• Title, Summary, Keyword: self-determinant theory

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Intrinsic Motivation Factors Based on the Self-Determinant Theory for Regular Breast Cancer Screening

  • Jung, Su Mi;Jo, Heui-Sug
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.23
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    • pp.10101-10106
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify factors of intrinsic motivation that affect regular breast cancer screening and contribute to development of a program for strategies to improve effective breast cancer screening. Subjects were residing in South Korea Gangwon-Province and were female over 40 and under 69 years of age. For the investigation, the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) was modified to the situation of cancer screening and was used to survey 905 inhabitants. Multinominal logistic regression analyses were conducted for regular breast cancer screening (RS), one-time breast cancer screening (OS) and non-breast cancer screening (NS). For statistical analysis, IBM SPSS 20.0 was utilized. The determinant factors between RS and NS were "perceived effort and choice" and "stress and strain" - internal motivations related to regular breast cancer screening. Also, determinant factors between RS and OS are "age" and "perceived effort and choice" for internal motivation related to cancer screening. To increase regular screening, strategies that address individual perceived effort and choice are recommended.

TRIVIALITY OF A TRACE ON THE SPACE OF COMMUTING TRACE-CLASS SELF-ADJOINT OPERATORS

  • Myung, Sung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1205-1211
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    • 2010
  • In the present article, we investigate the possibility of a real-valued map on the space of tuples of commuting trace-class self-adjoint operators, which behaves like the usual trace map on the space of trace-class linear operators. It turns out that such maps are related with continuous group homomorphisms from the Milnor's K-group of the real numbers into the additive group of real numbers. Using this connection, it is shown that any such trace map must be trivial, but it is proposed that the target group of a nontrivial trace should be a linearized version of Milnor's K-theory as with the case of universal determinant for commuting tuples of matrices rather than just the field of constants.

Application and the Effect of Nutrition Education Program Based on the Social Cognitive Theory Among Middle School Girls (일부 여자 중학생 대상 사회인지이론기반 영양교육 프로그램의 적용 및 효과)

  • Kim, Jihea;Woo, Taejung;Lee, Kyoung Ae;Lee, Seung Min;Lee, Kyung-Hea
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.497-508
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutrition education using materials based on social cognitive theory. Education topics focused on improving health-related and dietary self-awareness and behavior capability in adolescents. Methods: Participants were recruited from a middle school for girls; 67 students (educated group, n=34 and control group, n=33) participated. The education group received 12 lessons in club activity class. Self-administered surveys were conducted for each group before and after the nutrition education program. The questionnaires consisted of variables such as self-efficacy, outcome expectation, outcome expectancy, knowledge, and dietary practices based on the social cognitive theory. Education satisfaction was evaluated using a five-point Likert scale for two sections: a) teaching and learning and b) education results. The data were analyzed using a t-test and Chi Square-test (significance level: p < 0.05). Results: In the education group, post-education, there were significant differences in self-efficacy (p < 0.05), knowledge (p < 0.01), and dietary practices (p < 0.05), whereas outcome expectation and expectancy did not show any significant differences. None of the variables showed any significant differences in the control group. Educational satisfaction scores were $4.38{\pm}0.12$ (teaching and learning) and $4.14{\pm}0.15$ (education results). Conclusions: This study showed that improving adolescent's awareness and behavior capability has a positive effect on their dietary practices. Moreover, this study suggested that a theory-based determinant should be considered to improve dietary behavior among adolescents.

Effects of Information Literacy and Motivation Factors on Information Representation Capability and Information Contribution (정보리터러시와 동기요인이 정보표현능력과 정보공헌에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Jae-Jung;Kim, Yoo-Jung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 2017
  • Web 2.0 paradigm and technologies allow users to contribute their information voluntarily and actively to online community. This paper aims to investigate key determinants of information contribution in online communities. We come up with the research model and proposed hypotheses on the basis of intensive literature review on motivation theory, information literacy, and self expression. Using survey response date collected from those who have ever experienced in uploading or providing information on online community such as social media. A total of 262 survey responses were used to test research hypotheses. The results show that self expression motive influences on information representation capability(IRC) and information contribution. The impact of Information literacy on IRC is found to be significant, and IRC is positively related to information contribution. In addition, approval motive is proven to be key determinant of IRC and information contribution. Some practical implications of these findings are discussed.

A Macro Analysis of Technology Billionaires : A Retrospective Approach of Technology Commercialization (기술업 억만장자 거시분석 : 거꾸로 보는 기술사업화 관점에서)

  • Kim, Moonhwan;Seol, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1606-1632
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the technology billionaires with the combination of technology commercialization studies and billionaire research. However, we will not discuss individual billionaires, but discuss the general features of technology billionaires. This study assumes that the answers to the technology commercialization studies are in the technology billionaire researches. In other words, unlike the technology commercialization studies so far, it can be said that it is a retrospective approach of technology commercialization to see the process and the beginning from the result. The conclusion of this study is as follows. First, technology billionaires are in the middle rank among industries, but their wealth is the best. Second, in the technology sector, four 20s are self-made billionaires. It is a matter of securing technological opportunities, not a long training and preparation. Third, the determinants of technology billionaires are population size and venture capital investment. This means technological efforts and sufficient market conditions are the basis for the development of technology billionaires. Fourth, only high income is not the determinant of technology billionaires. There are many small countries that are very rich but can not utilize technology. Technology billionaires can appear in countries with a minimum of US $ 20,000, unless the country has a huge population such as China and India. Sixth, technology billionaires in the diversified business, classified as Chaebol in low-income countries become scarce in the countries over the US $ 40,000. Billionaires will increase rapidly from the mid-2000s. However, this is not explained by the income increase effect. The world's income increase has been slowing since the 1980s. The market economy effect of the socialist countries is not the reason, because it is limited to some socialist countries. Ultimately, the main reason is the new technology opportunity called the IT paradigm.