• Title, Summary, Keyword: rural women

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Determinants Affecting Rural Women's Participation on Community Organizations in Rural Korea (농촌여성들의 지역사회조직 참여 결정요인)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Cho, Young-Sook;Lee, Hye-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2005
  • This study aims to examine the determinants affecting rural women's participation in community organizations in rural Korea. The data was collected through interviews with 958 rural women among 1,870 respondents who have lived in Up and Myen as an administrative unit of a rural community, and analyzed by the SPSS/PC Win V.10 program. The statistical method utilized for this study was the hierarchy multiple regression model. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, rural women with a high income, a larger farm, or a fruit farm are more likely to participate in agricultural cooperatives. Second, rural women with a high income, a larger farm, who are engaged in full time forming, and grow fruit and special crops, are more likely to participate in cooperative firms. Third, rural women who are educated and have a larger farm, a fruit farm, and high community attachment are more likely to participate in learning organizations. Fourth, rural women who were educated and have small households are more likely to participate in religious groups. Fifth, rural women with a small farm are more likely to participate in civic organizations. Sixth, there was no significance between all of these variables and participation in political parties.

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A Comparison of Lifestyle, Health Status and Quality of Life of Adult Women living in Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농촌 지역 성인여성의 생활양식, 건강실태 및 삶의 질 비교)

  • Yang Jin-Hyang;Kwon Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the need to develop health promotion programs for adult women and to compare lifestyle, health status and quality of life in adult women in urban and rural areas. Method: The participants were women over 20 years old, 451 living in 3 cities and 436 living in 1 rural areas. Data collection was conducted from April 6 to August 30, 2004. Results: For lifestyle, the percentage of women having regular medical examinations, cholesterol tests, regular exercise, and high alcohol intake were significantly higher for urban women compared to the rural women. For health status, the percentage of women with health problems such as arthritic pain, urinary incontinence, pregnancy and postpartum complications, and the experience of violence were significantly higher for rural women compared to urban women. Rural women had significantly lower scores for health perception compared to urban women. For quality of life, rural women had significantly higher scores for quality of life, especially for the psychological wellbeing and stability subscales. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that it is necessary to develope a health promotion program which reinforces healthy lifestyle and health status for rural women, and quality of life, for urban women.

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A Study on Social Welfare Supporting Strategies for Rural Women;A Case of Jinju City (농업 ${\cdot}$ 농촌 환경변화에 따른 농촌여성 복지 지원 전략에 관한 연구;진주시를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Gyung-Mee;Park, Kyong-Cheol
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.101-119
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study were to describe the problems of rural women in changing rural society and environment in Korea, to search for the development directions, and propose strategies for improving rural women's welfare. Related literatures and existing data were reviewed to investigate the present conditions, social-economic status, and economic activities of rural women in Jinju city, Gyeongsangnam-Do province. Jinju city had relatively higher percentage of farming people and rural women than other cities's of Gyeongsangnam-Do, and agriculture occupied important portion in industrial sector in the area. According to the Jinju 21C Vision Project, the city was planning to build eco-friendly environment and welfare rural society. To achieve the goals and objectives of the project, the following points should be considered: 1) Success of the project may depend on how to motivate and support rural women to participate actively in the project. 2) Jinju city should set up some practical strategies for improving the status of rural women who take key roles in environment and agriculture. 3) The city should establish strong support system and practical programs for rural women in building eco-friendly Jinju city.

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Women and Tobacco Use: Discrepancy in the Knowledge, Belief and Behavior towards Tobacco Consumption among Urban and Rural Women in Chhattisgarh, Central India

  • Tiwari, Ram Vinod;Gupta, Anjali;Agrawal, Ankush;Gandhi, Aniruddh;Gupta, Manjari;Das, Mayank
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.15
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    • pp.6365-6373
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    • 2015
  • Background: Tobacco consumption has become pandemic, and is estimated to have killed 100 million people in the 20th century worldwide. Some 700,000 out of 5.4 million deaths due to tobacco use were from India. The era of global modernization has led to an increase in the involvement of women in tobacco consumption in the low income and middle-income countries. Tobacco consumption by females is known to have grave consequences. Objectives: To assess: (1) the tobacco use among urban and rural women; (2) the discrepancy in the knowledge, belief and behavior towards tobacco consumption among urban and rural women in Durg-Bhilai Metropolitan, Chhattisgarh, Central India. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 2,000 18-25 year old young women from Durg-Bhilai Metropolitan, Chhattisgarh, Central India, from both urban and rural areas. Data were collected using a pretested, anonymous, extensive face to face interview by a female investigator to assess the tobacco use among women and the discrepancy in the knowledge, belief and behavior towards tobacco consumption among urban and rural individuals. Results: The prevalence of tobacco use was found to be 47.2%. Tobacco consumption among rural women was 54.4% and in urban women was 40%. The majority of the women from urban areas (62.8%) were smokers whilst rural women (77.4%) showed preponderance toward smokeless tobacco use. Urban women had a better knowledge and attitude towards harms from tobacco and its use than the rural women. Women in rural areas had higher odds (1.335) of developing tobacco habit than the urban women. Conclusions: Increased tobacco use by women poses very severe hazards to their health, maternal and child health, and their family health and economic well-being. Due to the remarkably complex Indian picture of female tobacco use, an immediate and compulsory implementation of tobacco control policies laid down by t he WHO FCTC is the need of the hour.

A study on the Economic Status of Rural Women (농촌여성의 경제적 지위에 관한연구 -경북지역 농촌지도자층 농가를 중심으로-)

  • 조희금
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the compensation of rurul women receive instead of their physical participation and contribution to their households. I am specifically concerned with the rural women's economic status in relation to their decision making power on household and agricultural economic issues as well as property held in their names. The data of 166 rural men and women in Jyungpook Province are collected by using questionnaires in June 1998. The findings of this study are as follows; 1) Rural women contribute average 53% of their husbands' contribution to agricultural labor which is on average 43.0% of total annual household income. 2) The decision making power on major economic issues remains still very low among rural women. Rural women are still excluded from the possibility of actually owning assets such as property,. Only 189% had assets under their names for assets. 3) The significant factors concerning the rural women's decision making power on econo ic issues are gender-role attitudes of rural women and the husband's judgement of how much their wives contribute to the annual household income. 4) the major factors which influence rural women owning household assets are the decision making power on economical matters contribution to the annual household income and each woman's education level.

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A Comparison on the Life Style and Health Status of Middle Aged Women in Rura and Urban Areal (농촌과 도시 중년여성의 건강실태와 생활양식에 관한 비교)

  • Lee, Soon-Hee;Kim, Sook-Young;Lee, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.120-130
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    • 2002
  • This study was attempted to identify and compare in developing a health promotion program for extending healthy life expectancy of the middle-aged women and protecting health of women in the vulnerable class by comparing and researching life-style and actual conditions of health for the middle-aged women in rural and urban areas. Subjects of this study were 160 middle-aged urban women in Seoul city and chongju city and 155 middle-aged rural women in rural community goisangun. For collecting data, questionnaire was performed with structured questionnaires was used to know their actual conditions of health and life-style. Findings of this study were as follows. 1. In comparing life-style of the urban middle- aged women with the rural community, the percentage of regularly checked-up were higer urban women (46.4%) than the rural women (35%); women who have not checked up were 21.3% and 11.4% in the rural community and cities respectively, but it had a statistically significant difference (p=0.009). For the types of checkup, the rate of uterine cancer checkup than that of breast cancer self-examination or cholesterol test was higher both in the rural community(75.6%) and cities(77.4%). 2. The results of comparing actual conditions of the middle-aged women in the rural urban area were as follows; the recognition of health of the urban women was 'Very healthy (7.2%),' 'Healthy (35.5%),' 'Moderate (46.5%),' and 'Not healthy (10.3%), while the recognition of the rural women was 'Very healthy (2.5%),' 'Healthy (30.0%),' 'Moderate (36.3%),' and 'Not healthy (30.6%)'. These results showed a statistically significant difference (p=.000). Women having any problems in health were 48.1% and 36.8% in the rural and the urban respectively and it had a statistically significant difference (p=.042). For the most of health problems, arthritis accounted for 29.4% in the rural community and arthritis and constipation accounted for 21.3% in the urban. According to findings of this study, it can be concluded that rural women had more health problems, felt they were not healthy themselves and were checked up regularly less than the urban women, and their health care was poor. Therefore, more effective nursing intervention plans should be designed to enhance the performance level of health promotion for rural women.

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A Study on the Consumer Complaining Behavior of Rural Women Leaders (농촌 여성지도자의 소비자 불평행동에 관한 연구 - 농촌생활개선회 임원을 중심으로 -)

  • 고정숙;최현자
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to understand the consumer complaining behavior of rural women leaders and to identify variables affecting complaining behavior. 403 samples were collected from the rural women leaders in rural areas by mailed questionnaire from June 1 to June 20 in 1996. The data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, chi-square, F-test, correlation, regression using SPSS/PC+ program. Most of rural women leaders experienced consumer dissatisfaction and damage, but they mainly took private complaining behavior. The rate of the non-complaining behavior was 20.1%. They recognized that consumer dissatisfaction and damage was due to external attribution. The results showed that the most influential variables for the consumer complaining behavior of rural women leaders were age and consumer capacity. The older they were and the more consumer capacity they had. the more active complaining behavior was taken.

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Research on Volunteer Activities of Women Organizations in Local Community: Comparing Rural Women's Activities with Urban Women's (농촌여성의 봉사활동 현황과 활성화 방안:안성 . 강릉 지역의 농촌과 도시 여성 비교)

  • Lee, Jin-Young;Gim, Gyung-Mee;Kang, Kyeong-Ha;Choi, Yoon-Ji;Lee, Eun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.49-74
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    • 2008
  • Although demands for people to promote quality of life have been increased, rural residents especially aged was very difficult to keep in touch with the public social service system. On the other hand, many volunteers belonged to non-profit organizations(NPOs) have contributed to deliver the social service to overcome restrictive public social service system. The purpose of this study was to compare volunteer activities of both of rural and urban women NPOs, and to suggest some programs to facilitate volunteer activities in rural area. For this study, the survey was conducted by interviews based on a closed questionnaire. The subjects of the survey were members of rural and urban women NPOs in Gangneung and Anseong districts. It was conducted from August 24 to October 31, 2006. Data were collected from 582 members, of which 562 data were analyzed. The major findings were follows: Rural women participated in volunteer activity of 7 fields a year, while urban women participated in 6.5 fields. But, only 15.8% of rural women volunteers was insured for accident during activities by local Volunteer Center, on the other hand, 53.2% of urban women volunteers was insured. This study suggested measures to support compensations (accident insurance and so on) for volunteer activities of rural women, and to put emphasis on some programs especially to encourage urban women`s activities for rural area.

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A Study on Relations between Health Status and Physical Therapy in Rural Area Elderly Women (일부 농촌지역 여성노인들의 건강특성과 물리치료와의 상관관계)

  • Ro, Hyo-Lyun;Kim, Sung-Joung;Gong, Won-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study examined the health status and physical therapy in elderly women in rural areas to provide basic data on the promotion of health and physical therapy management of elderly women in rural areas. Methods: The subjects were 110 elderly women. The data was collected through individual interviews, and the tool developed for this study was a structured questionnaire based on the literature. The reliability coefficient was 0.57 ~ 0.79(Chronbach' $\alpha$). Results: Village 1 made the most of an oriental medicine clinic and a neighborhood clinic, whereas village 2 mainly used a public health center. Arthritis/ neuralgia and high blood pressure/low blood pressure were the most common complaints in the two villages; a medical institution was used once a month by more than 50% of subjects. Most rural elderly women used physical therapy, and the prevalence of arthritis/neuralgia was high. The most common problem in the two villages was poor health. The improvement in mobility was higher in the more healthy women, who also had less need for treatment at a medical institution. Conclusion: Most rural elderly women were concerned about poor health and used physical therapy. Therefore, rural medical institutions need to pay attention to the medical service and preventive activity to reduce the incidence and severity of neuromuscular syndrome in rural elderly women.

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A Study on Rural Adults' Awareness of Marriage (농촌 성인남녀의 결혼에 대한 의식 분석)

  • Yoon, Soon-Duck;Park, Eun-Shik;Kim, Eun-Ja;Cho, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study were to explore rural adults' awareness of marriage. The data were collected from 369 adults 20 aged and over living in the rural and analysed by marital status and sex, using SPSS/win program. The major finding of this study were as follows; 1) In the mate selection, rural adults valued personality(41.9%) above everything else without difference in sex or marital status. However, while most of unmarried women preferred white collar worker, educated in the college and over, and $1{\sim}4$ older than them, most of married and unmarried men preferred housewives, educated in the high school, and $3{\sim}4$ younger than them. Also, women wanted to live in the urban after the marriage. 2) In connection with wedding ceremony, most of rural adults preferred modern wedding ceremony, appropriately within their circumstance, and general ceremony hall except the unmarried women. 3) Only 45.9% of unmarried women agreed to marriage compared to 74.5% of unmarried men. The unmarried, especially unmarried women, liked more than the married to love marriage. 4) Rural women have more modern attitude toward the marriage than rural men.

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