• Title, Summary, Keyword: risk

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A Study on Incidence of Risk Factor for Assessing Maritime Traffic Risk

  • Kim, Inchul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2017
  • In order to assess risk as a basic step for securing safety, it requires to select risk factors and determine the frequency and the severity of the consequence of each risk factor. This research adopted common risk factors among well-known maritime risk assessment models, and proposed objective criteria to gauge the risk level of each risk factor. The starting points of risk evolution were chosen for criteria according to related studies and seafarers' experience. The rate of risk appearance over the criteria is named as the incidence of risk factor. Therefore, the total risk level is expressed as the combination of incidence of each risk factor and severity. This quantitative method would be applied to measuring and comparing the risk level of target maritime zones, and it would also be useful to survey which risk factor be focused for reducing the total risk of a certain maritime zone.

A decision support system (DSS) for construction risk efficiency in Taiwan

  • Tsai, Tsung-Chieh;Li, Hsiang-Wen
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 2018
  • Many studies in risk management have been focused on management process, contract relation, and risk analysis in the past decade, but very few studies have addressed project risks from the perspective of risk efficiency. This study started with using Fault Tree Analysis to develop a framework for the decision-making support system of risk management from the perspective of risk efficiency, in order for the support system to find risk strategies of optimal combination for the project manager by the trade-off between project risk and cost of project strategies. Comprehensive and realistic risk strategies must strive for optimal decisions that minimize project risks and risk strategies cost while addressing important data such as risk causes, risk probability, risk impact and risk strategies cost. The risk management in the construction phase of building projects in Taiwan upon important data has been analyzed, that provided the data for support system to include 247 risk causes. Then, 17 risk causes were extracted to demonstrates the decision-making support system of risk management from the perspective of risk efficiency in building project of Taiwan which could reach better combination type of risk strategies for the project manager by the trade-off between risk cost and project risk.

The Effects of Perceived Risks on Purchase Decision Behavior among Internet Fashion Consumers (인터넷 패션소비자의 위험지각이 구매결정행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Eun-Ha;Lee, Jin-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.1707-1718
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    • 2009
  • This study examines the effects of perceived risks on purchase decision behavior among Internet fashion consumers. The study survey used a self-administered questionnaire and a total data of 244 responses were used for analysis. The results of this study are as follows: First, the perceived risks consist of 6 factors, quality risk, counterfeit product risk, credit dealing risk, social/psychological risk, size and appearance risk, and delivery risk. The purchase decision behavior consist of 3 factors, delay of purchase decision, website switching, and offline conversion behavior. Second, purchase time positively affected the quality risk and credit dealing risk. Purchase frequency negatively affected the quality risk and credit dealing risk. Third, the quality risk, size and appearance risk, counterfeit product risk, and credit dealing risk positively affected the delay of purchase decisions. Quality risk and counterfeit product risk positively affected website switching. In addition, quality risk, social/psychological risk, and credit dealing risk positively affected the offline conversion behavior. Fourth, credit dealing risk negatively affected a short term purchase intention and the delivery risk negatively affected a long term purchase intention. The social/psychological risk and credit dealing risk negatively affected the repurchase intention.

A Qualitative Study on Risk Reduction Behaviors in Purchase Process of the Counterfeit of Fashion Luxury Brands - Focused on Risk Reduction Behaviors on Psychological Risk Perceptions -

  • Kim, Il
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.22-36
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    • 2005
  • This research is to classify psychological risk perceptions in purchases process at counterfeit at fashion luxury brands, into a risk perception on purchase activity itself and a risk perception on the post-purchase situation, and to analyze types and characteristics at risk reduction behaviors to reduce each risk perception. In this research a qualitative method was employed, and research-related data were collected and analyzed through in-depth interviews. Results were shown that risk reduction behaviors at psychological risk perception on purchase activity itself included rationalization of purchase, accompanied purchase, reduction and discontinuance of purchase, and that risk reduction behaviors of psychological risk perception on the post-purchase situation included information search, establishment of selection criteria, establishment of marginal limit, selective purchase, planned and compared purchase, and reduction and discontinuance of purchase. Previous researches suggested brand loyalty, selection of famous brands, utilization of information agents by marketers, pre-purchase usage and guaranteed purchase, but these risk reduction methods were not utilized, this probably being interpreted as a result of characteristics of counterfeit. In addition, risk reduction behavior of one type tended to reduce risk perception of several other types, and risk reduction behaviors of various types were utilized to reduce a certain type's risk perception. Not only types of risk perception but also levels of risk perception appeared to have exerted influence to risk reduction behaviors.

A Study on Risk Management of Bill of Lading in International Trade Transaction (국제무역거래에서 선하증권의 위험관리에 관한연구)

  • Han, Nak-Hyun
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.37
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    • pp.187-216
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    • 2008
  • Risk regarding the possibility of loss can be especially problematic. If a loss is certain to occur, it may be planned for in advance and treated as a definite, known expense. It is when there is uncertainty about the occurrence of a loss that risk becomes an important problem. The word risk is often used in connection with insurance. No one generally accepted definition of risk exists, however. Of the many definitions, two distinctive ones are commonly used. One defines risk as the variation in possible outcomes of an event based on chance. That is, the greater the number of different outcomes that may occur, the greater the risk. Another way of expressing this concept is to state: The greater the variation around an average expected loss, the greater the risk. The second definition of risk is the uncertainty concerning a possible loss. The definition of risk as a useful one because it focuses attention on the degree of risk in given situations. The degree of risk is a measure of the accuracy with which the outcome of an event based on chance can be predicted. For now, it will serve our purpose to note the more accurate the prediction of the outcome of an event based on chance, the lower the degree of risk. After sources of risks are identified and measured, a decision can be made as to how the risk should be handled. A pure risk that is not identified does not disappear, the business merely loses the opportunity to consciously decide on the best technique for dealing with that risk. The process used to systematically manage risk exposures is known as risk management. Some persons use the term risk management only in connection with businesses, and often the term refers only to the management of pure risks. In this sense, the traditional risk management goal has been to minimize the cost of pure risk to the company. But as firms broaden the ways that they view and manage many different types of risk, the need for new terminology has become apparent. The terms integrated risk management and enterprise risk management reflect the intent to manage all forms of risk, regardless of type. International trade transaction is called between countries has features of globalism, cultural gap, long distance and long terms for the transaction. It is riskier than domestic transaction has its specific risks, such as foreign exchange risk and political risk, and requires various active risk management skills. Risks in relation to the international trade transaction are the contract risk, transit risk and payment risk, etc. The risk management in relation to the international trade transaction is to identify and measure these risks. The purpose of this study is to analyse the practical problems and its solution plan by analyzing various cases related to the risk management of bill of lading in the international trade transaction.

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Influence of Service Marketing-Mix(7Ps) on Consumers' Risk Perception of Eating at Family Restaurants in Seoul (서울지역 패밀리레스토랑의 서비스마케팅믹스(7Ps)성과가 고객의 구매위험인지에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Tae-Hwan
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.511-520
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this article was to study how the 7Ps influence consumers' risk perception of eating at family restaurants in Seoul. In this study, frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis and path analysis (SEM) of the data were performed. First, reliability analysis confirmed that the 7Ps performance and risk data could be used in this investigation. Path analysis showed that the 7Ps significantly influenced customers' risk perception of eating at restaurants in Seoul. According to the results, product negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.05) and financial risk (p<0.001); price negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.001), financial risk (p<0.001), and time risk (p<0.01); place negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.01) and time risk (p<0.001); promotion negatively influenced financial risk (p<0.05) and time risk (p<0.001); process negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.001) and time risk (p<0.001); physical evidence negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.05) and financial risk (p<0.001); and people negatively influenced performance risk (p<0.05), financial risk (p<0.001), and time risk (p<0.001). As a result, we confirmed that 7Ps were an effective marketing tactic for reducing consumers' risk perception of eating at restaurants. Therefore, family restaurant companies are recommended to administer the 7Ps without additional cost.

The internet and TV home-shopping perceived risk segments: Shopping orientations, purchase intention, and purchase behavior (인터넷쇼핑 및 TV홈쇼핑 위험지각에 따른 의복쇼핑성향, 구매의도, 구매행동)

  • Hwang JinSook;Joung Joung Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.637-648
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences among internet and TV home-shopping perceived risk segments in regard to clothing shopping orientations and purchase intention. The subjects used for the study were 290 female consumers aged from 20 to 40 living in Seoul. The study used factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test, and $\chi^2-test$. The results showed that the Internet and TV home-shopping perceived risks consisted of 9 factors: Products uncertainty risk, Internet shopping mall trust risk, account-related risk, delivery risk, social risk, size risk, exchange/return risk, TV watching-related risk, and price risk. The cluster analysis showed that there were five groups segmented: Size risk/TV watching risk group, Social risk/Internet trust risk group, Return risk/TV watching low-risk group, Delivery risk/product trust group, and Product risk group. The clothing shopping orientations were classified by 5 factors: Planned shopping, pleasure shopping, sales/fashion oriented shopping, time saving shopping, and credit card preference/in-store oriented shopping. The results showed that the five segmented perceived risk groups differed in regard to clothing shopping orientations, purchase intention, and demographics. Further group differences and implications of the results were discussed.

An Impact on Management Performance by Risk Management System and Risk Management Factor (리스크관리 체계 및 리스크관리 요인이 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeung, Jae Hee;Ahn, Yeon S.
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.117-129
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    • 2015
  • For the continuous growth of firms, the contributions of effective risk management system are required. This research analyzes the impact on the firm's performance related to risk management structure which includes the risk management system, risk management activity and risk management competency. In this research, the structural equation model considering the variable which contains enterprise risk management system, risk management activity and risk management competency was suggested. Also risk management organization and management procedures are identified as in enterprise risk management system. The implementation activity and control activity were the factors related in risk management activity. And risk management competency can be described as the response level of managing risk in outside and inside the firms' environment. Finally this model was analysed empirically for 112 firms in Korea using SPSS 18.0 and Amos 16.0. As the results, the suggested hypothesis were adopted. So as to manage risk performance for their firms, the development of systematic Risk Management Framework is important for their risk management activity and risk management competency. Ultimately, we can conclude that the focusing to the systematic risk management approach could be effective on the firm's risk management performance.

An Evaluation of the Quantitative Risk of Plastic Process Manufacturing Industries by Means of the 4M Method

  • Lee, Dong-Ho;Kim, Jong-In
    • International Journal of Safety
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2007
  • This study includes a case study among plastic process manufacturing companies, based on which, the currently used 4M method is applied in terms of machine, media, man, and management, to conduct quantitative risk evaluation, and thus to contribute to reducing human and material loss as well as preventing accidents in industrial fields. The result of this study is analyzed based on the 4M-risk assessment to find out the hazardous risk elements, and the quantitative evaluation made it predictable the value of risk(frequency $\times$ intensity) in such classified levels as serious risk, critical risk, and intolerable risk. Further, Among the businesses with hazardous risk elements and high frequency of industrial disaster, risk analysis was conducted for each process, and as a result, 38 cases among 76, including those of serious risk, critical risk, and intolerable risk, were improved, and the risk was reduced. Besides, it is thought that with the engineering approach with 4M-Risk Assessment, the attempt to improve safety level contributes to prevention of accidents.

The Risk Assessment Effects of SCM and the Strategy of Risk Management on Supply Chain Performance (공급사슬 위험평가 및 위험관리전략이 공급사슬 운영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong Jeong;Lee, Young Jai
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.173-186
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    • 2014
  • This study outlines possible risk factors in the SCM of a company and correlates risk assessment, the strategy of risk management, and the supply chain performance. The data is surveyed from an international Korean company and is analyzed by the structure equation model of actual proof. The research model verifies the correlation between the risk assessment, the strategy of risk management, and the supply chain performance as dependent variables after the risk factors of the SCM are defined as independent variables. The research shows that there are consecutive links among the risk factors of the SCM, the risk assessment, and the strategy of risk management. The strategy of risk management was conclusively determined to have an effect on supply chain performance. Therefore, improving the supply chain performance of a company requires the constructive process for risk management based on a correlation between risk assessment and the strategy of risk management.