• Title, Summary, Keyword: school achievement

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The Mediating Effects of Ego-Resilience on Achievement-Oriented Parenting Style, School Adjustment and Academic Achievement as Perceived by Children (아동이 지각한 부모의 성취지향적 양육태도가 자아탄력성을 매개로 학교생활적응과 학업성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chung-IL;Lee, Kang-Yi
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.503-517
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the relationships among children's perspectives on achievement-oriented parenting style, ego-resilience, school adjustment, and academic achievement. In order to analyze the associations, the study conducted a secondary analysis of the data found in the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) 2010-2011, which was a non-randomized controlled study designed with a longitudinal follow-up. We analyzed 1,212 students who were in the fourth and fifth grade at elementary school with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results were as follows. First, higher achievement-oriented parenting style was associated with higher ego-resilience that contributed to higher academic achievement and higher school adjustment. Second, higher achievement-oriented parenting style was directly related to lower academic achievement and lower school adjustment. The findings support that children's ego-resilience is an important factor to improve school adjustment and academic achievement. In addition, the achievement-oriented parenting style is not helpful for their children's school outcomes (such as academic achievement and adjustment) even though parenting style improved their children's ego-resilience. Ego-resilience that is developed by achievement-oriented parenting style is likely to enhance children's school adjustment and academic achievement. The study presents policy and practice implications, limitations and areas for further research.

Determinants of Academic Achievement Among High School Seniors

  • Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 2012
  • This study determines what affects the academic achievement of senior high school students in the context of the individual, family, and school environment. The sample selection consisted of 1484 high school seniors in Korea. The following are the results of this study: First, female students scored higher in academic achievement than male students. Second, academic achievement by male students was related to levels of school satisfaction, academic motivation, and family strength, while academic achievement by female students was related to levels of parents' education, family income, ego-resiliency, school satisfaction, academic motivation, and family strength. Third, the most important predictor of academic achievement for male and female students is academic motivation, followed by school satisfaction. The present study highlighted the necessity to develop academic achievement improvement programs appropriate for both genders of senior high school students.

Moderating Effects of Family and School Social Capital on the Relation between Family Income and Academic Achievement (가족 소득이 학업성취에 미치는 영향에 대한 가족과 학교 사회적 자본의 조절효과)

  • Kang, Yoo-Jean
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.323-339
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    • 2010
  • This study examines how family and school social capital moderate the relation between family income and academic achievement. I use the data from the Korean Educational and Employment Panel(KEEP) on the third year middle school students in 2004. Results show that higher levels of family and school social capital, as well as financial capital such as family income are more positively associated with academic achievement. In addition, family and school social capital are served as moderators of the influences of family income on academic achievement. For example, higher parental concern about children and teacher-student bonding provides an extra boost to the positive relationship between family income and student achievement. Furthermore, lower educational expectations can make the relation between income and achievement negative. These findings underscore the importance of social capital at home and at school as the alternatives to promote academic achievement. In particular, greater concern and support encouraging social capital at home and school should be directed at low-income students who are struggling with academic achievement.

Will Children Who Like School Do Better Academically? -An Analysis of the Effect of School Satisfaction on Academic Achievement- (학교생활이 즐거우면 성적도 오를까? -학교만족도가 학업성취에 미치는 영향 분석-)

  • Lee, Bong-Joo;Kwang, Hyuk-Kim
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.287-306
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    • 2009
  • This study examines the effect of children's school satisfaction on academic achievement using the Seoul Children Panel Study data. More specifically, this study aims to add new knowledge to understaning the causal relationship between school satisfaction and academic achievement by taking into account of temporal order of the events of interest. In the analysis, we examine the effect of school satisfaction at the 4th- and 5th- grades on academic achievement at the 6th grade while controlling for the other factors including the level of academic achievement at the 4th grade. The results show that children's school satisfaction significantly affects their academic achievement. The findings of this study have implications for the school social welfare programs that attempt to improve academic achievement of children by raising the level of school satisfaction among children.

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Research of the Relationships between Self-control, Thinking Quality and Mathematical Academic Achievement for Senior School Students

  • Yu, Wenhua;Yu, Ping
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.79-98
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    • 2010
  • To analyze the relationships between self-control, thinking quality and mathematical academic achievement, 197 senior school students were asked to complete questionnaires called "self-control ability on mathematics for middle school students" and "thinking quality for senior school students." The results were as follows: (1) There was strongly positive relevance between self-control ability, thinking quality and mathematical academic achievement. (2) A model was presented in which self-control ability had a direct impact on mathematical academic achievement, meanwhile had indirectly influenced mathematical academic achievement by thinking quality which acted as the intermediate variable. Thinking quality had a direct impact on mathematical academic achievement, too. (3) There's no significant difference between the two groups of boys and girls on the structural weights.

A Study on factors Affecting Academic Achievement in a Nursing School (학력에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • 최명애
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.80-87
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    • 1977
  • The present study was undertaken to find the factors affecting academic achievement in a nursing school. 172 students were selected for this study and were divided into higher & lower 12 percent. Tools & measures used for this study were the interest test, personality test, test of self-concept, test of adjustment & school achievement. The major findings obtained from this study were as follows : 1. Factors affecting school achievement except intellectuality were thus : 1) Artistic interest, literary interest, scientific interest biological & scientific interest -physical affected the academic achievement . 2) Sociability, reasonability, depression & refractiveness affected the academic achievement. 3) Self criticism, total positive self-score, & personal self - score affected the academic achievement. 4) Adjustment to school, personal economics, health & value Morality affected the academic achievement. 2. Correlation between school achievement & interest, personality, self-concept or adjustment in the higher 81 lower group were thus; 1) There was a significant relationship between academic achievement & the following: artistic interest, scientific interest-biological, scientific interest-physical, out-door interest, refractiveness, sociability, responsibility, depression, self satis faction- score, personal self -score, social self - score, self behavior score, adjustment to school, health & values morality in the higher group. 2) There were no significant factors related with academic achievement in the lower group. 3. Difference or difference in relationship between higher & lower group in the interest, personality, self-concept & adjustment were as follows, : 1) There was a significant difference between higher & lower group in artistic -interest. literary interest, scientific interest-biological , out-door interest, sociability, depression, refractiveness, self criticism, total positive self score, personal self score, adjustment to school, personal economics, health & values morality. 2) There was a significant difference in relationships between higher & lower group in artistic interest, scientific interest, scientific 3) There was a significant difference in relationships between higher 8E lower group in artistic interest, scientific interest -biological, out -door interest , sociability, responsibility, refractiveness, depression, self identity score, self satisfaction score, adjustment to school, health, personality & value morality.

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The Relationship among Self-efficacy, Self-determination and Academic achievement of Middle/High School Student (중·고등학생의 자기효능감과 자기결정성 동기 및 학업성취간의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1148-1156
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, motivation proposed by self-determination theory and academic achievement and to confirm the relative predictive power of motivation variables in predicting 480 middle/high students' achievement. The instruments used in this study were 'Self-efficacy' and 'Self - regulation' scale. The data were analyzed with Pearson correlations and multiple regression (stepwised) analysis. The correlations among self-efficacy, self-determination motivation and academic achievement were significant. The variables among self-determination were correlated to academic achievement in middle school. Among the variables of self-determination motivation, identified regulation, Integrated regulation and intrinsic regulation were positively related to academic achievement in high school but amotivation was negatively related to academic achievement. Self-control efficacy and self-confidence were the significance predictor of academic achievement in middle school. Hard-task preference and self-control efficacy were the significance predictor of academic achievement in high school students. Introjected-regulation was the best predictor of academic achievement in middle school. Identified-regulation was the best predictor of academic achievement in high school.

The Effects of Children's Perceptions of Parental Expectations, Self-Esteem, and Achievement Motivation on School Happiness (아동이 지각한 부모의 기대와 자아존중감 및 성취동기가 아동의 학교 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Namjung;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.157-176
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    • 2014
  • A total of 378 $4^{th}$ and $5^{th}$ grade elementary school students (194 boys and 184 girls) participated in a study investigating the direct and indirect effects (through self-esteem and/or achievement motivation) of children's perceptions of parental expectations on school happiness. First, parental expectations did not have a direct effect on children's levels of school happiness. Second, parental expectations did not have an indirect effect on children's school happiness through self-esteem. Children who perceived higher levels of parental expectations showed higher levels of self-esteem, but the path from children's self-esteem to school happiness was not significant. Third, parental expectations had an indirect effect on children's levels of school happiness through achievement motivation. Children who perceived higher levels of parental expectations showed higher levels of achievement motivation, and children with higher levels of achievement motivation reported higher levels of school happiness. Finally, parental expectations indirectly influenced children's school happiness through self-esteem and achievement motivation. These findings suggest that both environmental and individual factors need to be considered together to more comprehensively explain children's levels of school happiness.

Effects of Individual Self-Regulated Cognitive Strategies and Public Education on Academic Achievement : Application of the Hierarchical Linear Model (개인의 자기조절 인지전략과 공교육 수업제도가 학업성취에 미치는 효과 : 위계적 선형모형의 적용)

  • Lee, Ju-Rhee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2009
  • This study used Hierarchical Linear Modeling analysis to investigate the effects of individual self-regulated cognitive strategies and public education on middle school students' academic achievement. Participants were 6389 (boys 3287, girls 3102) middle school students from the 2005 data of the Korea Education Longitudinal Study. Results were as follows : (1) there were significant differences among different schools in middle school students' academic achievement, i.e. 20% of variance in English achievement and 15% of variance in mathematics achievement were explained by school differences. (2) Students' elaboration and meta-cognitive strategy influenced academic achievement positively. (3) Predictor variables by ability grouping, supplementary class, and/or self-learning class had no significant effects on students' academic achievement.

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Comparative Analysis of Elementary School Computing Achievement Standards in the U.S. and Korea

  • Kim, Kapsu;Min, Meekyung;Rho, Jungkyu
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.147-156
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    • 2020
  • ACM's CSTA has drafted standards for computing curricula and recommended them to schools in the United States. The five core concepts of the US elementary school computing curriculum are computing systems, network and the Internet, data and analysis, algorithms and programming, and impacts of computing. In 2005, Korea prepared ICT education guidelines, including five fields, their subfields, and achievement criteria for each subfield. In the 2015 revised curriculum, software education was introduced and five achievement standards were set. The ACM CSTA has 18 achievement criteria up to K-2 and 21 achievement criteria up to K-5. If we compare the 39 achievement standards of the US to Korea, Korea's 2005 ICT education guidelines include 25 of these, and the 2015 revised curriculum includes 5 of them. In this study, we aim to study the CSTA achievement criteria that second graders should know and the achievement criteria that fifth graders should know. This is compared and analyzed with Korea's 2005 ICT Guidelines and 2015 Software Curriculum. In comparison with the number of achievement standards, the US elementary school's computing achievement standards are much higher than in Korea. Comparing with each standard, there are many areas that are not covered in Korean curriculum, and we can see that the 2015 curriculum has rather receded from 2005.