• 제목, 요약, 키워드: seaweeds extract

검색결과 61건 처리시간 0.029초

Cytotoxic Activities of Green and Brown Seaweeds Collected from Jeju Island against Four Tumor Cell Lines

  • Kim, Kil-Nam;Lee, Ki-Wan;Song, Choon-Bok;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2006
  • Methanolic and aqueous extracts from 37 seaweed species (10 green and 27 brown seaweeds) collected from Jeju Island coast were prepared at high ($70^{\circ}C$) and room ($20^{\circ}C$) temperatures and examined for cytotoxic activity against 4 tumor cell lines: U937 (human monoblastoid leukemia cell line), HL60 (human promyelocytic leukemia cell line), HeLa (woman cervical carcinoma cell line) and CT26 (mouse colon carcinoma line). Both MeOH extracts of Desmarestia tabacoides and Dictyota dichotoma possessed strong cytotoxic activities against all the tumor cell lines tested, but the aqueous extract exhibited no activity. On the other hand Ecklonia cava showed strong cytotoxic activities for the $20^{\circ}C$ aqueous extract against the three tumor cells except HeLa cell. Sagassum coreanum and Sagassum siliquastrum $20^{\circ}C$ aqueous extracts also exhibited strong cytotoxic activities against U937, HL60, HeLa cells. Even though green seaweeds showed less activity than brown seaweeds, $20^{\circ}C$ aqueous extracts of Codium contractum and Codium fragile exhibited strong cytotoxic activities against HL60 or CT26 cells, respectively.

Antioxidant Activities of Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta from Jeju Island

  • Heo, Soo-Jin;Cha, Sun-Heui;Lee, Ki-Wan;Cho, So-Mi K.;Jeon, Yon-Jin
    • ALGAE
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.251-260
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    • 2005
  • Antioxidative activities of Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta in Jeju Island were measured by superoxide anion ($O_2^{{\cdot}-}$), hydroxyl radical ($HO^{\cdot}$), hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) and DPPH free radical scavenging assays. Methanolic and aqueous extracts of the seaweeds were prepared at both temperatures, higher (70$^{\circ}C$) and room temperature (20$^{\circ}C$), and screened for the construction of an extract bank from seaweeds in Jeju Island. A variety of extracts showed positive effect against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Especially, Sargassum thunbergii methanolic extract at 70$^{\circ}C$ (70ME, 97.41%), S. fulvellum methanolic extract at 20$^{\circ}C$ (20ME, 84.66%), Codium fragile aqueous extract at 70$^{\circ}C$ (70AE, 96.61%) and S. thunbergii 20ME (97.44%) exhibited the highest scavenging activities against $O_2^{{\cdot}-}$, $HO^{\cdot}$, $H_2O_2$ and DPPH free radicals, respectively. Total phenolic contents also examined but did not show a positive correlation with ROS scavenging abilities (except for a few extracts). These results indicate that further investigation is needed to identify and purify the responsible antioxidative components.

국내산 해조류 4종의 물과 에탄올 추출물이 3T3-L1에서 지방세포 분화에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Water and Ethanol Extracts from Four Types of Domestic Seaweeds on Cell Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cell Line)

  • 오지현;이윤경
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.990-998
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to examine the cytotoxicity and potential inhibitory effects from four types of edible domestic brown seaweeds, Undaria pinnatifida (UP), Laminaria japonica (LJ), Sargassum fulvellum (SF), and Hizikia fusiforme (HF), on preadipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cell line. Water and ethanol extracts from the four types of seaweeds were prepared and tested for cell viability in the 3T3-L1 cell line by using MTT assay. In addition, various doses of the water extract of seaweeds (WES) and ethanol extract of seaweeds (EES) were treated at the beginning of 3T3-L1 differentiation and continued until the cells were fully differentiated to adipocytes. Oil Red-O staining was performed to determine the potential cell differentiation inhibitory effects of the WES and EES by measuring the levels of lipid droplet accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. $PPAR{\gamma}$ mRNA expression levels were significantly reduced by WESs of UP, LJ, and HF as well as EESs of LJ and HF. As a result, we observed the superior cell differentiation inhibitory effects of WES compared to that of EES in a dose-dependent manner without any significant cytotoxicity in mouse adipocytes.

Improvement of the Functional Qualities of Sea Tangle Extract through Fermentation by Aspergillus oryzae

  • Bae, Hyang-Nam;Kim, Young-Mog
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of a microbial fermentation procedure to improve the functional qualities of seaweeds. Aspergillus oryzae, which has been used in traditional Korean fermented foods, was inoculated and cultivated in an aqueous extract of sea tangle (Laminaria japonica). Fermentation of the sea tangle extract by A. oryzae for 4 days resulted in a 3-fold increase in $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content. GABA is known to be a bioactive compound. Fungal fermentation of the extract also enhanced its antioxidant activity and increased its total content of phenolic compounds. It was assumed that these changes stemmed from the biodegradation of active compounds of the sea tangle packaged within its rigid structural matrix or occurred as result of fungal fermentation. These results suggested that the application of microbial fermentation to the processing of seaweeds will help in the development of processed foods to meet consumer demands.

Anti-proliferative and angio-suppressive effect of Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh) Kutzing extract using various experimental models

  • Vinayak, Rashmi;Puttananjaiah, Shilpa;Chatterji, Anil;Salimath, Bharati
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abundant consumption of seaweeds in the diet is epidemiologically linked to the reduction in risk of developing cancer. In larger cases, however, identification of particular seaweeds that are accountable for these effects is still lacking, hindering the recognition of competent dietary-based chemo preventive approaches. The aim of this research was to establish the antiproliferative potency and angiosuppressive mode of action of Stoechospermum marginatum seaweed methanolic extract using various experimental models. MATERIALS/METHODS: Among the 15 seaweeds screened for antiproliferative activity against Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cell line, Stoechospermum marginatum extract (SME) was found to be the most promising. Therefore, it was further investigated for its anti-proliferative activity in-vitro against choriocarcinoma (BeWo) and non-transformed Human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) cells, and for its anti-migratory/tube formation activity against HUVEC cells in-vitro. Subsequently, the angiosuppressive activity of S. marginatum was established by inhibition of angiogenesis in in-vivo (peritoneal angiogenesis and chorioallantoic membrane assay) and ex-vivo (rat cornea assay) models. RESULTS: Most brown seaweed extracts inhibited the proliferation of EAT cells, while green and red seaweed extracts were much less effective. According to the results, SME selectively inhibited proliferation of BeWo cells in-vitro in a dose-dependent manner, but had a lesser effect on HEK 293 cells. SME also suppressed the migration and tube formation of HUVEC cells in-vitro. In addition, SME was able to suppress VEGF-induced angiogenesis in the chorio allantoic membrane, rat cornea, and tumor induced angiogenesis in the peritoneum of EAT bearing mice. A decrease in the microvessel density count and CD31 antigen staining of treated mice peritoneum provided further evidence of its angiosuppressive activity. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, the data underline that VEGF mediated angiogenesis is the target for the angiosuppressive action of SME and could potentially be useful in cancer prevention or treatment involving stimulated angiogenesis.

혼합야채추출물의 항산화 및 항당뇨 효과 증진을 위한 톳, 매생이, 미역귀의 첨가효과 (Effects of the addition of Hizikia fusiforme, Capsosiphon fulvescens, and Undaria pinnatifida sporophyll on antioxidant and inhibitory potential against enzymes related to type 2 diabetes of vegetable extract)

  • 통타오;장성매;고두옥;김보석;정광진;강성국
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.460-467
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    • 2014
  • 혼합야채추출물의 항산화와 ${\alpha}$-amylase 및 ${\alpha}$-glucosidase 억제활성 증진을 위해서 톳, 매생이, 미역귀의 첨가효과를 분석하였으며 해조류 첨가된 야채추출물의 일반성분과 미네랄 함량 변화를 조사하였다. 3가지 해조류의 첨가량은 야채추출물의 일반성분에 유의적으로 영향을 미치지 않은 반면 톳과 미역귀 5% 첨가에 의해 칼슘, 나트륨, 칼륨, 마그네슘, 철분 함량이 유의적으로 증가하였다. 톳 20% 첨가한 경우 총 폴리페놀 함량과 환원능력이 야채추출물보다 각각 47.08와 16.82%로 유의적으로 증가하였다. 반면에 3가지 해조류 첨가에 의한 hydroxyl radical 소거활성이 큰 변화가 없었다. 톳, 매생이, 미역귀 20% 첨가에 의해 DPPH radical 소거활성이 각각 27.47, 22.25, 17.27%로 유의적으로 증가하였다. 해조류 첨가된 혼합 야채 추출물이 상대적으로 약한 ${\alpha}$-amylase 억제활성을 지니고 있는 동시에 강한 ${\alpha}$-glucosidase 억제활성이 나타냈다. 특별히 미역귀 5% 첨가한 경우 ${\alpha}$-glucosidase을 98.26%로 유의적으로 억제하였다. 전반적으로 해조류 첨가를 통해 야채추출물의 미네랄 함량이 증가하였고 항산화와 2형 당뇨병 관련 효소 억제활성이 개선됨을 알 수 있었다.

식용해조류 6종의 페놀성화합물 함량 및 항산화 활성 (Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Six Edible Seaweeds)

  • 김소정;이건섭;모상현;박종범;오정균;정영재;류태권;이택견
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3081-3088
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    • 2013
  • 갈조류(미역, 톳, 다시마), 홍조류(김, 꼬시래기) 및 녹조류(파래) 등 식용해조류 6종으로부터 제조한 추출물의 페놀성 화합물 함량과 항산화 활성을 분석하였다. 추출수율은 꼬시래기 분말을 물(pH 8.0)을 용매로 추출하였을 때 가장 높았으며(44.23 %), 페놀성 화합물은 톳을 75 % 에탄올 용액으로 추출하였을 때 가장 높았다(52.82 ${\mu}g/mg$). 25% 에탄올 용액으로 추출한 파래 추출물에서 가장 높은 DPPH 라디칼 소거활성이 나타났으며(19.29 %), superoxide 음이온 소거활성은 다른 해조류 추출물에 비해 물(pH 8.0)로 추출한 톳 추출물(81.20 %)에서 더 높았다. 6종의 식용해조류 추출물에서의 페놀성 화합물의 함량은 항산화 활성과 강하게 상관관계를 보였다(R2=0.852). 종합해 보면, 이러한 결과는 갈조류인 톳이 천연 항산화제 개발을 위한 좋은 원료가 될 수 있음을 의미한다.

Anti-inflammatory Activities of Undaria pinnatifida and Laminaria japonica (Phaeophyta)

  • Cho, Ji-Young;Kang, Ji-Young;Khan, Mohammed Nurul Absar;Park, Nam-Hee;Kim, Sang-Kwon;Hong, Yong-Ki
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2007
  • The anti-inflammatory activities of dichloromethane, ethanol, and boiling water extracts of the brown seaweeds Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar and Laminaria japonica Areschoug were examined. Ethanol extracts (0.4 mg/ear) of U. pinnatifida inhibited inflammatory symptoms in mouse ear edema by 95.3%, and dichloromethane extract inhibited erythema by 65.5%. Dichloromethane and ethanol extracts (4 g/kg bw) of L. japonica demonstrated potent antipyretic activity. Activities of the seaweed extracts were similar to those of the commonly used drugs indomethacin and acetyl salicylic acid. No acute toxicity was observed after p.o. administration of each extract (5 g/kg bw). These results were in agreement with the claims of the health care industry and indigenous medicine that the above seaweeds can be used as an effective remedy for inflammation-related symptoms.

한국산 5종 해조류의 항산화효과와 총 폴리페놀 함량과의 관련성 (The Correlation of Antioxidative Effects of 5 Korean Common Edible Seaweeds and Total Polyphenol Content)

  • 곽충실;김성애;이미숙
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.1143-1150
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    • 2005
  • 한국에서 널리 식용으로 이용되고 있는 미역, 다시마, 톳(갈조류), 파래(녹조류), 김(홍조류)의 항산화효과와 총 플라보노이드와 폴리페놀 함량과의 관련성을 알아보고자 건조 상태의 시판 해조류로부터 에탄올 추출시료를 얻은 후 $Fe^{2+}$로 유도된 지질과산화 억제율, DPPH 라디칼 소거율 및 MDA-BSA 결합 저해율을 측정하는 3가지 방법으로 항산화효과를 검정 하였고, 총 플라보노이드와 폴리페놀 함량을 측정하였다. 그 결과, 녹조류인 파래의 항산화효과가 가장 우수하였는데, 특히 지질과산화물이 단백질과 결합하는 반응을 매우 효과적으로 저해하였다. 그 다음 김과 다시마의 항산화효과가 우수하였으며, 미 역과 톳은 항산화효과가 거의 없었다. 총 플라보노이드 함량은 미역이 11.63 mg/g 건조무게로 가장 높았고, 총 폴리페놀 함량은 파래가 8.97 mg/g 건조무게로 가장 높았다. 한편, 3가지 방법에 의해 측정된 해조류의 항산화효과 모두가 총 폴리페놀 함량과 유의한 양의 상관관계를 보였으며, 특히 지질과산화억제율과 매우 높은 상관관계를 나타내어(r=0.9351, p<0.0001), 해조류에서의 항산화효과에 폴리페놀 성분이 크게 기여할 가능성을 보였다.