• Title, Summary, Keyword: smoking cessation

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Development and Test of the Hypothetical Model to Explain Smoking Cessation Behaviors Based on Triandis상 Interpersonal Behavior Theory (Triandis의 인간상호간 행위이론 (The Theory of Interpersonal Behavior)을 적용한 금연행위 예측 모형)

  • 오현수
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to develop and test the hypothetical model which explains smoking cessation behavior was established based on the Triandis' interpersonal behavior theory. Method: The data were collected from the 400 university student smokers enrolled in the universities located in Seoul and Kyung-In province. The study was analyzed by path analysis with LIESREL 8 program. Results: All of the fit statistics, except the Chi-square value, it showed the hypothetical model was well fitted to the data. Benefit, affect, and social influences related to smoking cessation behavior had significant direct effect on intention to smoking cessation as shown in the study of the hypothetical model. Perceived barrier and the physiologic arousal related to smoking cessation had significant direct effects on performing smoking cessation behavior, whereas numbers of previous attempts to quit smoking and intention to smoking cessation did not.

A Study on the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy and Counseling Satisfaction of University Students Using a University Smoking Cessation Clinic (일부 대학교보건소 금연클리닉 이용 대학생의 자기효능감과 상담만족도)

  • Park, Hyun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5048-5058
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the smoking and smoking cessation characteristics, smoking cessation self-efficacy and counseling satisfaction of 140 college students using smoking cessation clinics in 2 universities, located in D Metropolitan City and C Province. The results can be summarized as follow; As motives for signing up for a smoking cessation clinic, 47.8% responded that they were recommended by others. 61.4% said that they had tried to stop smoking for the past one year. As the first reason for stopping smoking, 45.7% responded that it was to prevent diseases in the future. As factors affecting the smoking cessation self-efficacy, the smoking temptation score was the most significant variable, followed by the smoking cessation confidence score and the smoking amount. As a factor affecting the smoking cessation counseling satisfaction, whether to perceive health problems was the most significant variable, followed by the smoking cessation confidence score and the smoking temptation score.

Changing Mechanisms Corresponding to The Changing Stages of Smoking Cessation (금연의 변화단계에 따른 변화기전)

  • 오현수;김영란
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.820-832
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    • 1996
  • The average smoking rate for Adults' in our country is 40.6% : It is 74.2% for men and 5.0% for women. Particularly, the smoking rate for men is reported higher than that of men in U.S.A. or Japan. Since the first report on the association between smoking and cancer appeared, 370 thousand smokers have succeeded in smoking cessation and over 90% of them have responded that they depended on a self-help smoking cessation approach. Despite this positive evidence about self- help approaches for smoking cessation, most studies on smoking cessation have focused on evaluation of formal treatment programs that are provided by clinics. Reports on the smoking cessation process used by smokers in our country could not be found. However, it is believed that the situation in our country would be quite similar to that in U.S.A. as far as approaches to successful smoking cessation are concerned. This study was conducted to classify the smoking stage to which they smoker belong and which changing mechanisms could be included at each changing stage (precontemplation stage, comtemplation stage, action stage) with a sample of 155 college students between 20 and 29 years old. And it also identified which variables related both to smoking pattern and to health, which ones were significantly discriminating in the changing stages. From the results of the data analysis it was found that Self-Determination is the most influential variable as one of the changning mechanisms which can discriminate three changing stages. And as the next significant mechanisms were Reinforcement, Dramatic Relief, Cognitive Restructuring, Helping Relationship, and Information Management in that order. Among variables related to the smoking pattern, years of regular smoking, whether smoking is continued or not even when they are sick, the number of attempts to stop smoking, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and whether they have smoked over 100 cigarettes up to now, but not the time of the first cigarette after waking-up, were the significant factors to descriminate changing stages. It was confirmed that among variables related to health that, perceived control for health, confidence of health maintence ability, and self confidence in smoking cessation, were significant variables in determinating changing stages. The most influential variables among them was self-confidence in smoking cessation. Conclusively, it was shown that smoking cessation is the process of attempting to change smoking habits through the various changing processes. Also it can be shown that a few factors smoking habit, self-confidence of smoking cessation, and belief in self control of his /her health, were influential in discriminating the changing stages of the smoking habit.

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Factors Affecting Intention of Smoking Cessation Intervention among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 금연중재 의도와 관련된 요인)

  • Choi, Sook-Hee;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. The participants were 214 nursing students among two universities in B city and Y city. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed with t-test, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression by using SPSS 23.0 program. The significant factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention were self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.634$ p<.001), attitude of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.191$, p=.002), and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation (${\beta}=.132$, p=.032). And these factors explained 65.2% of the variance in nursing students' intention to implement smoking cessation intervention. In conclusion, self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention, attitude of smoking cessation intervention and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation had a significant positive influence on the intention to delivery smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. These finding can be used to develop evidence-based smoking cessation intervention training program for nursing students.

The Effects of Smoking Cessation and Antioxidant Vitamins on Oxidative Stress

  • Ha, Aewha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.288-294
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    • 2006
  • In this study, the effects of smoking cessation and relative antioxidant activities on the oxidative stress were determined by using in vitro method. Thirty healthy smokers who were free of any disease and smoked more than 1 pack per day for the past 10 years participated in this study. For smoking cessation, smokers were asked to wear nicotine patch (21mg nicotine/ patch) everyday for 30 days and then to replace at the same time of the day. Smoking cessation program in conjunction with nicotine patch replacement was also conducted every week, one hour/each session, for 4 weeks. Canthaxanthin, $\beta-carotene$, and $\alpha-tocopherol$ were added into red blood cells at pre and post smoking cessation. As indicators of oxidative stress, hemoglobin degradation, lipid peroxidation, and percent hemolysis were determined at both pre and post smoking cessation. After 30 days of smoking cessation, the subjects gained an average of 5 pounds, varying 2 to 8 pounds, by suggesting that behavioral problems rather than nicotine itself are more important for gaining weight in ex-smokers. The total hemoglobin concentrations in blood were similar in pre and post smoking cessation, but smoking cessation resulted in a decrease in the percentage of methemoglobin from 0.96% to 0.85% Smoking cessation also caused to decease malondialdehyde (MDA) values ($26.7{\pm}7.8$ vs. $23.6{\pm}4.5$ (without oxidation), $179.3{\pm}21$ vs. $161.2{\pm}28$ nmol/ml (with oxidation) (p<0.05)), not percent hemolysis. Various antioxidants with smoking cessation significantly decreased MDA values(p<0.05), in contrast to marginal decrease of MDA in smoking cessation only. Three antioxidants used in this stu study were similarly effective in inhibiting MDA production, but relative effectiveness of canthaxanthin or $\alpha-tocopherol$ was greater than that of $\beta-carotene$ (p<0.05), in case of oxidation induced. The percent hemolysis was greatly decreased when antioxidants were added into the blood of ex-smokers (p<0.05) but no statistical significance in relative effectiveness of antioxidants was observed.

Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Amount of Smoking and Nicotine Dependence and Self-efficacy of Smoking Cessation for Smoking Workers (금연프로그램이 흡연근로자의 흡연량과 니코틴의존도 및 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Kang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1073-1079
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and the self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Methods: The total number of subjects was 38 smokers and was divided into two: 16 smokers were placed in the experimental group and 22 in the control group. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The smoking cessation program consisted of two sessions and was implemented for two hours daily for five days. Data was analyzed by using the SPSS/WIN 11.0 program with $X^2-test$, t-test or Mann-Whitney U and ANCOVA. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed a significantly decreased amount of smoking, a decreased nicotine dependency and increased self-efficacy compared to the control group. Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective for diminishing the amount of smoking, decreasing nicotine dependence and improving self-efficacy. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for adult smokers.

The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students (자아존중감 및 금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 고등학생에게 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Methods: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group. Conclusion: The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Empowerment among Soldiers of the Medical Battalion's Stop Smoking clinic (사단 의무대 금연클리닉 등록 병사의 금연 임파워먼트에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Hyunsuk;Park, Yunjeong;Lee, Minji;Hwang, Sinwoo
    • Korean Journal of Military Nursing Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.13-28
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify smoking-related characteristics and factors affecting smoking cessation empowerment among soldiers and to provide data for helping management of medical battalion's smoking cessation clinics. Methods: The survey was conducted to 210 soldiers who voluntarily joined smoking cessation clinics in three Army divisions, all copies were analyzed. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis with SPSS program. Results: There were significant differences in smoking cessation empowerment depending on alcohol drinking frequency, the amount of smoking. Significant correlation was found between empowerment and smoking urges, nicotine dependence, self-efficacy, coping. It was shown that coping and smoking urges were factors which affect smoking cessation empowerment in multiple regression analysis results. Conclusion: Implications of these results are as follows. First, the process of reducing nicotine dependence and smoking urges is needed. Second, various measures to reduce the level of stress coming from military environment is necessary for smoking cessation. Third, it is required to make the best use of available resources, considering limited circumstances of soldiers regarding social capital. Lastly, various interventions should be developed to increase the ability of coping with smoking temptation.

Effects of '5&6 Smoking Cessation Program' on Perception, Behavior, and Physiology of high school smokers (5&6 금연프로그램이 흡연 고교생의 인지적, 행위적, 생리적 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun;Lee, Chung-Yul;Lee, Young-Ja;Kim, Jung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.115-130
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the '5&6 smoking cessation program - six classes in five weeks' on the high school students' perception and smoking behavior. Methods: The data collection was done from November to December, 2006. This study was designed using nonequivalent control group pretest - posttest. Experimental group had 24 students, control group had 41 students. The '5&6 smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group for two hours per session during five weeks. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, X2-test, Fisher's exact test, Independent-samples t-test, Paired t-test, Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Results: The experimental group showed significant increase on smoking self-efficacy, stage of smoking cessation behavior change and significant decrease on daily smoking amount, dependancy of nicotine, urine cotinine level than control group. But the experimental group was not significantly changed at self-awareness, Pros. for smoking and Cons. for smoking. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the 5&6 smoking cessation program, which focuses on self-awareness, is effective in adolescent's smoking cessation behaviors.

Effects of the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy Improvement Program on Smoking Patients after Acute Coronary Syndrome (금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 급성관상동맥증후군 환자에게 미치는 효과)

  • Yun, Kyung Soon;Cho, Sook Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the program to improve on smoking patients' after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, carbone monoxide (CO), nicotine dependence, and pain sense. Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants of this study were 60 ACS patients: experimental group (30), control group (30), who received percutaneous coronary intervention. The study lasted from Aug 16, 2016 to Jan 13, 2017. Smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy, CO, nicotine dependence, and pain sense were measured using the structured questionnaires and CO monitor Results: An examination of the effects of this program revealed the experimental group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation rate, smoking cessation related self-efficacy than the control group, and a significant decrease in CO, nicotine dependence and pain sense than in the control group. Conclusion: The findings indicate that this smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program is effective for hospitalized patients after ACS.