• Title, Summary, Keyword: social problems

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The Relationship Between Social Competence and Behaviour Problems of Children with Mental Retardation (정신지체아동의 사회적 유능성과 문제행동 간의 관계)

  • Lee, Mi-A;Kang, Young-Sim;Ko, Min-Jung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.256-268
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    • 2007
  • The present research investigated the relationship between social competence and behaviour problems of children with mental retardation. Participants were 73 from both regular and special education schools. Social competence and behaviour problems were measured using the Teacher-Child Rating Scale. An important findings of this study described as the following. First, there were no significant differences in social competence and behaviour problems between boys and girls. Second, there were moderate significant differences in social competence between lower and higher grade children with mental retardation. Children who are higher grade had a significantly more social competence when compared with children who are lower grade. But there are no significant differences in behaviour problems between lower and higher grade. Third, there were moderate significant differences in social competence between lower and higher IQ children with mental retardation. Children who are higher IQ had a significantly higher level of social competence and significantly lower level of behaviour problems, when compared with children who are lower IQ. Forth, there were moderate significant differences in social competence between the regular schools and special education groups. Children who attended special education schools had a significantly higher level of social competence and significantly lower level of behaviour problems, when compared with children who attended regular schools. Fifth, social competence of children with mental retardation was negatively related to behaviour problems. These findings suggest that characteristics of social competence and behaviour problems of students with mental retardation should be considered in order to successfully implement social competence interventions of students with mental retardation.

Long-Term Perspectives on Social Changes and Issues in Social Insurance (장기적 관점에서 본 사회변화와 사회보험의 과제)

  • Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.46
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    • pp.37-59
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    • 2001
  • This paper investigates the long-term social changes and the emerging issues in social insurance that such changes will entail, It does not attempt to resolve the conflict between neo-liberal reforms and neo-corporalist reforms. Nor does it confine itself to proposing the options to secure the financial stability of social insurance schemes. The aim of this paper lies in anticipating various problems that result from social development, analyzing the impacts of these problems on social insurance schemes, and delineating the solutions to these problems. This paper is comprised of three parts. First, it describes the expected long-term changes in society and the ensuing problems. Second, it asks whether these problems can be solved with increased public expenditures. For this purpose, an analysis of the trend in the expenditures by welfare states is attempted. Third, it summarizes the issues in social insurance and presents the possible solutions to the problems. In the chapter that deals with social changes and social problems, various aspects are reviewed, including the globalization process, the development of It industries, the uncertainty in the classification of incomes, the widening gap in earnings due to the bio-economy, and the relation between social insurance schemes and the tax system. It is concluded that there are limits to the role that increased public expenditures can play to solve the social problems. This paper argues for a structural change in the social insurance system. In every social insurance scheme, the state should foe-us its effect on the provision of basic protection against social risks for the whole population. At the same time, the state should improve the financial stability of the scheme and avoid large-scale deficits.

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Social Skills and Problem Behaviors of Preschool Children : The Effect of Negative Emotionality (유아의 부정적 정서성에 따른 사회적 기술과 행동문제)

  • Sung, Miyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.285-300
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    • 2006
  • Social skills and behavior problems of 90 4- and 5-year-old children were analyzed by children's negative emotionality(sadness, anger, and fear). The instrument for measurement of social skills(cooperation, self-control, assertion, and responsibility) was the Preschool Level of the Korean Version of the Social Skills Rating System(Suh, Mee-Ock, 2004). Measures of behavior problems included internalizing(anxiety, immaturity, withdrawal, physical symptoms) and externalizing(hyperactivity, aggression) problems. Results showed that girls were higher in negative emotionality(sadness) than boys, and 5-year-olds were higher in social skills than 4-year-olds. Children with lower levels of negative emotionality were higher in social skills and lower in behavior problems than children with higher levels of negative emotionality.

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The Effects of Parental Differential Treatment and Social Support on the Self-esteem and Internalized Problems among Adolescents with Siblings with Special Needs (장애형제가 있는 청소년이 지각한 부모의 차별적 양육행동과 사회적 지지가 자아존중감 및 내재화 문제에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seon Yeong;Lim, Ji Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.63-84
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of parental differential treatment and social support perceived by adolescents with siblings with special needs on their self-esteem and internalized problems. The subjects comprised one hundred 12- to 18-year-old adolescents with siblings with special needs. The major results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences in adolescents' self-esteem by participation in support programs for siblings of children with special needs. Second, there was no significant effect of parental differential treatment on adolescents' self-esteem. Third, there was a significant effect of social support (family, friends, and teachers) on adolescents' self-esteem. Fourth, there was no effects of paternal differential parenting on adolescents' internalized problems. However, there was a significant effect of differential maternal affection on adolescents' internalized problems. Fifth, there was a significant effect of social support, especially in terms of support provided by friends, on adolescents' internalized problems. In conclusion, social support and differential maternal affection both have an important role in adolescents' self-esteem and internalized problems.

Relationships Among Sleep Problems, Executive Function and Social Behavior During the Preschool Period (유아기 수면문제, 실행기능 및 사회적 행동 간의 관계)

  • Shin, Nana;Park, Bokyung;Kim, Minjoo;Yun, Kibong;Yoon, Sun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study examined the relationships among sleep problems, executive function and social behavior during the preschool period. In addition, the mediating role of executive function between sleep problems and social behavior was investigated. Methods: A total of 304 preschool children participated in this study. The data were collected through maternal reports. Results: First, preschoolers' sleep problems were found to be significantly related to overt aggression and prosocial behavior. Second, preschoolers with sleep problems displayed lower levels of executive function. Third, preschoolers' executive function was significantly associated with social behavior. Lastly, preschoolers' executive function fully mediated the relationship between sleep problems and overt aggression, and between sleep problems and prosocial behavior. That is, preschoolers' sleep problems had effects on overt aggression and prosocial behavior, only through the effects on executive function. Conclusion: This study contributes to the sleep literature by examining the role of executive function and emphasizes the importance of forming a healthy sleep habit during the preschool period.

Relationships Among Children's Temperament, Social Competence, Emotional Intelligence, Morality, Parents' Child Rearing Attitudes and Children's Behavior Problems (유아의 기질, 사회적 유능감, 감성지능, 도덕성 및 부모양육태도와 유아의 문제행동간의 관계)

  • Lee, Chan Sook;Hyun, Eun Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.223-238
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this research was to study the effects of children's temperament, social competence, emotional intelligence, morality and parent's child rearing attitudes on young children's internalizing and externalizing problem behavior. Subjects were l34 five-year-old children attending day-care centers and kindergartens in Seoul, Korea. Analysis of the relationships among these variables was by correlation and stepwise multiple regressions. There were statistically significant correlations among the variables of temperament, social competence and parents' child rearing attitudes and young children's behavior problems. Variables influencing young children's internalizing behavior problems were children's temperament and parents' child-rearing attitudes; variables influencing children's externalizing behavior problems were children's temperament, their social competence, and parents' child-rearing attitudes.

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The Need of Integrated Approach for Suicide Prevention (자살예방을 위한 통합적 접근의 필요성)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-3
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    • 2019
  • Suicide is a major problem in Korean health care and a serious social problem. In Korea, 12,463 people (24.3 per 100,000) lost their lives due to suicide in 2017. Although the government has established three National Comprehensive Plan of Suicide Prevention (2004, 2009, 2016), and National Action Plan of Suicide Prevention (2018), the suicide rate is still high. The suicide rate of the elderly is especially high. This is due to the economic vulnerability of the elderly in Korea. Therefore, in order to prevent suicide in Korea, mental health care approach and social welfare approach should be integrated. The intervention of preventing suicide of suicide attempters should include social welfare services as well as mental health program and should be based on community. There are many health problems, including prevention of suicide, which can not be solved only by the efforts of health care. Many health problems are social problems and the integrated approach is needed to solve them. In order to solve many health care problems and improve health, integrated approach of health, social science, and humanities is needed.

Job Creation in the Social Service Sector : A Critical Review of the Current Problems and the New Administration's Policies (사회서비스 10년 경험을 통해 본 사회서비스 일자리 정책의 과제)

  • Yoo, Tae Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.29-50
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    • 2018
  • Since 2006, the Korean government has introduced a series of policies to create social service related jobs. Facing the new social risk of Jobless Growth, the newly launched Moon Jae-In administration had no choice but to include job creation in the social service sector as one of the 100 National Tasks for the next five years. The primary purpose of this study is to provide based on the last 10 years' experience a critical analysis of the new government's social service job creation policies. It has been proven that containing budget growth and creating jobs are not compatible goals. The government's control over social service prices has been persistent for the last 10 years serving the purpose of containing social service budget. The author argues that low quality jobs and depressed social service market are the results of such policy. The current problems created by the past policies and a number of new problems that the new government's plan to establish so-called Social Service Corporation might create are discussed, and a set of policy tasks including a social insurance for social services are suggested as alternative solutions for the old and new problems.

Social Commerce and Consumer Protection Policies (소셜커머스와 소비자 보호 정책방안 연구)

  • Yu, Seung-Yeob
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2012
  • This study intends to investigate some practical problems that arise from the development of the social commerce market and propose a set of consumer protection policies. To that purpose, we discuss the concept of social commerce and analyze a few common types of social commerce in Korea. Then, we look into the problems of the social commerce industry and propose a set of consumer protection policies that can deal with those problems. The goal of the current paper is to suggest optimal policies that can protect consumers from this new trend of online transactions. We hope that the proposals can help establish the base of consumer protection from the social commerce business.

Network Analysis on Ageing Problems : Identifying Network Differences between Types of Cities

  • Seo, Bojun;Lee, Soochang
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2017
  • The research is to identify social networks of problems that have an influence on the quality of ageing people's lives by using social network analysis, based on the premise that there are differences in networks of ageing problems in urban and rural areas. From analyzing network of ageing people's problems using NodeXL, vertices in the networks of both urban and rural areas are well-connected. For urban areas, financial poverty is the core problem related to the quality of life. It has direct connections with illness and health, family responsibility, housing, role loss in community, and employment, which have positive or negative interactions with the quality of older people's lives. For rural areas, on the other hand, role loss in community is the major problem. It has direct connections with the elderly abuse, financial poverty, leisure activity, divorce, isolation and loneliness from society, education, and suicide. As a result, the research shows that the problems of ageing people have strong linkages and interactive effects with a structure of network, and the networks are different depending on types of places for living.