• 제목, 요약, 키워드: single line hook

검색결과 10건 처리시간 0.033초

외줄낚시에 대한 대문어의 행동과 낚시형상 설계 (A Study on Behaviour of Giant Pacific Octopus, Parotopus dofleini to Single Line Hook for Hook Design)

  • 박성욱;이정우;양용수;서두옥
    • 수산해양기술연구
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 2004
  • 외줄낚시에 대한 대문어의 조획기구를 알아내고, 낚시를 개량하기 위하여 수조에서 외줄낚시어구에 대한 대문어의 행동패턴을 비디오카메라로 관찰 조사하였다. 대문어는 돌진하거나 천천히 유영하며 미끼를 잡았다. 돌진할 때에는 두개의 팔로 미끼를 잡은 후 약간 뒤로 물러서서 정지하였고, 천천히 접근 할 때는 한 개의 팔로 미끼를 잡은 후 그 자리에 정지하여 섭이하는 행동을 보였다. 조획은 약간 뒤로 물러서서 섭이할 때보다 그 자리에 정지할 때가 많았다. 평균 체중 1kg의 대문어가 정어리, 대문어, 돼지비계 등을 전량 섭이하는데 소요되는 시간은 각각 1~30분 , 10~50분 , 50분~1시간 이상으로서 미끼의 육질이 질길수록 대문어가 미끼를 섭이하는데 장시간 소요되었다. 조획성능에서는 낚시의 채가 긴 A형낚시보다 채가 짧은 B형낚시가 양호하였으나 어체로부터 낚시를 탈락시키는 데는 B형낚시보다 A형낚시가 용이하였다.

어구의 분류 (Classification of Fishing Gear)

  • 김대안
    • 수산해양기술연구
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-41
    • /
    • 1996
  • In order to obtain the most favourable classification system for fishing gears, the problems in the existing systems were investigated and a new system in which the fishing method was adopted as the criterion of classification and the kinds of fishing gears were obtained by exchanging the word method into gear in the fishing methods classified newly for eliminating the problems was established. The new system to which the actual gears are arranged is as follows ; (1)Harvesting gear \circled1Plucking gears : Clamp, Tong, Wrench, etc. \circled2Sweeping gears : Push net, Coral sweep net, etc. \circled3Dredging gears : Hand dredge net, Boat dredge net, etc. (2)Sticking gears \circled1Shot sticking gears : Spear, Sharp plummet, Harpoon, etc. \circled2Pulled sticking gears : Gaff, Comb, Rake, Hook harrow, Jerking hook, etc. \circled3Left sticking gears : Rip - hook set line. (3)Angling gears \circled1Jerky angling gears (a)Single - jerky angling gears : Hand line, Pole line, etc. (b)Multiple - jerky angling gears : squid hook. \circled2Idly angling gears (a)Set angling gears : Set long line. (b)Drifted angling gears : Drift long line, Drift vertical line, etc. \circled3Dragged angling gears : Troll line. (4)Shelter gears : Eel tube, Webfoot - octopus pot, Octopus pot, etc. (5)Attracting gears : Fishing basket. (6)Cutoff gears : Wall, Screen net, Window net, etc. (7)Guiding gears \circled1Horizontally guiding gears : Triangular set net, Elliptic set net, Rectangular set net, Fish weir, etc. \circled2Vertically guiding gears : Pound net. \circled3Deeply guiding gears : Funnel net. (8)Receiving gears \circled1Jumping - fish receiving gears : Fish - receiving scoop net, Fish - receiving raft, etc. \circled2Drifting - fish receiving gears (a)Set drifting - fish receiving gears : Bamboo screen, Pillar stow net, Long stow net, etc. (b)Movable drifting - fish receiving gears : Stow net. (9)Bagging gears \circled1Drag - bagging gears (a)Bottom - drag bagging gears : Bottom otter trawl, Bottom beam trawl, Bottom pair trawl, etc. (b)Midwater - drag gagging gears : Midwater otter trawl, Midwater pair trawl, etc. (c)Surface - drag gagging gears : Anchovy drag net. \circled2Seine - bagging gears (a)Beach - seine bagging gears : Skimming scoop net, Beach seine, etc. (b)Boat - seine bagging gears : Boat seine, Danish seine, etc. \circled3Drive - bagging gears : Drive - in dustpan net, Inner drive - in net, etc. (10)Surrounding gears \circled1Incomplete surrounding gears : Lampara net, Ring net, etc. \circled2Complete surrounding gears : Purse seine, Round haul net, etc. (11)Covering gears \circled1Drop - type covering gears : Wooden cover, Lantern net, etc. \circled2Spread - type covering gears : Cast net. (12)Lifting gears \circled1Wait - lifting gears : Scoop net, Scrape net, etc. \circled2Gatherable lifting gears : Saury lift net, Anchovy lift net, etc. (13)Adherent gears \circled1Gilling gears (a)Set gilling gears : Bottom gill net, Floating gill net. (b)Drifted gilling gears : Drift gill net. (c)Encircled gilling gears : Encircled gill net. (d)Seine - gilling gears : Seining gill net. (e)Dragged gilling gears : Dragged gill net. \circled2Tangling gears (a)Set tangling gears : Double trammel net, Triple trammel net, etc. (b)Encircled tangling gears : Encircled tangle net. (c)Dragged tangling gears : Dragged tangle net. \circled3Restrainting gears (a)Drifted restrainting gears : Pocket net(Gen - type net). (b)Dragged restrainting gears : Dragged pocket net. (14)Sucking gears : Fish pumps.

  • PDF

연승어업에서 참돔의 섭식행동을 응용한 어획시스템의 성능 분석 (The Analysis of a Fishing System that Employs a Red Seabream Feeding Behavior in the Long Line Fishery)

  • 강경범;구명성;김종범;안장영;최찬문;이창헌;김병엽;김석종
    • 수산해양교육연구
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.570-580
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, we designed a fishing system to reproduce the underwater movement of the living Sword tip squid (Loligo edulis) used as bait in the red seabream long line fishery, and conducted the experiment of the fishing operation in 2 ways, i.e., a pole and line fishing method (fishermen) and a bait control fishing system used at fishing sites. Based on the catches in fishing operation, the experiment was conducted over a six times (2014 & 2015), and then 107 fishes were caught by the line fishing method while 57 fishes were caught by the bait control fishing system. The fishermen method actively controlled the speed of gear movement upward and downward while checking the reaction of red seabreams to the bite in the process which a jerk was transmitted to single line hook fishing gear manually. The bait control fishing system is a passive method which fishermen visually check only the movements at the end of fishing pole, enabled differentiation of bite reactions of red seabream during fishing operation. Thus, the difference between fishermen method and the bait control fishing system was found to about 53.3% in the catches. We confirmed the possibility of a site fishing operation based on the bait control fishing system designed newly as a result of this study. Improvement is in several areas for commercialization at the site. This fishing system is expected to be able to find wide-ranging applications as a new labor-saving method for the fishing red seabreams if it is applied to the fishing sites after aforesaid process.

Surface Temperature Retrieval from MASTER Mid-wave Infrared Single Channel Data Using Radiative Transfer Model

  • Kim, Yongseung;Malakar, Nabin;Hulley, Glynn;Hook, Simon
    • 대한원격탐사학회지
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.151-162
    • /
    • 2019
  • Surface temperature has been derived from the MODIS/ASTER airborne simulator (MASTER) mid-wave infrared single channel data using the MODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmission (MODTRAN) radiative transfer model with input data including the University of Wisconsin (UW) emissivity, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) atmospheric profiles, and solar and line-of-sight geometry. We have selected the study area that covers some surface types such as water, sand, agricultural (vegetated) land, and clouds. Results of the current study show the reasonable geographical distribution of surface temperature over land and water similar to the pattern of the MASTER L2 surface temperature. The thorough quantitative validation of surface temperature retrieved from this study is somehow limited due to the lack of in-situ measurements. One point comparison at the Salton Sea buoy shows that the present estimate is 1.8 K higher than the field data. Further comparison with the MASTER L2 surface temperature over the study area reveals statistically good agreement with mean differences of 4.6 K between two estimates. We further analyze the surface temperature differences between two estimates and find primary factors to be emissivity and atmospheric correction.

Two Newly Recorded Estuarine Ciliates, Euplotes vannus and E. parawoodruffi (Ciliophora: Spirotrichea: Euplotida) from Korea

  • Kwon, Choon-Bong;Kang, Youn-Seung;Shin, Mann-Kyoon
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.229-235
    • /
    • 2007
  • Two euplotid ciliates collected from the estuarine littorals in Korea were identified as Euplotes vannus ($M\ddot{u}ller$, 1786) and E. parawoodruffi Song and Bradbury, 1997. These species are reported taxonomically for the first time from Korea. These two species are redescribed with illustrations, photos and biometry based on live and silver impregnated specimens. Diagnostics of each species are as follows. E. vannus: size in vivo $94-111{\times}55-75{\mu}m$ (average $103{\times}60{\mu}m)$, adoral zone of membranelles (AZM) 70% of cell length with 57-74 adoral membranelles (AM) and terminating close to hook-shape, macronucleus (Ma) C-shaped with twisted foot-like, 10 frontoventral (FVC), 5 transverse (TC), 4-7 (average 5) caudal cirri (CC), 9-10 dorsal kineties (DK), mid dorsal kinety with 15-22 cilia; silver-line system single vannus type. E. parawoodruffi: size in vivo $125-163{\times}72-100{\mu}m$, (average $141{\times}87{\mu}m$), dorsally strongly arched, body shaped reserved triangular. AZM 67-83% of cell length with 60-85 AMs, 9 FVC, 5 TC, 4 CC, 9 DK; mid-dorsal kinety with 20-30 cilia, double-eurystomus type, T-shaped Ma with equal sized right and left arms or right arm shortened slightly.

한국산 바리과(family Serranidae) 어류 1 미기록종, Epinephelus radiatus (First Record of the Oblique-banded Grouper, Epinephelus radiatus (Perciformes: Serranidae) from Korea)

  • 한송헌;김맹진;송춘복
    • 한국어류학회지
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.143-146
    • /
    • 2014
  • 바리과(family Serranidae), 능성어아과(subfamily Epinephelinae)에 속하는 Epinephelus radiatus 1개체가 제주도 서귀포시 마라도 주변 해역에서 채집되었다. 본 종은 체측을 가로지르는 5개의 불규칙한 암갈색의 대각선 줄무늬와 측선비늘수 107개, 측선비늘공수 55개의 형태적 특징을 갖고 있다. 형태적으로 유사한 바리과 어류인 닻줄바리(E. poecilonotus)는 체측에 긴 수평 줄무늬를 가지는 반면, E. radiatus는 체측의 앞에서 뒤쪽으로 대각선 모양의 불규칙한 줄무늬를 가지고 있어서 쉽게 구분할 수 있다. 이 종의 새로운 국명은 우리나라 최남단 섬인 마라도 인근 해역에서 처음으로 채집되었기 때문에 "마라바리"로 명명하였다.

Distalization pattern of whole maxillary dentition according to force application points

  • Sung, Eui-Hyang;Kim, Sung-Jin;Chun, Youn-Sic;Park, Young-Chel;Yu, Hyung-Seog;Lee, Kee-Joon
    • 대한치과교정학회지
    • /
    • v.45 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-28
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to observe stress distribution and displacement patterns of the entire maxillary arch with regard to distalizing force vectors applied from interdental miniscrews. Methods: A standard three-dimensional finite element model was constructed to simulate the maxillary teeth, periodontal ligament, and alveolar process. The displacement of each tooth was calculated on x, y, and z axes, and the von Mises stress distribution was visualized using color-coded scales. Results: A single distalizing force at the archwire level induced lingual inclination of the anterior segment, and slight intrusive distal tipping of the posterior segment. In contrast, force at the high level of the retraction hook resulted in lingual root movement of the anterior segment, and extrusive distal translation of the posterior segment. As the force application point was located posteriorly along the archwire, the likelihood of extrusive lingual inclination of the anterior segment increased, and the vertical component of the force led to intrusion and buccal tipping of the posterior segment. Rotation of the occlusal plane was dependent on the relationship between the line of force and the possible center of resistance of the entire arch. Conclusions: Displacement of the entire arch may be dictated by a direct relationship between the center of resistance of the whole arch and the line of action generated between the miniscrews and force application points at the archwire, which makes the total arch movement highly predictable.

해상풍력발전단지 내 어업 가능성에 관한 고찰 (Possibility of Fishery in Offshore Wind Farms)

  • 정초영;황보규;김성철
    • 해양환경안전학회지
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.535-541
    • /
    • 2019
  • 본 연구는 해상풍력발전단지 내 어업의 가능성을 살펴보고자, 어구 및 어법이 해상풍력발전단지 내 터빈과 해저케이블에 미치는 위험도를 평가하였다. 서남해 해상풍력발전단지를 연구 대상 해역으로 설정하여, 주변 국가어항의 선박 현황을 조사하였다. 어선의 현황을 참조하여 22개의 어구 및 어법에 대하여 위험도 평가 기준을 설정하고, 전문가를 통해 위험도를 평가하였다. 위험도가 낮아 해상풍력발전단지 내에서도 조업이 가능하다고 판단되는 어구 및 어법은 외줄낚시, 대낚시, 멸치챗배였으며, 위험도가 보통으로서 조업이 가능하기는 하나, 주의가 필요하다고 생각되는 어구 및 어법은 바닥주낙, 뜬주낙, 끌낚시, 오징어채낚기, 문어단지, 주꾸미소호, 연안통발, 주목망, 낭장망, 고정자망, 유자망이었다. 위험도가 높아 해상풍력발전단지 내 조업이 어렵다고 판단되는 어구 및 어법은 형망, 빔트롤, 건착망류였으며, 위험도가 아주 높아 해상풍력발전단지 내 어업이 허용되기 어렵다고 판단되는 어구 및 어법은 안강망, 기선권현망, 오터트롤, 외끌이기선저인망, 쌍끌이기선저인망이었다.

기선권현 강의 연구 -IV (Study on the Anchovy Boat Seine-IV An Experiment to Mechanize the Hauling Operation of Bag Net)

  • 이병기
    • 수산해양기술연구
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.95-100
    • /
    • 1979
  • 권현망에서는 어획물을 손상시키지 않도록 양망해야 하는데, 재래식에서는 순전히 인력으로서 양망하므로 30-34명이나 되는 인원이 필요하다. 이것을 성력화하기 위하여, 자루그물의 옆판쪽에 속으로 반달코가 있는 힘줄을 6가닥씩 넣고, 배에는 선미에 데릭부움을 설치하여, 거기에 장치된 블록줄끝의 훅을 반달코에 걸어서 사이드 드럼으로 감아 재래식처럼 자루그물을 까뒤집으면서 양망한 바, (1) 어획물이 손상되지 않고, (2) 사이드 드럼의 권양장력은 30명의 선원의 그것보다 크며, (3) 본래식의 반이하인 14명의 선원으로서 조업이 가능하고, (4) 자루그물의 양망 소요시간은 어획량이 많을수록 재래식보다 적게 소요된다는 사실이 규명되었다.

  • PDF