• Title, Summary, Keyword: smoking cessation

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The Factors associated with Success of Smoking After a 6 Month Cessation at Smoking Cessation Clinic in Public Health Center of One Metropolitan City (광역시 소재 일개 보건소 금연클리닉 이용자의 6개월 금연 성공 관련요인)

  • Lee, Moo-Sik;Hong, Jee-Young;Hwang, Hye-Jeong;Bae, Seok-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to find related factors to success of smoking-cessation in according to general characteristic, smoking, smoking-cessation and mediation factors in participants of smoking-cessation clinic on public health center in Daejeon metropolitan city. We analyzed 2,125 participants registered in smoking-cessation clinic in 2007. We carried out frequency analysis to understand character of participants, $X^2$-test to verify significance between smoking-cessation success rate and character, and logistic regression analysis to understand significance between smoking-cessation success rate and each character. The smoking-cessation success rate during 6 month was 39.8%. In group of smoking-cessation success, male had higher success rate than female. And over 65 years old group had higher success rate than under 40 years old group. Jung gu public health center had higher success rate than other centers. Logistic regression analysis of the factor associated with smoking-cessation success rate showed statistical significance of age, public health center, 2 stage nicotine patch, total consultation times with smoking-cessation success rate. Total consultation times showed highest odd ratios than other significant factors. Therefore, we suggested that total consultation times has most significance with smoking-cessation success rate, and the consultation may be the most effective method in smoking-cessation clinic.

An Analysis of Articles Related to Smoking and Smoking Cessation of Korean Adolescents (국내 청소년 흡연과 금연에 관한 선행연구 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Jeong, Bok-Rae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the contents and trends of smoking and smoking cessation of adolescents in Korea. Methods: The subjects were 315 researches from 1997 to 2008 in Korea. They were examined in terms of subjects, research design, key words, types of intervention, times of intervention, and dependent variables for experimental research, and in terms of subjects, concepts, research questions and research methods for qualitative research. Results: Of the studies 52.4% were master's theses, and 22.9% of the subjects were male high school students. The most common research design was descriptive design. Major concepts studied were related to emotional cognitive variables. Among 80 experimental researches, 70% were about smoking cessation programs. The number of qualitative studies was only 6. Their concepts were smoking experience, motives for smoking cessation, smoking process, and motives for smoking. A major research question was: What does smoking mean to adolescents? Conclusion: More research should be done for the female students' smoking and smoking cessation. Also, research that adapts educational programs for smoking and smoking cessation needs to be performed through at least a 10 times longer period and in regular basis to get desirable results.

Changes in Smoking Status among Current Male Smokers and Factors Associated with Smoking Cessation Success (성인남성 흡연자의 흡연행태 변화와 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Jin-Seok;Kim, Yang-Jung;Kim, Won-Nyon;Hwang, Seung-Sik;Kim, Yong-Ik
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.339-345
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: This study (a) investigated the rate of smoking cessation sucess for current male smokers, and (b) identified the factors that are associated with the smoking cessation success. Methods: Data were collected from four follow-up surveys of 700 current male smokers. The follow-up period was from December 2004 to June 2005. Success of smoking cessation was defined as "maintaining a smoking cessation status for six months". The demographic and socioeconomic factors included age, the household income level and, occupation. The smoking behavioral factors were composed of the amount of smoking, the duration of smoking, the age of initiating smoking, the willingness to quit, the frequency of trying to quit smoking and the smoker's attitude toward the anti-smoking policies. Results: The proportion of quitters increased from 6.6% to 11.0% during the follow-up period. The majority of quitters answered that the increase of tobacco price acted as cue to achieve smoking cessation. The age-standardized experience and success rate of smoking cessation were 16.0% (95% C.I.=13.0% to, 19.0%) and 4.5% (95% C.I.=3.0% to, 6.0%), respectively. On the multivariate analysis, success for smoking cessation was associated with the willingness to quit smoking, low prior tobacco consumption, and agreement on the tobacco price increase. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the recent anti-smoking policies provided an opportunity to quit smoking. The results of this study can be used to establish evidence for further anti-smoking policies.

The Factors Influencing on Success of Quitting Smoking in Rural and Urban Smoking Cessation Clinics (보건소 금연클리닉 이용자의 지역별 금연 성공요인)

  • Lee, Ju-Yul;Song, Tae Min
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.292-302
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    • 2008
  • - Abstract - Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to determine an efficient operation plan for a smoking cessation clinic in public health centers. To do so, the primary success factors in smoking cessation have been analyzed after classifying the smoking cessation programs of public health centers into urban and rural areas. Methods: A study was conducted with 262,837 smokers age 19 or older who were provided with smoking cessation services for more than 6 months through smoking cessation clinics at public health centers(250 clinics nationwide) from July 16, 2006 to July 15, 2007. Results: Urban areas indicated that gender, age, social security, the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were all factors that influenced the success of smoking cessation. On the other hand, in the rural areas the total number of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were the influential factors. Furthermore, the urban area confirmed that the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems affected traveling while the rural area was affected by social security, the frequency of counseling and re-enrollment. Conclusions: It has been confirmed that the success rate and factors of smoking cessation clinics can vary depending on the region and enrollment method.

Smoking-cessation Model for Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease (남성 관상동맥질환자의 금연모형 구축)

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2002
  • purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the influencing factors of smoking-cessation behavior of patients with coronary heart disease and to suggest the model of smoking-cessation behavior which was based on the relationship between influencing factors and then to test its fitness empirically. method : This study was based on the Theory of Reasoned Action and a hypothetical model was constructed with fifteen paths in consideration of main predictive factors of smoking-cessation behavior such as biological factor, disease-related characteristics, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, disease-related perception factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The validity of a smoking- cessation model was tested to 264 patients with coronary heart disease by using SPSS 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a. results : 1. Seven of the 15 paths of smoking-cessation behavior proved to be significant. 2. The final model excluded three paths in the hypothetical model was demonstrated to be improved by $x^2$=44.31 (df=38, p=.22), Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)=.98, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI)=.96, Non-Normed Fit Index(NNFI)=1.00, Normed Fit Index(NFI)=1.00, and Root Mean Square Residual(RMR)=.24. 3.The smoking-cessation behavior was influenced directly by biological factor, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The smoking-cessation behavior was accounted for 82% of variance by these factors. conclusion : although the adolescents' smoking behavior can be predicted by only smoking intention, it is hard to predict the adults' smoking-cessation behavior by only this factor. Therefore, intention-to-quit, self-efficacy, supportive factor should be improved because these are promotive factors for smoking-cessation behavior. Biological factor, environmental factor, and psychological factor are inhibitive factors, so nicotine replacement therapy is helpful to the high nicotine-dependents, and ex-smokers avoid other smokers in their environment and also patients should learn and practice the stress coping-skills.

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The Knowledge, Attitude on Smoking and Experience of Smoking Cessation in Male Smokers (흡연남성의 흡연지식, 태도 및 금연경험에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study were to identify smoking knowledge, attitude on smoking and experience of smoking cessation in male smokers. Methods: The subjects were 174 male smoker in Seoul and Inchun. The data were collected using structured questionnaires from 18th of December in 2007 to 16th of March in 2008. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS computer program. The tools were used with smoking knowledge, smoking attitude and experience of smoking cessation. Result: Participants showed that a high level of smoking knowledge score 48.20 (${\pm}5.27$) of total 57. Participants showed that a high level of score 40.80 (${\pm}6.81$) of total 60. There was a positive correlation between smoking attitude and smoking knowledge (r=.319 p=.000). Conclusion: These results suggested that the level of smoking knowledge was related to the level of smoking attitude. Therefore, these finding give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

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금연 성공률을 높이기 위한 전략

  • Jang, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of Korea Association of Health Promotion
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2003
  • Although it has been well known that smokimg is one of the major cause of various disease and conditions, the smoking rate is still very high in Korea. A variety of smoking cessation program are provided by public organization and also by healthcare institutions. In this social enviroment, the smoker's intension and trial rates for smokimg cessation increasing, but it is also true that the succes rate is low about 30%. Therefore this study was conducted to suggest the strategies for providing the effective smoking cessation programs by exploring the factors related to recognition and behavioral intention or programs. To explain the health behavior for smoking and smoking cessation programs, the behavioral model was constructed. The model is composed of five-stages such as recognition of the program, past exprience, present smoking status, intention for smoking, and behavioral intention for cessation programs. It is results that there were very low recognition and and purchase rates for most of smoking cessation programs. Evidenced-based and effective smoking cessation progrms need to be encouraged to smokers by medical doctors, and the strategies of eucationm public realtions, and advertisement are recommended. In addition, cotinuing legal and systematic supports for smoking cessation would lower the smoking rate and ultimately ontribute to the nation;s health promotion, Recognitionm Behavioral Intention.

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Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Prediction and Intention of Smoking Cessation Behavior (일부 대학생의 금연의도 예측을 위한 계획된 행위이론(Theory of planned Behavior)의 검증)

  • Hyun, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1998
  • The Theory of Planned Behavior has been shown to yield great explanatory power in health behavior as well as social behavior. This study was conducted to test the Theory of Planned Behavior in the prediction and intention of smoking cessation behavior in university student smokers. We conveniently sampled 204 university student smokers and investigated using questionaries, analyzing the data with the Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. The results are as follows : 1. There are significant correlations in direct and indirect measures of attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. 2. Behavior belief is significant in predicting attitudes toward smoking cessation behavior. Normative belief is significant in predicting the subjective norm. Control belief is significant in predicting perceived behavioral control. 3. Attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm are significant in predicting intention of smoking cessation behavior. In conclusion, this study demonstrated strong support for the Theory of the Planned Behavior and its use to predict smoking cessation behavior in university students smokers. But, as perceived behavioral control is not significant in predicting smoking cessation behavior, indepth research is needed to evaluate the usefullness of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Reasoned Action Theory.

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Stages of Smoking Cessation among Malaysian Adults - Findings from National Health Morbidity Survey 2006

  • Lim, Kuang Hock;Ibrahim, Normala;Ghazali, Sumarni Mohd;Kee, Chee Cheong;Lim, Kuang Kuay;Chan, Ying Ying;Teh, Chien Huey;Tee, Eng Ong;Lai, Wai Yee;Nik Mohamad, Mohd. Haniki;Sidek, Sherina Mohd
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.805-810
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    • 2013
  • Increasing the rate of smoking cessation will reduce the burden of diseases related to smoking, including cancer. Understanding the process of smoking cessation is a pre-requisite to planning and developing effective programs to enhance the rate of smoking cessation.The aims of the study were to determine the demographic distribution of smokers across the initial stages of smoking cessation (the pre-contemplation and contemplation stages) and to identify the predictors of smoking cessation among Malaysian adult smokers. Data were extracted from a population-based, cross-sectional survey carried out from April 2006 to July 2006. The distribution of 2,716,743 current smokers across the pre-contemplation stage (no intention to quit smoking in the next six months) or contemplation stage (intended to quit smoking in the next six months) was described. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables and the stages of smoking cessation. Of the 2,716,743 current smokers, approximately 30% and 70% were in the pre-contemplative and contemplative stages of smoking cessation respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that male gender, low education level, older age group, married and those from higher income group and number of cigarettes smoked were associated with higher likelihood of pre-contemplation to cease smoking in the next six months. The majority of current smokers in Malaysia were in the contemplative stage of smoking cessation. Specific interventions should be implemented to ensure the pre-contemplative smokers proceed to the contemplative stage and eventually to the preparation stage.

Smoking Cessation (금연)

  • Kim, Yong-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Haak
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2010
  • Smoking is the most important risk factor of many pulmonary diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer, cardiovascular disorders and other malignancies. Therefore, smoking cessation is a practical way to prevent and treat smoking-related diseases. Also, the clinicians who care the patients with smoking-related disease should pay attention to it. This article reviews briefly recent publications focused on the influence of smoking cessation in some smoking-related diseases and strategies to improve smoking cessation such as pharmacotherapy or systemic behavioral approach programs. In addition, it reviews personalized therapy based on gene typing for smoking cessation.