• Title, Summary, Keyword: search-coil magnetometer

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Development of Micro-size Search Coil Magnetometer for Magnetic Field Distribution Measurement

  • Ka, E.M.;Son, De-Rac
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.34-36
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    • 2008
  • For the measurement of the magnetic field distribution with high spatial resolution and high accuracy, the magnetic field sensing probe must be non-magnetic, but the MFM probe and sub-millimeter-meter size Hall probe use a ferromagnetic tip and block, respectively, to increase the sensitivity. To overcome this drawback, we developed a micro-size search coil magnetometer which consists of a single turn search coil, Terfenol-D actuator, scanning system, and control software. To reduce the noise generated by the stray ac magnetic field of the actuator driving coil, we employed an even function $\lambda$-H magnetostriction curve and lock-in technique. Using the developed magnetometer, we were able to measure the magnetic field distribution with a magnetic field resolution of 1 mT and spatial resolution of $0.1mm{\times}0.2mm$ at a coil vibration frequency of 1.8 kHz.

Construction of Differential Type Search Coil Magnetometer (차동형 탐지코일 마그네토미터 제작)

  • Kim, J.H.;Son, De-Rac
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.178-181
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    • 2010
  • Search coil magnetometer has been used for detection of ac magnetic field with high sensitivity. To reduce demagnetizing factor of core and increase S/N ratio of search coil magnetometer, the core was divided by two parts and coil was wound on each cores. Two coils were connected serially and put into amplifier as differential mode. Constructed 120 mm length search coil magnetometer shows linearity of 0.03%, sensitivity of 9.3 mV/nT, and resolution of 20 pT at 1 Hz.

Development of Ground-Based Search-Coil Magnetometer for Near-Earth Space Research

  • Shin, Jehyuck;Kim, Khan-Hyuk;Jin, Ho;Kim, Hyomin;Kwon, Jong-Woo;Lee, Seungah;Lee, Jung-Kyu;Lee, Seongwhan;Jee, Geonhwa;Lessard, Marc R.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.509-515
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    • 2016
  • We report on development of a ground-based bi-axial Search-Coil Magnetometer (SCM) designed to measure time-varying magnetic fields associated with magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes. The instrument provides two-axis magnetic field wave vector data in the Ultra Low Frequency or ULF (1 mHz to 5 Hz) range. ULF waves are well known to play an important role in energy transport and loss in geospace. The SCM will primarily be used to observe generation and propagation of the subclass of ULF waves. The analog signals produced by the search-coil magnetic sensors are amplified and filtered over a specified frequency range via electronics. Data acquisition system digitizes data at 10 samples/s rate with 16-bit resolution. Test results show that the resolution of the magnetometer reaches $0.1pT/{\sqrt{Hz}}$ at 1 Hz, and demonstrate its satisfactory performance, detecting geomagnetic pulsations. This instrument is scheduled to be installed at the Korean Antarctic station, Jang Bogo, in the austral summer 2016-2017.

DESIGN AND PRELIMINARY TEST RESULTS OF MAGNETOMETERS (MAG/AIM & SIM) FOR SOUNDING ROCKET KSR-III (KSR-III 과학 관측 로켓 자력계(MAG/AIM & SIM)의 초기 시험 모델 개발)

  • KIM HYO-MIN;JANG MIN-HWAN;SON DE-RAC;LEE DONG-HUN;KIM SUN-MI;HWANG SEUNG-HYUN
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.15 no.spc2
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2000
  • It is realized that the extraterrestrial matter is in ionized state, plasma, so the matter of this kind behaves as not expected because of its sensitiveness to electric and magnetic fields and its ability to carry electric currents. This kind of subtle change can be observed by an instrument for the magnetic field measurement, the magnetometer usually mounted on the rocket and the satellite, and based on the ground observatory. The magnetometer is a useful instrument for the spacecraft attitude control and the Earth's magnetic field measurements for the scientific purpose. In this paper, we present the preliminary design and the test results of the two onboard magnetometers of KARl's (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) sounding rocket, KSR­III, which will be launched during the period of 2001-02. The KSR-III magnetometers consist of the fluxgate magnetometer, MAG/AIM (Attitude Information Magnetometer) for acquiring the rocket flight attitude information, and of the search-coil magnetometer, MAG/SIM (Scientific Investigation Magnetometer) for the observation of the Earth's magnetic field fluctuations. With the MAG/AIM, the 3-axis attitude information can be acquired by the comparison of the resulting dc magnetic vector fields with the IGRF (International Geomagnetic Reference Field). The Earth's magnetic field fluctuations ranging from 10 to 1,000 Hz can also be observed with the MAG/SIM measurement.

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PRELIMINARY REPORT: DESIGN AND TEST RESULTS OF KSR-3 ROCKET MAGNETOMETERS

  • Kim, Hyo-Min;Jang, Min-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Hun;Ji, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Mi;Son, De-Rac;Hwang, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.317-328
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    • 2000
  • The solar wind contributes to the formation of unique space environment called the Earth's magnetosphere by various interactions with the Earth's magnetic field. Thus the solar-terrestrial environment affects the Earth's magnetic field, which can be observed with an instrument for the magnetic field measurement, the magnetometer usually mounted on the rocket and the satellite and based on the ground observatory. The magnetometer is a useful instrument for the spacecraft attitude control as well as the Earth's magnetic field measurements for the spacecraft purpose. In this paper, we present the preliminary design and test results of the two onboard magnetometers of KARI's (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) sounding rocket, KSR-3, which will be launched four times during the period of 2001-02. The KSR-3 magnetometers consist of the fluxgate magnetometer, MAG/AIM (Attitude Information Magnetometer) for acquiring the rocket flight attitude information, and of the search-coil magnetometer, MAG/SIM (Scientific Investigation Magnetometer) for the observation of the Earth's magnetic field fluctuations. With the MAG/AIM, the 3-axis attitude information can be acquired by the comparison of the resulting dc magnetic vector field with the IGRF (International Geomagnetic Reference Field). The Earth's magnetic field fluctuations ranging from 10 to 1,000 Hz can also be observed with the MAG/SIM measurement.

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ACQUISITION OF THE FLIGHT INFORMATION USING THE KSR-3 MAGNETOMETER (KSR-3 탑재 자력계를 이용한 비행정보 획득 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Mi;Jang, Min-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Hun;Han, Young-Seok;Kim, Jun;Hwang, Seung-Hyun;Lee, Eun-Seok;Lee, Sun-Min;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Lee, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2003
  • The KSR-3 magnetometers consist of the fluxgate magnetometer (MAG/AIM) for acquiring the rocket flight attitude information, and the search-coil magnetometer (MAG/SIM) for the observation of the Earth's magnetic fluctuations. The position (latitude, longitude, and height) and flight condition (the transformation angle) of the rocket is measured after the data based on these two magnetometers are compared with IGRF The gap in the vector of magnetic field between the position of the launching point and an impact point is taken into account in data reduction. Angular variation of pitch, yaw, and roll can be researched when the data is applied to the coordinate system of the rocket.

DEVELOPMENT OF MAGNETOMETER DIGITAL CIRCUIT FOR KSR-3 ROCKET AND ANALYTICAL STUDY ON CALIBRATION RESULT (KSR-3 과학 로켓용 자력계 디지털 회로 개발 및 검교정시험 결과 분석 연구)

  • 이은석;장민환;황승현;손대락;이동훈;김선미;이선민
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.293-304
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    • 2002
  • This paper describes the re-design and the calibration results of the MAG digital circuit onboard the KSR-3. We enhanced the sampling rate of magnetometer data. Also, we reduced noise and increased authoritativeness of data. We could confirm that AIM resolution was decreased less than InT of analog calibration by a digital calibration of magnetometer. Therefore, we used numerical-program to correct this problem. As a result, we could calculate correction and error of data. These corrections will be applied to magnetometer data after the launch of KSR-3.

Ground-based Observations of the Polar Region Space Environment at the Jang Bogo Station, Antarctica

  • Kwon, Hyuck-Jin;Lee, Changsup;Jee, Geonhwa;Ham, Young-Bae;Kim, Jeong-Han;Kim, Yong Ha;Kim, Khan-Hyuk;Wu, Qian;Bullett, Terence;Oh, Suyeon;Kwak, Young-Sil
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2018
  • Jang Bogo Station (JBS), the second Korean Antarctic research station, was established in Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica ($74.62^{\circ}S$ $164.22^{\circ}E$) in February 2014 in order to expand the Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) research capabilities. One of the main research areas at JBS is space environmental research. The goal of the research is to better understand the general characteristics of the polar region ionosphere and thermosphere and their responses to solar wind and the magnetosphere. Ground-based observations at JBS for upper atmospheric wind and temperature measurements using the Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) began in March 2014. Ionospheric radar (VIPIR) measurements have been collected since 2015 to monitor the state of the polar ionosphere for electron density height profiles, horizontal density gradients, and ion drifts. To investigate the magnetosphere and geomagnetic field variations, a search-coil magnetometer and vector magnetometer were installed in 2017 and 2018, respectively. Since JBS is positioned in an ideal location for auroral observations, we installed an auroral all-sky imager with a color sensor in January 2018 to study substorms as well as auroras. In addition to these observations, we are also operating a proton auroral imager, airglow imager, global positioning system total electron content (GPS TEC)/scintillation monitor, and neutron monitor in collaboration with other institutes. In this article, we briefly introduce the observational activities performed at JBS and the preliminary results of these observations.