• Title, Summary, Keyword: shear deformation

Search Result 2,231, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

SENSITIVITY OF SHEAR LOCALIZATION ON PRE-LOCALIZATION DEFORMATION MODE

  • Kim, Kwon--Hee-
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.83-102
    • /
    • 1992
  • As shear localization is observed in different deformation modes, an attempt is made to understand the conditions for shear localization in general deformation modes. Most emphasis in put upon the effects of pre-localization deformation mode on the onset of shear localization and all the other well-recognized effects of subtle constitutive features and imperfection sensitivity studied elsewhere are not investigated here. Rather, an approximate perturbation stability analysis is performed for simplified isotropic rigid-plastic solids subjected to general mode of homogeneous deformation. Shear localization is possible in any deformation mode if the material has strain softening. The incipient rate of shear localization and shear plane orientations are strongly dependent upon the pre-localization deformation mode. Significant strain softening is necessary for shear localization in homogeneous axisymmetric deformation modes while infinitesimal strain softening is necessary for shear localization in plane strain deformation mode. In any deformation mode, there are more than one shear plane orientation. Except for homogeneous axisymmetric deformation modes, there are two possible shear plane orientations with respect to the principal directions of stretching. Some well-known examples are discussed in the light of the current analysis.

  • PDF

Shear strength analyses of internal diaphragm connections to CFT columns

  • Kang, Liping;Leon, Roberto T.;Lu, Xilin
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1083-1101
    • /
    • 2015
  • Previous theoretical equations for the shear capacity of steel beam to concrete filled steel tube (CFT) column connections vary in the assumptions for the shear deformation mechanisms and adopt different equations for calculating shear strength of each component (steel tube webs, steel tube flanges, diaphragms, and concrete etc.); thus result in different equations for calculating shear strength of the joint. Besides, shear force-deformation relations of the joint, needed for estimating building drift, are not well developed at the present. This paper compares previously proposed equations for joint shear capacity, discusses the shear deformation mechanism of the joint, and suggests recommendations for obtaining more accurate predictions. Finite element analyses of internal diaphragm connections to CFT columns were carried out in ABAQUS. ABAQUS results and theoretical estimations of the shear capacities were then used to calibrate rotational springs in joint elements in OpenSEES simulating the shear deformation behavior of the joint. The ABAQUS and OpenSEES results were validated with experimental results available. Results show that: (1) shear deformation of the steel tube dominates the deformation of the joint; while the thickness of the diaphragms has a negligible effect; (2) in OpenSEES simulation, the joint behavior is highly dependent on the yielding strength given to the rotational spring; and (3) axial force ratio has a significant effect on the joint deformation of the specimen analyzed. Finally, modified joint shear force-deformation relations are proposed based on previous theory.

Flexure of cross-ply laminated plates using equivalent single layer trigonometric shear deformation theory

  • Sayyad, Atteshamuddin S.;Ghugal, Yuwaraj M.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.51 no.5
    • /
    • pp.867-891
    • /
    • 2014
  • An equivalent single layer trigonometric shear deformation theory taking into account transverse shear deformation effect as well as transverse normal strain effect is presented for static flexure of cross-ply laminated composite and sandwich plates. The inplane displacement field uses sinusoidal function in terms of thickness coordinate to include the transverse shear deformation effect. The cosine function in thickness coordinate is used in transverse displacement to include the effect of transverse normal strain. The kinematics of the present theory is much richer than those of the other higher order shear deformation theories, because if the trigonometric term (involving thickness coordinate z) is expanded in power series, the kinematics of higher order theories (which are usually obtained by power series in thickness coordinate z) are implicitly taken into account to good deal of extent. Governing equations and boundary conditions of the theory are obtained using the principle of virtual work. The closed-form solutions of simply supported cross-ply laminated composite and sandwich plates have been obtained. The results of present theory are compared with those of the classical plate theory (CPT), first order shear deformation theory (FSDT), higher order shear deformation theory (HSDT) of Reddy and exact three dimensional elasticity theory wherever applicable. The results predicted by present theory are in good agreement with those of higher order shear deformation theory and the elasticity theory.

Deformation Behaviors and Acoustic Emissions of Rock Joints in Direct Shear (직접전단시험을 통한 암석 절리의 변형거동 및 미소파괴음 발생에 관한 연구)

  • 김태혁;이상돈;이정인
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.274-286
    • /
    • 1994
  • Direct shear tests were on ducted in a laboratory setting in order to investigate the shear strength and deformation behavior of rock joints. Also, the characteristics of acoustic emissions (AE) during shearing of rock joints were studied. The artificial rock joints were created by splitting the intact blocks of Hwangdeung granites and Iksan marbles. Joint roughness profiles were measured by a profile gage and then digitized by Image analyzer. Roughness profile indices(Rp) of the joints were calculated with these digitized data. Peak shear strength, residual shear strength, shear stiffness and maximum acoustic emission(AE) rate were investigated with joint roughness. The peak shear strenght, the residual shear strength and the shear stiffness were increased as roughness popfile index or normal stress increased in the shear tests of granites. In the tests of marble samples, the shear deformation characteristics were not directly affected by joint roughness. As the result of two directional shear tests, the shear characteristics were varied with shear direction. AE count rates were measured during the shear deformation and the AE signals in several stages of the deformation were analyzed in a frequency domain. The AE rate peaks coincided with the stress drops during the shear deformation of joint. The dominant frequencies of the AE signals were in the vicinity of 100 kHz fo rgranite sample and 900 kHz for marble samples. The distribution of amplitude was dispersed with increasing normal stress.

  • PDF

Shear Deformation of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Prestressed Concrete Beams

  • Hwang, Jin-Ha;Lee, Deuck Hang;Ju, Hyunjin;Kim, Kang Su;Kang, Thomas H.K.;Pan, Zuanfeng
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
    • /
    • v.10 no.sup3
    • /
    • pp.53-63
    • /
    • 2016
  • Steel fiber-reinforced prestressed concrete (SFRPSC) members typically have high shear strength and deformation capability, compared to conventional prestressed concrete (PSC) members, due to the resistance provided by steel fibers at the crack surface after the onset of diagonal cracking. In this study, shear tests were conducted on the SFRPSC members with the test variables of concrete compressive strength, fiber volume fraction, and prestressing force level. Their localized behavior around the critical shear cracks was measured by a non-contact image-based displacement measurement system, and thus their shear deformation was thoroughly investigated. The tested SFRPSC members showed higher shear strengths as the concrete compressive strength or the level of prestress increased, and their stiffnesses did not change significantly, even after diagonal cracking due to the resistance of steel fibers. As the level of prestress increased, the shear deformation was contributed by the crack opening displacement more than the slip displacement. In addition, the local displacements around the shear crack progressed toward directions that differ from those expected by the principal strain angles that can be typically obtained from the average strains of the concrete element. Thus, this localized deformation characteristics around the shear cracks should be considered when measuring the local deformation of concrete elements near discrete cracks or when calculating the local stresses.

An analytical solution for free vibration of functionally graded beam using a simple first-order shear deformation theory

  • Larbi, Latifa Ould;Hadji, Lazreg;Meziane, Mohamed Ait Amar;Adda Bedia, E.A.
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.247-254
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this paper, a simple first-order shear deformation theory is presented for dynamic behavior of functionally graded beams. Unlike the existing first-order shear deformation theory, the present one contains only three unknowns and has strong similarities with the classical beam theory in many aspects such as equations of motion, boundary conditions, and stress resultant expressions. Equations of motion and boundary conditions are derived from Hamilton's principle. Analytical solutions of simply supported FG beam are obtained and the results are compared with Euler-Bernoulli beam and the other shear deformation beam theory results. Comparison studies show that this new first-order shear deformation theory can achieve the same accuracy of the existing first-order shear deformation theory.

Evaluation and Improvement of Deformation Capacities of Shear Walls Using Displacement-Based Seismic Design

  • Oh, Young-Hun;Han, Sang-Whan;Choi, Yeoh-Soo
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
    • /
    • v.18 no.1E
    • /
    • pp.55-61
    • /
    • 2006
  • RC shear walls are frequently used as lateral force-resisting system in building construction because they have sufficient stiffness and strength against damage and collapse. If RC shear walls are properly designed and proportioned, these walls can also behave as ductile flexural members like cantilevered beams. To achieve this goal, the designer should provide adequate strength and deformation capacity of shear walls corresponding to the anticipated deformation level. In this study, the level of demands for deformation of shear walls was investigated using a displacement-based design approach. Also, deformation capacities of shear walls are evaluated through laboratory tests of shear walls with specific transverse confinement widely used in Korea. Four full-scale wall specimens with different wall boundary details and cross-sections were constructed for the experiment. The displacement-based design approach could be used to determine the deformation demands and capacities depending on the aspect ratio, ratio of wall area to floor plan area, flexural reinforcement ratio, and axial load ratio. Also, the specific boundary detailing for shear wall can be applied to enhance the deformation capacity of the shear wall.

Effects of shear deformation on the effective length of tapered columns with I-section for steel portal frames

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Li, Jin-Jun
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.10 no.5
    • /
    • pp.479-489
    • /
    • 2000
  • Based on the stiffness equation of the tapered beam element involving the effects of axial force and shear deformation, numerical investigations are carried out on elastic instability for web-linearly tapered columns with I-section of steel portal frames. Effects of shear deformation on the effective length of the tapered columns with I-section are studied. An efficient approach for determining the effective length of the tapered portal frame columns considering effects of shear deformation is proposed.

A Simple Modification of the First-order Shear Deformation Theory for the Analysis of Composite Laminated Structures (복합적층구조해석을 위한 1차전단변형이론의 간단한 수정방안)

  • Chun, Kyoung-Sik;Ji, Hyo-Seon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.475-481
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, a simplified method of improving not only transverse shear stress but also shear strain based on the first-order shear deformation theory was developed. Unlike many established methods, such as the higher-order shear deformation and layerwise theories, this method can easily apply to finite elements as only $C^0$ continuity is necessary and the formulation of equations is very simple. The basic concept in this method, however, must be corrected:the distribution of the transverse shear stresses and shear strains through the thickness from the formulation based on the higher-order shear deformation theory. Therefore, the shear correction factors are no longer required, based on the first-order shear deformation theory. Numerical analyses were conducted to verify the validity of the proposed formulations. The solutions based on the simplified method were in very good agreement with the results considering the higher-order shear deformation theory.

A refined theory with stretching effect for the flexure analysis of laminated composite plates

  • Draiche, Kada;Tounsi, Abdelouahed;Mahmoud, S.R.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
    • /
    • v.11 no.5
    • /
    • pp.671-690
    • /
    • 2016
  • This work presents a static flexure analysis of laminated composite plates by utilizing a higher order shear deformation theory in which the stretching effect is incorporated. The axial displacement field utilizes sinusoidal function in terms of thickness coordinate to consider the transverse shear deformation influence. The cosine function in thickness coordinate is employed in transverse displacement to introduce the influence of transverse normal strain. The highlight of the present method is that, in addition to incorporating the thickness stretching effect (${\varepsilon}_z{\neq}0$), the displacement field is constructed with only 5 unknowns, as against 6 or more in other higher order shear and normal deformation theory. Governing equations of the present theory are determined by employing the principle of virtual work. The closed-form solutions of simply supported cross-ply and angle-ply laminated composite plates have been obtained using Navier solution. The numerical results of present method are compared with those of the classical plate theory (CPT), first order shear deformation theory (FSDT), higher order shear deformation theory (HSDT) of Reddy, higher order shear and normal deformation theory (HSNDT) and exact three dimensional elasticity theory wherever applicable. The results predicted by present theory are in good agreement with those of higher order shear deformation theory and the elasticity theory. It can be concluded that the proposed method is accurate and simple in solving the static bending response of laminated composite plates.