• Title, Summary, Keyword: sensory profiles

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Sensory Profiles of Dairy Products Supplemented with Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) Powder: A Preliminary Study

  • Kim, Se-Hyung;Lim, Hyun-Woo;Chon, Jung-Whan;Song, Kwang-Young;Seo, Kun-Ho
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory profiles of market milk, yogurt, and kefir, supplemented with the powder of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) in 1% increments, ranging from 0% (control) to 4%. In this study, there was no statistically significant difference in titratable acidity and pH between the treated groups and the control group. All samples were evaluated in five categories by thirteen appraisers. Compared to the control group, the best sensory profiles were observed in the market milk sample supplemented with 1.0% of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) powder, in the yogurt samples supplemented with 2.0% and 3.0% of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) powder, and in the Kefir sample supplemented with 3% of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) powder. According to statistical analysis of the sensory profiles obtained in this study, there was a statistical difference in the taste, flavor, color, and overall acceptability of market milk; in the taste, color, texture, and overall acceptability of yogurt; and in the taste, color, and overall acceptability of Kefir, between the treated groups and the control group (p<0.05). In the future, when Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus (Roselle) powder is used as a food additive for dairy products, studies on improvement of biofunctionality, as well as of sensory profiles in dairy products must be carried out.

Comparison of reducing sugar content, sensory traits, and fatty acids and volatile compound profiles of the longissimus thoracis among Korean cattle, Holsteins, and Angus steers

  • Piao, Min Yu;Lee, Hyun Jung;Yong, Hae In;Beak, Seok-Hyeon;Kim, Hyun Jin;Jo, Cheorun;Wiryawan, Komang Gede;Baik, Myunggi
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.126-136
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study was performed to compare fat content, reducing sugar contents, sensory traits, and fatty acid (FA) and volatile compound profiles in longissimus thoracis (LT) among Korean cattle (KC), Holstein (HO), and Angus (AN) steers. Methods: Twelve LT samples (about 500 g each) of KC with an average age of $31{\pm}0.42months$, an average carcass weight of $431{\pm}12.5kg$, and a quality grade (QG) of 1+ were obtained from the joint livestock products market. Twelve LT samples of HO cattle with an average age of $24{\pm}0.54months$, an average carcass weight of $402{\pm}7.81kg$, and a QG of 2 were also obtained from the same market. Twelve LT samples of AN steers with an average age of about 20 months and a QG of choice were purchased from a beef delivery company. After slaughter, samples were kept at $4^{\circ}C$ for 42 days and prepared for immediate analysis or stored at appropriate conditions. The chemical composition, color, pH, shear force, collagen content, reducing sugars, sensory evaluation, FA composition, and volatile compound content for each LT sample were analyzed. Results: The LT of KC had the highest (p<0.05) fat content, the highest reducing sugar content, and the highest scores in the sensory evaluation (flavor, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptance). All the sensory traits were positively correlated (p<0.001) with intramuscular fat and reducing sugar content. Several FAs and volatile compound profiles varied among the breeds. KC LT had the highest (p<0.05) concentrations of acetaldehyde, 3-methyl butanal, and 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, and these volatile compounds were positively correlated (p<0.05) with all the sensory traits. Conclusion: Variations in fat content and reducing sugar contents and FA and volatile compound profiles may contribute to differences in the sensory quality of LT among breeds.

Descriptive Sensory Profiles for Cooked Rice by Various Rice Cookers (묘사분석에 의한 취반기기별 밥맛의 관능 프로필)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.777-784
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the descriptive sensory profiles for cooked rice by various rice cookers, losing descriptive analysis. The rice samples cooked in an electric pressure cooker, and in pressure cooker B, were separated by roasted flavor, sweetness, burnt flavor, cooked rice flavor, moistness, cohesiveness, and chewiness using PCA. The rice cooked in pressure cooker A was harder and rougher, and showed grain wholesomeness, but it still had a cooked and burnt flavor. The rice cooked in a stone cooker and an electric rice cooker was less hard, and showed less grain wholesomeness, but it had a burnt, cooked rice, and less raw rice type of flavor. Finally, the RTE (ready-to-eat) rice showed more grain wholesomeness, and had more raw rice and sour flavor.

Fatty Acid Profiles, Meat Quality, and Sensory Palatability of Grain-fed and Grass-fed Beef from Hanwoo, American, and Australian Crossbred Cattle

  • Hwang, Young-Hwa;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 2017
  • Fatty acid profiles in relation to meat quality traits and sensory palatability of grain-fed and grass-fed beef from Hanwoo, American, and Australian crossbred cattle were examined in this study. There were significant (p<0.001) differences in fat content and fatty acid compositions between grain-fed and grass-fed beef. Grain-fed Hanwoo had significantly (p<0.001) lower saturated fatty acid (SFA) proportion but higher monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) proportion compared to grass-fed cattle. The proportion of oleic acid in grain-fed Hanwoo was significantly (p<0.001) higher than that in grass-fed Hanwoo, Australian crossbred, or American crossbred cattle. Grain-fed Hanwoo had significantly (p<0.001) lower percentages of drip loss and cooking loss compared to other cattle. Overall palatability panel scores of grain-fed cattle were significantly (p<0.001) higher than those of grass-fed cattle. Consequently, sensory overall palatability was negatively correlated with proportions of SFA and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), but positively correlated with the proportion of MUFA. In particular, the proportion of oleic acid was strongly and positively correlated with fat content (r=0.91, p<0.001) and overall palatability (r=0.92, p<0.001). These results implied that high-concentrate grain-fed could increase intramuscular fat (IMF) content and the proportion of oleic acid, thus increasing the sensory palatability of Hanwoo beef.

Fatty Acid Profiles and Sensory Properties of Longissimus dorsi, Triceps brachii, and Semimembranosus Muscles from Korean Hanwoo and Australian Angus Beef

  • Cho, Soohyun;Park, B.Y.;Kim, J.H.;Hwang, I.H.;Kim, J.H.;Lee, J.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1786-1793
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    • 2005
  • The study compared the fatty acid profiles of 3 muscles (Longissimus dorsi, LD, Triceps brachii, TB and Semimembranosus, SM) obtained from Korean Hanwoo (18 steers, 24 months old) and Australian Angus beef (18 steers, 24 months old) and assessed their role in sensory perception. The samples of each carcass were prepared in the same manner, and cooked both as traditional grilled steaks and Korean BBQ style. A total of 720 Korean sensory panelists evaluated the beef samples for tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and overall liking. Oleic acid (18:1) was significantly (p<0.05) higher in TB than that in LD and SM. The essential linoleic acid (C18:2) was significantly (p<0.05) higher in TB and SM than that in LD. For LD muscle, the proportion of saturated fatty acids was significantly (p<0.05) highest, while that of polyunsaturated fatty acids was lowest among the three muscles. Australian Angus beef had significantly (p<0.05) higher n-3 PUFA than that of the Korean Hanwoo for the three muscles, while the latter contained significantly (p<0.05) higher n-6 PUFA than that of the former. The clustering analysis showed that there a was significant difference in fatty acids such as C16:0, C16:1n7, C18:0, C18:2n6, C18:3n3, C20:3n6, C20:4n6, C22:4n6, and C22:5n3 for sensory perception (tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall likeness) of the beef from two origins (p<0.05) among three clusters. Especially, C14:0 had a significant effect on sensory perception only for Korean Hanwoo beef; while C20:5n3 had a significant (p<0.05) effect only for Australian Angus beef based on clustering with the sensory variables.

Qualitative Elicitation of Multidimensional Korean Sensory Descriptors and Their Definitions Using Focus Group Interview (Focus Group Interview (FGI)를 통한 다차원적 감각 특성 용어 및 정의의 질적 도출)

  • Hong, Jae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2016
  • Recently, food industries are increasingly interested in launching ethnic foods in the global market, but communicating sensory information to target consumers has been complicated due to the ambiguity and complexity of Korean sensory descriptors. This study was conducted to elicit various multidimensional sensory descriptors and their definitions using focus group interviews (FGI). Two consumer groups, consisting of 10 panelists in their 20s and 10 panelists in their 30-40s respectively, participated in the FGI. A total of 14 commonly used multidimensional sensory descriptors, including gamchilmat (감칠맛), gaeun (개운), goso (고소), gusu (구수), kkal-kkeum (깔끔), neu-kki (느끼), dambaek (담백), birin (비린), siwon (시원), sikeum (시큼), ssapssarae (쌉싸래), eolkeun (얼큰), jjapjoreum (짭조름), and kalkal (칼칼), were elicited. Their definitions showed that these descriptors not only were constructed using several sensory elements but also contained hedonic connotations. Descriptors such as gaeun, siwon, and kkal-kkeum were more closely associated with overall sensory impressions, including aftersensations and post-ingestive effects rather than sensory concepts. As individuals tend to weigh different elements to construct the concept for each multidimensional descriptor, further studies are required to identify elements consisting of these descriptors to develop better test methods and gain a clearer understanding of the sensory profiles of Korean foods.

Sensory Profiles of Cooked Rice, Including Functional Rice and Ready-to-Eat Rice by Descriptive Analysis (묘사분석에 의한 기능성쌀밥 및 즉석밥의 관능프로필)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.761-769
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the sensory profiles for cooked rice varieties, with 3 types of functional rice and 4 types of ready -to -eat rice, using descriptive analysis. Eighteen descriptors as well as reference standards were developed. The cooked functional rice, ready-to-eat rice, and plain cooked rice were separated into 4 groups by PCA. PC1 & PC2 explained 65% of the total valiance. PC 1 was responsible for the highest percentage of separation based on the texture intensities. The cooked functional rice showed higher intensity for hardness and roughness. The ready-to-eat rice A, B, and C samples had higher intensities in terms of moistness, glossiness, and moisture content, as well as sour and raw rice flavor. The ready-to-eat rice D sample had low grain wholesomeness, and high intensity for raw rice flavor. Finally, the plain cooked rice had more roasted and burnt rice flavor.

Sensory Drivers of Sliced Raw Fish in Korea: Case Study on Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) (국내 다소비 횟감의 주요 품질 결정 감각 특성 도출: 광어와 우럭을 중심으로)

  • Ko, Jeong-Min;Oh, Se-Wook;Hong, Jae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.1192-1201
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate sensory characteristics and consumer acceptance of sliced raw fish. The two most popular varieties in Korea, flounder and rockfish, were used. Samples of each variety were prepared as follows to create consistent perceptible sensory differences: 'fresh' (consumed within 2 h after sacrifice), 'aged' (stored at $1^{\circ}C$ for 24 h), 'frozen' (frozen at $-16^{\circ}C$ for 23 h then thawed at $23.5^{\circ}C$for 1 h), and 'immersed' (immersed in sterilized water at $1^{\circ}C$ for 24 h). Sensory profiles of samples were determined through quantitative descriptive analysis using 10 trained panelists. Consumer acceptance test was conducted using 47 consumers. Analyses of variance were conducted to test significance of differences in sensory profiles and hedonic ratings among samples. Consumers were clustered according to their overall liking scores, and their preference patterns were cross-checked with sensory profiles. For both fish varieties, 'fresh' was characterized by stronger hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, cartilage-like texture (applied to only rockfish), and fishy flavor, whereas 'frozen' and 'immersed' were distinguished from other samples for their stronger wetness, juiciness, and fresh fish flavor than those of other samples. 'Aged' was significantly less hard, cohesive, and springy than 'fresh' as well as less juicy and wet than 'frozen' and 'immersed'. Consumers significantly preferred 'fresh' flounder and rockfish to others for their strong cohesiveness and springiness, indicating textural attributes were main factors affecting consumer preferences. However, for both flounder and rockfish, 40~50% of respondents preferred 'frozen' and 'immersed' to 'fresh' for their tenderness and fresh fish flavor. For this group of consumers, flavor liking had a greater effect on overall preference than texture preference. The result suggests that cohesive and springy textures and fresh fish flavor are major drivers of preferences for raw fish slices, but their relative importance and optimal levels varied across individual consumers.

Comparative analysis of sensory profiles of commercial cider vinegars from Korea, China, Japan, and US by SPME/GC-MS, E-nose, and E-tongue (한국, 중국, 일본, 미국산 시판 사과식초의 관능적 품질 비교를 위한 SPME-GC/MS, 전자코 및 전자혀 분석)

  • Jo, Yunhee;Gu, Song-Yi;Chung, Namhyeok;Gao, Yaping;Kim, Ho-Jin;Jeong, Min-Hee;Jeong, Yong-Jin;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.430-436
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    • 2016
  • Solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME/GC-MS), electronic nose, and electronic tongue were used to characterize the sensory profiles of cider vinegars from Korea (K1-2), China (C1-2), Japan (J1-2), and US (U1-2). SPME-GC/MS detected acetic acid as the common volatile compound in all vinegars, in addition to isovaleric acid, octanoic acid, and phenethyl acetate. Acids and acetic esters were the major components of Korean and US vinegar samples, respectively. Chinese vinegars had high ethyl acetate content, while Japanese samples were characterized by a low content of acetic acid. Principal component analysis (PCA) pattern provided a clear categorical discrimination of Chinese vinegars by E-nose and E-tongue analyses. The instrumental sensory scores and the taste attributes for flavor ($r^2=0.9431$), sourness ($r^2=0.9515$), and sweetness ($r^2=0.8325$) were highly correlated. Therefore, SPME/GC-MS, E-nose, and E-tongue analyses may be useful tools to discriminate the sensory profiles of cider vinegars of different origins.

Antioxidant Activity and Sensory Evaluation in Soy Sauce with Fruit, Stem, or Twig of Hovenia dulcis Thunb (헛개 열매, 줄기, 가지 간장의 항산화 활성 및 관능적 품질 특성)

  • Won, Sae Bom;Song, Hee-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.258-265
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    • 2013
  • Home-made soy sauces with or without Hovenia dulcis Thunb (Hutgae) originated from different parts such as fruits, stems, and twigs were prepared according to the Korean traditional procedure. Soy sauces supplemented with Hutgae were evaluated for their activities of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging (DPPH) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), free amino acid profiles, and sensory quality. All soy sauce types containing Hutgae had a strong DPPH activity as compared to the general type of soy sauce without Hutgae (GSC). Among Hutgae groups, DPPH activities of soy sauce supplemented with Hutgae stems was higher than that of soy sauces with either Hutgae fruits or twigs. ADH activities of soy sauces with Hutgae ranged from 14% to 55%, thus indicating that the functional activity of Hutgae was not altered during soy sauce preparations. Total free amino acid content of GSC was 295.5 mg%, and that of soy sauce with Hutgae fruits (346.8 mg%) was the highest when compared to Hutgae stems (272.3 mg%) and Hutgae twigs (225.6 mg%). In amino acid profiles, aspartate, arginine, histidine, and lysine levels were higher in soy sauces with Hutgae compared to GSC, whereas isoleucine, leucine, and phenylalanine levels were lower. Particularly, high levels of aspartate, glutamate, threonine, and lysine were presented in Hutgae twigs, whereas for Hutgae fruits and Hutgae stems, the levels of serine, glycine and arginine, and proline and methionine were high, respectively. According to sensory evaluations, Hutgae stems were preferred than GSC, due to the lower offensive smell and higher umami tastes. These findings demonstrate that soy sauce with Hutgae stems has potential protective effects against hangovers, improves the taste, and implies a possible functional ingredient.