• Title, Summary, Keyword: seaweeds extract

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Effects of Extraction and Processing Methods on Antioxidant Compound Contents and Radical Scavenging Activities of Laver (Porphyra tenera)

  • Hwang, Eun-Sun;Nhuan, Do Thi
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2014
  • Laver is one of the most consumed edible red algae seaweeds in the genus Porphyra. Laver is primarily prepared in the form of dried, roasted, and seasoned products. We investigated the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of laver products, and evaluated the in vitro antioxidant properties of solvent extracts from commercially processed laver products. Significant differences in the concentration of phenolic compounds were found among differently processed laver. The total phenolic content for laver extracts ranged from 10.81 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g extract to 32.14 mg GAE/g extract, depending on extraction solvent and temperature. Laver extracts contained very few flavonoids (0.55 mg catechin equivalent/g extracts to 1.75 mg catechin equivalent/g extracts). 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), hydroxyl radical, and superoxide anion scavenging assays were used to determine the radical scavenging capacities of laver extracts. These assays revealed that the processing method and extraction condition affected the antioxidant potentials of laver. Antioxidant activity of dried laver, roasted laver, and seasoned laver increased in a concentration-dependent manner ($100{\sim}1,000{\mu}g/mL$). The radical scavenging activities of $37^{\circ}C$ and $100^{\circ}C$ water extracts were lower than that of a $37^{\circ}C$ 70% ethanol extract. The highest radical scavenging capacity was observed in the $37^{\circ}C$ 70% ethanol extracts of dried laver, roasted laver, and seasoned laver. Overall, these results support that notion that laver contains bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols and flavonoids, which may have a positive effect on health.

THE USE OF SEAWEED MEAL IN FEEDING COMMON CARP (Cyprinus carpio L.)

  • Zaki, M.A.;Nour, A.M.;Omar, E.;Tag El-Din, A.E.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 1994
  • Two experiments were made. In experiment 1, four diets containing 0, 5, 15 and 25% washed seaweed meal were prepared to study the effects of incorporating seaweed meal instead of equivalent amounts of berseem leaf meal in fish feeds on growth performance and feed utilization of common carp. The results showed that average daily gain (ADG), specific growth rate (SGR%), dry matter (DM) and ether extract (EE) of the carcasses were decreased (p<0.05) with the increasing level of seaweed meal in the feeds. Inclusion of 5% seaweed meal in the diet gave the best feed conversion ratio (FCR) among all diets, however, protein productive value (PPV) and energy utilization (EU) were decreased (p<0.05) with increasing level of seaweed meal in the diet. In experiment 2, washed seaweed meal was either steam cooked or sprayed with NaOH (0.5% or 1% NaOH) and incorporated in the diets at the level of 25% instead of equivalent amount of berseem leaf meal. The results showed that steam cooked seaweed gave the best (p<0.05) growth performance, FCR and protein efficiency ratios, PER and PPV, for other treatments in descending order were NaOH treated seaweed, washed seaweed and unwashed seaweed.

Immunomodulatory Effects of Supplementation with Extracts from the Marine Brown Alga Eisenia bicyclis on Macrophages

  • NamKoong, Seung;Kang, Se-Chan;Do, Hang;Jang, Ki-Hyo;Jang, Seon-A;Choung, Myoung-Gun;Sohn, Eun-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.298-303
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    • 2011
  • A large number of edible seaweeds are consumed by the coastal peoples of Asia. Some of them are used in traditional remedies in many parts of the world. In this study we investigated effects of supplementation with ethyl acetate extracts of the brown alga Eisenia bicyclis (EBE) on rat macrophage to evaluate the possibilities as immune-modulators. Twelve male SD rats were divided into two groups and the treatments were as follows: A, no Eisenia bicyclis extract (EBE) intake and distilled water ; B, oral supplemented with EBE 200 mg/kg. After 5 weeks of supplementation, rats were sacrificed to assess the effect on peritoneal macrophage functions. We showed no increasing effects on tumoricidal activity, phagocytic activity and NO production in macrophages in EBE supplementation group. However, EBE supplementation suppressed NO-iNOS production and p65 translocation into the nucleus in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Overall, these results suggest that the supplementation of EBE might have an anti-inflammatory effects on NO-iNOS production in macrophages throughout the inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation.

Comparison of Aquacultured and Wild Undaria pinnatifida Thalli for Evaluation of Eight Quality Standards (미역의 8가지 품질기준 설정을 위한 양식산 및 자연산 미역의 비교)

  • Kang, Ji-Young;Park, Nam-Hee;Hai, Luyen Quoc;Seo, Man-Seok;Hong, Yong-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 2008
  • Eight quality standards of the brown seaweed, Undaria pinnatifida were designed and evaluated with dry products collected from aquacultured and wild areas. Contents of n-3 fatty acids (stearidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid), anti-edema activity, and total carbohydrate were measured as functional criteria. Total bacteria and molds were counted for safety conditions. Amounts of a brown pigment fucoxanthin, debris, and moisture were measured to evaluate the visible status of the products. When the seaweeds were tested in 1 g dry weight basis, they showed n-3 fatty acids in the range of approximately 0.2-2.8 mg, total carbohydrate of 0.39-0.71 g, total bacteria of $10^{4-6}$ cells, mold of $10^2$ cells, fucoxanthin of 0.4-1.5 mg, and debris of 10-24 mg. Anti-edema activity was 0.03-0.47 AU at 40 mg/mL extract. Moisture content was 11.4-12.6%.

In vitro Peroxynitrite Scavenging Activity of Arctic Seaweed Extracts

  • Seo, Young-Wan;Lee, Hee-Jung;Kim, You-Ah;Lee, Jung-Im;Kim, Ji-Hee;Chung, Ho-Sung;Kang, Sung-Ho
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.187-191
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    • 2007
  • In this study, antioxidant activities of acetone/dichloromethane and methanol extracts of Arctic seaweeds were investigated. The antioxidant properties of both extracts of arctic seaweed were evaluated using two different peroxynitrite tests, including scavenging power on authentic peroxynitrite and inhibitory activities on peroxynitrite generation from 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) producing superoxide anion and nitric oxide simultaneously in vitro. At concentration of $10\;{\mu}g/ml$, the acetone/dichloromethane and methanol extracts of Odonthalia dentata exhibited 54.6 and 64.2% inhibition against peroxynitrite generation from SIN-1 while they exhibited 24.3 and 23.0% scavenging activities on authentic peroxynitrite, respectively. On the other hand, the acetone/dichloromethane extract of Polysiphonia stricta exhibited 61.8% inhibition only against the induced peroxynitrite from SIN-1. Furthermore, the crude extracts of Odonthalia dentata and Polysiphonia stricta were fractionated into n-hexane, 85% aq. MeOH, n-BuOH, and $H_2O$ fractions, successively, and only 85% aq. MeOH fraction exhibited the best inhibition.

Effect of a Sargassum serratifolium Extract on Neuroinflammation Induced by Lipopolysaccharides in Mice (LPS로 유도한 마우스의 급성신경염증에 대한 톱니모자반(Sargassum serratifolium) 추출물의 효과)

  • Choi, Min-Woo;Kim, Hyeung-Rak;Lee, Hyoung-Gon;Kim, Jae-Il
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2019
  • The common hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), is the presence of chronic neuroinflammation, which contributes to the loss of neuronal structure and function. This study investigated the effects of an ethanolic extract of Sargassum serratifolium (SSE) in a lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced murine neuroinflammation model. Mice were administered SSE (100 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle for 5 days by oral gavage, and then treated with LPS or saline by intraperitoneal injection. Thereafter, the brain tissues were collected, and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was analyzed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. There was a marked increase in the spleen weight index in the LPS-treated groups, which indicated the induction of acute systemic inflammation. Based on significant increases in the levels of IL-1 and IL-6 expression, the induction of neuroinflammation was also evident in the cortex and hippocampus of the LPS-treated groups. The overall expression of IL-1 and IL-6 was decreased slightly by SSE administration, compared with the LPS group, and a marked change in IL-1 was observed in the cortex of the SSE-treated (SSE/LPS) group. These results suggest that SSE has potential as an anti-neuroinflammatory nutraceutical.

Screening for in vitro Cytotoxic Activity of Seaweed, Sargassum sp. Against Hep-2 and MCF-7 Cancer Cell Lines

  • Mary, J. Stella;Vinotha, P.;Pradeep, Andrew M.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6073-6076
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    • 2012
  • Discovery of anticancer drugs that kill or disable tumor cells in the presence of normal cells without undue toxicity is a potential challenge for therapeutic care. Several papers in the literature have emphasized the potential implications of marine products such as seaweeds which exhibit antitumor activity. Study attempts to screen the antitumor effect of Sargassum sp, against chosen cell lines such as MCF-7 (Breast cancer) and Hep-2 (Liver Cancer). Ethanol extract of Sargassum sp. was concentrated using a Soxhlet apparatus and dissolved in DMSO. In vitro cytotoxic activity of Sargassum sp at various concentrations ($100{\mu}g/ml-300{\mu}g/ml$) screened for antitumor effect against the chosen cell lines using MTT assay (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a yellow tetrazole). The study documented that the percentage of cell viability has been reduced with increased concentration, as evidenced by cell death. Sargassum sp extract shows potential cytotoxic activity ($P{\leq}0.05$) with $IC_{50}$ of $200{\mu}g/ml$ and $250{\mu}g/ml$ against Hep-2 and MCF-7 cell lines respectively. The ethanol fraction of Sargassum sp induced cell shrinkage, cell membrane blebbing and formation of apoptotic bodies with evidence of bioactive components as profound influencing factors for anti-tumor effects. Further research need to be explored for the successful application of Sargassum sp as a potent therapeutic tool against cancer.

Inhibitory Activity of Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGE) Formation of Edible Plants for Development of Anti-Wrinkle Ingredients (피부 주름개선 소재개발을 위한 식용작물의 최종당화산물 생성 억제활성)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sun;Yoon, Jin-A
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.186-192
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    • 2010
  • Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging processes. One of causes may be the nonenzymatic glycation followed formation of browning products called advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), an irreversible cross-linked protein. The accumulation of glycated collagen cross-linked in skin inhibits the formation and function of skin tightening agents such as collagen and elastin. To development for anti-wrinkle ingredients from edible plants, MeOH and hot-water extracts were prepared and evaluated for their inhibitory effects of AGEs formation. The activities of both extracts from bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), cinnamon (Cinnamomum loureirii), clove (Eugenia caryophyllate), oregano (Origanum vulgare), rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis), savory (Satureja hortensis) and star anis (Illicium verum) of western spices, and blackberry (Rubus coreanus), dayflower (Commelina communis), Epimedium koreamun (whole), termunalia frutus (Terminalia chebula) and turkestan rose (Rosa rugosa) of medicinal plants were higher than the others. Of Korean vegetables, however, MeOH and hot-water extract from only Asters caber and green tea showed higher activities, and no activity in Korean marine plants (seaweeds).

Additional Data for the Folate Database for Foods Common in Korea (한국인 상용식품의 엽산함량 분석에 의한 식품영양가표의 보완)

  • Yon, Mi-Yong;Hyun, Tai-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.586-604
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    • 2005
  • A reliable nutrient database is a prerequisite for accurate calculation of dietary intakes. The folate database currently available in Korea, however, is not reliable because the values were obtained from published data in other countries using ineffective methods to extract folates from the food matrix. The purpose of this study was to complement the folate database by analyzing folate content in foods using a more effective method to extract food folates (trienzyme treatment). Folate content per unit weight was highest in laver, fermented soybeans, soybean, spinach, black soybeans, crown daisy, mung beans, and quail's egg in descending order. Legumes, leafy greens, eggs, and seaweeds were rich in folate, and meats, chicken, fish, and some fruits contained less folate. Some of the analyzed values were 10 times higher than those in the currently available database. Folate values of 423 foodcodes out of 2,932 foodcodes ($14.4\%$) in the database in the 7th revision in the Recommended Dietary Allowances for Koreans can be replaced by those analyzed in this study. Since folate values of rice and Kimchi, which are core dishes of Koreans, in the newly established database are higher than those in the current database, folate intake assessed using our data will be higher than that using the current available database. Folate content in more foods commonly consumed in Korea are needed to update the folate database. Meanwhile, folate values presented here can be used to assess dietary folate intake of the Korean population.

An Ethanol Extract of the Brown Seaweed Hizikia fusiformis and Its Active Constituent, Fucosterol, Extend the Lifespan of the Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (갈조류 톳(Hizikia fusiformis)의 에탄올추출물 및 이의 활성성분 fucosterol에 의한 예쁜꼬마 선충의 수명 연장)

  • Oktaviani, Diyah Fatimah;Bae, Young-Seuk;Meinita, Maria Dyah Nur;Moon, Il Soo;Hong, Yong-Ki
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1120-1125
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    • 2019
  • The short-lived nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been used as a model organism for many studies, including lifespan extension. To screen common seaweeds for natural anti-aging agents, the lifespan of C. elegans (N2 wild-type strain) was measured by its hatch rate, growth rate, survival rate, chemotaxis, brood size, and egg-laying time after exposure to nematode growth medium (NGM) containing seaweed extracts. Approximately 30 animals synchronized at the first larval stage were incubated until they reached their adult stages before laying their eggs and were transferred to fresh NGM every 3 days. We also identified the major active compound from the seaweed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and tested its optimal dose for longevity. Of 13 common seaweed species, an ethanol extract of the brown seaweed Hizikia fusiformis showed the greatest effect on hatching, growth, and survival rates. The lifespan of C. elegans was significantly expanded 1.54-fold and 1.23-fold in the presence of the ethanol extract (0.05 mg/ml) and the main active component, fucosterol (0.05 mg/ml), respectively. Exposure to the ethanol extract also increased chemotaxis 1.13-fold, decreased brood size 0.74-fold, and shortened egg-laying time 0.96-fold. These results suggest that the aquaculturable H. fusiformis may be a promising source of a diet supplement to support health care.