• Title, Summary, Keyword: science teacher

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An analysis of Science Class According to Inquiry Score by Pre-Service Science Teacher (예비 과학 교사가 탐구 점수표에 따라 분석한 현장 과학 수업)

  • Kim, Young-Shin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.561-573
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    • 2003
  • The teacher plays important role at students' achievement. This study analyses science class by pre-service science teacher. An survey tool for analysis of science class was composed of the lesson, student behavior, teacher behavior and questioning techniques. Pre-service science teacher analyzed the science class of 100 science teacher. The results of this study showed that pre-service science teacher analysis that current science class did not focused on inquiry-oriented. The score of science class did not statistically significantly difference by science teacher's characteristics as gender and age. Also, they analyses that science teacher use concept-oriented and teacher-oriented method.

Constructivist Reflection on the Training for Secondary Science Teachers in Korea

  • Kwak, Young-Sun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.675-686
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    • 2004
  • The enhancement of the quality of the teaching practice is a major factor in securing better schooling opportunities for students. In this article, initial teacher preparation of secondary school Earth science teachers, in-service science teacher education, and improving teacher policy are discussed. Data from in-depth interviews with exemplary science teachers were used to explore how to improve the quality of science teacher education in Korea. In terms of preservice teacher education, most exemplary teachers contended that teacher education programs should provide preservice teachers with practical knowledge by translating theory into practice. Their suggestions for how to improve in-service education are also discussed. Regarding directions of improving teacher policy in Korea, the teachers proposed an alternative teacher-promotion structure that incorporates the master-teacher position. Implications for introducing action research courses into teacher (re)education programs are also discussed.

A Comparative Study on Science Teacher Education System

  • Im, Sung-Min;Yoo, June-Hee;Pak, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.855-866
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    • 2001
  • An important issue for qualified science teacher education should be a proper system of pre-service education for the science teacher. There are various types of science teacher education systems in accordance with their socio-cultural backgrounds. In this paper, science teacher education systems were analysed into 3 different types: Focusing Undergraduate Certification of Education (FUCE), Open Undergraduate Certification of Education (OUCE), and Post Graduate Certification of Education (PGCE). Science teacher education systems and their outcomes, such as the quality of the science teacher, were discussed with their socio-cultural backgrounds, compared by the 3 types of science teacher education systems. For this the results of meta-analysis from TIMSS-R and OECD data sets were used. Special interests focused on countries; Japan, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, which would represent stereotypes of science teacher education systems and different backgrounds of oriental and western culture.

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An Analysis of Preceding-Research on Science-Teacher and Science-Teacher Education in Korea and America (과학교사에 관한 선행연구 분석)

  • Hong, Sung-Il;Woo, Jong-Ok;Jeong, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 1995
  • There were many studies on the science teacher. Also, there were many researches on the science teacher education. What seems to be needed is more analysis and synthesis of these results. In this study, the results of preceding-research were analyzed and categorized. The study subjects were preceding-researches published on the 'Journal of the Korean Association for Research in Science Education' and the 'Science Education' of America. The results of this study were as follows : The trend of research on science teacher and teacher education became more various and diverse. The domain of research were categorized in three : (1) Teacher Character(of Cognitive and Affective), (2) Teacher Education(of in-service and pre-service ), (3) Professional Practice (of Teaching). The implication of this study was that it was more necessary to investigate on the teacher's teaching strategies.

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Features of the Sociocultural Context of Science Subject Teacher's Experiment Classes in Elementary School - Focusing on the Sociocultural Factors and Their Interactions - (초등 과학 교과전담 교사의 실험수업에서 형성되는 사회문화적 맥락의 특징 - 사회문화적 요인 및 요인들 간 상호작용을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Jina;Park, Jisun;Song, Jinwoong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.217-230
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    • 2014
  • This study explores the features of sociocultural context of experiment classes taught by a science subject teacher. Two experiment classes on electric circuit for fifth graders were observed and video recorded. The data was also collected through student interviews and teacher interviews. Using the cultural historical activity theory, we extracted the six sociocultural factors and analyzed their interactions. This study could identify that four features of the sociocultural context of the cases. First, the rules of science classes were not decided by the teacher, but formed and modified through the negotiation between the teacher and students or between the students. Second, elementary students played a game, i.e. 'Countdown game', during their electricity experiments, which had both positive and negative influences on science learning. Third, the science teacher feels a limit on life guidance because of the position as a subject teacher in an elementary school. Lastly, although the science teacher had enough time to prepare science classes, there was no guarantee of the improvement of teaching quality. Based on the results of this study, educational implications are discussed in terms of teaching science experiments and of the science subject teacher system.

A Research of Elementary School Teachers' Perceptions about the Science Subject Exclusive System (초등 과학 교과 전담 교사제 운영에 관한 교사들의 인식 조사)

  • Won, Jeong-Ae;Kim, Young-Hee;Paik, Seoung-Hey
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.56-68
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the elementary school teachers' perceptions about the science subject exclusive system. For this study, we developed the questionnaire to investigate teachers' perceptions and 43 elementary school teachers participated in the questionnaire test. And we used participation observation method to investigate characteristics the exclusive elementary science teacher and the elementary school homeroom teacher's science classes. After participation observation, we had interviews with exclusive elementary school science teacher and elementary school homeroom teacher. The results showed that elementary school teachers thought the science subject exclusive system was very necessary. And elementary school teachers thought that the exclusive elementary science teacher had higher professionality about teaching science subject than the homeroom teacher. Then, they expected that the strong points of science subject exclusive system would be some solution to the weak points of homeroom teachers' science classes. We suggested that it must be to enlarge the science subject exclusive system and develope in-service teacher program for the exclusive elementary science teachers.

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Patterns of Teacher Questioning Discourse in Korean Science Classrooms

  • Shin, Myeong-Kyeong;Yager, Robert E.;Oh, Puil-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2003
  • This is a descriptive study to identify patterns of teacher questioning discourse. Transcripts from Korean secondary science classrooms were examined while extensive review of literature on classroom discourse was carried out. When it is assumed that teacher questioning discourse can be categorized into different patterns by considering together the apparent exchange structures and pedagogical functions, various patterns of teacher questioning discourse were revealed. Although most patterns found illustrate the centrality of the teacher, a few of them are considered alternatives to the typical IRE discourse. A framework for classifying teacher questioning discourse is suggested and its implications for science teacher education and future research discussed.

A study on the Program for substantial science Education in Secondary schools:Secondary school science Teacher Education and In-service Training. (중등학교 과학교육의 내실화방안에 대한 연구 -중등 과학교사교육 및 재교육-)

  • Cho, Hee-Hyung;Lee, Moon-Won;Cho, Young-Sin;Han, In-Sook
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1989
  • Secondary schools in Korea have been faced with with several critical problems with regard to science education, with one of the most fundament problems being associated with secondary school science teacher education and in-service training. Therefore this study, which is a part of project for the improvement of science teaching in secondary schools, had its purposes to inquire into the following are as. ${\circ}$systems for science teacher education ${\circ}$curricular contents and its operations of science teacher education ${\circ}$systems for in-service teacher training and its operations ${\circ}$analyses of problems associated with science teacher education and in-service teacher training. In order to fulfill these objectives this study used methods of literature review, survey, and interviews. The major findings are as follow: ${\circ}$curricular hours of subject matter education are not sufficient for competent science teacher. opportunities for self-training in major are as are seldom given to the most of the science teachers ${\circ}$systematic organization for in-service traings is in urgert need. In addition to there-findings strategies for improving science teacher education and in-service trainings are suggested in this paper.

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A Study on the Recruitment and Selection of Secondary Science Teachers in Korea

  • Kwak, Young-Sun;Lee, Yang-Rak
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.488-499
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    • 2010
  • In this research, we investigated the historical development and ways of improvement of the teacher employment test (TET, hereafter) in Korea. This paper consists of three parts. The first part details the secondary science teacher education system in Korea. The second part elaborates upon the development of the TET since 1990's. The third part provides conclusion by addressing ways to improve science teacher education and employment systems in Korea. After all, the keen competition for teacher education and the demanding entry test ensure that secondary science teachers are selected from a pool of candidates with high academic achievement. Korean teacher employment system in general places more weight on subject knowledge. Although we cannot simply conclude that Korean science teachers must have profound knowledge in the subject matter and are competent in pedagogy, it stands to reason that the teachers could be more competent in performing their roles than those of many western countries with an acute shortage of teachers. We also suggested future directions and ways of improvement regarding teacher education and the TET in Korea.

Analysis of the Alignment between Elementary Science Curriculum and Teacher Guidebook - Examining Learning Objectives in 2009 Grade 3~4 Science Curriculum - (초등 과학과 교육과정과 교사용지도서 목표 간의 비교 분석 - 2009 개정 교육과정 3~4학년을 중심으로 -)

  • Na, Jiyeon;Yoon, Hye-Gyoung;Kim, Mijung
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2015
  • Teacher guidebooks are practical and commonly used resources for teachers to deliver the goals and contents of science curriculum in classroom teaching. Thus, the alignment of teacher guidebooks and science curriculum could be critical to undertake the effectiveness of curriculum implication in science classrooms. This study is to investigate how the learning objectives of science curriculum are implicated in teacher guidebooks by analyzing the dimensions of knowledge and cognitive process in learning objectives in both documents. Grade 3~4 learning objectives (82 objectives in the curriculum, 459 in the teacher guidebook, 541 in total) in 2009 Revised science curriculum and teacher guidebooks were coded and analyzed based on the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. The analysis focused on how the knowledge dimensions and cognitive processes of the curriculum were emphasized and restructured in the teacher guidebooks to examine the coalition between the two important documents. The study found: 1) the learning objectives in Grade 3~4 in both documents were skewed to certain knowledge dimension (conceptual) and cognitive process (understand); 2) there was a high coalition between unit objectives and lesson objectives in the teacher guidebooks, however, relatively low coalition between the curriculum and the teacher guidebooks; and 3) learning objectives in the curriculum were delivered in teacher guidebooks in various patterns (similar, detailed, additional, in portion, and the same), and 'detailed' and 'additional' were frequently shown. There also appeared new objectives in the teacher guidebooks, which were not present in the curriculum. The findings in this study could provide some suggestions to the current project of developing 2015 Science Curriculum in regard to understanding the dimensions of knowledge and cognitive process of learning objectives and their alignments with textbooks and teacher guidebooks.