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Oral Cancer Knowledge of Senior Dental Students in Zahedan, South-East of Iran

  • Honarmand, Marieh;Hajihosseini, Alireza;Akbari, Forugh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.3017-3020
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    • 2014
  • Background: Oral carcinoma is one of the common types of cancer and one of the 10 leading causes of death around the world. This study was conducted to evaluate senior dental student knowledge about oral cancerous lesions in Zahedan Dental School. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional research, all the students in the last academic year at the School of Dentistry were studied during year of 2013. The study questionnaire covered demographic data as well as 12 questions concerning the knowledge of oral cancer. Data were collected and analyzed with SPSS18 using independent t-test, one way ANOVA. Significance level was considered as $p{\leq}0.05$. Results: Of the 104 senior dental students, with an average age of $27.34{\pm}7.79$ years, who participated in this study, 32 (30.8%) were female and 72 (69.2%) were male. The mean score of the students regarding the knowledge of oral cancer was $7.24{\pm}2.61.20$ students (19.2%) had a weak knowledge, 45 students (43.3%) had a moderate knowledge, and 39 students (37.5%) had a good knowledge. Conclusions: The student knowledge of oral cancer is not satisfactory and they need to receive additional information and education.

In-Depth Interview of Senior Dental Hygienists Regarding Various Career Paths for Future Dental Hygienists (다양한 진로모색을 위한 치위생학과 학생과 선배 치과위생사의 심층면담)

  • Kyung, Hye-In;Kim, Young-Woo;Eom, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Ji-Hui;Cho, Eun-Jung;Park, Go-Eun;Kim, Nam-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to provide practical information regarding career exploration to dental hygiene students. This study interviewed 15 senior dental hygienists (graduates of Y University Dental Hygiene program) who have worked in non-clinical fields for about three months from January 14, 2014 to April 28. The most frequently mentioned pieces of information that the senior dental hygienists wanted to convey to dental hygiene students were as followed. Contrary to popular belief, clinical experience was also required in non-clinical fields as the importance of clinical experience was quite often and widely emphasized and applied in such fields. High academic excellence and clinical performance were expected of junior dental hygienists and the senior dental hygienists expressed their hope for their juniors to pioneer new fields and areas of work that a dental hygienist can do. Most of the senior dental hygienists pointed out that to develop technical tools for career exploration as early as possible, such as during undergraduate years and to think about which career path to take, whether it is clinical or academic were significantly important factors for desirable career outcomes. Based on the results of this study, undergraduate dental hygiene students should be provided with opportunities to consider and explore various career paths during their undergraduate years and to communicate with their seniors for hands-on experience-based advices. This would in turn broaden each student's perspective beyond their knowledge or thought about the professional filed of dental hygiene. It was found that the majority of the senior dental hygienists agreed that their clinical experience was the source of their self-competence as a dental hygienist. Our study could be utilized as a valuable resource for future dental hygienists who wish to work in non-clinical fields.

Diagnostic Performance of the Intraoral Radiographs on the Interproximal Dental Caries (구내방사선 사진상의 인접면 치아우식진단능 평가)

  • Kim Soo-Ji;Kang Byung-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Maxillofacial Radiology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the senior dental students for the proximal dental caries on intraoral radiographs and to compare it with the dental hospital residents, the reference group. It was also investigated the diagnostic performance according to the carious lesion depth. Thirty-five intraoral periapical and bitewing radiographs with 213 proximal surfaces included in this study were selected from the dental patients at Chonnam National University Hospital. The observers were 181 senior dental students from 5 dental schools and 40 dentists who were second year resident from 5 dental hospitals. They were asked to evaluate the presence or the absence of the proximal dental caries. The results were as follows: 1. The mean of the hitting rate for the overall observers was 184.51 surfaces and the diagnostic accuracy was 86.62%. 2. The diagnostic performance of the sound proximal tooth surfaces was very high, i.e., 91.5% true negative rate and 8.5% false positive rate. 3. The diagnostic performance of the dentist group was higher than the student group(P<0.05). 4. The proximal dental caries perceptibility increased as the lesion depth increased significantly(P<0.001) except no difference between the carious lesion depth III and IV (P>0.001).

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Knowledge and performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dental hygiene students (일부 치위생과 학생들의 심폐소생술 지식과 수행능력)

  • Lee, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.601-607
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) knowledge and performance in the dental hygiene students in Gyeongju. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 106 dental hygiene students in Gyeongju. The questionnaire consisted of CPR knowledge and performance, and was collected from April 4 to 12. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 by t-test, correlation analysis, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The average age of the subjects was 20.6 years and 97.2% were female students. The students did not experience the emergency situation(96.2%). Approximately half of the students received CPR education(51.9%), but they did not have the CPR certificate(94.3%). There was a significantly statistical correlation between the CPR knowledge and performance(p<0.01). The CPR knowledge was proportional to the CPR performance skill. The CPR knowledge (p<0.05) and performance (p<0.01) showed a statistical difference by the grade of the students. The CPR knowledge of the senior students was higher than that of the freshmen and sophomore. The CPR knowledge (p<0.01) and performance (p<0.01) showed a statistical difference by the education experience. The CPR education provided the students with CPR knowledge and performance. Conclusions: In order to promote and maintain CPR knowledge and performance on dental hygiene student, it should be reinforced the more systematic training program which can be repeatedly evaluated and retrained than the present. In addition, a follow-up study will also be needed for the student and clinical dental hygienist.

A Study on length of Clinical Practice Observation/Performance of Dental and Hygiene the Degree of Satisfaction (치위생 임상실습에 대한 실습기간별 관찰/수행실습의 정도와 만족도 분석)

  • No, Mi-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.185-199
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this research is to suggest a new desirable direction to a positive educational program for dental hygeine students, through the analysis of the degrees of observation and performance practice and the student satisfaction. This researched 471 senior dental hygien students from 5 separate universities. SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to transform the results data analysis into statistics. The students' degree of satisfaction and length of observational/performance practice level were measured. For statistical anlysis the Mean and Standard Deviation were computed and the t-test and ANNOVA were carried out. The significant level of these statistics was a=0.05. 1. 12 weeks practice is the highest in the satisfaction of observation practice was the highest in clinical settings, followed by 16 weeks practice, and 8 weeks practice. 2. 12 weeks practice is the highest in the satisfaction of performance practice, followed by 16 weeks practice, and 8 weeks practice. 3. 8 weeks practice is the highest in the satisfaction of performance practice, followed by 12 weeks practice, and 16 weeks practice. 4. According to the frequency of clinical practice and satisfaction 12 week program of observation/performance practice is the most desirable, followed by 16 weeks practice, and 8 weeks practice.

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A Study on Correlation of Teaching Efficiency and Satisfaction of Clinical Practice of Dental Technology Students (in Seoul and Kyung-ki) (치기공과 학생의 임상실습 만족도와 교수 효율성과의 상관관계 연구 - 서울.경기지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Sung, Hwan-Kyung;Lee, Kyu-Sun;Hwang, Jae-Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.59-72
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    • 2007
  • This study executed to offer the basis for dental technology student who chanced better clinical training. This investigation conducted on 267 of seniors who have been taken clinical training to self written a questionnaire. We used and dealt a spss 12.0 program. Study results below 1. In a question about relationship, one answered "Harmonious" took largest proportion by 40.9% during training, and about the degree of satisfaction of campus life who answered :normal: were the most with 50.0% 2. In a question about clinical training place, most(50.0%) choose place less than 10 for clinical training, and more than 10 for clinical training with 29.7%. Residue statues was most of them resided own home with 78.6%. About their commuting time from home to training place, 50.0% was under 30min, 34.1% took time 30$\sim$60min. 3. In a question about clinical trainer, most (34.4%) choose as dental lab president, as each part manager with 34.1%, a senior with 7.6% and not exist to clinical trainer with 7.6%. 4. A perfect score about teaching efficiency and satisfaction of clinical practice of dental technology students was 5. The average of score about satisfaction of clinical practice was 3.25 and circumstance of clinical training got 3.50 as a highest score. the lowest score was 2.87 that is about satisfaction of clinical training period. The average of score of teaching efficiency was 3.25. 'a Role model' got 3.55 as the highest score and 'utility for student' got 3.12 as the lowest 3.12. 5. The result of T-test to see of the satisfaction according to the general character and clinic training condition between teaching efficiency is that the degree of satisfaction of clinical training showed statistical significance only in the degree of satisfaction of college life(p<0.05), teaching efficiency has a statistical significance with age and satisfaction of college life(p<0.05). 6. The relation between of teaching efficiency of clinical training and satisfaction of clinical training of dental technologic student has a statistical relation r=0.551 and a statistical meaning in significance leveler 0.01.

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The Influences of Ethical propensity, Self-esteem and Clinical satisfaction on Major satisfaction in Dental hygiene students (치위생과 학생의 윤리성향, 자아존중감, 임상실습 만족이 전공만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jeong-Hee;Song, Hye-Jeong;Lee, Bo-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.261-269
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the influences of ethical propensity, self-esteem and clinical satisfaction on major satisfaction in dental hygiene students. The study was conducted with third grade students in 3 dental hygiene colleges in Gyeongnam and Ulsan. The results were as follows : 1. Self-esteem showed high score in 'Before senior high school student' of the time of department selection, in 'Good' of oral health, in 'Outgoing' of personality and in 'Good' of family atmosphere. 2. Clinical practice satisfaction showed high score in 'Have' of part-time job experience in dental clinic. In case of major satisfaction, there were significantly different means with time of department selection and oral health. 3. The factors that influence to major satisfaction are self-esteem(${\beta}=.165$, p=.000) and clinical satisfaction(${\beta}=.630$, p=.000). It is important that making the curriculum to improve ethical propensity and self-esteem, clinical satisfaction for dental hygiene students.

Attitude and Practices Among Dentists and Senior Dental Students in Iran Toward Tobacco Cessation as an Effort to Prevent Oral Cancer

  • Razavi, Sayed Mohammad;Zolfaghari, Behzad;Doost, Mostafa Emami;Tahani, Bahareh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2015
  • Background: Oral health professionals are responsible in Iran for providing a brief tobacco cessation program to smoker patients. The aim of this study was to assess Iranian dental student and dentist practice, knowledge and attitudes toward smoking cessation programs. Materials and Methods: A valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire was designed and distributed to 150 dentists working in Isfahan-Iran and 60 dental students. Some questions were developed based on the expected 5A tobacco cessation protocol. Statements on attitudes focused on professional responsibility towards smoking cessation and its effectiveness. Chi-square, ANOVA, and t test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The cessation program in dental settings covers a small group of patients (18%). Some 69.1% (n=96) of dentists reported asking their patients about tobacco use, 64% (n=83) advising their patients to quit, 33.8% (n=47) assessing their patients willingness to quit and 20% (n=28) reported helping their patients in changing their behavior. A far lower percentage reported active involvement in arranging assistance for smokers to quit (4.3%, n=5). Some 22% of students and 26% of dentists disagreed that the tobacco cessation programs should be as part of dentists' professional responsibility and 70% of them were willing to follow the protocol of tobacco cessation for patients. Conclusions: Iranian dentist performance regarding tobacco cessation is weak. Dentists and students indicated their lack of knowledge as the major reason for non-adherence to the protocol. Therefore, planning to encourage dentist to follow the protocol needs continuous educational programs.

Study on Current Curriculum Analysis of Clinical Dental Hygiene for Dental Hygiene Students in Korea (국내 치위생(학)과 임상치위생학 교육과정 운영현황 분석)

  • Choi, Yong-Keum;Han, Yang-Keum;Bae, Soo-Myoung;Kim, Jin;Kim, Hye-Jin;Ahn, Se-Youn;Lim, Kun-Ok;Lim, Hee Jung;Jang, Sun-Ok;Jang, Yun-Jung;Jung, Jin-Ah;Jeon, Hyun-Sun;Park, Ji-Eun;Lee, Hyo-Jin;Shin, Bo-Mi
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.523-532
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to standardize the clinical dental hygiene curriculum, based on analysis of current clinical dental hygiene curricula in Korea. We emailed questionnaires to 12 schools to investigate clinical dental hygiene curricula, from February to March, 2017. We analyzed the clinical dental hygiene curricula in 5 schools with a 3-year program and in 7 schools with a 4-year program. The questionnaire comprised nine items on topics relating to clinical dental hygiene, and four items relating to the dental hygiene process and oral prophylaxis. The questionnaire included details regarding the subject name, the grade/semester/credit system, course content and class hours, the number of senior professors, and the number of patients available for dental hygiene clinical training purposes. In total, there were 96 topics listed in the curricula relating to clinical dental hygiene training, and topics varied between the schools. There was an average of 20.4 topic credits, and more credits and hours were allocated to the 4-year program than to the 3-year program. On average, the ratio of students to professors was 21.4:1. Course content included infection control, concepts for dental hygiene processes, dental hygiene assessment, intervention and evaluation, case studies, and periodontal instrumentation. An average of 2 hours per patient was spent on dental hygiene practice, with an average of 1.9 visits. On average, student clinical training involved 19 patients and 26.6 patients in the 3-year and 4-year programs, respectively. The average participation time per student per topic was 38.0 hours and 53.1 hours, in the 3-year and 4-year programs, respectively. Standardizing the clinical dental hygiene curricula in Korea will require consensus guidelines on topics, the number of classes required to achieve core competencies as a dental hygienist, and theory and practice time.