• Title, Summary, Keyword: selectable marker gene

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Utility of the pat gene as a selectable marker gene in production of transgenic Dunaliella salina

  • Jung, Hyo Sun;Kim, Dong Soo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.31.1-31.6
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    • 2016
  • Background: The objective of this study was to develop an efficient selectable marker for transgenic Dunaliella salina. Results: Tests of the sensitivity of D. salina to the antibiotic chloramphenicol and the herbicide Basta$^{(R)}$ showed that cells ($1.0{\times}10^6cells/ml$) treated with 1000 or $1500{\mu}g/ml$ chloramphenicol died in 8 or 6 days, respectively, whereas D. salina cells ($1.0{\times}10^6cells/ml$) treated with 5, 10, 20, or $40{\mu}g/ml$ Basta$^{(R)}$ died in 2 days. Therefore, D. salina is more sensitive to Basta$^{(R)}$ than to chloramphenicol. To examine the possibility of using the phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (pat) gene as a selectable marker gene, we introduced the pat genes into D. salina with particle bombardment system under the condition of helium pressure of 900 psi from a distance of 3 cm. PCR analysis confirmed that the gene was stably inserted into the cells and that the cells survived in $5{\mu}g/ml$ Basta$^{(R)}$, the medium used to select the transformed cells. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that the pat gene can be used as an efficient selectable marker when producing transgenic D. salina.

Mannose-Based Selection with Phosphomannose-Isomerase (PMI) Gene as a Positive Selectable Marker for Rice Genetic Transformation

  • Penna, Suprasanna;Ramaswamy, Manjunatha Benakanare;Anant., Bapat Vishvas.
    • Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.233-236
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    • 2008
  • A positive selectable marker system was adapted for transformation of mature embryo-derived calli of Indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) utilizing the PMI gene encoding for phosphomannose-isomerase that converts mannose-6-phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate. The transformed cells grew on medium supplemented with 3% mannose as carbon source and calli were selected on media containing various concentrations of mannose. Molecular analyses showed that the transformed plants contained the PMI gene. The results indicate that the mannose selection system can be used for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of mature embryo in rice to substitute the use of conventional selectable markers in genetic transformation.

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Adenosine Deaminase Gene: Possible Selectable Marker for Tobacco Transformation (연초의 형질전환을 위한 새로운 표지유전자로서 Mouse Adenosine Deaminase 유전자의 이용가능성)

  • 양덕춘;한성수;윤의수
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.235-240
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    • 1995
  • The development of selectable markers for transformation has been a major factor in the successful genetic manipulation of plant. We established a new selectable marker system for tobacco transformation using chimeric adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene, which confers resistance to cytotoxic adenosine analogues, 9-$\beta$-D-arabinofuranosyl adenine(Ara-A) and cordycepin. The transformants with the chimeric ADA gene in tobacco grew in the presence of normally lethal level of cytotoxic adenosine analogues, 100 $\mu$M Ara-A and 50 $\mu$M cordycepin. We successfully distinguished transformed shoot from non-transformed shoot on the same selectable media with cytotoxic adenosine analogues. In this selectable media, we were able to select seeds with/ without ADA gene from transgenic tobacco seeds. Theses results show that the mammalian ADA gene may serve as a new selectable marker for tobacco transformation.

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Pyramiding transgenes for potato tuber moth resistance in potato

  • Meiyalaghan, Sathiyamoorthy;Pringle, Julie M.;Barrell, Philippa J.;Jacobs, Jeanne M.E.;Conner, Anthony J.
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.293-301
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    • 2010
  • The feasibility of two strategies for transgene pyramiding using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation was investigated to develop a transgenic potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Iwa) with resistance to potato tuber moth (PTM) (Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller)). In the first approach, cry1Ac9 and cry9Aa2 genes were introduced simultaneously using a kanamycin (nptII) selectable marker gene. The second approach involved the sequential introduction (re-transformation) of a cry1Ac9 gene, using a hygromycin resistance (hpt) selectable marker gene, into an existing line transgenic for a cry9Aa2 gene and a kanamycin resistance (nptII) selectable marker gene. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirmed the presence of the specific selectable marker gene and both cry genes in all regenerated lines. The relative steady-state level of the cry gene transcripts in leaves was quantified in all regenerated lines by real-time PCR analysis. Re-transformation proved to be a flexible approach to effectively pyramid genes for PTM resistance in potato, since it allowed the second gene to be added to a line that was previously identified as having a high level of resistance. Larval growth of PTM was significantly inhibited on excised greenhouse-grown leaves in all transgenic lines, although no lines expressing both cry genes exhibited any greater resistance to PTM larvae over that previously observed for the individual genes. It is anticipated that these lines will permit more durable resistance by delaying the opportunities for PTM adaptation to the individual cry genes.

Efficient Gene Targeting using Nuclear Localization Signal (NLS) and Negative Selection Marker Gene in Porcine Somatic Cells

  • Kim, Hye Min;Lee, Sang Mi;Park, Hyo Young;Kang, Man-Jong
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2014
  • The specific genetic modification in porcine somatic cells by gene targeting has been very difficult because of low efficiency of homologous recombination. To improve gene targeting, we designed three kinds of knock-out vectors with ${\alpha}1,3$-galactosyltransferase gene (${\alpha}1,3$-GT gene), DT-A/pGT5'/neo/pGT3', DT-A/NLS/pGT5'/neo/pGT3' and pGT5'/neo/ pGT3'/NLS. The knock-out vectors consisted of a 4.8-kb fragment as the 5' recombination arm (pGT5') and a 1.9-kb fragment as the 3' recombination arm (pGT3'). We used the neomycin resistance gene (neo) as a positive selectable marker and the diphtheria toxin A (DT-A) gene as a negative selectable marker. These vectors have a neo gene insertion in exon 9 for inactivation of ${\alpha}1,3$-GT locus. DT-A/pGT5'/neo/pGT3' vector contain only positive-negative selection marker with conventional targeting vector. DT-A/NLS/pGT5'/neo/pGT3' vector contain positive-negative selection marker and NLS sequences in upstream of 5' recombination arm which enhances nuclear transport of foreign DNA into bovine somatic cells. pGT5'/neo/pGT3'/NLS vector contain only positive selection marker and NLS sequence in downstream of 3' recombination arm, not contain negative selectable marker. For transfection, linearzed vectors were introduced into porcine ear fibroblasts by electroporation. After 48 hours, the transfected cells were selected with $300{\mu}g/ml$ G418 during 12 day. The G418-resistant colonies were picked, of which 5 colonies were positive for ${\alpha}1,3$-GT gene disruption in 3' PCR and southern blot screening. Three knock-out somatic cells were obtained from DT-A/NLS/ pGT5'/neo/pGT3' knock-out vector. Thus, these data indicate that gene targeting vector using nuclear localization signal and negative selection marker improve targeting efficiency in porcine somatic cells.

Principal methods to produce marker-free GM plants (무선발표지 형질전환 식물체 제조기술)

  • Woo, Hee-Jong;Shin, Kong-Sik;Lee, Ki-Jong;Kweon, Soon-Jong;Cho, Yong-Gu;Suh, Seok-Cheol
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 2010
  • Selectable marker gene systems are vital for the development of transgenic plants, but the presence of selectable marker genes encoding antibiotic or herbicide resistance in genetically modified plants poses a number of problems. A lot of research results and various techniques have been developed to produce marker-free GM plants. The aim of this review is to describe the principal methods used for eliminating selectable marker genes to generate marker-free GM plants, concentrating on the three significant methods(co-transformation, site-specific recombinase-mediated excision, non-selected transformation) in several marker-free techniques.

The Use of Aureobasidin A Resistant Gene as the Dominant Selectable Marker for the Selection of Industrial Yeast Hybrid (산업용 효모 Hybrid의 선별을 위한 우성선별표지로서의 Aureobasidin A 내성유전자의 이용)

  • Jeon, Han-Taek;Park, Uhn-Mee;Kim, Keun
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2011
  • For the strain improvement of the industrial polyploid yeast strain through hybridization and protoplast fusion, a dominant selection marker other than a recessive marker such as the auxotrophic marker was required for the selection of the resulting hybrids. In the present investigation, the aureobasidin A resistant gene was tested in relation to whether it can be used as the dominant selectable marker for the isolation of hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces. The plasmid pAUR112, carrying the gene responsible for resistance to aureobasidin A, was introduced into the haploid yeast strain K114/YIp. From the rare-mating between polyploid C6 and haploid K114/YIp carrying pAUR112, many hybrids were obtained from the agar medium containing 0.5 ${\mu}g$/ml of aureobasidin A. The hybrids exhibited characteristics derived from both of the parental strains; and the cell sizes of the hybrids were larger than those of the parental strains. These results showed that the aureobasidin A resistant gene could be successfully used as the dominant selectable marker for the isolation of yeast hybrids resulting from rare-mating.

Protoplast Isolation and Fusion of Nicotiana glauca and Solanum tuberose Transformed by Selectable Marker Genes (표지유전자로 형질전환된 연초와 감자로부터 원형질제의 유리 및 융합)

  • 양덕춘;박태은;민병훈;최경화;정해준
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.40-49
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    • 1998
  • Protoplasts were isolated from mesophyll of tobacco(Nicotiana glauca) transformed with kanamycin-resistant gene (NPT II gene) and potato hairy root callus containing Ri plasmid of Agrobacterium rhiEogenes, and protoplasm fusion was made between the isolated protoplasts. The transgenic tobacco leaf tissue could grow on the media containing high concentrations of kanamycin, but not on the phytohormone-free media. On the other hand, the potato hairy root calli could be cultured on the phytohormone-free media but not on media containing more than 40 ㎍/ml kanamycin. In these conditions, the viability of both protoplasts were above 90%, These selection markers were used for the selection of protoplasts fused between the two, i.e. protoplast fusion was detected using selection media containing 100㎍/ml kanamycin and with no phytohormone. The mixture of 1.0% cellulase, 0.3% macerozyme, and 0.7M mannitol was best for the maximum protoplast production for tobacco, and that of 2.0% cellulase, 2.0% macerozyme, 1.0% dricelase, and 0.5M mannitol for potato. Both tobacco mesophyll and potato callus protoplasts were fused by using PEG solution on the selectable medium. Cell walls were regenerated after 5 days in this medium, and colonies were alive until 4 weeks after cultural, but died after 6 weeks.

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