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Nutritional Risk Factors, Perceptions on Nutrition and Health, Nutritional Knowledge, Food Habits and Their Correlation to Supplement Use in Middle-Aged and Elderly Koreans (중년 및 노년의 특수영양 및 건강보조 식품의 섭취와 영양 및 건강관련 요인들의 상호관련성에 관한 연구)

  • 장경자;김진숙;이미영;정선희;이정희;유혜은
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate nutritional risk factors, perceptions on nutrition and health, nutritional knowledge, flood habits and their correlation to supplement use in middle-aged and elderly Koreans. A nationwide survey was conducted in the metropolitan areas (6 cities) and middle-sized cities (8 cities) of Korea from October to December, 2000. Subjects were randomly selected based on population, and 2,188 non-institutionalized adults aged over 50, and elderly (male 765, female 1,423) were studied. Data were collected using a standardized questionnaire administered in personal interviews. Nutrition and health-related scores of nutritional risk factors, perceptions on nutrition and health, nutritional knowledge, and flood habits were significantly higher in supplement users as compared to non-users. There was a negative correlation between nutritional risk factors and other nutrition and health-related scores on perceptions on nutrition and health, nutritional knowledge, flood habits, and pocket money. Also there was a positive correlation between nutritional risk factors and age. Therefore, these results may provide basic information for proper supplement use by middle-aged and elderly koreans.

KRT13, FAIM2 and CYP2W1 mRNA Expression in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients with Risk Habits

  • Hartanto, Firstine Kelsi;Karen-Ng, Lee Peng;Vincent-Chong, Vui King;Ismail, Siti Mazlipah;Mustafa, Wan Mahadzir Wan;Abraham, Mannil Thomas;Tay, Keng Kiong;Zain, Rosnah Binti
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.953-958
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    • 2015
  • Background: Expression of KRT13, FAIM2 and CYP2W1 appears to be influenced by risk habits, thus exploring the associations of these genes in oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) with risk habits, clinico-pathological parameters and patient survival may be beneficial in identifying relevant biomarkers with different oncogenic pathways. Materials and Methods: cDNAs from 41 OSCC samples with and without risk habits were included in this study. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to analyze KRT13, FAIM2 and CYP2W1 in OSCC. The housekeeping gene (GAPDH) was used as an endogenous control. Results: Of the 41 OSCC samples, KRT13 was down-regulated in 40 samples (97.6%), while FAIM2 and CYP2W1 were down-regulated in 61.0% and 48.8%, respectively. Overall, there were no associations between KRT13, FAIM2 and CYP2W1 expression with risk habits, selected socio-demographic and clinico-pathological parameters and patient survival. Conclusions: Although this study was unable to show significance, there were some tendencies in the associations of KRT13, FAIM2 and CYP2W1 expression in OSCC with selected clinic-pathological parameters and survival.

Impact of Life Style Characteristics on Prevalence Risk of Metabolic Syndrome (생활습관 요인이 대사증후군 유병 위험에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Ji-Soo;Jeong, Jeong-In;Park, Chang-Gi;Kang, Se-Won;Ahn, Jeong-Ah
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.594-601
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of life style characteristics on the prevalence risk of metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: A total of 581 adults were recruited from a cardiovascular outpatient clinic. A newly developed comprehensive life style evaluation tool for MS patients was used, and patient data related to the MS diagnosis were reviewed from the hospital records. Results: The overall prevalence of MS was 53.2%, and the mean of MS score was 2.6 for patients at a cardiovascular outpatient clinic (78% of the patients had hypertension). Dietary habits among the life style characteristics had significant influence on the prevalence risk of MS and MS scores. And also interestingly, the classification and regression tree (CART) model suggested that the high prevalence risk groups for MS were older adults (61.5$\leq$age<79.4), and adults between 48.5 and 61.5 yr of age with bad dietary habits. Conclusion: This study indicates that nurses should focus on dietary habits of patients (especially patients classified as high prevalence risk for MS) for improvement and prevention of MS prevalence risk.

Demographic Risk Factors, Affected Anatomical Sites and Clinicopathological Profile for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a North Indian Population

  • Krishna, Akhilesh;Singh, R.K.;Singh, Shraddha;Verma, Pratima;Pal, U.S.;Tiwari, Sunita
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6755-6760
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    • 2014
  • Background: Oral cancer is a common form of cancer in India, particularly among men. About 95% are squamous cell carcinomas. Tobacco along with alcohol are regarded as the major risk factors. Objectives: (i) To determine associations of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with respect to gender, age group, socioeconomic status and risk habits; (ii) To observe the distribution of affected oral anatomical sites and clinico-pathological profile in OSCC patients. Materials and Methods: This is an unmatched case-control study during period January 2012 to December 2013. Total of 471 confirmed OSCC patients and 556 control subjects were enrolled. Data on socio-demography, risk habits with duration and medical history were recorded. Results: There were significant associations between OSCC with middle age (41-50years; unadjusted OR=1.63, 95%CI=1.05-2.52, p=0.02) (51-60 years; unadjusted OR=1.79, 95%CI=1.15-2.79, p=0.009) and male subjects (unadjusted OR=2.49, 95%CI=1.89-3.27, p=0.0001). Cases with both habits of tobacco chewing and smoking were at a higher risk for OSCC than tobacco chewing alone (unadjusted OR=0.52, 95%CI=0.38-0.72, p=0.0001), duration of risk habits also emerged as a responsible factor for the development of carcinoma. The majority of patients were presented in well-differentiated carcinomas (39.9%). Prevalence of advance stages (TNM stage III, IV) was 23.4% and 18.3% respectively. The buccal mucosa was the most common (35.5%) affected oral site. Conclusions: In most Asian countries, especially India, there is an important need to initiate the national level public awareness programs to control and prevent oral cancer by screening for early diagnosis and support a tobacco free environment.

Food Habits, Nutritional Knowledge, Nutritional Risk Factors and Health-Related Lifestyle of Korean Outpatients Aged Over 50 Years Taking Supplements

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Cheong, Sun-Hee;You, Hae-Eun;Chang, Kyune-Ja
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate food habits, nutritional knowledge, nutritional risk factors, health-related lifestyle, health status and dietetic therapy in Korean middle-aged and elderly outpatients taking supplements. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to December in 2001. Subjects were 1702 (male 731, female 971) age-related chronic disease outpatients aged over 50 years. Data was collected using a standardized Questionnaire by in-person interview and analyzed by SPSS system. The subjects with supplement had significantly lower nutritional knowledge, higher nutritional risk factors, undesirable lifestyle, and lower self-reported health status compared to those without supplement. However, the subjects with supplement had desirable (cod habits and more concern about health compared to those without supplement. Age-related chronic disease group with supplement had significantly undesirable food habits, lower nutritional knowledge and higher nutritional risk factors compared to control group with supplement. Age-related chronic disease group without supplement had significantly desirable food habits, higher nutritional knowledge, lower self-reported health status and higher stress compared to control group without supplement. Therefore, these results may provide basic information for proper supplement of Korean middle-aged and elderly outpatients.

Development of the Pregnancy Nutrition Knowledge Scale and Its Relationship with Eating Habits in Pregnant Women visiting Community Health Center (임신영양지식 도구개발 및 식습관과의 관련성: 보건소 방문 임부 대상)

  • Kim, Hae-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop a pregnancy nutrition knowledge scale and to examine the relationships between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits in pregnant women. Methods: With convenient sampling, 189 pregnant women who used community health centers for their ante-natal care were recruited. Data were collected using a self administered questionnaire including items on pregnancy nutrition knowledge (18 items) developed by researcher and items on eating habits (14 items). Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis were examined to test reliability and construct validity of the scale. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to identify the relationship between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Results: Cronbach's alpha of 18 items was .80. In factor analysis using principal components, 6 factors explained 65% of the total variance. The level of pregnancy nutrition knowledge was not sufficient but correlations between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and some of eating habits were significant. Specifically, pregnancy nutrition knowledge was positively correlated with good eating habits and negatively with bad eating habits. Conclusion: The pregnancy nutrition knowledge scale developed in this study is acceptable for nutrition education led by nurses. Pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits are considered as major variables for ante-natal nutrition education. In future studies, explorations are needed on dietary intake and physiological indices in pregnant women, comparison of women at risk with those not at risk, and development of nutritional education programs for pregnant women.

A Comparison Study: the Risk Factors in the Lifestyles of Colorectal Cancer Patients and Healthy Adults (대장암 환자와 건강인의 생활습관 비교)

  • Yoo, Yang Gyeong
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.471-483
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study explored possible risk factors influencing the development of colorectal cancer by comparing life habits of colorectal cancer patients and healthy adults. Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective comparison survey study of the colorectal cancer patient group and healthy adult group. 107 colorectal cancer patients in a university hospital and 124 healthy adults were recruited from October 2011 to August 2012. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$-test/t-test and logistic regression with the SPSS program. Results: Consumption of instant food products, lower stress management, burned meats and unhealthy eating habits were shown to be risk factors in development of colorectal cancer. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study comparing colorectal cancer patients and healthy adults, minimizing consumption of instant food products, development of healthy eating habits of consuming more vegetables, cooking meat slightly, and effective management of stress levels are recommended.

Drivers Driving Habits Data and Risk Group Cluster Analysis (운전자 행동자료 및 고위험군 군집 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2016
  • Driving Event Data such as the rapid acceleration, the rapid deceleration, the sudden braking, and the sudden departure, and over speeding provide important information to predict or analyze the driving habits and accident risk of a driver. Most of the data that represent the driver's driving habits generally fit to the parametric distribution, whereas extreme parts of the data to estimate the accident risk of a driver may not. This paper presents an empirical distribution that is divided into two regions, one is from the normal distribution, and the other is from the general pareto distribution for the driving habits of a driver.

Dietary Habits Contributing to Breast Cancer Risk Among Iranian Women

  • Mobarakeh, Zahra Sheikhi;Mirzaei, Khadijeh;Hatmi, Nadia;Ebrahimi, Mandana;Dabiran, Sohaila;Sotoudeh, Gity
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.21
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    • pp.9543-9547
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    • 2014
  • Background: The aim of this study was to investigate demographic features, dietary habits, and some possible risk factors for being susceptible to breast cancer in Iranian women. Materials and Methods: A study of dietary habits and breast cancer was conducted among 53 Iranian women with histological confirmed disease and 40 matched controls. A dietary habits questionnaire was used to evaluate the pattern of selected food intakes. The risk of cancer was analyzed after adjustment for confounding factors. Age, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, educational status, parity, lactation, marital status, menopause, history of estrogen therapy, and family history of breast disease or cancer were assessed among participants. Special attention was given to the relationship between consumption of high fat meat, milk, yogurt and cheese as well use of frying oils for frying foods, use of olive/liquid oils for cooking, removing fat from meat and poultry, removing chicken skin and not use of mayonnaise as salad dressing and the risk of breast cancer. Moreover, salad, vegetable and fruit consumption, and eating outdoors owere investigated. Results: Our results revealed significant lower education and higher BMI and waist circumference levels in patients with breast cancer. There was significantly increased breast cancer risk in overweight women in comparison with normal weight (OR=2.91, 95%CI 1.24 to 6.82). High intake of fat dairy products including milk and cheese was found to be a statistically significant factor for increasing breast cancer risk in models adjusting for age, BMI and education. Use of olive/liquid oils for cooking and avoidance of mayonnaise as salad dressing are related to lower risk of breast cancer. The frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption was significantly lower in patients with breast cancer compared to healthy women. Conclusions: Dietary habits might be risk factors for breast cancer among Iranian women. Adoption of a prudent diet could be an appropriate strategy for preventing breast cancer.

Evaluation of Dietary and Life-Style Habits of Patients with Gastric Cancer: A Case-Control Study in Turkey

  • Yassibas, Emine;Arslan, Perihan;Yalcin, Suayib
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2291-2297
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    • 2012
  • Objective: Gastric cancer is an important public health problem in the world and Turkey. In addition to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), smoking, alcohol consumption and family history, certain dietary factors have been associated with its occurrence. The impact of dietary habits and life-style factors on the risk of gastric cancer in Turkey were evaluated in this study. Design: A questionnaire was applied to 106 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma and 106 controls without cancer matched for age (range 28-85 years) and gender selected from a hospital based population. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated with logistic regression analysis. Results: The incidence of H. pylori was 81.3% in patients. Frequent consumption of salty dishes, very salty foods like pickles, soup mixes, sausages, foods at hot temperature (ORs = 3.686, 7.784, 5.264, 3.148 and 3.273 respectively) and adding salt without tasting (OR = 4.198) were associated with increased gastric risk. Also heavy smoking and high amount of alcohol consumption (p = 0.000) were risk factors. Frequent consumption of green vegetables, onion, garlic and dried fruits (ORs = 0.569, 0.092, 0.795 and 0.041) was nonsignificantly associated with decreased risk. Conclusion: Improved dietary habits, reducing salt consumption and eradication of H. pylori infection may provide protection against gastric cancer in Turkey.