• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice husk

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Development of New Organic Filler Made from Rice Husk by Paperboard Mill Trials (산업용지 현장테스트를 통한 왕겨 유기충전제 최적 사양 탐색)

  • Lee, Ji Young;Kim, Young Hun;Kim, Chul Hwan;Sung, Yong Joo;Wi, Sang Wook;Park, Jong-Hea;Kim, Eun Hea
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2015
  • In the previous study, we investigated the physical properties of new organic fillers made from major agricultural byproducts, including rice husks, peanut husks and garlic stems, and we estimated that rice husk was the best candidate for use as new organic fillers in paperboard. In this study, an organic filler prototype was produced with rice husk and the mill trials were carried out in a white liner chipboard (duplexboard) mill. The rice husk organic filler was added to the middle ply of SC $350g/m^2$ to determine the optimal conditions for the manufacture of rice husk organic fillers. The mill trials were performed three times and the bulk improvement and drying energy reduction were measured to identify the functionality of the rice husk organic filler compared to that of the commercial wood powder. In the first mill trial, the test failed because the surface roughness of the duplexboard had deteriorated after the rice husk organic filler was added to the OCC stock. As all of the particles remaining on the 60 mesh sieves were removed and the particle size was decreased by increasing the length of the grinding process, the surface roughness of the duplexboard did not be deteriorated in the second mill trial. However, the bulk improvement and drying energy reduction were not observed. In the final mill trial, as the particle size of the rice husk organic filler was controlled by increasing the portion of particles passing through the 60 mesh sieves and remaining 100 mesh sieves, higher bulk improvement and drying energy reduction were acquired compared to the commercial wood powder.

Quality Characteristics and Retrogradation Properties of Baked Rice Donut with Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forsk) Seed Husk (차전자(Plantago ovata Forsk)피를 이용하여 제조한 구운 쌀 도넛의 품질 특성 및 노화 특성)

  • Shin, So Yeon;O, Hyeonbin;Joung, Ki Youeng;Kim, Young-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.367-377
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    • 2018
  • In this study, baked rice donuts with added psyllium seed husk were manufactured and their quality and retrogradation characteristics were investigated. Control (Con) was made only with wheat flour; Psyllium seed husk in the amount of 8, 12, 16 and 20 grams was added to make rice donuts (P8, P12, P16 and P20). Higher amounts of psyllium seed husk reduced the moisture loss and baking loss, and increased the moisture content and water holding capacity of the donuts. The specific volume of Con was the highest of all the groups. As the amount of psyllium seed husk increased, the lightness and yellowness of the crumb decreased, and the redness of the crumb increased. Hardness also increased as the amount of psyllium seed husk increased. The hardness of P16 was the most similar to that of Con. The scanning electron microscopy images also identified that the structure of the donuts got denser as the amount of psyllium seed husk increased. Rate constant (k) of the rice donuts with psyllium seed husk were lower than that of Con. In conclusion, it is considered that P16 is the sample that is the most similar to Con in terms of texture, but the retrogradation was more retarded in P16 than Con.

An Experimental study on the Engineering Properties of Concrete with Rice-Husk Ash (왕겨재를 혼입(混入)한 콘크리트의 공학적(工學的) 특성(特性)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Sung, Chan Yong;Yoo, Byong In;Kim, Kyung Tae;Jung, Hyun Jung;Kim, Young Ik
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 1997
  • This study was performed to evaluate the engineering properties of rice-husk ash concrete using normal portland cement, natural aggregates and rice-husk ash. The following conclusions were drawn; 1. The unit weight was in the range of $2,216{\sim}2,325kgf/m^3$, the weights of those concrete were decreased 1~6% than that of the normal cement concrete, respectively. 2. The highest strength was achieved by 10% rice-husk ash filled rice-husk ash concrete, it was increased 8% by compressive strength, 17% by tensile strength and 18% by bending strength than that of the normal cement concrete, respectively. 3. The ultrasonic pulse velocity was in the range of 3,252~4,016 m/s, which was showed about the same compared to that of the normal cement concrete. The highest ultrasonic pulse velocity was showed by 10% rice-husk ash filled rice-husk ash concrete. 4. The dynamic modulus of elasticity was in the range of $242{\times}10^3{\sim}306{\times}10^3kgf/cm^2$, which was showed about the same compared to that of the normal cement concrete. The highest dynamic modulus was showed by 10% rice-husk ash filled rice-husk ash concrete. 5. The static modulus of elasticity was in the range of $185{\times}10^3{\sim}275{\times}10^3kgf/cm^2$, which was showed about the same compared to that of the normal cement concrete. The poisson's number of rice-husk ash concrete was less than that of the normal cement concrete. The dynamic modulus was increased approximately 11~30% than that of the static modulus. 6. The durability was increased with increase of the content of rice-husk ash. The durability was increased 1.3 times by 10% rice-husk ash, 1.6times by 20% rice-husk ash filled concrete than that of the normal cement concrete. respectively.

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Effect of Litter Materials on Broiler Performance and Evaluation of Manureal Value of Used Litter in Late Autumn

  • Monira, K.N.;Islam, M.A.;Alam, M.J.;Wahid, M.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.555-557
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    • 2003
  • A total of 168 seven days-old Arbor Acres chicks were reared in late-autumn on 4 types of litters; sawdust, rice husk, sugarcane bagasse or wheat straw up to 49 days of age to compare the growth performance, evaluate the manureal value and Coccidial oocyst population in used litter. Sadust, rice husk, sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw did not differ statistically for live weight, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and survivability (p>0.05). However, live weight and survivability tended to increase on sawdust. The highest moisture content of used litter was found in sugarcane bagasse followed by sawdust, rice husk and wheat straw (p<0.05). Rice husk contained the highest amount of of nitrogen, phosphurus and potassium followed by sawdust, sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw (p<0.01). Oocyst content of all treatment groups increased suddenly up to 5 weeks of age and thereafter suddenly declined up to 7 weeks of age. Litter materials did not differ at 35 and 42 days of age for oocyst content, but significantly differed at 49 days of age (p<0.01). So, the above findings reveal that sawdust may be suitable litter followed by rice husk, sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw in late-autumn in Bangladesh in respect of broiler growth performance.

Effects of Biomaterials Mixed with Artificial Soil on Seedling Quality of Fraxinus Rhynchophylla in a Containerized Production System

  • Dao, Huong Thi Thuy;Youn, Woo Bin;Han, Si Ho;Seo, Jeong Min;Aung, Aung;An, Ji Young;Park, Byung Bae
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2019
  • The composition of artificial soil in a containerized seedling production plays an important role in seedling quality as well as environmental issues. We investigated the effects of different types of biomaterials and mixed ratio with artificial soil on the growth of Fraxinus rhynchophylla seedlings. Soil medium was supplemented with 3 levels (0%, 10%, 20%) of pine bark, mushroom sawdust and rice husk. Root collar diameter (RCD), height growth, and biomass have significantly increased when rice husk was applied. Compared with the control, RCD and height growth showed highest in 20% rice husk treatment with an increase of 5.7% and 17.6%, respectively. In contrast, the treatments of pine bark and mushroom sawdust showed lower results in growth parameters (RCD, height growth, and total biomass) than control. Seedling quality index was also highest at the 20% rice husk treatment, but there was not statistically different among treatments. Our results suggested rice husk can be substituted up to 20% of substrates for containerized F. rhynchophylla seedling production system.

Influence of Depth of Rice Husk Litter on Broiler Performance, Litter Dampness and its Coccidial Oocyst Population During Winter

  • Mizu, M.M.R.;Chowdhury, S.D.;Karim, M.J.;Debnath, S.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.450-454
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    • 1998
  • Four groups each containing 48 seven-day-old broiler chicks were reared for 7 weeks during winter on rice husk litter spread to depths of 20, 30, 40 or 50 mm. Broiler performance was evaluated in terms of weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency and production number. Litter dampness was determined and coccidial oocyst populations were counted at different weeks of age. The depth of litter did not significantly affect live weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, liveability or production number. Variation in moisture contents of litter was observed but the coccidial oocysts count per gramme of litter was within the safety level and therefore, there was no outbreak of coccidiosis in any group. Use of rice husk litter at different depths (20 to 50 mm) did not cause any breast blisters or leg abnormalities. It was concluded that rice husk can be used as litter at depths of between 20 and 50 mm during winter to raise broilers without affecting performance characteristics and health of birds.

Development of eco-friendly concrete produced with Rice Husk Ash (RHA) based geopolymer

  • Annadurai, Shalini;Rathinam, Kumutha;Kanagarajan, Vijai
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2020
  • This paper reports the effect of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) in geopolymer concrete on strength, durability and microstructural properties under ambient curing at a room temperature of 25℃ and 65±5% relative humidity. Rice husk was incinerated at 800℃ in a hot air oven. and ground in a ball mill to achieve the required fineness. RHA was partially added in 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 percentages to fly ash with 10% of GGBS to produce geopolymer concrete. Test results exhibit that the substitution of RHA in geopolymer concrete resulted in reduced strength properties during initial curing. In the initial stage, workability of GPC mixes was affected by RHA particles due to the presence of dormant particles in it. It is evident from the microstructural study that the presence of RHA particles densifies the matrix reducing porosity in concrete. This is due to the presence of RHA in geopolymer concrete, which affects the ratio of silica and alumina, resulting in polycondensation reactions products. This study suggests that incorporation of rice husk ash in geopolymer concrete is the solution for effective utilization of waste materials and prevention of environmental pollution due to the dumping of industrial waste and to produce eco-friendly concrete.

Extraction of Micro Filler from Bio-waste Material (Bio waste 소재로부터의 마이크로 필러 추출)

  • Nam, Gibeop;Song, Jung-Il
    • Composites Research
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2018
  • This paper explain about the development of environmental friendly, low cost and stable supply material i.e., rice husk and shell were used as micro incorporating bio waste filler. Those were processed by ball mill and analyzed through micro observation by FE-SEM, EDS and particle size distribution. The obtained filler was mixed with epoxy resin for the manufacturing of CFRP composite and study tensile properties. In EDS analysis main contents of rice husk and rice husk ash are C, O and Si. When rice husk was burned C and Si ration were increased. Shell powder has C, O and Ca. It caused $CaCO_3$ from shell. Surface weighted mean of rice husk powder is $6.19{\mu}m$ and volume weighted mean is $14.77{\mu}m$. And it has rod type particles which caused hair and husk structure parts. Surface weighted mean of rice husk ash powder is $1.55{\mu}m$ and volume weighted means is $8.20{\mu}m$. Surface weighted mean of shell powder is $2.53{\mu}m$ and volume weighted mean is $5.79{\mu}m$. The tensile decreased with increasing the content of micro filler in CFRP composites. In case of rice husk, the significant decrement of tensile strength was observed. and in case of shell powder, there is no effect of changes take place in tensile strength.

Thermal and Dynamic-Mechanical Characterization of Rice-Husk Filled Polypropylene Composites

  • Rosa, Simone M.L.;Nachtigall, Sonia M.B.;Ferreira, Carlos A.
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2009
  • Natural fiber-filled polymer composites have attracted great interest due to increasing environmental concerns and their low costs. In this study, the properties of rice husk flour-filled polypropylene (PP) were analysed in view of the large quantities of this agricultural product available as residue in Brazil. The rice husk flour (RHF) was characterized by SEM and particle size distribution. The properties of the composites were studied by MFI, DMA, DSC and TGA analyses. A commercial PP modified with maleic anhydride (MAPP) was used as coupling agent. It was verified that RHF decreased the MFI of the composites and that the coupling agent decreased it even more. The efficiency of MAPP was confirmed by the high storage modulus and high loss factor of the coupled composites.

Synthesis of Sphene - pink Pigment by Rice Husk Ash (왕겨재를 사용한 Sphene - pink 안료의 합성)

  • Joo, In-Don;Lee, Hyun-Soo;Lee, Byung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2010
  • This research examines using Rice Husk Ash, $Cr_2O_3$ in producing the pink-red color. It studies the formation of cassiterite and malayaite crystallites, the primary factors in producing the pink-red color, in relation to the application of $Cr_2O_3$ to examine its coloring mechanism. In addition, the research intends to identify the optimum synthesizing temperature and maintaining time for crystallization of malayaite, a stable pink-red colorization factor in high temperature glaze during $Cr_2O_3$-$SnO_2$-CaO-$SiO_2$ family pigment synthesis. The optimum substituting contents is Rice Husk Ash : Quartz = 1 : 2, and the optimum temperature is suggested at $1300^{\circ}C$ for 2 h based on analysis results by XRD, FT-IR, Raman microscope, SEM and UV-vis.