• Title, Summary, Keyword: rural population

Search Result 1,175, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

A Study on the Influx of Population by Rural Tourism in Rural Village (농촌마을의 농촌관광 시행에 따른 인구유입효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Se-Hee;Jung, Nam-Su;Um, Dae-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.19-25
    • /
    • 2008
  • Settlement problems in rural area are gradually becoming more intense due to decreasing agricultural income led by market globalization. Rural tourism is considered as one of alternatives for complementing agricultural income. In this study, we analyzed the relation of rural development project and the influx of population on green tourism villages. Results show that the influx of population in rural area is related with project cost, tourism income, visiting numbers, and ratio of labor population. With these results, we modified rural population model for estimating future rural population. Adapted result to Buraemi village by modified model showed that estimation error can be decreased from 7.23% to 0.95%.

Development of a Rural Population Model Considering Shift-Share Effects in Cohort-Survival Method (집단생잔모델에 변화할당효과를 고려한 농촌지역 인구모델의 개발)

  • Jung, Nam-Su;Lee, Haeng-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.39-42
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to develop rural population model adapting cohort survival method with sift-share effects. Administrative district in this study is below Myun: about 2,000 population. Population data of rural area in 1990, 1995, and 2000 by age cohort were selected for applying developed model. Damping coefficient from population data was calculated as 7% and results applying this coefficient in rural population data below the error from 12% to 1.06%. In detail, most of cohorts fitted with developed model except from 15 to 29 age groups. Application result of small population area; DaesulMyun revealed that main factor of population change is not natural change but migration.

Returning Farmers and the Aging of Farm Households: Prospects of Changes in Rural Population by Their Influx (귀농과 농가 고령화: 귀농인구 유입에 따른 농촌 인구구조 변화 예측)

  • Roh, Jae-Sun;Jung, Jin Hwa;Jeon, Ji Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.203-212
    • /
    • 2013
  • The aging of farm households has caused serious problems such as productivity slowdown and aggravated income polarization in South Korea. Urban-to-rural migration has been recently suggested as a measure to attenuate the aging of rural population and other related problems. The inflow of migrants for farming can have a substantial effect on agriculture and rural communities while the natural adjustment of rural population caused by birth and death is slow. This paper forecasts population distribution of different provinces using the Origin-Destination (OD) analysis, taking into account both the size and directions of migration. In the analysis, nodes where the migration takes place are divided by the industrial sectors (agriculture and non-agriculture), regions, and ages. The results of a ten-year forecast shows that the aging of total population in most provinces will be intensified, but the portion of people over sixty will decrease in the agricultural sector. This finding implies that migration into rural areas, when occurring by a large extent, can mitigate the aging process and attendant problems.

Geographical Distributions of the Aged population in Korea - Rural-specific approach with GIS - (노인복지 수요예측을 위한 노인 인구의 공간적 분석 - GIS를 이용한 농촌인지적 접근 -)

  • 이정화;박공주
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.137-150
    • /
    • 2004
  • The aged population in Korea, especially in rural areas, has been growing rapidly. The welfare for the rural elderly has become a major concern, however we don't have enough information about that population; we don't even have detailed demographics of it. The present research is aimed at; 1) investigating the tendency and changing geographical distributions of the rural elderly, and 2) introducing GIS(Geographic Information Systems) as a useful tool in analyzing geographical distributions of the aged. The General Census Data from 1960 to 2000 was used to carry out this study. The major findings are; 1) There has been a gradual decrease in the rural population over the past 40 years, but this tendency has slowed down more recently; 2) It was observed that the 'oldest-old' group aged 85 years old and over has actuality increased in rural areas faster than any other age group; 3) The changing patterns of the elderly population were different in metropolitan areas and rural areas. In brief, there are far more aged people, especially of the 'oldest-old' group and females in rural areas than those in urban areas. These population, the 'oldest-old' or females, are the most vulnerable and have the greatest need for social welfare and social services of different kinds.

  • PDF

A Comparative Analysis on the Change between Spatial Structure and Social Conditions of Rural Region - Focused in Asan City - (지역공간구조와 농촌지역 인문사회적 변화의 관계 연구 - 충남 아산시를 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Young-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.127-135
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to show the relation of the change between spacial structure and social conditions of rural area. The spacial structure change of Asan city was analyzed using Space Syntax, and multiple regression analysis (dependent variables: connectivity, global integration, local integration / independent variables: population, household, farm population, farm population of 65years old and over, farm household, part-time farm households, cultivated land) was accomplished. As th result, that the increase of connectivity is related to the increase of population and farm population of 65years old and over and the decrease of farm population, and the increase of local integration is related to the increase of farm population of 65years old and over was showed. However, that global integration is not related to change of social conditions was proved.

The Characteristics of Rural Population, Korea, 1960~1995: Population Composition and Internal Migration (농촌인구의 특성과 그 변화, 1960~1995: 인구구성 및 인구이동)

  • 김태헌
    • Korea journal of population studies
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.77-105
    • /
    • 1996
  • The rural problems which we are facing start from the extremely small sized population and the skewed population structure by age and sex. Thus we analyzed the change of the rural population. And we analyzed the recent return migration to the rural areas by comparing the recent in-migrants with out-migrants to rural areas. And by analyzing the rural village survey data which was to show the current characteristics of rural population, we found out the effects of the in-migrants to the rural areas and predicted the futures of rural villages by characteristics. The changes of rural population composition by age was very clear. As the out-migrants towards cities carried on, the population composition of young children aged 0~4 years was low and the aged became thick. The proportion of the population aged 0~4 years was 45.1% of the total population in 1970 and dropped down to 20.4% in 1995, which is predicted to become under 20% from now on. In the same period(1970~1995), the population aged 65 years and over rose from 4.2% to 11.9%. In 1960, before industrialization, the proportion of the population aged 0~4 years in rural areas was higher than that of cities. As the rural young population continuously moves to cities it became lower than that in urban areas from 1975 and the gap grew till 1990. But the proportion of rural population aged 0~4 years in 1995 became 6.2% and the gap reduced. We can say this is the change of the characteristics of in-migrants and out-migrants in the rural areas. Also considering the composition of the population by age group moving from urban to rural area in the late 1980s, 51.8% of the total migrants concentrates upon age group of 20~34 years and these people's educational level was higher than that of out-migrants to urban areas. This fact predicted the changes of the rural population, and the results will turn out as a change in the rural society. However, after comparing the population structure between the pure rural village of Boeun-gun and suburban village of Paju-gun which was agriculture centered village but recently changed rapidly, the recent change of the rural population structure which the in-migrants to rural areas becomes younger is just a phenomenon in the suburban rural areas, not the change of the total rural areas in general. From the characteristics of the population structure of rural village from the field survey on these villages, we can see that in the pure rural villages without any effects from cities the regidents are highly aged, while industrialization and urbanization are making a progress in suburban villages. Therefore, the recent partial change of the rural population structure and the change of characteristics of the in-migrants toward rural areas is effecting and being effected by the population change of areas like suburban rural villages. Although there are return migrants to rural areas to change their jobs into agriculture, this is too minor to appear as a statistic effect.

  • PDF

A Study on the Actual State and Prospect for a Diminishing in Population of Rural Community (농촌 과소화 실태와 전망)

  • Lee, Byung-Ki
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.773-797
    • /
    • 2010
  • Recent years, being advanced the phenomena of fewness and aging rapidly in rural areas, rural community has been collapsed fastly. This study is aimed for two intentions: the one is identification of the actual conditions of rural diminishing in population, and the other is having a view of real picture of it in future. The major result of this study is summarized as follows. First, as a result of the rural area's shrinking for a long time advanced, the rural community has grown to under the minimum autogenesis level. Futher more this study have a look out in ten years later that rural community will diminish in population to 42% size compared with now, and the number of elder than 80 years old occupy a half of total population in a standard case. Such a consequence of this study implies no doubt that the rural development policy must lay a stress to cope with a serious situation of rural scantiness. And policy conversion calls for having a new understanding of this situation first.

A Study on the Relation between the Hollowization and the Phenomenon of Decreasing and Aging Population in Rural Villages - Focused on Geumsan-gun - (농촌마을의 공동화와 과소·고령화 현상의 관련성 연구 - 충남 금산군을 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Young-Jae;Kim, Du-han;Cho, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.85-94
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how the hollowization in rural villages which causes marginal villages appears in Korean rural villages and whether the hollowization has relation with decrease and aging of population or not. For achieving the research objective, survey was carried out focused on Geumsan-gun. As a result, it confirmed that rural out-migration and rural decline especially in 'people', 'land(economic situation)' and 'community' have being progressed. Also variance analysis and regression analysis were executed with using the number of population and the ratio of people over 65 as dependent variables and using each survey contents(variables) as independent variables. The results of analysis showed that the ratio of people over 65(+), the income level per household(-), the rate of fallow lands(+), the number of empty houses(+), programs for urban-rural interchange(+), and the implementing public projects(+), etc. have a relation with the number of population(-) and the number of population(-), the income level per household(-), the rate of fallow lands(+), the number of empty houses(+), activities of communities(+), and the implementing public projects(+), etc. have a relation with the ratio of people over 65(+) (+: increase, -: decrease). So the hollowization in people', 'land(economic situation)' and 'community' has direct relation with decrease and aging of population in rural areas.

Development of Indicators to Evaluate the Regional Preparedness Level for Rural Aging (농촌고령화 위기 대응을 위한 지역특성 변화 분석지표 개발)

  • Lee, Jimin;Lee, Yoonhee;Bae, Yeonjoung;Lee, JeongJae;Suh, Kyo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.69-78
    • /
    • 2012
  • Korean population has been rapidly aging. Most of people regard the aging population as future crisis due to the rate of change and agree to prepare for a soft-landing on aging society in South Korea. Particularly, the aging population growth in rural areas is much faster than urban areas. Also rural areas relatively have poorer social and economic conditions so the countermeasures for population aging considering related social and economic indices are required. Moreover, each rural region has the different preparedness level for rural aging based on regional socio-economic characteristics. In this study, we analyzed correlations of the rural aging rate and local characteristics and developed an evaluation index to show the regional preparedness status for rural aging. To test the applicability of developed indicators, we applied them to 161 rural regions and assessed regional preparedness level for rural aging. This study would provide basic data for establishing policies for rural aging.

Relation of the Natural Amenity and Population Change (자연어메니티가 인구 변화에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Mee-Jeong;Nam, Nam-Su;Jang, Min-Won;Lee, Jeong-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2008
  • Many urban people are attracted to the recreational opportunities and attractions of rural areas, such as beautiful scenery, lakes, mountains, forests, and resorts. Furthermore, rural development planning increasingly emphasizes the integration of resource extractive industries with non-market-based recreational and amenity values. This article outlines a method to estimate an amenity level of rural areas such as natural amenities index and shows the relation of the natural amenity and population growth. The results revealed that natural amenity classifying each region can be explained with geographical characteristics, temperature-humidity, and sunshine duration time. In analysis with population, natural amenity does not exactly explain that but can be one of the important factor of population change.