• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice husk

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A Simulation Study on the Gasifier Performance in the Coal/Biomass Mixture (석탄과 바이오매스 혼합공급에 따른 가스화 특성 모사 연구)

  • Wang, Hong-Yue;Shim, Hyun-Min;Kim, Hyung-Taek
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.784-787
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    • 2007
  • A process flowsheet simulation model based on ASPEN PLUS was developed to investigate the effect of co-gasification of coal and rice husk on the gasifier performance and pollutant emissions in IGCC power plant. The analyses were done for an 02-blown, pulverized gasifier using coal and rice husk as feedstock, parameter employed the blending ratio of rice husk in coal were investigated. From the simulation results, it was found that gaseous pollutant emissions were reduced substantially with the increase of the blending ratio of rice husk. An optimum range between 15% and 25% rice husk-to-coal ratio was found to be the optimum point in terms of gaseous pollutant emission per energy output for sui fur and nitrogen compounds.

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Improved Durability Performances in Cement Mortar with Rice Husk Ash

  • Saraswathy, Velu;Karthick, Subbiah;Kwon, Seung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2014
  • Currently many researches have been performed for enhancing durability of concrete. Rice husk ash has several advantages like early strength of concrete and dense pore structure. A calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel around the cement particles due to pozzolanic reaction of rice husk can increase the strength of concrete against cracking. Very limitedly a systematic and detailed investigation on the corrosion performance of rice husk ash and silica fume blended concrete is performed. A realistic approach has been made through compressive strength, bond strength, and split tensile strength etc. Corrosion performance was also evaluated rapid chloride ion penetration test (RCPT) and impressed voltage test, and the results were discussed in the paper.

Soil stabilization of clay with lignin, rice husk powder and ash

  • Canakci, Hanifi;Aziz, Aram;Celik, Fatih
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.67-79
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    • 2015
  • This article presents the result of laboratory study conducted on expansive soil specimens treated with lignin, rice husk powder (RHP) and rice husk ash (RHA). The amount of lignin produced from paper industry and RHP were varied from 0 to 20% and RHA from 0 to 10% by weight. The treated specimens were subjected to unconfined compressive strength (UCS),swelling test and Atterberg limit tests. The effect of additives on UCS and atterberg limit test results were reported. It was observed that the additives and curing duration had a significant effect on the strength value of treated specimens. Generally (except the sample treated with 20% RHP for 3-day) with increasing additive and curing duration the UCS value increases. A RHP content of 15% was found to be the optimum with regard to 3-day cure UCS.

Performance of a Pilot-scale Rice Husk Incinerator

  • Park, Seung J.;Kim, Myoung H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.906-917
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to find possible application areas of the by-products generated from the incineration of rice husk. To this end, a pilot-scale rice husk incinerator system was constructed and its performed test was carried. Major findings are summarized as follows. 1. The rice husk incinerator system developed in this study performed satisfactory in terms of thermal efficiencies. At the optimum operating conditions, thermal conversion efficiency and heat exchanger efficiency was 97% ad 60%, respectively, while overall thermal efficiency of the system was 58%. Under all conditions tested, temperatures in the combustion chamber were quite uniform and crystallization of SiO$_2$ in the ash was negligible. 2. NOx and SOx content in the flue gas was well below the legal limit but the CO concentration was around the legal limit. 3. Thermal energy from combustion was successfully recovered by a heat exchanger to provide hot water, ash was found a good supplementary cementing m terial, and the flue gas also was an acceptable $CO_2$ supplier to greenhouses.

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Properties of Hanji Wallpaper by Incorporating Ceramics from Wood and Rice-husk (톱밥과 왕겨로 제조된 세라믹을 첨가한 한지벽지의 물성)

  • Lim, Hyun-A;Oh, Seung-Won;Kang, Jin-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to explore a new application of traditional Hanji and obtain fundamental properties for producing Hanji wallpaper by incorporating ceramics from wood and rice-husk as an interior building material. The results of properties determined were summarized as follows: The addition of ceramics in Hanji paper reduced its apparent density, but increased bulk density due to the ceramic particles distributed on the surface and inside the fiber of Hanji wallpapers. In particular, woodceramic particles were specifically distributed on the fiber surface, while particles of rice-husk ceramics were permeated into the inside surface of fibers. The density of rice-husk ceramics were greater than that of woodceramics. The physical properties of Hanji wallpapers, such as breaking strength, wet breaking strength, burst strength, tear index and folding endurance were deteriorated with the addition of ceramics. However, the addition of woodceramics in the Hanji wallpaper resulted in better strength in most cases than that of rice-husk ceramics, except tear strength. Therefore, an optimum addition level of woodceramics into the wallpaper was found to be 5% on the basis of intensity. The addition of ceramics also prolonged the combustion time because it lowered air permeability and brightness of the wallpaper.

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Physical Properties of Rice Husk (왕겨의 물리적 성질)

  • Park S. J.;Kim M. H.;Shin H. M.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.229-234
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    • 2005
  • Kinetic friction coefficient, bulk density, dynamic and static angle of repose, and terminal velocity of rice husk at the moisture range 7 to $23\%$ w.b. were determined. It could lead to better design and operation of the processing machinery and handling facilities. Friction coefficient was determined from the horizontal traction force measured by pulling the container holding a mass of rice husk on various plate materials. Dynamic angle of repose was calculated from the photos of bulk samples piled by gravity flow on a circular platform. Static angle of repose was determined by measuring the side angle of the bulk material which was left in a cylindrical container after natural discharge of the bulk sample through a circular hole in the bottom plate. Kinetic friction coefficients of rice husk were in the range of $0.254\~0.410,\;0.205\~0.520,\;0.229\~0.400,\;and 0.133\~0.420$ on PVC, mild steel, galvanized steel, and stainless steel, respectively. Bulk density, dynamic and static angle of repose, and terminal velocity were in the range of $91.7\~98.3$ $kg/m^3$, $40.2\~47.6^{\circ},\;52.8\~83.7^{\circ},$ and $1.36\~1.73$ m/s, respectively. These physical properties of rice husk increased linearly as the moisture content increased.

Influence of different NaOH pretreatment concentrations on saccharification and fermentation for bioethanol production from rice straw and rice husk (natural and powder)

  • Yeasmin, Shabina;Kim, Chul-Hawn;Lee, J.Y.;Sheikh, M.I.;Park, H.J.;Kim, S.H.;Kim, G.C.;Kim, J.W
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2011
  • The experiment was conducted to evaluate the different NaOH pretreatment concentrations (0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75%, and 1.00%) on enzymatic saccharification (with cellulase, and ${\beta}$-glucosidase) and fermentation (by Saccharomyces cerevisiaeKCCM 11304) for bioethanol production from rice straw and rice husk. Pretreatment of rice straw and rice husk were conducted under both natural and powder state to observe the potentiality of the biomass condition (natural and powder state). In this study, glucose and ethanol production were increased with the increase of NaOH percentage for both rice straw and rice husk (natural and powder state). For rice straw, the highest amount of glucose was obtained in 1.00% NaOH pretreatment (0.81 g $g^{-1}$ in a natural, and 0.63 g $g^{-1}$ in a powder state pretreatment). Similarly, for rice husk, the highest amount of glucose was obtained in 1.00% NaOH pretreatment (0.47 g $g^{-1}$ in a natural, and 0.46 g $g^{-1}$ in a powder state pretreatment). However, 0.75% NaOH pretreatment resulted in glucose yield near about 1.00% NaOH pretreatment for both rice straw and rice husk (natural and powder state). On the other hand, for rice straw, the highest amount of ethanol was obtained in 1.00% NaOH pretreatment (0.36 g $g^{-1}$ in a natural, and 0.31 g $g^{-1}$ in a powder state pretreatment). In addition, for rice husk, the highest amount of ethanol was also obtained in 1.00% NaOH pretreatment (0.24 g $g^{-1}$ in a natural, and 0.23 g $g^{-1}$ in a powder state pretreatment). Moreover, 0.75% NaOH pretreatment resulted in ethanol yield near about 1.00% NaOH pretreatment for both rice straw and rice husk (natural and powder state). It was confirmed that higher amount of NaOH use is cost effective. Moreover, higher amount of glucose and ethanol was observed when powder was prepared after pretreatment. So 0.75% NaOH pretreatment in a natural state is supposed to be suitable for enzymatic saccharification and fermentation for bioethanol production.

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Light and Electron Microscopic Characterization of Husk from Korean Rice

  • Adya P. Singh;Park, Byung-Dae;Wi, Seung-Gon;Lee, Kwang-Ho;Yoon, Tae-Ho;Kim, Yoon-Soo
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2002
  • Microscopic techniques were used to observe the microstructure of rice husk. Microscopic examination showed that two main components of husk, lemma and palea consisted of outer epidermis, layers of fibers, vascular bundles, parenchyma cells, and inner epidermis, in sequence from the outer to the inner surface. The outer epidermal walls were extremely thick, highly convoluted and lignified. The underlying fibers were also thick-walled and lignified. Parenchyma cells were thin-walled and unlignified. Inner epidermal cells were also unlignified. The outer surface of both lemma and palea were conspicuously ridged, but the lower surface had a flat appearance. As part of a detailed study to characterize rice husk using microscopic and micro-analytical techniques, distribution of silica was also examined, and is presented elsewhere. Rice husk can potentially be used as a raw material for making composite products and the observations presented here form valuable background information for our future work related to product development.

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Corrosion Resistance Properties of Rice Husk Ash Blended Concrete

  • Ganesan, K.;Rajagopal, K.;Thangavel, K.
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2007
  • Portland cement incorporating supplementary cementing material develops excellent mechanical properties and long term durability characteristics. India is a leading rice producing country and rice husk is considered as waste in the rice milling industries. In this present work, the rice husk ash (RHA) was added to concrete as cement replacement from 0 to 30%. Corrosion performance of reinforcing steel embedded in RHA blended concretes was studied using linear polarization, AC impedance and gravimetric methods. The corrosion rate of steel bars embedded in RHA concretes were compared with control concrete. The results clearly indicate that the corrosion rate of reinforcing steel embedded in concrete is significantly reduced with the incorporation of RHA. A good correlation among gravimetric method and electrochemical methods was observed. Electrochemical impedance study showed 98 percentage reduction in corrosion rate to the RHA blended concrete with 15% replacement than control concrete.

Reduction of Formaldehyde Emission from Particleboardsby Bio-Scavengers

  • Eom, Young-Geun;Kim, Jong-Sung;Kim, Sumin;Kim, Jin-A;Kim, Hyun-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 2006
  • This study was to investigate the effect of adding additive as tannin, rice husk and charcoal, for reducing the formaldehyde emission level, on the adhesion properties of urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin for particleboard. We controlled the hot-pressing time, temperature and pressure to determine the bonding strength and formaldehyde emission. Blends of various UF resin/additives (tannin, rice husk and charcoal) compositions were prepared. To determine and compare the effect of additives (tannin, rice husk and charcoal) content, 0, 5, 10 and 15%, by weight of UF resin, were used. $NH_4Cl$ as hardener added. To determine the level of formaldehyde emission, we used the desiccator, perforator and 20 L-small chamber method. The formaldehyde emission level decreased with increased additions of additive (except rice husk). Also, increased hot-pressing time decreased formaldehyde emission level. At a charcoal replacement ratio of only 15%, the formaldehyde emission level is under F ✩ ✩ ✩ ✩ grade (emit < $0.3mg/{\ell}$). Curing of the high tannin additive content in this adhesive system indicated that the bonding strength increased. But, in the case of rice husk and charcoal, the bonding strength was much lower due to the inorganic substance. Furthermore, rice husk was poor in bonding strength as well as formaldehyde emission than tannin and charcoal.