlal “Pumashi”, “Kai” md “Mallaniki”. The six member research team interviewed 65 people in order to identify whether there is a concept of social support and then analysed their responses. There were 20 different words describing the reception of the social support and these could be grouped into seven major categories : virtuous, fortunate, helped, supported, blessed, attached(receiving affection) and receiving (grace) benevolence. there were 27 words describing the act of social support which could be categorized into seven major categories : love, looking after, affection(attachment), kindness(goodness), faith, psychological help and material help. for the meaning of social support translated as “sawhe juk jiji” there were a total of 14 different answers which could be categorized into 3 major categories : help, agreement, and faith. In third step, the results of the literature review and the answers to the questions were discussed in a pannel. The results of the discussion led to the following definition of social support in Korea which is shaped like a the four sided pyramid on a base. Social support is the apex of the pyramid and four sides are made up of : “do-oom” (both emotional and material help), “jung” (connectedness, or relationship bound by affection, regard or shared common experience ), “midum” (faith or belief in), “eunhae” (kindness or benevolence). The research team identified “Yun”( the basic network of relationships) as the base of the pyramid and as such the foundation for the components of social support in Korean culture. On “Yun” rest the other four components of social support : “Jung”, “Midum”, “Do-oom”, and “Eunhae”, For social support to take place there must be “Yun”. This is an important factor in social support. In private social network “Jung” is an essential factor in social support. But not in the public social network. “Yun” is a condition for “Jung” and “Jung” is the manifestation of support.

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