• Title/Summary/Keyword: social support

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Family Stress, Perceived Social Support, and Coping of Mothers Who have a Child Newly Diagnosed with Congenital Heart Disease (선천성 심장병환아 어머니가 인지하는 가족 스트레스, 사회적 지지, 대처)

  • Tak Young-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.451-460
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    • 2001
  • Congenital heart disease is now estimated to be the most prevalent chronic illness in children. The overall purpose of study is to enhance our understanding of mother's perception of family stress, perceived social support, and coping who has a child newly diagnosed with congenital heart disease. In this investigation, the relationship between family stress, perceived social support, and coping within the context of a acute, non life- threatening chronic illness in the situation of newly diagnosed as Rolland's typology of chronic illness. The study employed data from a subset of a large longitudinal study, children's chronic illness: parents and family adaptation conducted by M. McCubbin (5 R29 NR02563) which was funded by the NIH. The subject for this study were 92 mothers who have a child under age 12 who was newly diagnosed with congenital heart disease within the last 3-4 months. Results form correlational and regression analysis revealed that perceived social support operated as a resiliency factor between family stress and coping of mothers. Child and family characteristics appeared to be important predictors of perceived social support and mother's coping. Therefore, the findings provide an incremental contribution to the explanation of effects for perceived social support and may challenge resiliency model in previous literature. Further, these findings suggest that perceived social support and coping are both influencing in the resiliency of relatively high risk groups of families who has a child with congenital heart disease.

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Influence of Spiritual Wellbeing and Social Support on Depression in Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 영적안녕, 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Heo, Je Eun;Tae, Young Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the impact of spiritual wellbeing and social support on the depression among middle-aged women. Descriptive study design was used. Methods: The subjects completed the structured questionnaires: the 'Spiritual Well-being Scale', developed by Paloutzian & Ellison, 'the Social Support Scale' developed by Park, and 'the CES-D Scale' developed by Radloff. Data were collected from 216 middle aged women in B metropolitan city and J city. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$ test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Results: Participants with higher depression had lower scores for spiritual wellbeing (r=-.57, p<.001) and lower scores for social support (r=-.49, p=.011). The influencing factors on depression were spiritual wellbeing, social support, and utilization of spare time. These variables were explained 46% of the variance in depression. Conclusion: The depression of the middle-aged women can be reduced when spiritual wellbeing and social support are improved. Therefore, we suggested to develop nursing intervention programs in order to improve spiritual wellbeing and social support of middle-aged women for reducing their depressions.

Effects of Acculturative Stress and Emotional Control on Depression/Anxiety in Children from Multicultural Families: Mediating Effects of Social Support (문화적응스트레스 및 정서조절이 다문화가정 아동의 우울/불안에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 지지 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Woo, Hee-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.551-563
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the mediating effects of social support on 1) the relationships between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety and 2) the relationships between emotional control and depression/anxiety in children from multicultural families. Pearson's correlations between variables were analyzed, and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to identify direct and indirect effects of acculturative stress, emotional control, and social support on children's depression/anxiety. The sample included a total of 199 primary school students in grades 3 to 6 who lived in the Gwangju or Chonnam regions of Korea. First, there were positive correlations between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety and negative correlations between emotional control and social support. Second, social support from both peers and teachers partially mediated the relationships between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety. Third, social support from peers fully mediated the relationships between emotional control and depression/anxiety, and that from teachers partially mediated these relationships. The results suggest that social support from peers and teachers may reduce depression/anxiety in multicultural children as a mediating variable.

Cognitive Function, Depression, Social Support, and Self-Care in Elderly with Hypertension (노인 고혈압 환자의 인지기능, 우울, 사회적 지지 및 자가간호에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ok-Soo;Jeon, Hae-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.675-684
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among cognitive function, depression, social support, and self-care in elderly with hypertension. Methods: The subjects were 132 elderly with hypertension living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE-K), Short form geriatric depression scale, social support questionnaire 6, and hypertension self-care scale. Results: Thirty-four percent of the subjects had questionable dementia and forty-two percent of the subjects were depressed. Means for social support were 2.40 for network size and 4.07 for satisfaction. The mean score of hypertension self-care was 60.34, indicating that the subjects took care of themselves moderately well. Cognitive function was negatively related to depression. Social support network and satisfaction were negatively related to depression. Self-care was negatively related to social support network. Conclusion: Programs are needed for elderly with hypertension to improve their cognitive function, depression, and social support. Also further studies are needed to confirm the factors related to self-care in the elderly with hypertension.

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The Main & Buffering Effects of Perceived Social Support on Burnout of Insurance Review Nurses (보험심사간호사가 지각한 사회적 지지가 소진에 미치는 직접효과 및 완충효과)

  • Jeong, Soon-Im;Lee, Eun-Nam;Song, Young-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.482-490
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purposes were to survey the level of work stress, social support, burnout of insurance review nurses and to measure the main & buffering effect of perceived social support on burnout. Method: The samples were 285 insurance review nurses who were registered in Review Nurses Association of Korea at the period of 25 July and 12 August in 2005. Data were analyzed by using of t-test, Pearson's correlation, stepwise multiple regression, two-way ANOVA. Results: There were significant differences of burnout according to the work experience, position, and work satisfaction of insurance review nurses. Among the variables explaining the level of burnout of review nurses, the most significant variable was work stress, followed by current work satisfaction, social support, position and total variance explained was 40.8%. For the analysis of the buffering effects of perceived social support on work stress and burnout, the interaction between work stress and social support was not significant. Conclusions: It is necessary to construct the social support system and to reduce the work stress in order to reduce the level of the burnout of insurance review nurses.

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A Study Burden, Social Support and Quality of Life in Mothers of a Child with Nephrotic Syndrome (신증후군 환아 어머니의 부담감, 사회적 지지 및 삶의 질)

  • 성미혜
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.670-681
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identity the level of burden, social support and quality of life of the subjects. The subjects of this study were 68 mothers of nephrotic syndrome patients whose children were hospitalized in one pediatric ward of the University Hospital in Seoul. The data was collected using questionnaires, and the period of the data collection was from Nov. 15 to Dec. 31, 1999. The instruments used for this study were the Burden Measurement Instrument developed by Montgomery et. al(1985), social support measurement instrument designed Brandt an Weinert(1978) and Quality of life scale designed by Ro,Yoo JA(1988). The data analysis was done by SPSS, t-test, ANOVA and the Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of were as follows. 1. The level of burden showed a mean score of 54.47, the level of social support, a mean score of 86.00 and the level quality of life, a mean score of 140.20. 2. The level of burden differed according to mother's religion, patient's purpose for admission and perceived patient's condition by mothers. 3. The level of social support and the level of quality of life differed according to perceived patient's condition by mothers. 4. There was a negative correlation between burden and social support(r=-.348, p<.001). Also, burden was negatively related with quality of life(r=-3.97, p<.001). Social support was positively related with quality of life(r=.064, p<.001).

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Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Relationship between Organizational Justice and Employees' Innovative Behavior in Hotel Firms (호텔기업 조직공정성과 종사원 혁신행동의 관계에서 사회적 지원 인식수준의 매개효과)

  • Ha, Yong-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.368-377
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to explore the relationships among organizational justice, social support, innovative behavior of employees in a deluxe hotel in Seoul. In addition, it tries to find out the mediating effects that the social support have contributed to organizational justice and innovative behavior. The results of this study are, organizational justice have a direct impact on social support, and innovative behavior, and social support directly influence to innovative behavior. And social support have a mediating effect between organizational justice and innovative behavior. These results suggest that the new direction of the importance of organizational managements on accumulating organizational justice and the importance of social support and innovative behavior of employees in the hotel industry.

Effects of Social Support and Resilience on Child Care Teachers' Life Satisfaction (보육교사의 사회적 지지와 회복탄력성이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Bong Hwan;Nam, Mi Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.129-148
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study examined the effects of social support and resilience on life satisfaction of child care teachers. Methods: This study was conducted by sampling 162 child care teachers who participated in job training courses in the Gyeongsangbuk-do region. Three kinds of variables, which included social support, resilience, and life satisfaction were measured. The collected data were analyzed using PASW 18.0 program for windows. Results: First, social support, resilience, and life satisfaction of the child care teachers were generally above normal. The resilience subscale showed the highest score in 'affirmative', followed by 'interpersonal ability', 'self-control ability'. And the 'support of colleagues' was higher than 'support of superior' in the social support's subscale. Next, there were no significant differences in social support by child care teachers' background, but there were significant differences in resilience and life satisfaction of child care teachers' according to their working center types and academic levels. Second, life satisfaction was positively correlated with social support, and resilience. The 'affirmative', 'support of superior' variables were factors that predicted life satisfaction. Conclusion/Implications: We suggested ways to increase the life satisfaction of child care teachers through the 'affirmative' and 'support of superior' variables.

Effects of Social Support and Ego-resilience on Nursing Performance of Hospital Nurses (사회적 지지와 자아탄력성이 병원간호사의 간호업무 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, An Saeng;Yoon, Chi-Keun;Park, Jin Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.283-289
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the social support and ego-resilience on the nursing performance among hospital nurses. Methods: The subjects of this study were 369 nurses in a senior general hospital. We used the self-reported questionnaire to assess the level of ego-resilience, social support and nursing performance of hospital nurses. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: This study showed the positive relationship between the social support and ego-resilience on tne the nursing performance of hospital nurses. The higher group of the social support and ego-resilience showed the more performance of hospital nurses. And, the influencing factors on the performance are age, ego-resilience, social support, night working days a month in the order. Conclusion: Further studies will be needed to promote the performance of nurse in hospital and policies to be develop to elevate the social support and ego-resilience of nurses.

Effects of the Subjective Family Class on the Suicide Ideation of Adolescents: Double Mediating Effect of Social Support and Sense of Coherence

  • Kim, Jiyoun;Ko, Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.269-278
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The study was conducted to identify the relationship between subjective family class and suicidal ideation and to determine the double mediating effect of social support and sense of coherence on their relationship. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from 2015 Korean Psycho-social Anxiety which was a population-based representative was performed. Double mediating effects of social support and sense of coherence on suicidal ideation were analyzed using the PROCESS macro (model 6) with bootstrapping methods. Results: Subjective family class directly influenced social support (β=.20, p<.001) and sense of coherence (β=.10, p<.001). Subjective family class directly influenced suicide ideation (β=-.08, p<.001). Sense of coherence was directly influenced by social support (β=.28, p<.001). Suicide ideation was indirectly influenced by subjective family class through social support (β=-.22, p<.001) and sense of coherence (β=-.36, p=.001). The size of direct effect of subjective family class on suicide ideation was 0.24 and the total size of indirect effect was 0.12. Conclusion: Intervention to improve social support and sense of coherence is needed to prevent the suicide among adolescents.