• 제목, 요약, 키워드: siRNA

검색결과 518건 처리시간 0.028초

지방세포 분화중인 3T3-L1 세포에서 아로마테이즈 siRNA 처리에 의한 지방관련 유전자와 전사인자의 발현 조절 (Adipocyte-Related Genes and Transcription Factors were Affected by siRNA for Aromatase Gene during 3T3-L1 Differentiation)

  • 정동기
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1600-1605
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 에스트로겐 생성효소 유전자인 아로마테이즈 유전자의 siRNA를 이용하여 지방전구세포인 3T3-L1 세포의 지방세포 분화 시 나타나는 유전자의 발현을 검증하기 위하여 수행하였다. 먼저, CYP19A1 (aromatase)의 유전자로부터 siRNA를 3쌍을 디자인하고 이를 지방세포의 전구세포인 3T3-L1세포에 유전자 전이 한 후 분화 유도를 통하여 지방세포 생성의 메커니즘을 분석하였다. 결과적으로 비만의 원인 유전자인 렙틴 유전자의 발현 억제를 유도할 수 있었으며 특이적으로 인슐린과의 연관성이 매우 높음을 밝혀 낼 수 있었다. 그리고 비만 또는 백색지방 생성 시 발현이 억제되는 adiponectin과 adipsin의 과발현을 관찰할 수 있었다. 이 결과를 통하여 지방생성의 모든 신호전달체계 중 특정 한 물질을 저해 하므로써 큰 부작용 없이 비만의 문제가 되는 지방생성을 일정 정도 제어 할 수 있음을 확인 할 수 있었다. 그러므로 이 결과는 앞으로 에스트로겐 결핍 또는 과발현에 의하여 문제가 되는 지방생성 메커니즘을 밝히는 연구에 중요한 단서가 될 것으로 기대된다.

Effects of PTTG Down-regulation on Proliferation and Metastasis of the SCL-1 Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line

  • Xia, Yong-Hua;Li, Min;Fu, Dan-Dan;Xu, Su-Ling;Li, Zhan-Guo;Liu, Dong;Tian, Zhong-Wei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6245-6248
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    • 2013
  • Aims: To study effects of down-regulation of pituitary tumor-transforming gene (PTTG) on proliferation and metastasis ability of the SCL-1 cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) cell line and explore related mechanisms. Methods: SCL-1 cells were divided into 3 groups (untreated, siRNA control and PTTG siRNA). Cell proliferation assays were performed using a CCK-8 kit and proliferation and metastasis ability were analyzed using Boyden chambers. In addition, expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was detected by r-time qPCR and Western blotting. Results: Down-regulation of PTTG could markedly inhibit cell proliferation in SCL-1 cells, compared to untreated and control siRNA groups (P < 0.05). Real-time qPCR demonstrated that expression levels of PTTG, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the PTTG siRNA group were 0.8%, 23.2% and 21.3% of untreated levels. Western blotting revealed that expression of PTTG, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins in the PTTG siRNA group was obviously down-regulated. The numbers of migrating cells ($51.38{\pm}4.71$) in the PTTG siRNA group was obviously lower than that in untreated group ($131.33{\pm}6.12$) and the control siRNA group ($127.72{\pm}5.20$) (P < 0.05), suggesting that decrease of proliferation and metastasis ability mediated by PTTG knock-down may be closely correlated with down-regulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. Conclusion: Inhibition of PTTG expression may be a new target for therapy of CSCC.

Assessment of Biomarkers in Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatic Toxicity by siRNA

  • Kang, Jin-Seok;Yum, Young-Na;Kim, Joo-Hwan;Park, Sue-Nie
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.438-445
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    • 2009
  • We investigated global gene expression from both mouse liver and mouse hepatic cell lines treated with acetaminophen (APAP) in order to compare in vivo and in vitro profiles and to assess the feasibility of the two systems. During our analyses of gene expression profiles, we picked up several down-regulated genes, such as the cytochrome P450 family 51 (Cyp51), sulfotransferase family cytosolic 1C member 2 (Sult1c2), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A synthase 1 (Hmgcs1), and several genes that were up-regulated by APAP, such as growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible 45 alpha (Gadd45a), transformation related protein 53 inducible nuclear protein 1 (Trp53inp1) and zinc finger protein 688 (Zfp688). For validation of gene function, synthesized short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) for these genes were transfected in a mouse hepatic cell line, BNL CL.2, for investigation of cell viability and mRNA expression level. We found that siRNA transfection of these genes induced down-regulation of respective mRNA expression and decreased cell viability. siRNA transfection for Cyp51 and others induced morphological alterations, such as membrane thickening and nuclear condensation. Taken together, siRNA transfection of these six genes decreased cell viability and induced alteration in cellular morphology, along with effective inhibition of respective mRNA, suggesting that these genes could be associated with APAP-induced toxicity. Furthermore, these genes may be used in the investigation of hepatotoxicity, for better understanding of its mechanism.

Role of Caveolin-1 in Indomethacin-induced Death of Human Hepato-adenocarcinoma SK-Hep1 Cells

  • Kim, Kyung-Nam;Kang, Ju-Hee;Yim, Sung-Vin;Park, Chang-Shin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2008
  • Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an integral membrane protein that may function as a scaffold for plasma membrane proteins and acts as a tumor suppressor protein. One causative factor of chemotherapy-resistant cancers is P-plycoprotein (P-gp), the product of the multidrug resistance-1 gene (MDR1), which is localized in the caveolar structure. Currently, the interactive roles of CAV1 and MDR1 expression in the death of cancer cells remain controversial. In this study, we investigated the effects of indomethacin on the cell viability and the expression levels of MDR1 mRNA and protein in a CAV1-siRNA-mediated gene knockdown hepatoma cell line (SK-Hep1). Cell viability was significantly decreased in CAV1-siRNA-transfected cells compared with that of control-siRNA-transfected cells. Furthermore, the viability of cells pretreated with CAV1 siRNA was markedly decreased by treatment with indomethacin (400${\mu}$M for 24 h). However, the protein and mRNA levels of MDR1 were unchanged in CAV1-siRNA-transfected cells. These results suggest that CAV1 plays an important role as a major survival enzyme in cancer cells, and indomethacin can sensitively induce cell death under conditions of reduced CAV1 expression, independent of MDR1 expression.

골육종에서 CTGF의 발현과 발암기전에서의 역할 (The Role of CTGF in Osteosarcoma Progression)

  • 한일규;이미라;김한수
    • 대한골관절종양학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • 목적: 골육종에서 Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF)의 발현 정도를 확인하고 발암기전에서의 역할을 살펴보고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법: 환자에서 수립한 23개의 골육종 세포주에서 CTGF의 발현 정도를 관찰하였으며, siRNA를 이용하여 CTGF의 발현을 억제한 후 세포침습과 세포 증식에서 CTGF의 역할을 분석하였다. 결과: 17명(74%)의 세포주에서 control 세포인 정상 골모세포보다 CTGF의 발현이 증가되어 있었다. CTGF의 발암기전에서의 역할을 관찰하기 위해 불멸화된 골육종 세포주 SaOS-2와 MG63에서 siRNA로 CTGF의 발현을 억제한 후 siRNA를 transfection한 세포에서 유의하게 세포침습이 억제되고 세포 증식이 억제되는 것을 관찰하였다. 결론: 골육종 세포주에서 CTGF의 발현이 높았고 세포침습, 세포 성장에 관여하는 바 CTGF가 골육종의 발암기전에서 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 판단된다.

인간 자궁내막의 탈락막화에서 HOXA10 유전자의 역할 (Role of HOXA Gene in Human Endometrial Decidualization)

  • 이창세;박동욱;박찬우;김태진
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2010
  • 목 적: Small interfering RNA (siRNA)를 이용하여 homeobox (HOXA) 10 유전자의 발현이 억제된 일차배양 자궁내막 세포를 이용하여 자궁내막 탈락막화 (decidualization)에 HOXA유전자를 포함한 세포 내 신호전달기전을 분석하고자 하였다. 연구방법: 본원 산부인과에서 자궁내막 질환 이외의 이유로 전자궁 적출술을 받은 환자의 자궁내막 조직을 채취한다. $37^{\circ}C$에서 20분간 Trypsin-EDTA를 처리하여 단일세포로 분리한 후 10% fetal bovine serum이 첨가된 DMEM/F12 배지를 이용하여 24시간 동안 $37^{\circ}C$ 5% $CO_2$ 배양기 안에서 배양한다. 배양된 자궁내막 세포를 HOXA10 siRNA로 첨가한 후 TGF-${\beta}1$을 10 ng/mL 농도로 48시간 첨가하여 탈락막화를 유도한다. 배양된 자궁내막 세포에서 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction을 이용하여 HOXA10, prolactin, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-$\gamma$ 및 wingless-type MMTV integration site family (Wnt)의 발현을 관찰하였다. 결 과: HOXA10의 경우 transforming growth factor (TGF)-${\bata}1$과 HOXA10 siRNA를 처리하지 않은 대조군에 비하여 TGF-${\beta}1$을 처리한 군에서 약 1.8배 가량 발현양의 증가를 보였다. 자궁내막 탈락막 표지인자로 알려져 있는 prolactin의 경우 TGF-${\beta}1$을 처리한 경우 대조군에 비하여 유의한 발현의 증가를 보였으며 HOXA10 siRNA를 처리한 군에 있어서는 TGF-${\beta}1$을 첨가하더라도 prolactin mRNA의 발현양의 증가를 관찰할 수 없었다. 또한 자궁내막 세포의 분화인자로 알려져 있는 COX-2의 발현 역시 HOXA10 siRNA를 처리한 군에 있어서 mRNA 발현양이 유의하게 감소하였으며 TGF-${\beta}1$을 처리하여도 발현의 증가를 관찰할 수 없었다. Wnt4의 경우 HOXA10 siRNA를 이용하여 HOXA10의 발현을 억제한 경우 대조군에 비하여 유의하게 mRNA의 발현양이 감소하였으며 이러한 발현양의 감소는 TGF-${\beta}1$을 처리하여도 증가됨을 관찰할 수 없었다. PPAR$\gamma$의 발현은 HOXA10 siRNA의 처리와 관계없이 TGF-${\beta}1$에 의하여 감소하는 것을 관찰할 수 있었다. 결 론: Progesterone에 의하여 자궁내막 상피세포에서 분비되는 것으로 알려져 있는 TGF-${\beta}1$에 의한 자궁내막 기질세포의 분화 (탈락막화)는 HOXA10 및 Wnt에 의하여 조절되는 것으로 생각된다.

Suppression of CDK2 expression by siRNA induces cell cycle arrest and cell proliferation inhibition in human cancer cells

  • Long, Xiang-E.;Gong, Zhao-Hui;Pan, Lin;Zhong, Zhi-Wei;Le, Yan-Ping;Liu, Qiong;Guo, Jun-Ming;Zhong, Jiu-Chang
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.291-296
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    • 2010
  • Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) is a member of serine/threonine protein kinases, which initiates the principal transitions of the eukaryotic cell cycle and is a promising target for cancer therapy. The present study was designed to inhibit cdk2 gene expression to induce cell cycle arrest and cell proliferation suppression. Here, we constructed a series of RNA interference (RNAi) plasmids which can successfully express small interference RNA (siRNA) in the transfected human cells. The results showed that the RNAi plasmids containing the coding sequences for siRNAs down-regulated the cdk2 gene expression in human cancer cells at the mRNA and the protein levels. Furthermore, we found that the cell cycle was arrested at G0G1 phases and the cell proliferation was inhibited by different siRNAs. These results demonstrate that suppression of CDK2 activity by RNAi may be an effective strategy for gene therapy in human cancers.

Calculations of Free Energy Surfaces for Small Proteins and a Protein-RNA Complex Using a Lattice Model Approach

  • Lee, Eun-Sang;Jung, Youn-Joon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.spc8
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    • pp.3051-3056
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    • 2011
  • We calculate the free energy surfaces for two small proteins and a protein-RNA complex system by using a lattice model approach. In particular, we employ the Munoz-Eaton model, which is a native-structure based statistical mechanical model for studying protein folding problem. The model can provide very useful insights into the folding mechanisms by allowing one to calculate the free energy surfaces efficiently. We first calculate the free energy surfaces of ubiquitin and BBL, using both approximate and recently developed exact solutions of the model. Ubiquitin exhibits a typical two-state folding behavior, while BBL downhill folding in our study. We then extend the method to study of a protein-RNA complex. In particular, we focus on PAZ-siRNA complex. In order to elucidate the interplay between folding and binding kinetics for this system we perform comparative studies of PAZ only, PAZ-siRNA complex and two mutated complexes. We find that folding and binding are strongly coupled with each other and the bound PAZ is more stable than the unbound PAZ. Our results also suggest that the binding sites of the siRNA may serve act as a nucleus in the folding process.

Soybean mosaic virus Infection and Helper Component-protease Enhance Accumulation of Bean pod mottle virus-Specific siRNAs

  • Lim, Hyoun-Sub;Jang, Chan-Yong;Bae, Han-Hong;Kim, Joon-Ki;Lee, Cheol-Ho;Hong, Jin-Sung;Ju, Ho-Jong;Kim, Hong-Gi;Domier, Leslie L.
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.315-323
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    • 2011
  • Soybean plants infected with Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) develop acute symptoms that usually decrease in severity over time. In other plant-virus interactions, this type of symptom recovery has been associated with degradation of viral RNAs by RNA silencing, which is accompanied by the accumulation of virus-derived small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). In this study, changes in the accumulation of BPMV siRNAs were investigated in soybean plants infected with BPMV alone, or infected with both BPMV and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) and in transgenic soybean plants expressing SMV helper component-protease (HC-Pro). In many potyviruses, HC-Pro is a potent suppressor of RNA silencing. In plants infected with BPMV alone, accumulation of siRNAs was positively correlated with symptom severity and accumulation of BPMV genomic RNAs. Plants infected with both BPMV and SMV and BPMV-infected transgenic soybean plants expressing SMV HC-Pro exhibited severe symptoms characteristic of BPMVSMV synergism, and showed enhanced accumulation of BPMV RNAs and siRNAs compared to plants infected with BPMV alone and nontransgenic plants. Likewise, SMV HC-Pro enhanced the accumulation of siRNAs produced from a silenced green fluorescent protein gene in transient expression assays, while the P19 silencing suppressor of Tomato bushy stunt virus did not. Consistent with the modes of action of HC-Pro in other systems, which have shown that HC-Pro suppresses RNA silencing by preventing the unwinding of duplex siRNAs and inhibiting siRNA methylation, these studies showed that SMV HC-Pro interfered with the activities of RNA-induced silencing complexes, but not the activities of Dicer-like enzymes in antiviral defenses.

RNAi-induced K-Ras Gene Silencing Suppresses Growth of EC9706 Cells and Enhances Chemotherapy Sensitivity of Esophageal Cancer

  • Wang, Xin-Jie;Zheng, Yu-Ling;Fan, Qing-Xia;Zhang, Xu-Dong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6517-6521
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    • 2012
  • To analyze the growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasiveness and chemotherapy sensitivity of EC9706 cells after K-Ras gene silencing, an expression carrier pSilencer-siK-Ras was constructed, and the EC9706 cell line was transfected using a liposome technique. Six groups were established: Control, siRNA NC (transfected with empty vector pSilencer2.1); Ras siRNA (transfected with pSilencer-siK-Ras2); Paclitaxel; Paclitaxel + siRNA NC; and Ras siRNA + Paclitaxel. After the treatment, RT-PCR, Western blotting, MTT assay, flow cytometry and the Transwell technique were used to assess expression of K-Ras mRNA and protein in EC9706 cells, as well as cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis and invasiveness. The effect of Paclitaxel chemotherapy was also tested. pSilencer-siK-Ras2 effectively down-regulated expression of K-Ras mRNA and protein in EC9706 cells, growth being significantly inhibited. Flow cytometry indicated obvious apoptosis of cells in the experimental group, with arrest in the G1 phase; cell migration ability was also reduced. After pSilencer-siK-Ras2 transfection or the addition of Paclitaxel, EC9706 cells were suppressed to different extents; the suppressive effect was strengthened by combined treatment. The results suggested that RNAi-induced K-Ras gene silencing could enhance chemotherapy sensitivity of esophageal cancer.