• Title, Summary, Keyword: sesaminol glucoside

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Protective Effect of Sesaminol Glucosides on Memory Impairment and ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$-Secretase Activity In Vivo (Sesaminol Glucosides의 기억력 회복능 및 ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$-Secretase)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Son, Dong-Ju;Ha, Tae-Youl;Hong, Jin-Tae
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.168-173
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    • 2005
  • Alzheimers disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of neurodegenerations associated with aging in the human population. This disease is characterized by the extracellular deposition of beta-amyloid (A ${\beta}$) peptide in cerebral plaques. The A ${\beta}$ peptide is derived from the ${\beta}$-amyloid precursor protein ( ${\beta}$APP). Photolytic processing of ${\beta}$APP by ${\beta}$-secretase(beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme, BASE) and ${\gamma}$-secretase generates the A ${\beta}$ peptide. Several lines of evidence support that A ${\beta}$-induced neuronal cell death is major mechanisms of development of AD. Accordingly, the ${\beta}$-and ${\gamma}$-secretase have been implicated to be excellent targets for the treatment of AD. We previously found that sesaminol glucosides have improving effect on memory functions through anti-oxidative mechanism. In this study, to elucidate possible other mechanism (inhibition of ${\beta}$-and ${\gamma}$-secretase) of sesaminol glucosides, we examined the improving effect of sesaminol glucosides in the scopolamine (1 mg/kg/mouse)-induced memory dysfunction using water maze test in the mice. Sesaminol glucosides (3.75, 7.5 mg/kg/6ml/day p.o., for 3 weeks) reversed the latency time, distance and velocity by scopolamine in dose dependent manner. Next, ${\beta}$-and ${\gamma}$-secretase activities were determined in different regions of brain. Sesaminol glucosides dose-dependently attenuated scopolamine-induced ${\beta}$-secretase activities in cortex and hippocampous and ${\gamma}$-secretase in cortex. This study therefore suggests that sesaminol glucosides may be a useful agent for prevention of the development or progression of AD, and its inhibitory effect on secretase may play a role in the improving action of sesaminol glucosides on memory function.

Use of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Estimating Lignan Glucosides Contents in Intact Sesame Seeds

  • Kim, Kwan-Su;Park, Si-Hyung;Shim, Kang-Bo;Ryu, Su-Noh
    • Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2007
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy(NIRS) was used to develop a rapid and efficient method to determine lignan glucosides in intact seeds of sesame(Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm accessions in Korea. A total of 93 samples(about 2 g of intact seeds) were scanned in the reflectance mode of a scanning monochromator, and the reference values for lignan glucosides contents were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Calibration equations for sesaminol triglucoside, sesaminol($1{\rightarrow}2$) diglucoside, sesamolinol diglucoside, sesaminol($1{\rightarrow}6$) diglucoside, and total amount of lignan glucosides were developed using modified partial least square regression with internal cross validation(n=63), which exhibited lower SECV(standard errors of cross-validation), higher $R^2$(coefficient of determination in calibration), and higher 1-VR(ratio of unexplained variance divided by variance) values. Prediction of an external validation set(n=30) showed a significant correlation between reference values and NIRS estimated values based on the SEP(standard error of prediction), $r^2$(coefficient of determination in prediction), and the ratio of standard deviation(SD) of reference data to SEP, as factors used to evaluate the accuracy of equations. The models for each glucoside content had relatively higher values of SD/SEP(C) and $r^2$(more than 2.0 and 0.80, respectively), thereby characterizing those equations as having good quantitative information, while those of sesaminol($1{\rightarrow}2$) diglucoside showing a minor quantity had the lowest SD/SEP(C) and $r^2$ values(1.7 and 0.74, respectively), indicating a poor correlation between reference values and NIRS estimated values. The results indicated that NIRS could be used to rapidly determine lignan glucosides content in sesame seeds in the breeding programs for high quality sesame varieties.

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Sesaminol Glucosides Improve Cognitive Deficits and Oxidative Stress in SAMP8 Mice

  • Um, Min-Young;Choi, Won-Hee;Ahn, Ji-Yun;Kim, Su-Na;Kim, Mi-Kyung;Ha, Tae-Youl
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1311-1315
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of sesaminol glucosides (SG) on age-related cognitive deficits in senescence-accelerated mice P8 (SAMP8). Male SAMP8 (9 month-old) were randomly divided into 3 groups and received diets containing 0, 0.25, or 0.5% SG for 12 weeks. Step-through latency of the SAMP8 control group was higher than that of the senescence-accelerated resistant mice (SAMR) group, whereas it was lowered in the SG-supplemented group on the passive-avoidance test. In the Morris water maze, the escape latency of the SAMP8 control group was increased and recovered in the 0.5% SG-supplemented group. The SG supplementation significantly decreased thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels in brains of the SAMP8. On the other hand, catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase activities in brains of the SG supplemented group decreased compared with the SAMP8 control group. These results suggest that SG could attenuate cognitive deficits caused by aging through its antioxidant capacity.

Perspectives of Utilization and Function of Antioxidants in Sesame (참깨 항산화물질의 기능과 함량 및 이용 전망)

  • Ryu Su Noh;Kang Chul Whan;Lee Jung Il;Lee Seung Tack;Kim Kwan Su;Ahn Byung Og
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.41 no.spc1
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    • pp.94-109
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    • 1996
  • Antioxidants of sesame have been reported to cure and prevent various diseases by means of diverse physiological activities, prevention of acidification in organisms, prevention of acidification and decay of lipids, cholesterol depression, preventive effects on chemical breast cancer, skin beauty and senescence inhibition, and so on. Recognizing their significance to health and disease prevention, researchers in Japan and America have given so much importance to study antioxidants in the last decade. In addition, they are actively pursuing studies on production, processing for food use and development of new varieties that have high antioxidant content. Recently, researchers in Korea have shown the same interest and have conducted similar studies, however, the importance of the following basic issues must be recognized to guide in future activites : First, improvement of sesame quality must be done to raise the contents of not only the fat and fatty acid but also sesamin, sesamolin and sesaminol glucoside. For the use of these components it is necessary to study the gentic pattern and individual selections developed from minimum sample size and fast lipid analysis techniques. Second, sesaminol of sesame has a remarkable function in preventing acidification and so sesame can be utilized as a food that prevents or delays aging caused by automatic acidification of fat. Therefore, for maximum medicinal benefit from sesame oil there is a need to develop food materials having new medicinal functions. Third, the sesamin and sesamolin content of sesame germplasms collected in Korea showed lower ranges of $0.04\~0.68$ percent and $0.08\~0.68$ percent respectively, while Japanese germ-plasm showed 1.9 percent maximum content of seasmin. Thus, germplasm collection and analysis of worldwide genetic resources are urgently needed.

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