• Title, Summary, Keyword: section model details

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New Hollow RC Bridge Pier Sections with Triangular Reinforcement Details: II. Parametric Study (삼각망 철근상세를 갖는 새로운 중공 철근콘크리트 교각단면: II. 매개변수 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kim, Ho-Young;Son, Je-Kuk
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior characteristics of new hollow reinforced concrete (RC) bridge pier sections with triangular reinforcement details and to provide the details and reference data. Among the numerous parameters, this study concentrates on the shape of the section, the reinforcement details and the spacing of the transverse reinforcement. Additional eight column section specimens were tested under quasi-static monotonic loading. In this study, the computer program, named RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology), was used. A innovative confining effect model was adopted for new hollow bridge pier sections. This study documents the testing of new hollow RC bridge pier sections with triangular reinforcement details and presents conclusions based on the experimental and analytical findings.

Numerical simulation of the effect of section details and partial streamlining on the aerodynamics of bridge decks

  • Bruno, L.;Khris, S.;Marcillat, J.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.315-332
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    • 2001
  • Presented herein is a numerical study for evaluating the aerodynamic behaviour of equipped bridge deck sections. In the first part, the method adopted is described, in particular concerning turbulence models, meshing requirements and numerical approach. The validation of the procedure represents the aim of the second part of the paper: the results of the numerical simulation in case of two-dimensional, steady, incompressible, turbulent flow around a realistic bridge deck are compared to the data collected from wind-tunnel tests. In order to demonstrate the influence of the section details and of the partial streamlining of the deck geometry on its aerodynamic behaviour, in the third part of the paper the effect of the fairings and of each item of equipment of the section (such as central barriers, side railings and sidewalks) is evaluated. The study has been applied to the deck section of the Normandy cable-stayed bridge.

Parametric Study on Hollow Reinforced Concrete Bridge Column Sections with Reinforcement Details for Material Quantity Reduction (물량저감 철근상세를 갖는 중공 철근콘크리트 교각단면에 관한 매개변수 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kim, Ho-Young;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Shin, Hyun-Mock
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.159-169
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the inelastic behavior of hollow reinforced concrete bridge column sections with reinforcement details for material quantity reduction and to provide the details and reference data. Among the numerous parameters, this study concentrates on the shape of the section, the reinforcement details, the diameter of the transverse reinforcement and loading types. Eighteen column section specimens were tested under quasi-static monotonic loading. In this study, the computer program RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology) was used. A modified lateral confining effect model was adopted for the hollow bridge column sections. This study documents the testing of hollow reinforced concrete bridge column sections with reinforcement details for material quantity reduction and presents conclusions based on the experimental and analytical findings.

Analytical Modeling for Two-story Two-span Reinforced Concrete Frames with Relaxed Section Details

  • Kim, Taewan;Chu, Yurim;Park, Hong-Gun
    • Architectural research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2018
  • A nonlinear analytical model has been proposed for two-span two-story reinforced concrete frames with relaxed section details. The analytical model is composed of beam, column, and beam-column joint elements. The goal of this study is to develop a simple and light nonlinear model for two-dimensional reinforced concrete frames since research in earthquake engineering is usually involved in a large number of nonlinear dynamic analyses. Therefore, all the nonlinear behaviors are modeled to be concentrated on flexural plastic hinges at the end of beams and columns, and the center of beam-column joints. The envelope curve and hysteretic rule of the nonlinear model for each element are determined based on experimental results, not theoretical approach. The simple and light proposed model can simulate the experimental results well enough for nonlinear analyses in earthquake engineering. Consequently, the proposed model will make it easy to developing a nonlinear model of the entire frame and help to save time to operate nonlinear analyses.

Stress Analysis of Truss Connection subjected to Moving Load Using Section Properties Factor (단면 수정계수를 이용한 이동 하중에 따른 트러스 연결부의 응력해석)

  • 이상호;배기훈
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.354-361
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    • 2002
  • This paper propose section properties factor to generate stress history for fatigue analysis and safety inspection of steel bridge. A methodology is described for the computation of numerical stress histories in the steel truss bridge, caused by the vehicles using section properties factor. The global 3-D beam model of bridge is combined with the local shell model of selected details. Joint geometry is introduced by the local shell model. The global beam model takes the effects of joint rigidity and interaction of structural elements into account. Connection nodes in the global beam model correspond to the end cross-section centroids of the local shell model. Their displacements are interpreted as imposed deformations on the local shell model. The load cases fur the global model simulate the vertical unit force along the stringers. The load cases fer the local model are imposed unit deformations. Combining these, and applying vehicle loads, numerical stress histories are obtained. The method is illustrated by test load results of an existing bridge.

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Aerodynamic Flutter Control for Typical Girder Sections of Long-Span Cable-Supported Bridges

  • Yang, Yongxin;Ge, Yaojun
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.205-217
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    • 2009
  • Aerodynamic flutter control for long-span cable-supported bridges was investigated based on three basic girder sections, i.e. streamlined box girder section, box girder section with cantilevered slabs and two-isolated-girder section. Totally four kinds of aerodynamic flutter control measures (adding fairings, central-slotting, adding central stabilizers and adjusting the position of inspection rail) were included in this research. Their flutter control effects on different basic girder sections were evaluated by sectional model or aeroelastic model wind tunnel tests. It is found that all basic girder sections can get aerodynamically more stabled with appropriate aerodynamic flutter control measures, while the control effects are influenced by the details of control measures and girder section configurations. The control effects of the combinations of these four kinds of aerodynamic flutter control measures, such as central-slotting plus central-stabilizer, were also investigated through sectional model wind tunnel tests, summarized and compared to the flutter control effect of single measure respectively.

A Study for Design of Reinforced Concrete Pier Based on Virtual Model (Virtual Modeling 기반의 철근 콘크리트 교각 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Heon-Min;Park, Jae-Geun;Kim, Min-Hee;Choi, Jung-Ho;Shin, Hyun-Mock
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.96-99
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    • 2008
  • When the design modification is occurred, at present, design process based on 2-D spend more time and effort than that based on 3-D to modify related structural details. To improve and develop these processes, therefore, the design possibility of civil structures based on virtual model of 3-D must be investigated. We designed reinforced concrete pier of 3-D model, containing parameters. The parameters was defined as structural details like area of the section, reinforcement specification for design modification and structural analysis. In this paper, we researched about the processes modeling of reinforced concrete bridge pier based on parameters, the extracting data from the virtual model of 3-D, and the reflection of data to virtual model throughout structural analysis.

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Plasticity-damage model parameters identification for structural connections

  • Imamovic, Ismar;Ibrahimbegovic, Adnan;Knopf-Lenoir, Catherine;Mesic, Esad
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.337-364
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    • 2015
  • In this paper we present methodology for parameters identification of constitutive model which is able to present behavior of a connection between two members in a structure. Such a constitutive model for frame connections can be cast in the most general form of the Timoshenko beam, which can present three failure modes. The first failure mode pertains to the bending in connection, which is defined as coupled plasticity-damage model with nonlinear softening. The second failure mode is seeking to capture the shearing of connection, which is defined as plasticity with linear hardening and nonlinear softening. The third failure mode pertains to the diffuse failure in the members; excluding it leads to linear elastic constitutive law. Theoretical formulation of this Timoshenko beam model and its finite element implementation are presented in the second section. The parameter identification procedure that will allow us to define eighteen unknown parameters is given in Section 3. The proposed methodology splits identification in three phases, with all details presented in Section 4 through three different examples. We also present the real experimental results. The conclusions are stated in the last section of the paper.

Bearing Strength of Hybrid Coupled Shear Wall Connections

  • Park Wan-Shin;Yun Hyun-Do
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1065-1074
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    • 2005
  • Due to lack of information, current design methods to calculate bearing strength of connections are tacit about cases in which hybrid coupled walls have connection details of stud bolts and horizontal ties. In this study, analytical study was carried out to develop model for calculating the connections strength of embedded steel section. The bearing stress at failure in the concrete below the embedded steel coupling beam section is related to the concrete compressive strength and the ratio of the width of the embedded steel coupling beam section to the thickness of the shear walls. Experiments were carried out to determine the factors influencing the bearing strength of the connection between steel coupling beam and reinforced concrete shear wall. The test variables included the reinforcement details that confer a ductile behavior in connection between steel coupling beam and shear wall, i. e., the auxiliary stud bolts attached to the steel beam flanges and the transverse ties at the top and the bottom steel beam flanges. In addition, additional test were conducted to verify the strength equations of the connection between steel coupling beam and reinforced concrete shear wall. The results of the proposed equations in this study are in good agreement with both our test results and other test data from the literature.

Analytical Modeling for Reinforced Concrete Columns with Relaxed Section Details

  • Kim, Taewan;Chu, Yurim;Park, Hong-Gun
    • Architectural research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2017
  • In earthquake engineering, dynamic analyses are usually conducted by using a nonlinear analytical model of the entire building in order to identify the performance against earthquakes. At the same time, a large number of dynamic analyses are required to consider uncertainties on analytical models and ground motions. Therefore, it is necessary for the analytical model to be adequate, that is to say, the runtime should not be too long as the entire building is modeled to be in much detail, or the nonlinear model should not yield outputs very far from the actual ones by excluding important behaviors too much. The analytical model is usually developed based on experimental results, which have been already conducted for reinforced concrete columns with relaxed details. Therefore, this study aimed at making analytical models to be able to simulate the hysteretic behavior of the columns simply and easily. The analytical model utilizes a lumped hinge model to represent nonlinear moment-rotation hysteretic behavior of RC columns, which is feasible for nonlinear dynamic analyses usually conducted in earthquake engineering and for matching the analytical model to test results. For the analytical model, elements and material models provided by OpenSees are utilized. The analytical model can define the envelope curve, pinching, and unloading stiffness deterioration, but shortcoming of this model is not to be able to consider axial force-moment interaction directly and to simulate strength deterioration after post-capping completely. However, the analytical model can still represent test results well by considering that the goal of this study is to propose a general way to represent the hysteretic behavior of RC columns with relaxed details, not to provide parameters for a refined hysteretic model that can be just applied case by case.