• Title, Summary, Keyword: smoking health warning

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Role of Tobacco Warning Labels in Informing Smokers about Risks of Smoking among Bus Drivers in Mangalore, India

  • Mallikarjun, Sajjanshetty;Rao, Ashwini;Rajesh, Gururaghavendran;Shenoy, Ramya;Mithun, Pai B.H.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.19
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    • pp.8265-8270
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    • 2014
  • Background: Smoking tobacco is considered as a leading cause of preventable death, mostly in developing countries like India. One of the primary goals of international tobacco control is to educate smokers about the risks associated with tobacco consumption. Tobacco warning labels (TWLs) on cigarette packages are one of the most common statutory means to communicate health risks of smoking to smokers, with the hope that once educated, they will be more likely to quit the habit. Materials and Methods: The present survey was conducted to assess the effectiveness of TWLs in communicating health risks of tobacco usage among 263 adult smokers working as bus drivers in Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), Mangalore, India. Information was collected on demographic details, exposure and response to health warnings on tobacco products, intention to quit and nicotine dependency. Results: The majority (79.5%) of the respondents revealed negative intentions towards quitting smoking. Nearly half of the participants had a 'low' nicotine dependency (47.5%) and 98.1% of the respondents had often noticed warning labels on tobacco packages. These health warnings made 71.5% of the respondents think about quitting smoking. Respondents who noticed advertisement or pictures about dangers of smoking had better knowledge, with respect to lung cancer and impotence as a consequence of tobacco. A higher exposure to warning labels was significantly associated with lower nicotine dependency levels of smokers among the present study population. A significantly higher number of respondents who noticed advertisement or pictures about the dangers of smoking thought about the risks of smoking and were more inclined to think about quitting smoking. As exposure increased, an increase in the knowledge and response of participants was also observed. Conclusions: Exposure to tobacco warning labels helps to educate smokers about health risks of tobacco smoking. It may be possible to promote oral health among bus drivers by developing strategies to educate them about these risk factors.

Analysis for Effectiveness of Cigarette Warning Picture and Message - Focusing on Smoker, Non-smoker, Ex-smoker (담뱃갑 경고그림 및 메시지 효과 분석 - 흡연자, 비흡연자와 금연자를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Yon-Hee;Kim, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive study for analyzing cigarette warning picture and message effect according to smoking status (smoking, non-smoking, ex-smoking). A total of 219 subjects participated in the study. Data collection was conducted from June 4, 2017 to June 14, 2017. The survey was conducted by using the 10 cigarette warning pictures(heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer) and cigarette warning messages selected by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2016. The results of the study showed that there was a statistically significant difference in smoking cessation intention between smoking, non-smoker and ex-smoker groups after exposure of smoking warning picture and cigarette warning message(F=36.08, p<.001). Therefore, it is suggested that the contents of cigarette warning picture and warning messages including T.V Anti-Smoking Public Service Announcement need to be replaced regularly in order to improve the smoking cessation of smokers according to National Health Promotion Act.

Effect of Cigarette Warning Sign Attached to Cigarettes on Smoking Cessation Effects (담배에 부착된 담뱃갑 경고 그림이 금연효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Tae-Hoon
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive study conducted to investigate the effect of smoking cigarette sign sold in Korea on the smoking cessation effects and to use it as a basis for future smoking cessation and health related health data. To this end, we surveyed 500 men and women over 20 years of age on the Internet Naver web using Naver form questionnaire for 10 days from October 1, 2018 using blogs and cafes. The analyzed data were analyzed by factor analysis, T-test and correlation using SPSS WIN20.0. The main findings were as follows: First, the cigarette warning picture harmful to human body had the biggest influence on the smoking cessation effect. Second, the smoking cessation effect had the highest correlation with the pre-question consciousness about the cigarette warning picture. This indicates that the cigarette pack warning is considered the most sensitive part of smokers. Based on the results of this paper, diversification of cigarette warning picture and regular replacement of warning picture are expected to provide useful basic data for suggesting practical measures to prevent smoking. do. Therefore, the smoking warning picture is widely promoted through the media and the media, which has a positive effect on the practice of quitting smoking to the public, and is also used as a basic data for the health policy for the health promotion of the public.

Factors Related Smoking Cessation Attempts among Teenage Smokers (청소년 흡연자의 금연시도 관련 요인)

  • Park, Hye-rin;Wang, Yeon-ju;Kim, Kyoung-Beom;Kim, Bomgyeol;Kwon, Ohwi;Noh, Jin-won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of the study is to analyze the relationship between the warning picture on a cigarette pack and non-smoking attempt, which is expected to contribute to the negative perception of smoking as a research subject about smoking adolescents. An online survey data of the Youth Health Behavior in 2018 has been used, and 3,722 adolescents who are currently smokers were selected for the study. For the measurement of variables, demographic sociology, health-related, and smoking-related factors have been revised, and multivariate binomial logistic regression analysis has been performed. The perception rate of cigarette warning pictures among adolescents who smoke currently is 84.7%, and among them, the attempt rate to quit smoking is 72.8%. As a result of the multivariate binomial logistic regression analysis, there is a meaningful relationship between adolescent smokers' attempts to quit smoking and whether they perceived cigarette pack warning pictures, and school grade year, academic performance, stress perception, and ease of purchasing cigarettes have been also expressed as meaningful variables. To be based on the result, it is necessary to manufacture to design a cigarette pack warning picture that can be easily recognized by smoking adolescents in the future.

Systematic Review on International Practices in Controlling Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking

  • Tee, Guat Hiong;Hairi, Noran N;Nordin, Fauziah;Choo, Wan Yuen;Chan, Ying Ying;Kaur, Gurpreet;Veerasingam, Pathma Devi;Bulgiba, Awang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.3659-3665
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    • 2015
  • Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has becoming popular especially among young people worldwide. Smokers are attracted by its sweeter, smoother smoke, social ambience and the misconception of reduced harm. The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of waterpipe tobacco policies and practices in reducing its prevalence. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was conducted electronically using the PubMed, OVID, Science Direct, Proquest and Embase databases. All possible studies from 1980 to 2013 were initially screened based on titles and abstracts. The selected articles were subjected to data extraction and quality rating. Results: Three studies met the inclusion criteria and were eligible for this review. Almost all of the waterpipe tobacco products and its accessories did not comply with the regulations on health warning labelling practices as stipulated under Article 11 of WHO FCTC. In addition, the grisly new warning labels for cigarettes introduced by Food and Drug Administration did not affect hookah tobacco smoking generally. Indoor air quality in smoking lounges was found to be poor and some hookah lounges were operated without smoke shop certification. Conclusions: Our findings revealed the availability of minimal information on the practices in controlling waterpipe smoking in reducing its prevalence. The lack of comprehensive legislations or practices in controlling waterpipe smoking warrants further research and policy initiatives to curb this burgeoning global epidemic, especially among the vulnerable younger population.

Introduction Process of the Tobacco Graphic Health Warning Law in Korea: Analysis on the National Assembly Minutes (한국에서의 담뱃갑 경고그림 도입과정 분석연구: 국회 보건복지위 회의록 분석을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Ji-eun;Cho, Sung-il
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2016
  • Graphic health warning on the tobacco product package is a cost-effective tobacco control policy to convey information on harmful effect of tobacco use to health, and it is known not only to motivate smokers to quit but also to deter adolescents from start smoking. In case of Korea, amendments to National Health Promotion Act requiring implementation of graphic health warning had been submitted 13 times, from 2002 to May 2015. In May 2015, the amendment had been approved by the National Assembly and it enters into force on December 23, 2016. This research analyzed the discussions from Health and Welfare Committee of the National Assembly during the implementation of the graphic health warning in order to study decision making process of legislators. Study found that there was a shift from a general opposition on implementing graphic health warning at first to a harsh conflict over relaxation of the regulation once discussing the implementation in earnest. Particularly, while the group supporting the implementation of the graphic health warning or opposing relaxation advocated the amendment with scientific and knowledge-based evidences including the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, the group opposing the adoption of the amendment itself or suggesting relaxation tended to defend their position with empathy on smokers or tobacco industries.

Hospital Patients' Smoking Behaviors and Perceptions of Smoking Policies in Pusan. (부산지역 종합병원환자의 흡연실태 및 원내 흡연정책에 관한 인식도 조사)

  • 남은우;류황건;박재성;민체류
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study were to identify patients' perceptions toward regulations of smoking in general hospitals and hazards caused by smoking. Moreover this study also identified smoking behaviors and punishment experience due to in-hospital smoking and education experiences of smoking in general hospitals. Around 88.0% of all respondents regardless of either smokers or non-smokers knew that hospitals are non-smoking area. However, 71.6% of smokers smoked during their hospital visits. For their smoking, only 51.0% of smokers utilized smoking rooms or areas for their smoking. Only 55.1% of smokers experienced punishments or notifications of warning due to their smoking. Around 93.0% of inpatients and outpatients acknowledged hazards toward their health caused by smoking. However, smokers did not realize the dangerous effects of passive smoking to other persons. Only 38.1% of smokers said that passive smoking causes hazard of others' health. 63.8% of smokers hoped for secession of smoking but only 42.8% of them sustained their non-smoking periods over 5 moths. Based on these results, this study insists that a more enforced smoking policy in general hospitals be desperately needed for protecting patients' health and controlling smoking at unapproved areas. Moreover hospitals should take proactive actions to prevent smoking in hospitals. A health education program in hospitals should promote patients' self-efficacy to stop smoking and patients' understanding of the hazardous effects of passive smoking in hospitals.

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Assessing Health Impacts of Pictorial Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs in Korea Using DYNAMO-HIA

  • Kang, Eunjeong
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study aimed to predict the 10-year impacts of the introduction of pictorial warning labels (PWLs) on cigarette packaging in 2016 in Korea for adults using DYNAMO-HIA. Methods: In total, four scenarios were constructed to better understand the potential health impacts of PWLs: two for PWLs and the other two for a hypothetical cigarette tax increase. In both policies, an optimistic and a conservative scenario were constructed. The reference scenario assumed the 2015 smoking rate would remain the same. Demographic data and epidemiological data were obtained from various sources. Differences in the predicted smoking prevalence and prevalence, incidence, and mortality from diseases were compared between the reference scenario and the four policy scenarios. Results: It was predicted that the optimistic PWLs scenario (PWO) would lower the smoking rate by 4.79% in males and 0.66% in females compared to the reference scenario in 2017. However, the impact on the reduction of the smoking rate was expected to diminish over time. PWO will prevent 85 238 cases of diabetes, 67 948 of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 31 526 of ischemic heart disease, 21 036 of lung cancer, and 3972 prevalent cases of oral cancer in total over the 10-year span due to the reductions in smoking prevalence. The impacts of PWO are expected to be between the impact of the optimistic and the conservative cigarette tax increase scenarios. The results were sensitive to the transition probability of smoking status. Conclusions: The introduction of PWLs in 2016 in Korea is expected reduce smoking prevalence and disease cases for the next 10 years, but regular replacements of PWLs are needed for persistent impacts.

Potential Impact of Graphic Health Warnings on Cigarette Packages in Reducing Cigarette Demand and Smoking-Related Deaths in Vietnam

  • Hoang, Van Minh;Le, Hong Chung;Kim, Bao Giang;Duong, Minh Duc;Nguyen, Duc Hinh;Vu, Quynh Mai;Nguyen, Manh Cuong;Pham, Duc Manh;Ha, Anh Duc;Yang, Jui-Chen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup1
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2016
  • Two years after implementation of the graphic health warning intervention in Vietnam, it is very important to evaluate the intervention's potential impact. The objective of this paper was to predict effects of graphic health warnings on cigarette packages, particularly in reducing cigarette demand and smoking-associated deaths in Vietnam. In this study, a discrete choice experiment (DCE) method was used to evaluate the potential impact of graphic tobacco health warnings on smoking demand. To predict the impact of GHWs on reducing premature deaths associated with smoking, we constructed different static models. We adapted the method developed by University of Toronto, Canada and found that GHWs had statistically significant impact on reducing cigarette demand (up to 10.1% through images of lung damage), resulting in an overall decrease of smoking prevalence in Vietnam. We also found that between 428,417- 646,098 premature deaths would be prevented as a result of the GHW intervention. The potential impact of the GHW labels on reducing premature smoking-associated deaths in Vietnam were shown to be stronger among lower socio-economic groups.

A Social Network Analysis of Research Key Words Related Smoke Cessation in South Korea (연결망 분석을 활용한 우리나라 금연연구 동향분석)

  • An, Eun-Seong
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study is supposed to figure out the keyword network from 2009 to 2018 with social network analysis and provide the research data that can help the Korea government's policy making on smoking cessation. Methods: First, frequency analysis on the keyword was performed. After, in this study, I applied three classic centrality measures (degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and eigenvector centrality) with R 3.5.1. Moreover, I visualized the results as the word cloud and keyword network. Results: As a result of network analysis, 'smoking' and 'smoking cessation' were key words with high frequency, high degree centrality, and betweenness centrality. As a result of looking at trends in keyword, many study had been done on the keyword 'secondhand smoke' and 'adolescent' from 2009 to 2013, and 'cigarette graphic warning' and 'electronic cigarette' from 2014 to 2018. Conclusion: This study contributes to understand trends on smoking cessation study and seek further study with the keyword network analysis.