• Title, Summary, Keyword: smoking cessation

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Differences in sleep quality and fatigue according to gender of shift workers in electronics manufacturing industries (전자제품 제조업 교대 근로자의 성별에 따른 수면의 질과 피로도 차이)

  • Kim, Ki-Woong;Chung, Eun-Kyo;Park, Hae Dong;Kim, Kab-Bae;Kang, Joon Hyuk;Ro, Jiwon;Seo, Hoe-kyeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.138-148
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Sleep quality is directly related to the health, quality of life and working capacity and is affected by age, gender, exercise, life habits. Gender dissimilarities in sleep quality are acknowledged. However, the gender difference in the quality of sleep in shift workers was not well known. Our aim was to study the less known gender differences in the quality of sleep of shift workers. Methods: 1,008 study subjects aged between 21 and 57 years among these, 637(525 male and 112 female workers) were daytime workers and 371(253 males and 118 female workers) were shift workers. Sleep quality was measured by self-report through the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and fatigue was measured by using the Chalder Fatigue Scale(CFS). All data was analyzed using SPSS version 19.0 program. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute. Results: Overall, sleep quality was found to be worse in shift workers than in daytime workers and in female than in male. Fatigue in shift female workers was significantly higher than in daytime female workers and shift male workers. In Spearman correlation analysis results, fatigue were significantly associated with gender, drink habit, regular exercise, working hours and sleep quality. With group male workers as the reference, the odds ratio(OR) for having a CFS was 2.115(${\beta}$ value=0.749, p<0.01), and subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, daytime dysfunction and PSQI were 1.541(${\beta}$ value=0.432, p<0.05), 2.297(${\beta}$ value=0.831, p<0.001), 1.798(${\beta}$ value=0.587, p<0.01) and 2.224(${\beta}$ value=0.799, p<0.01), respectively. Conclusions: Shift work played an important role in lowering the quality of sleep, and the effect was more pronounced in female workers than in male workers. Sleep quality was related to fatigue, especially sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction were significantly related. Therefore, to improve fatigue and sleep quality of shift worker, it is necessary to improve healthy habits such as regular exercise, smoking cessation, and limited drinking. In particular, it is urgent to develop and implement a regular exercise program to reduce fatigue and improve the quality of sleep in workplace.

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Acupuncture Trials in Republic of Korea that Used Sham Acupuncture as a Control Group (거짓침을 대조군으로 사용한 국내 침 임상시험에 대한 체계적 고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Kang, Kyung-Won;Kim, Tae-Hun;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Kim, Joo-Hee;Baek, Seung-Min;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study aimed to review randomized controlled trials of acupuncture performed in South Korea that used sham acupuncture as a control group. Methods : The following databases were searched through the end of September 2011: Koreanstudies information service system (KISS), Korean medical database (KMbase), national discovery OR science leaders (NDSL), oriental medicine advance searching integrated system (OASIS), and research information service system (RISS). The following search terms were used: acupuncture AND (sham or placebo). The reference lists of searched articles and Korea institute of oriental medicine (KIOM) reports(2005~2009) were identified. The following data were extracted: year/first author, disease, number of participants, blinding, intervention, outcome, and result. Where appropriate, we performed meta-analysis. The methodological quality was assessed according to the Jadad scale and 'risk of bias' by Cochrane Handbook procedure. Results : Twenty-nine studies were included in this review. In eighteen studies, penetrating sham controls were used as the control intervention, whereas the remaining eleven studies adopted non-penetrating sham controls such as the Park Sham Device or blunt auricular acupuncture. Nine studies showed statistically significant difference in outcomes. Twelve studies concerning insomnia after stroke, chronic tension-type headache, idiopathic Parkinson's disease, Hwa-Byung, and smoking cessation were included in meta-analysis. A meta-analysis of insomnia after stroke only found significant difference(MD -4.31, 95% Cl -6.19 to -2.42, $p$<0.00001). In general, all of the studies showed low methodological quality(Jadad score: mean 2.1). Risk of bias by Cochrane Handbook procedure varied. Conclusions : The results of this study could not suggest conclusive evidence that acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture in several diseases. In the future, more studies with rigorous acupuncture trials using sham controls should be conducted.

A Case of Primary Pulmonary Histiocytosis-X Associated with Central Diabetes Insipidus (중추성 요붕증을 동반한 원발성 폐 조직구종 X 1예)

  • Kim, Young-Min;Park, Yung-In;Choi, Young-Kuen;Lee, Jae-Seung;Lee, Woo-Chul;Hong, Jin-Hee;Lee, Soo-Bong;Reu, Ki-Chan;Lee, Min-Ki;Lee, Chang-Hun;Lee, Hyoung-Ryel;Park, Soon-Kew
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 1999
  • Pulmonary histiocytosis X is a granulomatous disorder of the lung of unknown cause. Patients with this disease often complain of cough, dyspnea on exertion and, occasionally, chest pain from pneumothorax or bone involvement. However, DI is uncommon in these patients. We report a case of primary pulmonary histiocytosis X with central diabetes insipidus. A 23-year-old man presented with dyspnea suffered from dry cough, exertional dyspnea, polydipsia and polyuria for 4 months. He was a heavy smoker. He was found to have reticulonodular interstitial opacities on chest X-ray film. High-resolution computed tomography revealed thin-walled cysts of various sizes in both lungs. Open lung biopsy was done. On light microscopic examination revealed proliferation and infiltration of Langerhans cells. Immunohistochemically, Langerhans cells showed strong cytoplasmic staining with S-100 protein and electronmicroscopic examination showed Birbeck granules in Langerhans cells. Water deprivation test showed central-type diabetes insipidus and brain MRI showed no abnormal lesion on suprasellar region. Smoking cessation was recommended. He was treated with oral desmopressin.

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The Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis (골다공증의 진단과 치료)

  • Moon, Jun-Sung;Won, Kyu-Chang
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2008
  • Osteoporosis, a disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and fracture risk, is a major public health problem. The diagnostic methods for osteoporosis include simple radiography, bone scan, DXA (Dual energy X-ray Absortiometry) and biochemical markers of bone turnover. Optimal treatment and prevention of osteoporosis require modification of risk factors, particularly smoking cessation, adequate physical activity, and attention to diet, in addition to pharmacologic intervention. The estrogens and raloxifene both prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women, and the estrogens probably also decrease the risk of first fracture. There is good evidence that raloxifene prevents further fractures in postmenopausal women who already have had fractures and some evidence that estrogen does as well. Bisphosphonate prevents bone loss and reduces fractures in healthy and osteoporotic postmenopausal women and in osteoporotic men as well. Risedronate is more potent and has fewer side effects than alendronate and reduces the incidence of fractures in osteoporotic women. Calcitonin increases bone mineral density in early postmenopausal women and men with idiopathic osteoporosis, and also reduces the risk of new fractures in osteoporotic women. All of the agents discussed above prevent bone resorption, whereas teriparatide and strontium increase bone formation and are effective in the treatment of osteoporotic women and men. New avenues for targeting osteoporosis will emerge as our knowledge of the regulatory mechanisms of bone remodeling increases, although issues of tissue specificity may remain to be addressed.

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Stages of Change to Health Behavior and Health Information-Seeking Behavior of Health Application Users (건강 앱 이용자들의 단계적 건강행위변화와 정보탐색행태)

  • Yi, Yong Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.161-181
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    • 2017
  • The present study aimed at investigating health information seeking behaviors of health information consumers who changed their health behaviors by using mobile health applications according to the dynamic stages of change. For this purpose, the study analyzed the changes of perception, health information needs and seeking behaviors of health information consumers in each stage by employing Stages of Change as a theoretical framework. A total of 30 college students participated in this study to change health behaviors such as smoking or alcohol cessation, and regular exercise, while using health applications for 3 months; then written interviews were conducted with these students based on their experiences. Findings indicated that the study participants used diverse information sources, including social media and the Internet, seeking for different types of sources of information according to information needs. Above all, the health information needs and seeking behaviors examined in active utilization of health applications by consumers in the stage of action suggest the implications of health information services, particularly through health applications. In addition, stress management and relapse that consumers experienced while attempting health behavior changes, and the positive and negative effects of behavior changes inform health information providers of insights for supporting consumers' changes of health behaviors.

Reparability and Surgical Indications of Rotator Cuff Tears (회전근 개 파열의 봉합 가능성 및 수술 적응증)

  • Ko, Sang-Hun;Park, Han-Chang;Lee, Seon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.92-97
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The reparability of rotator cuff tears is very important to establish the indication of the surgical treatment of rotator cuff tears. We reviewed the factors that effect to reparability of rotator cuff tears, and considered about the surgical indication of rotator cuff tears. Materials and Methods: The reparability was considered by the surgical reparability and the postoperative healing potentials of rotator cuff. The natural history of rotator cuff tear gives us the information to make decision about the surgical treatment or the conservative treatment. Results: There are 3 general categories of factors that help predict the healing potential of a rotator cuff tear. These include surgical technique, biology, and environmental issues. Surgeon can control the surgical technique by himself. The control of biology comes from careful operative indications by age, acute trauma history, chronicity, and tear size. And the control of environmental factor can give better outcomes by cessation of smoking and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Conclusion: A better understanding of the natural history and the reparability of rotator cuff tear will help us to estabilish the indication of surgical treatement of rotoator cuff tears, and lead to satisfactory clinical outcomes.

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Risk factors for the development of oral bacteria in workers according to oral environment (근로자의 구강환경요인에 따른 구강세균 발생의 위험요인)

  • Hong, Min-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.537-545
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    • 2016
  • This research examined the oral environmental factors to identify the risk factors for oral bacteria detection. This study comprised of 60 office workers aged between 20 and 65 years, and was performed from January 15 to February 28, 2015. The study variables measured were the stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow rates, salivary buffering, saliva pH, dry mouth at the dorsum of the tongue and the sublingual region, halitosis, and the degree of tongue-coating as oral environmental factors. To identify the presence of oral bacteria, pathogens were detected by extracting the gDNA of the resting salivary flow rate. The risk of S.mutans detection was 15 times higher with smokers, 1.3~1.6 times higher when the resting or stimulated salivary flow rate was reduced by 1 mm. The risk of P.intermedia detection was 13 times higher in smokers, 4.3 times higher as the severity of oral dryness was lowered, and 4 times higher for adults with a tongue coating than those without. In addition, the risk of detecting TM7 was 5.5 times higher as sublingual dryness was decreased by 1mm. The oral bacterial count will be reduced considerably by smoking cessation education and habits that facilitate a salivary flow rate. Furthermore, adults with good and well-managed dental hygiene are anticipated to have less oral bacteria and fewer dental diseases.

Tobacco Control Policies in Vietnam: Review on MPOWER Implementation Progress and Challenges

  • Hoang, Van Minh;Tran, Thu Ngan;Vu, Quynh Mai;Nguyen, Thi Tuyet My;Le, Hong Chung;Vu, Duy Kien;Tran, Tuan Anh;Nguyen, Bao Ngoc;Vu, Van Giap;Nguyen, Manh Cuong;Pham, Duc Manh;Kim, Bao Giang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • In Vietnam, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) took effect in March 2005 while MPOWER has been implemented since 2008. This paper describes the progress and challenges of implementation of the MPOWER package in Vietnam. We can report that, in term of monitoring, Vietnam is very active in the Global Tobacco Surveillance System, completing two rounds of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) and three rounds of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). To protect people from tobacco smoke, Vietnam has issued and enforced a law requiring comprehensive smoking bans at workplaces and public places since 2013. Tobacco advertising and promotion are also prohibited with the exception of points of sale displays of tobacco products. Violations come in the form of promotion girls, corporate social responsibility activities from tobacco manufacturers and packages displayed by retail vendors. Vietnam is one of the 77 countries that require pictorial health warnings to be printed on cigarette packages to warn about the danger of tobacco and the warnings have been implemented effectively. Cigarette tax is 70% of factory price which is equal to less than 45% of retail price and much lower than the recommendation of WHO. However, Vietnam is one of the very few countries that require manufacturers and importers to make "compulsory contributions" at 1-2% of the factory price of cigarettes sold in Vietnam for the establishment of a Tobacco Control Fund (TCF). The TCF is being operated well. In 2015, 67 units of 63 provinces/cities, 22 ministries and political-social organizations and 6 hospitals received funding from TCF to implement a wide range of tobacco control activities. Cessation services have been starting with a a toll-free quit-line but need to be further strengthened. In conclusion, Vietnam has constantly put efforts into the tobacco control field with high commitment from the government, scientists and activists. Though several remarkable achievements have been gained, many challenges remain. To overcome those challenges, implementation strategies that take into account the contextual factors and social determinants of tobacco use in Vietnam are needed.

The Mid-Term Outcome Evaluation of Community Organization: Three-year Experience of Health Plus Happiness Plus Projects in Gyeongsangnam-Do (지역사회조직화 전략의 중간 결과평가: 경남 건강플러스 행복플러스 사업 3년 경험)

  • Kim, Jang-Rak;Jeong, Baekgeun;Park, Ki-Soo;Kang, Yune-Sik
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.146-160
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    • 2014
  • Objective: This study was performed to explore the effectiveness of community organization as a strategy for health promotion. Methods: We used data from community health interviews from 6 administrative sections (eup, myeon, or dong) with high mortality from August to October, conducted once in both 2010 and 2013 as part of the Health Plus Happiness Plus Projects based on the concept of community empowerment in Gyeongsangnam-do Province. For 2010, the study subjects comprised a systematic sampling of 220 adults from each of the six sections for a total of 1320 subjects, and for 2013, 200 from each section for a total of 1200 subjects. We compared main health behavior indicators and empowerment score between these two years. Results: Smoking prevalence in men was 47.4% in 2013, and 47.7% in 2010, respectively. Prevalence of walking 5 days or more per week was 35.6% in 2013, significantly lower than 46.2% in 2010. Also, during that period, both biennial health examination rate and biennial gastric cancer screening rate among those 40 years of age and over significantly increased from 57.7% to 63.6% and from 49.3% to 55.0%, respectively. Mean empowerment score at the community level significantly increased from 12.6 to 14.0. Conclusions: This study suggests that the three-year implementation of community organization might have helped to increase the participation rate of biennial health examinations including cancer screenings in the community. However, this was not the case for smoking cessation and walking. Further studies are needed for evidence-based health promotion.