• Title, Summary, Keyword: seismic response control

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Seismic Response Control of Dome Structure Subjected to Multi-Support Earthquake Excitation (다중지점 지진하중을 받는 돔 구조물의 지진응답 제어)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2014
  • Spatial structures as like dome structure have the different dynamic characteristics from general rahmen structures. Therefore, it is necessary to accurately analyze dynamic characteristics and effectively control of seismic response of spatial structure subjected to multi-supported excitation. In this study, star dome structure that is subjected to multi-supported excitation was used as an example spatial structure. The response of the star dome structure under multiple support excitation are analyzed by means of the pseudo excitation method. Pseudo excitation method shows that the structural response is divided into two parts, ground displacement and structural dynamic response due to ground motion excitation. And the application of passive tuned mass damper(TMD) to seismic response control of star dome structures has been investigated. From this numerical analysis, it is shown that the seismic response of spatial structure under multiple support seismic excitation are different from those of spatial structure under unique excitation. And it is reasonable to install TMD to the dominant points of each mode. And it is found that the passive TMD could effectively reduce the seismic responses of dome structure subjected to multi-supported excitation.

Application of MR damper for Vibration Control of Adjacent Buildings (인접건축물의 진동제어를 위한 MR감쇠기의 적용)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2012
  • In recently, sky-bridge are often applied to high-rised adjacent buildings for pedestrian bridge. the seisnic response control of adjacent buildings have been studied and magneto-rheological(MR) fluid dampers have been applied to seismic response control. In this study, vibration control effect of the MR damper connected adjacent buildings has been investigated. Adjacent building structures with different natural frequencies were used as example structures. Two typed of control methods, displacement based or velocity based, are applied to determinate control force of MR damper. In this numerical analysis, it has been shown that displacement-based control algorithm is more effective than velocity-based control algorithm for seismic response control of adjacent buildings. And, when displacement-based control method is applied to control of adjacent buildings, the control of building occurred large displacement is more efficient in reducing the seismic response.

Multi-dimensional seismic response control of offshore platform structures with viscoelastic dampers (I-Theoretical analysis)

  • He, Xiao-Yu;Li, Hong-Nan;Zhang, Jun
    • Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2016
  • Based on classical viscoelastic damper, a brand-new damper is designed by the change of simple construction to implement vibration control for both translational vibration and rotational vibration simultaneously. Theoretic analysis has been carried out on the restoring force model and the control parameters. Two improved models are presented to obtain high simulation precision. The influence of the size, shape of the viscoelastic material, the ambient temperature and the response frequency on the vibration control effect is analyzed. The numerical results show that the new type viscoelastic damper is capable of mitigating the multi-dimensional seismic response of offshore platform and the response control effect has complicated relations with aforementioned related factors.

Nonlinear, seismic response spectra of smart sliding isolated structures with independently variable MR dampers and variable stiffness SAIVS system

  • Nagarajaiah, Satish;Mao, Yuqing;Saharabudhe, Sanjay
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.375-393
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    • 2006
  • Under high velocity, pulse type near source earthquakes semi-active control systems are very effective in reducing seismic response base isolated structures. Semi-active control systems can be classified as: 1) independently variable stiffness, 2) independently variable damping, and 3) combined variable stiffness and damping systems. Several researchers have studied the effectiveness of independently varying damping systems for seismic response reduction of base isolated structures. In this study effectiveness of a combined system consisting of a semi-active independently variable stiffness (SAIVS) device and a magnetorheological (MR) damper in reducing seismic response of base isolated structures is analytically investigated. The SAIVS device can vary the stiffness, and hence the period, of the isolation system; whereas, the MR damper enhances the energy dissipation characteristics of the isolation system. Two separate control algorithms, i.e., a nonlinear tangential stiffness moving average control algorithm for smooth switching of the SAIVS device and a Lyapunov based control algorithm for damping variation of MR damper, are developed. Single and multi degree of freedom systems consisting of sliding base isolation system and both the SAIVS device and MR damper are considered. Results are presented in the form of nonlinear response spectra, and effectiveness of combined variable stiffness and variable damping system in reducing seismic response of sliding base isolated structures is evaluated. It is shown that the combined variable stiffness and variable damping system leads to significant response reduction over cases with variable stiffness or variable damping systems acting independently, over a broad period range.

Smart Outrigger Damper System for Response Reduction of Tall Buildings Subjected to Wind and Seismic Excitations

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kang, Joo-Won
    • International journal of steel structures
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1263-1272
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    • 2017
  • The outrigger damper system has recently been proposed to reduce the dynamic response of tall buildings subjected to lateral loads. Previous studies have shown that the outrigger damper system could effectively increase the response reduction capacity of tall buildings. The outrigger damper system was used not only for a response reduction of tall buildings, but also for adjusting the differential column shortening. When an outrigger damper system is designed optimally for wind or earthquake loads, it shows good control performance against each target excitation. On the other hand, the outrigger damper system designed for the wind load cannot effectively control the seismic responses and vice versa. This study examined the control performance of a smart outrigger damper system for reducing both the wind and seismic responses. The smart outrigger damper system was comprised of magnetorheological dampers. A fuzzy logic control algorithm, which was optimized by a multi-objective genetic algorithm, was used to control the smart outrigger damper system. Numerical analysis showed that the smart outrigger damper system could provide superior control performance for the reduction of both wind and earthquake responses compared to the general outrigger system and passive outrigger damper system.

Seismic Analysis of the Main Control Boards for Nuclear Power Plant (원자력발전소의 Main Control Boards에 대한 내진 해석)

  • Byeon, Hoon-Seok;Lee, Joon-Keun;Kim, Jin-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.498-498
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    • 2001
  • Seismic qualification of the Main Control Boards for nuclear power plants has been performed with the guideline of AS ME Section III. US NRC Reg. Guide and IEEE 344 code. The analysis model of the Main Control Boards is consist of beam. shell and mass element by using the finite element method. and, at the same time. the excitation forces and other operating loads for each model are encompassed with respect to different loading conditions. As the fundamental frequencies of the structure are found to be less than 33Hz. which is the upper frequency limit of the seismic load, the response spectrum analysis using ANSYS is performed in order to combine the modal stresses within the frequency limit. In order to confirm the structural and functional integrity of the major components, modal analysis theory is adopted to derive the required response spectrum at the component locations. As all the combined stresses obtained from the above procedures are less than allowable stresses and no mechanical or electrical failures are found from the seismic testing, it concludes the Main Control Boards is dynamically qualified for seismic conditions. Although the authors had confirmed the structural and functional integrity of both Main Control Boards and all the component, in this paper only the seismic analysis of the Main Control Board is introduced.

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The effect of base isolation and tuned mass dampers on the seismic response of RC high-rise buildings considering soil-structure interaction

  • Kontoni, Denise-Penelope N.;Farghaly, Ahmed Abdelraheem
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.425-434
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    • 2019
  • The most effective passive vibration control and seismic resistance options in a reinforced concrete (RC) high-rise building (HRB) are the base isolation and the tuned mass damper (TMD) system. Many options, which may be suitable or not for different soil types, with different types of bearing systems, like rubber isolator, friction pendulum isolator and tension/compression isolator, are investigated to resist the base straining actions under five different earthquakes. TMD resists the seismic response, as a control system, by reducing top displacement or the total movement of the structure. Base isolation and TMDs work under seismic load in a different way, so the combination between base isolation and TMDs will reduce the harmful effect of the earthquakes in an effective and systematic way. In this paper, a comprehensive study of the combination of TMDs with three different base-isolator types for three different soil types and under five different earthquakes is conducted. The seismic response results under five different earthquakes of the studied nine RC HRB models (depicted by the top displacement, base shear force and base bending moment) are compared to show the most suitable hybrid passive vibration control system for three different soil types.

An Analysis of Seismic Response of High - Rise Building with Mid-Story Isolation System According to Change of Characteristics of the Seismic Isolation Device (중간층 면진시스템이 적용된 고층건물의 면진장치 특성변화에 따른 지진응답분석)

  • Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2019
  • In this study, dynamic responses of high - rise buildings were analyzed through the change of horizontal stiffness and yield strength among characteristics of seismic isolation system by applying middle - layer seismic isolation system to high - rise buildings of 120m height. As a result in order to prevent the displacement of the isolation layer and to control the maximum torsion angle, it is possible to appropriately control by increasing or decreasing the horizontal stiffness and the yield strength. However, depending on the maximum torsional angle and the hysteretic behavior of the seismic isolation system, excessive yield strength and horizontal stiffness increase may induce the elastic behavior of the structure and amplify the response. Therefore, it is considered that it is necessary to select the property value of the appropriate isolation device.

Seismic Response Control of Bridge Structure using Fuzzy-based Semi-active Magneto-rheological Dampers

  • Park, Kwan-Soon;Ok, Seung-Yong;Seo, Chung-Won
    • International Journal of Safety
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.22-31
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    • 2011
  • Seismic response control method of the bridge structures with semi-active control device, i.e., magneto-rheological (MR) damper, is studied in this paper. Design of various kinds of clipped optimal controller and fuzzy controller are suggested as a semi-active control algorithm. For determining the control force of MR damper, clipped optimal control method adopts bi-state approach, but the fuzzy control method continuously quantifies input currents through fuzzy inference mechanism to finely modulate the damper force. To investigate the performances of the suggested control techniques, numerical simulations of a multi-span continuous bridge system subjected to various earthquakes are performed, and their performances are compared with each other. From the comparison of results, it is shown that the fuzzy control system can provide well-balanced control force between girder and pier in the view point of structural safety and stability and be quite effective in reducing both girder and pier displacements over the existing control method.

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Hybrid Control Model of MR Damper for Seismic Response Control of Adjacent Buildings (인접건축물의 지진응답 제어를 위한 MR 감쇠기의 복합제어 모델)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won;Chae, Seoung-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2011
  • Many researchers have attempted to apply semi-active control systems in the civil engineering structures. Recently, magneto-rheological(MR) fluid dampers have been developed. This MR damper is one of semi-active dampers as a new class of smart dampers. This paper discusses the application of MR damper for seismic response control of adjacent buildings subjected to earthquake. Here, a controllable damping force of MR damper that is installed between adjacent buildings is applied to seismic response control. A hybrid model combines skyhook and groundhook control algorithm so that the benefits of each can be combined together. In this paper, hybrid control model are applied to the multi degree of freedom system representative of buildings in order to reduce seismic response of adjacent buildings. And the performance of hybrid control model is compared with that of others. It was demonstrated that hybrid control model or adjacent buildings with MR damper was effective for seismic response control of two adjacent buildings reciprocally.