• Title, Summary, Keyword: self-determination

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A Structural Analysis on School-Aged Children's Self-Regulation Competence and Its Related Variables (학령기 아동의 자기조절능력과 관련변인들 간의 관계 구조분석)

  • Choi, Hae-Joo;Moon, Soo-Back
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.23-40
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between of school-aged children's self-regulation competence, self-determination, self-efficacy, and mother's acceptive parenting. The subjects for this study were 544 Children in 5th and 6th grade randomly selected from three elementary schools located in Ulsan-city. The collected data were analyzed with AMOS 19.0. The results showed that 1) children's self-determination and self-efficacy were found to affect children's self-regulation competence directly. 2) children's self-efficacy were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-determination. 3) mother's acceptive parenting were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-efficacy or children's self-determination.

Determinants of Preschoolers' Self-determination: Focus on their Playfulness, Self-esteem, and Self-regulation (유아의 자기 결정력에 영향을 미치는 요인 :유아의 놀이성, 자아존중감, 자기조절력을 중심으로)

  • Park, Geun Joo;Seo, So Jung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.489-511
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    • 2013
  • The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of preschoolers' levels of playfulness, self-esteem and self-regulation on their self-determination. Furthermore, the mediational effects of the children's self-esteem in the relationship between their playfulness and self-determination. To meet the purposes of this study, 126 preschoolers aged 6-7 years old who attended early childhood education and care settings were sampled. Data on the preschoolers' self-esteem, self-regulation, and self-determination were assessed by their teachers, and their playfulness was observed by one of the researchers in this study. The main results of this study were as follows. The most influential variable on the young children's self-determination was found to be their levels of self-esteem. Also, the preschoolers' self-esteem mediated the effects of the playfulness on their self-determination. Implications for research and practice were discussed along with the results of this study.

Effects of Mothers' Play Belief on Self-determination of Young Children: The Mediating Role of Children's Play Time (어머니의 놀이신념이 유아의 자기결정력에 미치는 영향: 놀이시간의 매개역할)

  • Lee, Hyoim;Shin, Nary
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.59-77
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mothers'play belief and their children's playtime on self-determination of young children. Methods: Participants of this study were 239 mothers of 6-year-old children attending childcare centers. An online self-report survey method was implemented to investigate whether mothers appreciate the contribution of play on their children's development, if mothers allow their children's playtime, and to examine the level of self-determination of their children. SPSS 22.0 was conducted for descriptive statistics and AMOS 21.0 was used for the path analysis to investigate the hypothetical relationship among variables. Results: Mothers' play support belief had a direct influence on their children's self-determination, while young children's playtime that was also affected by their mothers' play support belief had an indirect effect on their self-determination. Conclusion/Implications: The research shows that children's self-determination can be fostered by providing time to play when they can make decisions and demonstrate goal directed behaviors, and by providing an atmosphere that emphasizes the importance of playing in one's childhood.

A Qualitative Study on the Self-determination Experience of Youth with Disabilities (장애청소년의 자기결정 경험에 대한 질적 연구)

  • Kim, Kyo-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.4
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    • pp.5-31
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    • 2011
  • This study explored how young people with disabilities experience self-determination in their lives. This study employed a grounded theory approach involving 10 undergraduate students with cerebral palsy or physical disabilities, in their early 20's, and individual interviews. The experience relating self-determination of the participants seemed to start with "wanting to do things at their will as they grow up". The participants reported experiencing "yearning to attain self-actualization overcoming disabilities" in the context of "disability-related social limitation", "divided opinions between the participants and their parents", and "limitation in financial and psychological resources". The emerging strategies to attain self-actualization included "active coping", "avoiding confrontation", and "conditional acceptance". Intervening conditions to formation of the strategies included ”challenging spirits towards prejudice about disability", "autonomous tendencies", "taking the most of social support" and "parenting attitudes of their parents". In the process of seeking to attain self-actualization, these participants experienced "self-maturation" and "the sense of guilt towards their parents". The findings emerged from the study was that there are three stages in the process young people went through in self-determination. The stages consist of "perceiving their needs and obstacles for self-determination", "problem solving", and "perceiving their growth". In addition, four self-determination patterns are derived from this data: "breaking through", "multi-strategic", "moderate", and "acceptive". This study suggested some theoretical and prctical implications needed to facilitate self-determination of youth with disabilities.

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The Effects of Family Strength on the Life satisfaction of University Students : Focusing on the Mediation Effects of Self-Determination (대학생이 지각한 가족건강성이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 자기결정성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hyang Sil;Kim, Kyeong Shin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.499-511
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    • 2015
  • The purposes of this study were to examine the general levels of family strength, self-determination and life satisfaction perceived by university students. Also, this study aimed to verify the mediating effect of self-determination between family strength and life satisfaction. The subjects of this study were 350 university students in Korea and surveyed by self-reported questionnaires. The data was analysed by descriptive statistics, correlation, regression analysis, and Sobel test using SPSS 20.0. The results of the analysis were as follows. First, the levels of family strength, self-determination, life satisfaction perceived by university students were found to be higher than the middle score. Second, in the process of verification for seeking mediating effect of students' self-determination between family strength and life satisfaction, step1 showed that family strength revealed significant effects on life satisfaction level(${\beta}=.62$, p<.001). And in step2, family strength affected students' self-determination significantly(${\beta}=.47$, p<.001). Step3 which used family strength(${\beta}=.33$, p<.001) and self-determination(${\beta}=.62$, p<.001) together showed that self-determination had mediating effects between family strength and life satisfaction of students. It was proved significantly by Sobel test(Z=8.83, p<.001). Therefore, in order to enhance life satisfaction of university students, integrative services and systematic intervention programs as family education are required.

Factors Influencing Self Determination for Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment of the Community Dwelling Elderly (지역사회거주 노인의 연명치료 중단에 대한 자기결정 영향 요인)

  • Kim, Hyun Sook;Jang, Hye Kyoung;Shin, Sung Rae
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.334-342
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors that influence on self-determination for withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in the community dwelling elderly. Methods: This study used a descriptive correlational design. A convenience sample of 201 elderly were recruited from a welfare center located in Seoul, Korea. Data collection was done from September 1 to September 18, 2015. Four survey questionnaires were used: Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Life Satisfaction Index-Z (LSI-Z), Attitude on Do Not Resuscitate (DNR), and Self-determination for Withdrawing Life-sustaining Treatment. Data analysis was done by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and hierrarchical multiple regression. Results: Hierarchial multiple regression showed that the factors predicting the level of self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment were educational level, DNR experience in family, life satisfaction, and DNR attitude. These factors explained 44% of the self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment in community dwelling elderly. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest developing educational programs aiming at changing elderly's DNR attitude positive ways so that they can enhance self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment. Further study is needed with more elderly population in extended areas.

The Influences on the Self-Regulated Learning Ability due to Nursing Students' Interpersonal Competence and Self-Determination Motivation (간호대학생의 대인관계유능성, 자기결정성동기가 자기조절학습능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hae Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.475-483
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study based on descriptive research is to examine the convergent relationship of interpersonal competence, self-determination motivation and self-regulated learning ability in nursing students. Data collected from 251 nursing students at a university located in C province from June, 2018 to July, 2018 are analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. As a result, there are positive correlation between interpersonal competence(r=.361, p<.001) and self-determination motivation(r=.466, p<.001) and self-regulated-learning-ability. Interpersonal competence and self-determination motivation have not meaningful relationship(r=.091, p=.148). It is turned out that interpersonal competence and self-determination motivation are influenced on the self-regulated learning ability respectively. Based on these results, research should be continued on the developing new educational methods through convergence of factors by analyzing relevant factors to enhance interpersonal competence and self-determination motivation that affect self-regulated learning ability.

The Relationship among Self-efficacy, Self-determination and Academic achievement of Middle/High School Student (중·고등학생의 자기효능감과 자기결정성 동기 및 학업성취간의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1148-1156
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, motivation proposed by self-determination theory and academic achievement and to confirm the relative predictive power of motivation variables in predicting 480 middle/high students' achievement. The instruments used in this study were 'Self-efficacy' and 'Self - regulation' scale. The data were analyzed with Pearson correlations and multiple regression (stepwised) analysis. The correlations among self-efficacy, self-determination motivation and academic achievement were significant. The variables among self-determination were correlated to academic achievement in middle school. Among the variables of self-determination motivation, identified regulation, Integrated regulation and intrinsic regulation were positively related to academic achievement in high school but amotivation was negatively related to academic achievement. Self-control efficacy and self-confidence were the significance predictor of academic achievement in middle school. Hard-task preference and self-control efficacy were the significance predictor of academic achievement in high school students. Introjected-regulation was the best predictor of academic achievement in middle school. Identified-regulation was the best predictor of academic achievement in high school.

Factor Analysis on Behavior Change Mechanisms in Self-help Smoking Cessation (흡연행위의 자조적 변화기전에 대한 요인분석)

  • 오현수;김영란
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.678-687
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    • 1996
  • Smoking is considered to be one of the important risk factors associated with various health problems. Thirty seven million people in America quit smoking in the past decade, with 90% quitting on their own(Americal Heart Association, 1986). According to McAlister(1975), 70% of smokers reported that they adopted a self-help smoking cessation approach rather than a formal treatment program. In our country, although, auccessful exsmokers have used, are not available, concerns about smoking cessation have increased, recently, due to changes in social and political attitudes to health promotion. This study was conducted to help smokers who had made a decision to adopt a self-helf smoking cessation approach instead of depending on a formal treatment program. It provided a structurd way for sucessful smoking cessation by identifying change mechanism factors which have been commonly used by smokers. The subjects selected for this study were 155 university students between 20 and 29. Years of age the results from the analysis of the collected data showed that seven factors in the self-help change processes significant, and they are named, Stimulus Control, Self-Determination, Information Management, Reinforcement Management, Helpful Relationships, Dramatic Relief, and Cognitive Restructuring. All of the factors except Self-Determination represent the same change mechanisms which are proposed by Prochaska et at.(1988). Self-Determination uniformly includes items belonging to various change processes. Therefore, it might be an transitional factor including strategies related to both cognitive and behavioral dimensions. In spite of this, noted that one item which gives meaning of Self-Determination shows the highest factor loading, it is named Self-Determination.

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A Qualitative Study on the Mental Health Social Workers' Experiences Concerning Client's Self-determination (클라이언트의 자기결정에 관한 정신보건사회복지사의 실천 경험에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Gi-duk;Jang, Eun-sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.83-113
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to explore the mental health social workers' experiences concerning client's self-determination by grounded theory, one of the qualitative method. Although a lot of previous studies has proved that the practitioners have suffered from the ethical considerations in their practice, on which the matter of client's self-determination is centered, little attention is paid to deep exploration of practitioners' real experience about those aspects. To carry out the research question, first, through literature reviews focusing on clarify the underlying issues about client's self-determination, three intrinsic clues are found out; incompetence, medical benefits, the harm to the third party. Data obtained by in-depth interview with 10 participants are analyzed by employing the methode developed by Corbin and Strauss, which could categorize the raw data into several high-level concepts and constructs. The findings of the study show that most practitioners would consider the clients as the intrinsic subject of self-determination. Therefore, in practice, they are trying to support the client's self-determination even within the some constraints. In addition, they also experience the clients' latent potential in actualizing autonomy and self-determination, and identifies the positive effect of self-determination not only on the client's self-help and mental health but also on the practitioners themselves. The results of the study clearly suggests that it is critical to provide the practitioners with adequate ethical education and training to help them to overcome their ethical suffering concerning clients self-determination.