• Title, Summary, Keyword: serviceability limit

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Estimation of Stiffness Limit for Railway Bridge Vibration Serviceability (진동사용성을 고려한 철도교량구조물의 강성한계 분석)

  • Park, Kyung-Rock;Jeon, Bub-Gyu;Kim, Nam-Sik;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2008
  • In general, deflection limit criteria of bridge design specifications have been considered based on static serviceability and structural stability. Dynamic serviceability induced from bridge vibration actually has not been included in the criteria. Thus, it is necessary for comfort limit to be considered in order to check dynamic serviceability on bridge vibration. In this study, the comfort limit of bridge structures based on the RMQ and VDV considering the signal fluctuation effectively and the time duration exposed has been constructed. The comfort limit developed in time domain was verified by using vibration signals directly measured from the existing bridges. Comparing the developed comfort limit with the conventional ones defined in frequency domain, it is shown that the comfort limit developed in time domain would be more feasible for evaluating quantitatively the serviceability due to bridge vibration. Using the Bridge-train interaction analysis program, dynamic response of the bridge by the stiffness change were obtained for several railway bridges. And, a stiffness limit satisfying the bridge vibration serviceability was estimated by compared with comport limit. From the results, a new deflection limit on bridge structures satisfying the vibration serviceability could be proposed by comparing with the conventional deflection limit criteria.

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Evaluation of Comfort Limit on Bridge Vibration (교량구조물의 진동 사용성 분석)

  • Jeon, Bub-Gyu;Kim, Nam-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.923-935
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    • 2007
  • In general, deflection limit criteria of bridge design specifications would have been considered based on the static serviceability and structural stability. Dynamic serviceability induced from bridge vibration, as a comfort limit, actually has not been included in the criteria. Thus, it is necessary for dynamic serviceability to be considered in bridge vibration problems and for comfort limit on vibration to be needed for evaluating dynamic serviceability of bridges. In this paper, comfort limits of bridge structures considering the time duration exposed by vibration were examined with frequency and time dependent comfort limits, and they were evaluated by using the vibration signals measured from the existing bridges. Therefore, it is resulted that the time-dependent comfort limit considering the duration of vibration is an efficient estimate for evaluating dynamic serviceability of bridges.

Evaluation of Comfort Limit on Bridge Vibration (교량구조물의 진동 사용성 분석)

  • Kim, Nam-Sik;Jeon, Bub-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2007
  • In general, deflection limit criteria of bridge design specifications would have been considered based on the static serviceability and structural stability. Dynamic serviceability induced from bridge vibration, as a comfort limit, actually has not been included in the criteria. Thus, it is necessary for dynamic serviceability to be considered in bridge vibration problems and for comfort limit on vibration to be needed for evaluating dynamic serviceability of bridges. In this paper, comfort limits of bridge structures considering the time duration exposed by vibration were examined with frequency and time dependent comfort limits, and they were evaluated by using the vibration signals measured from the existing bridges. Therefore, it is resulted that the time-dependent comfort limit considering the duration of vibration is an efficient estimate for evaluating dynamic serviceability of bridges.

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Estimation of Stiffness Limit for Railway Bridge Vibration Serviceability (진동사용성을 고려한 철도교량구조물의 강성한계 분석)

  • Jeon, Bub-Gyu;Kim, Nam-Sik;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.489-498
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    • 2008
  • In general, deflection limit criteria of bridge design specifications have been considered based on static serviceability and structural stability. Dynamic serviceability induced from bridge vibration actually has not been included in the criteria. Thus, it is necessary for deflection limit to be considered in order to check dynamic service- ability on bridge vibration. In this study, The allowable displacement of Korea Railway Bridge Design Specifications is compared to the frequency domain comfort limit and analyzed france code and japanese code. Korea Railway Bridge Design Specifications is regulated based on the train speed. Such is because the vibration time duration is partly considered. but this criteria is not satisfied with comfort limit. and, it is estimated to be capable to provide deflection limit considering dynamic serviceability. In order to evaluate the dynamic serviceability of various types of railway bridges in current public were selected and their dynamic signals were measured. and the result of the bridge-train interaction analysis according to the changes in bridge stiffness was compared to the comfort limit to suggest the stiff-ness limit to the dynamic serviceability, which should conveniently be applied at the field.

Probability of exceeding the serviceability limit of antenna masts

  • Kammel, Christian
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.353-366
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    • 2001
  • With respect to serviceability, antenna masts should be designed so that wind-induced motion will not cause unacceptable lack of transmission for broadcasting users and wireless communication. For such antenna masts with directional radio transmission the serviceability limit state is predominantly governed by the tolerable change of the broadcasting angle of the mounted antenna assembly and therefore by the tip distortion of the mast. In this paper it will be shown that refinements of the present state of design of antenna masts are possible by using the statistics of extremes applied to extreme wind situations and by consideration of the statistical and reliability requirements given by the operator such as frequency and return period of passing the serviceability limit.

Deflection Limit on Vibration Serviceability of High-speed Railway Bridges Considering the Exposed Time Duration (진동지속시간을 고려한 고속철도교량의 진동 사용성 처짐 한계)

  • Jeon, Bub-Gyu;Kim, Nam-Sik;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1444-1451
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    • 2010
  • This paper aims for proposed the deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering the exposed time duration when a train passes a railway bridge. For this purpose, bridge-train transfer function was derived and bridge-train interaction analysis was performed by using the derived function. The vertical acceleration signals of passenger cars obtained from bridge-train interaction analysis were compared with them from the bridge-train transfer function by moving constant force analysis. Therefore it was estimated possible to induce the comfort deflection limit of railway bridge by using bridge-train transfer function. The deflections by moving force of single span bridge and continuous bridge were assumed as sine and haversine wave. The deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering the exposed time duration can be expanded using bridge-train transfer function and bridge comfort limit considering serviceability due to bridge vibration. And it was compared to other allowable deflection limits of railway bridge design specifications.

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Evaluation of Comfort Limit on High Speed Railway Bridge Vibration Considering Passenger's Comfort (승차감을 고려한 고속철도 교량 진동사용성 평가)

  • Chin, Won-Jong;Kwark, Jong-Won;Choi, Eun-Suk;Kang, Jae-Yoon;Kim, Sung-Tae;Yoon, Hye-Jin;Kim, Nam-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.829-835
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    • 2011
  • This paper aims for proposed the deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering passenger's comfort when a train passes a railway bridge. The vertical acceleration signals of passenger cars obtained from test were compared with them from the bridge-train transfer function by riding KTX. The deflections by KTX of seven high speed railway bridges were assumed as sine and haversine wave. The deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering passenger's comfort when a train passes a railway bridge duration can be expanded using bridge-train transfer function and bridge comfort limit considering serviceability due to bridge vibration. And it was compared to other allowable deflection limits of railway bridge design specifications.

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Probabilistic Strength at Serviceability Limit State for Normal and SBHS Slender Stiffened Plates Under Uniaxial Compression

  • Rahman, Mahmudur;Okui, Yoshiaki;Anwer, Muhammad Atif
    • International journal of steel structures
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1397-1409
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    • 2018
  • Stiffened plates with high slenderness parameters show large out-of-plane deflections, due to elastic buckling, which may occur before the plates reach their ultimate strength. From a serviceability point of view, restriction of out-of-plane deflections exceeding the fabrication tolerance is of primary importance. Compressive strength at the serviceability limit state (SLS) for slender stiffened plates under uniaxial stress was investigated through nonlinear elasto-plastic finite element analysis, considering both geometric and material nonlinearity. Both normal and high-performance steel were considered in the study. The SLS was defined based on a deflection limit and an elastic buckling strength. Probabilistic distributions of the SLS strengths were obtained through Monte Carlo simulations, in association with the response surface method. On the basis of the obtained statistical distributions, partial safety factors were proposed for SLS. Comparisons with the ultimate strength of different design codes e.g. Japanese Code, AASHTO, and Canadian Code indicate that AASHTO and Canadian Code provide significantly conservative design, while Japanese Code matches well with a 5% non-exceedance probability for compressive strength at SLS.

Serviceability Limit State and Response Modification Factors (기능수행수준과 응답수정계수)

  • Kook, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2012
  • While the Earthquake Resistant Design Part of Korean Roadway Bridge Design Code provides design procedures for the No Collapse Requirement, requirements for the Serviceability Limit State are not clearly provided. The basic design method to meet the No Collapse Requirement is the spectrum analysis method using response modification factors and the Serviceability Limit State is determined by both the importance factor and the response modification factor applied in the design procedure. The importance factor can be simply applied according to the bridge importance category, however, in moderate/low seismic regions the application of the response modification factor may bring different result according to design conditions. In this study, for a typical bridge in the moderate/low seismic regions, determination procedures for the Serviceability Limit State are reviewed by carrying out earthquake resistant design and supplementary provisions for the Earthquake Resistant Design Part are identified based on the study results.

A Study on Optimization of Structure with Limit State Constraints (한계상태를 고려한 구조물의 최적화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kee-Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2004
  • This study presents a optimization of structure, in which constraints contain the conditions of stress and serviceability, while the sequential linear programming method (SLP) is used as a rational approach. The optimum design results contained on the limit state constraints are compared with those obtained by the only stress and ministry of construction enacted standard plans. A simple slab bridge is analysed numerically for illustration of the structural optimization. It may be asserted that serviceability constraints is very important to a structure design.

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