• Title/Summary/Keyword: seed culture

Search Result 39, Processing Time 0.125 seconds

Development of Seed Culture Using Soybean for Mass Production of Lovastatin with Aspergillus terreus ATCC 20542 Mutant (대두를 이용한 Lovastatin 대량생산용 Seed Culture의 제조기술)

  • Kim, Soo-Jung;Ko, Hee-Sun;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.666-670
    • /
    • 2008
  • Lovastatin (Mevinolin, Monacolin K) is a well-known drug for the therapy of hypercholesterolemia. It is an important fungal secondary metabolite as it inhibits 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase, EC 1.1.1.34) which catalyzes a major rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of cholesterol. Both soybeans and black soybeans with Aspergillus terreus ATCC 20542 mutant were used as the seed culture for the mass production of lovastatin. The production of lovastatin in soybean seed culture of Asp. terreus was twofold compared to that of black soybean seed culture. The effect of two different vessels (petri dish and Erlenmeyer flask) on lovastatin production was also studied. The production of lovastatin on petri dish was tenfold to that of Erlenmeyer flask. Furthermore, the most lovastatin production on rice bran was achieved when the soybean seed culture was treated by heat shock at $30^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour, representing 82% of HMG-CoA reductase inhibition in the koji extract. We estimated that the heat treated soybean seed culture could be a new method for the mass production of lovastatin.

Effects of Nutrients and Culture Conditions on Morphology in the Seed Culture of Cephalosporium acremonium ATCC 20339

  • 이명선;김창호;오경권;홍석인;김승욱
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.156-156
    • /
    • 2001
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrients and culture conditions on morphology during the seed culture of C. acremonium ATCC 20339 Morphological factors such as hyphal length number of tips number of arthrospores were observed to investigate the relationship between seed morphology and CPC production. During the time course of seed culture, hyphal length was shortened and the number of arthrospores increased rapidly On the other hand the number of tips deceased rapidly and this was closely related to the hyphal length Mixed nitrogen sources of 3% solybean meal and 1% cotton seed flour were determined as the proper organic nitrogen sources, in terms of the morphological factors in the seed culture. This fact was proven in batch culture for the production of Cephalosporin C. It was also found that a proper agitation speed enhanced the morphological differentiation of C. acremonium ATCC 20339, thus improving the production of Cephalosporin C.

Improvement of Cultural Efficiency Using DNA Markers in Anther and Seed Culture of Rice (DNA marker를 이용한 벼의 조직배양 효율 재선)

  • Kim Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.527-533
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to improve the culturability of a indica type rice cultivar, IR 36, using DNA marker associated with the ability of plant regeneration in anther and seed culture. The varietal difference of ability of callus formation and plant regeneration was investigated in anther and seed culture of 8 rice cultivars. Three japonica rice cultivars showed to have better culturability than those of tongil and indica type genotypes. But two indica/japonica lines, 'MGRI 079' and 'MGRI 036', which were selected to have good culturability in previous study showed the highest regenerability (20%) in anther culture of 8 rice cultivars. Thirty four $BC_2F_4$ lines were selected by marker screening using RZ400 for 100 $BC_2F_4$ lines derived from a cross $'MGRI\;079/IR\;36^{^*3}'$. The frequency of callus formation of 30 $BC_2F_4$ lines was higher than those of 'IR 36' in anther culture of the selected $BC_2F_4$ lines. The ability of plant regeneration of 15 lines was higher than that of 'IR 36' in the seed culture of 34 $BC_2F_4$ lines. A promising line, $BC_2F_4-28$, was selected to have better culturability in the anther and seed culture of the $BC_2F_4$ lines. The heading date and grain shape of the $BC_2F_4-28$ was similar to 'IR 36'. In seed culture of 50 $BC_4F_3$ lines derived from a rice cross $'MGRI\;079/IR\;36^{^*5}'$, 11 lines including $BC_4F_3-3$ showed to have higher regenerability compared with 'IR 36'. The highest frequency of plant regeneration (11%) was obtained from $BC_4F_3-46$ in seed culture of the $BC_4F_3$ lines.

Effects of Embryo Development Stage and Gelrite Concentration on Plant Regeneration in Seed Culture of Rice (벼의 종자배양에서 배의 성숙정도와 Celrie 농도가 캘러스 형성 및 식물체 재분화에 미치는 영향)

  • 권용삼;김경민;김도훈;손재근
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.311-315
    • /
    • 2001
  • To identify the effects embryo developmental stage and gelrite concentration on plant regeneration in seed culture of rice, mature and immature seeds of rice were cultured on the $N_{6}$ medium supplemented with2 mg/$\ell$ 2.4-D and different levels of gelrite(0.2~1.0%). The calli formed immature embryos were produced more plants than those from mature embryos. The maximum frequency of plant regeneration was achieved in the culture of the calli of immature embryos which was harvested at the 21$^{th}$ day after pollination. The plant regeneration on the medium with gelrite was more accelerate than that on the medium with agar. The highest frequency(55%) of plant regeneration was obtained from the calli transferred to the medium with 6g/$\ell$ gelrite.

  • PDF

Improvement of cultural efficiency using DNA markers in anther and seed culture of rice (DNA marker를 이용한 벼의 조직배양 효율개선)

  • Kim, Hong-Jib;Kim, Tae-Heon;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
    • /
    • v.27
    • /
    • pp.21-28
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to improve the culturability of 'IR 36', a indica type rice cultivar using DNA marker associated with the ability of plant regeneration in anther and seed culture. The culturability of 6 rice cultivars and 2 indica/japonica lines ('MGRI 036', 'MGRI 079') were investigated in anther and seed culture. The culturability of 3 japonica rice cultivars were much higher than tongil and indica rice cultivars, and 'MGRI 036' and 'MGRI 079' has high culturability with 20% regenerability, also. 34 $BC_2F_4$ 4 lines were selected by marker screening using RZ400 among 90 $BC_2F_4$ lines derived from a cross between 'MGRI 079' and 'IR 36'. The frequency of callus formation of 10 $BC_2F_4$ lines were higher than 'IR 36' in anther culture among selected 34 $BC_2F_4$ lines. The ability of plant regeneration of 10 lines were higher than 'IR 36' in the seed culture among selected 34 $BC_2F_4$ lines. A promising line, $BC_2F_4$-28, was selected to have better culturability in the anther and seed culture among selected 34 $BC_2F_4$ lines. The heading date and grain shape of the $BC_2F_4$-28 was similar to 'IR 36'. Using the RZ400 DNA marker associated with the culturability will be useful method for improving of indica rice culticvar's culturability in rice breeding program.

  • PDF

The Assimilability of Glucose and Xylose in Rhodopseudomonas sp. K-7. (Rhodopseudomonas sp. K-7 의 당자화성)

  • Kim, Yong-Hyo;Bae, Moo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.169-172
    • /
    • 1985
  • The assimilability of glucose and xylose of Rhodopseudomonas K-7, whose hydrogen evolution has been characterized previously, was investigated under the anaerobic photosynthetic and the aerobic dark conditions. This organism is able to grow well in the medium containing glutamate and malate as organic substances under the anaerobic light condition. However, the substitution of glucose for malate retarded the growth rate, while the addition of glucose to the seed culture remarkably promoted the utilization of glucose added in the main culture. Optimal glucose concentration in the seed culture to induce glucose assimilability of the organism was around the concentration of 60 mM of glucose. Then, the seed culture grown in the medium containing 60 mM of glucose were inoculated in the medium containing 10, 20, 30, 60 and 100 mM of glucose respectively. The results were revealed that the consumable content of glucose was limited even though the high concentrations of glucose was contained in the medium. The consumption of considerable amount of glucose was observed when cultured under the aerobic dark conditions than the anaerobic illuminated conditions.

  • PDF

Physicochemical Effect on Ultra Thermophilic Aerobic Composting Process (초고온 호기성 퇴비화의 물리·화학적 인자 평가)

  • Park, Seyong;Yoo, Euisang;Chung, Daihyuck;Lee, Jin;Kim, Moonil
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
    • /
    • v.11 no.11
    • /
    • pp.27-36
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to evaluate physicochemical parameters; temperature, pH, C/N ratio, water content, organic contents and volume in a pilot-scale(capacity : $100m^3$) ultra thermophilic aerobic composting. There were three types input: municipal wasted sludge, livestock manure and slurry, and food waste produced in Jung-Eb city. Each target material was carried out by the first fermentation(organic waste + seed culture) and the second one(organic waste + seed culture + recycle compost), respectively. During composting, only with supply of air and mixing, the temperature increased $90{\sim}105^{\circ}C$ after every mixing in both periods. The changes of pH, $O_2$, $CO_2$ and $NH_3$ represented typical organic decomposition pattern by microorganisms. Also, all other physicochemical parameters of ultra thermophilic aerobic composting process showed similar or better performance than these of general aerobic composting. Heavy metal concentration of fermented compost adapted to compost fertilizer regulation standard in the heavy metal and hazardous analysis.

Improvement of asymbiotic seed germination and seedling development of Cypripedium macranthos Sw. with organic additives

  • Huh, Yoon Sun;Lee, Joung Kwan;Nam, Sang Young;Paek, Kee Yoeup;Suh, Gang Uk
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.43 no.1
    • /
    • pp.138-145
    • /
    • 2016
  • To find the optimal propagation condition for endangered Cypripedium macranthos Sw., also known as lady's slipper orchid, the effect of various organic additives on in vitro germination, protocorm formation and seedling growth was investigated during asymbiotic seed culture. When $100ml{\cdot}L^{-1}$ coconut water was added to the basal medium, the highest germination rate and protocorm formation rate were achieved, with 70.8% and 74.2% respectively. Supplementation of phloem sap from birch tree or maple tree also showed a facilitating effect to improve the germination and protocorm development. With $100ml{\cdot}L^{-1}$ birch sap or maple sap, both the germination and protocorm formation rates were roughly more than 65% and 68%. The roots and buds of the seedlings grew vigorously in the medium containing $100ml{\cdot}L^{-1}$ coconut water or phloem sap, in particular, their bud formation rates increased by more than 70%. Addition of banana powder and peptone could not create a more significantly favorable culture condition, and non-addition had the worst results. Our results demonstrated that proper organic amendments such as coconut water and phloem sap might be preferred to in vitro germination and the growth of seedlings developed from the protocorm of C. macranthos Sw. during asymbiotic seed culture.

Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) detection for plant regeneration ability from seed culture in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • Liu, Meihan;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.169-174
    • /
    • 2012
  • Quantitative trait loci (QTLs), which were related to the ability of callus induction and plant regeneration in seed culture of rice, were analyzed using a mapping population from a cross between the rice cultivars 'Samgang' (tongil type) and 'Nagdong' (japonica). A tongil type rice cultivar, 'Samgang' showed lower frequency (20%) of plant regeneration than that (35%) of japonica rice, 'Nagdong'. Transgressive segregations were observed for the ability of callus induction and plant regeneration from the seed-derived calli of 58 doubled haploid (DH) lines. The ability of plant regeneration of 58 doubled haploid lines showed a continuous distribution with comparatively wide range (10.0 to 66.7%) of variation. Composite interval mapping analysis was used to identify the QTLs controlling callus induction and plant regeneration ability. Four significant QTLs, qCWS6, qCWS8, qCWS9 and qCWS11, associated with callus weight per seed were detected on chromosomes 6, 8, 9, and 11 with LOD values of 3.30, 2.60, 2.70 and 2.43, explaining 36% of the total phenotypic variation. Three significant QTLs, qPR1, qPR6, and qPR11, for the ability of plant regeneration were located on chromosome 1, 6, and 11 at LOD score of 2.25, 2.15 and 2.55, accounting for 24 % of the total phenotypic variation. The present study should be useful for improving the efficiency of plant regeneration in tissue culture of indica rice by means of marker-assisted selection.

Effect of Copper on Callus Formation and Plant Regeneration in Seed Culture of Rice (벼 종자배양에서 Copper가 캘러스 형성 및 식물체 재분화에 미치는 영향)

  • 권용삼;손재근
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.205-208
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to improve the regeneration efficiency from seed-derived calli of rice by optimizing the copper concentrations in the media. Mature seeds were cultured on MS medium supplemented with copper sulphate (0 to 5.0 mg/L) and 2 mg/L 2,4-D. Callus growth was influenced by the levels of copper sulphate containing with medium, The addition of copper sulphate (2.5 mg/L) in regeneration medium enhanced dramatically the ability of plant regeneration from seed-derived calli. The mean frequency of plant regeneration of 6 indica rices was 27.4% on medium containing copper sulphate, whereas that of the cultivars on copper-free medium was 2.4%. These results suggest that copper sulphate may have an important role in improving regeneration ability of indica rices.

  • PDF