• Title, Summary, Keyword: sexual outcome

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A Study of the Effects on the Korean Adolescents위 Sexual Role Identity and Attitude by the Audio-Visual Program for Sexual Education (한국청소년의 성교육을 위한 시청각프로그램이 성역할정체감 및 성태도에 미치는 효과)

  • 김영혜
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1556-1568
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    • 2000
  • The aims of this study were to identify the effects on sexual role identity and sexual attitude of the A-V programed sexual education on Oct. 1. 1997 through Sep. 30, 2000. The program was focused on the formation of the desirable sexual activity, attitude and androgyny sexual role identity of the Korean adolescents, and that was the 25 minute VTR media "Our sexuality is healthful". This study was non equivalent post-test only quasi-experimental design, and the subjects were 530 middle school boys in Busan, Korea. After the manipulation, the change of sexual role identity and sexual attitude was analysed. Outcome measures were middle school boys′ sexual role identity toward KSRI on a seven-point Likert scale and sexual attitudes toward SAS on a five-point Likert scale. The data was analysed by SPSS WIN. The results were summarized as follows : 1) The experimental group who was exposed to the A-V media produced by the author showed the higher score of androgyny sexual role identity than the control group who didn′t watch the A-V program. 2) The experimental group showed the higher rate of the androgyny than the control group, On the other hand, their rate of the masculinity turned out to be lower than the latter group. 3) The experimental group didn′t show the difference of SAS score from the control group .In conclusion, "Our sexuality is Healthful" A-V program for sexual education brought about the significant change of sexual role identity of the middle school boys, but didn′t affect their attitude toward sexual activity.

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Aftermath of Child Sexual Abuse in Children in Korea: Data from the Nation-Funded Sexual Violence Victim Protection Center for Children

  • Lee, Soo Young;Kim, Tae-Kyoung;Cheon, Keun-Ah;Song, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the 3-year mean periods aftermath of child sexual abuse and to compare the sexual violence victims regard to the treatment. Methods: 682 sexual violence victims were recruited by Seoul Sunflower Children Center, a nation-funded sexual violence victim protection center for children age 13, from 2004 to 2008. Data from 49 victims among 116 consented a follow-up, were analyzed. The victims were assessed by psychological test. Data was analyzed by SPSS ver. 15.0 (SPSS Inc.). Results: The average time elapsed from the last presumed sexual abuse was 39.7 months [standard deviation (SD) 26.02]. Overall, Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) was significantly decreased from 15.8 (SD 9.33) to 10.4 (SD 9.98), and several subscales (depression, anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, and dissociation) of Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) were also significantly decreased. CDI and TSCC scores showed no statistical difference between treatment-given and not-given groups, but Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) was decreased in treatment-given group, whereas it was increased in treatment-not-given group. The difference of RCMAS scores between the two groups was statistically significant [F(1,28)=4.54, p<0.05]. Conclusion: Sexually abused children showed overall symptom decreases over time, but anxiety was not decreased in treatment not-given group.

Sexual Dimorphism in Morphometric Characteristics of Korean Chub Zacco koreanus (Pisces, Cyprinidae)

  • Kim, Young-Ja;Zhang, Chang-Ik;Park, In-Seok;Na, Jong-Hun;Olin, Paul
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2008
  • We measured a set of 37 morphological characteristics in 97 specimens of adult Korean chub, Zacco koreanus, trapped in the Milyang River, Korea, in May and October of 2005. Twelve out of thirty-seven morphometric measurements were significantly different between the sexes. In particular, both the pectoral fin length and the direct distance between the insertion of the dorsal fin and the insertion of the anal fin were highly significant (p < 0.001). This sexual dimorphism may reflect the outcome of sexual selection in this species.

Effects of Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercise on Sexual Function in Employed Middle-aged Women: A Pilot Study (중년 직장여성의 성기능에 미치는 골반저근운동의 효과: 예비연구)

  • Park, Hyoung-Sook;Kim, Eun-Gyeong;Kim, Min-Young;Yang, Young-Ok;Park, Kyung-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.466-473
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of pelvic floor muscle exercise on sexual function and to present basic information on promoting sexual function for employed middle-aged women. Method: Data were collected from July to September, 2005 from a sample of 25 conveniently selected middle-aged working women from B city. For personal reasons, 10 dropped out, leaving 15 women who were treated with the exercise for 6 weeks. Outcome measures on sexual function were assessed by a self-report questionnaire based on the Female Sexual Function Index(Rosen et al, 2000 and translated by Kim, 2004). Cronbach ${\alpha}'s $ for the two studies were .82 and .96 respectively and for this study, .81. Descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for sexual function was 21.42(range 2-36). There were significant improvements in total sexual function, and 4 sub-scales of sexual function, sexual arousal, vaginal lubrication, orgasm, and coital pain. No significant improvements in sexual desire or sexual satisfaction were found. Conclusion: The small sample means findings must be interpreted with caution, but do suggest that pelvic floor muscle exercise could be an effective exercise for improvement of sexual function.

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Vaginal Dose, Toxicity and Sexual Outcomes in Patients of Cervical Cancer Undergoing Image Based Brachytherapy

  • Rai, Bhavana;Dhanireddy, Bhaswanth;Patel, Firuza Darius;Kumari, Reena;Oinam, Arun Singh;Simha, Vijai;Sharma, Suresh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.3619-3623
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    • 2014
  • Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the vaginal dose and toxicity in patients of cervical cancer treated with image guided brachytherapy at our institute. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients treated with image based brachytherapy for cervical cancer were included. Vaginal contouring was done on MRI at brachytherapy and with CT scans of subsequent brachytherapy fractions. Dose volume parameters (DVH) were reported in accordance with the GEC-ESTRO guidelines. These were correlated with vaginal toxicity (assessed by CTCAE version 3) and quality of sexual life assessed at one year of completion of treatment. Results: Vaginal shortness was observed in 22 out of 30 (62.8%) patients, Nine (25.7%) had vaginal dryness and in 10 (28.5%) patients, there was contact bleeding. No association could be demonstrated between the dose volume parameters and vaginal toxicity in the present study. Conclusions: The lack of association between dose volume parameters of vagina with vaginal morbidity may be due to uncertainties involved in the delineation of vaginal wall and dosimetry. Future research is required to accurately define vaginal dose distribution to study its correlation with vaginal morbidity. Vaginal morbidity needs to be documented in order to improve the sexual outcome in these patients.

CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE - CONCEPT, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, PSYCHIATRIC SEQUELAE, INTERVENTION - (아동 성학대 - 개념, 병태생리, 정신과적 휴유증, 치료적 개입 -)

  • Kim, Boong-Nyun
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.47-66
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    • 2002
  • Sexual abuse is emerging as one of the major form of child abuse. In the late 1990s, official reports of sexual abuse began to mushroom at a much more rapid rate than reports of other forms of abuse in Korea. In addition, sexual abuse can cause the most serious emotional-cognitive-behavioral sequelae to victims. Although child & adolescent psychiatrists meet many sexual abuse victims who are referred from many types of child protective services, the psychiatrists may not be likely to give them sufficient and appropriate treatment and guideline for victims and their parents. In this article, the historical concepts, pathophysiological processes, shortterm & longterm sequelae of sexual abuse are reviewed and summarized. And I summarize the intervention and outcome studies for sexual abuse victims. In the close future, the active participation of psychiatrists who help the child and adolescents will be expected in the development of nationwide preventive and therapeutic projects for victims and families of sexual abuse.

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The Effects of Sexual Behavior and Self-Esteem on Homophobia among Korean College Students (성행동과 자아존중감이 대학생의 동성애 혐오에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jieha;Shim, Da-Yeon;Yang, Min-Ok;Kim, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.543-553
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    • 2015
  • This study examined factors associated homophobia among 638 Korean male and female college students nationwide. Study outcome is homophobia and predictors include demographics, sexual permissiveness, sexual behavior, self-esteem, and the interactions between sexual behavior and self-esteem. Study findings indicate that gender, sexual permissiveness, self-esteem were statistically significantly associated with homophobia among Korean college students. The interaction effect between sexual behavior and self-esteem was significantly associated with homophobia although sexual behaviors were not. This study makes a contribution to the growing literature on factors affecting homophobia among Korean college students.

Accessory penis: A rare method of peno-urethral separation of sexual function and voiding following successful complex hypospadias reconstruction with a free ileum flap

  • Elia, Rossella;Pafitanis, Georgios;Ciudad, Pedro;Chen, Hung-Chi
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.381-385
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    • 2019
  • Hypospadias is a congenital malformation of the male genitalia. The reconstructive objectives are to obtain voiding with laminar flow and satisfactory sexual function. Several urethroplasty techniques have been described, but for perineal or revisional cases no single technique has shown robust success. In this study, we describe the expanded use of intestinal flaps for urethral reconstruction and report a peculiar request from a patient to undergo peno-urethral separation after successful hypospadias repair with a free ileum flap. A 51-year-old male patient with perineal hypospadias underwent several urethral reconstructive procedures with poor outcomes. A free ileum flap was attempted as a substitute for the urethra. Following successful reconstruction, separation of the neo-urethra (ileum) from the penile body was performed to address the patient's sexual expectations. A free ileum flap proved to be a reliable urethral substitute in perineal hypospadias reconstruction, with a successful outcome. The peno-urethral separation with the creation of an "accessory penis," however peculiar, optimized the results in terms of both sexual and urinary function. Anatomical restoration of the urethra and patient-reported expectations are the key to successful hypospadias reconstructive procedures. Sexual function outcomes and the patient's perception of success should not be underestimated, even when urinary function has been restored.

Sexual Dimorphism in a River Sculpin(Cottus poecilopus Heckel) in Korea (한국산 둑중개 (Cottus poecilopus Heckel)의 성적 이형)

  • Byeon, Hwa-Kun
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 1996
  • The sexual dimorphism of river sculpin (Cottus poecilopus Heckel) was investigated samples were collected from the Chiak stream from January 1993 to April 1994. Sexual dimorphism in body size and some morphological characteristics were observed in this species ; males were larger in size and had a larger mouth, anal fin, ventral fin and pevic fin than females. Males have a genital papilla and nuptial color, but females do not. Females may mate preferentially with large males. Larger males could be superior in nest defense and fanning of eggs to smaller ones, thus resulting in higher survival of eggs. Similary, the larger mouth in males could be advantageous in acquiring and defending their nests. Such sexual dimorphism in this species may reflect to outcome of sexual selection.

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Effects of 12 Weeks Tai Chi Exercise and Education Intervention Program on Glucose Control, Sexual Function and Immune Function for Women with Type 2 Diabetes (타이치 운동과 교육 중재 프로그램이 제 2형 여성당뇨환자의 당대사, 성기능 장애 및 면역기능에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Hyoung Sook;Kim, Kyoungnam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify effects of a 12 weeks Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program on HbA1C, sexual function and IL-12 (Interleukin 12), IL-4 (Interleukin 4), TNF-${\alpha}$ (Tumor Necrosis Factor) for women with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The study had a nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design. The participants were 64 women with diabetes recruited from an outpatient clinic of a university hospital. The Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program was provided twice a week for 12 weeks for the 32 women in the experimental group. The 32 women in the control group were maintained on basic outpatient treatment. Outcome variables were HbA1C, sexual dysfunction scores, IL-4, IL-12 and TNF-${\alpha}$. Results: The experimental group showed significantly improved HbA1C (F=3.10, p=.004), and sexual function (F=3.78, p=.001) compared to the control group. Also for the experimental group TNF-${\alpha}$ (F=-2.69, p=.004) significantly increased compared to the control group. Conclusion: Results indicate that a Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program can be utilized effectively for women with type 2 diabetes.