• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice herbicides

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Effective Herbicides for Control of Sulfonylurea-Resistant Monochoria vaginalis in Paddy Field

  • Kuk, Yong-In;Kwon, Oh-Do
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.286-291
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    • 2003
  • Monochoria vaginalis is one of the most troublesome resistant weeds in Korean rice culture. Thus, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the response of M. vaginalis resistant to sulfonylurea(SU) herbicides and to determine alternative herbicides for the control of resistant M. vaginalis in direct seeded and transplanted rice culture in Korea. In greenhouse studies, the resistant biotype was 31-, 38-, 3172-, and 7-fold more resistant to ben-sulfuron-methyl, cyclosulfamuron, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, respectively, than the susceptible biotype, indicating cross-resistance to the SU herbicides used in this study. Non-SU herbicides, butachlor, carfentrazone-ethyl, mefenacet, pretilachlor, pyrazolate, and thiobencarb, several SU herbicide-based mixtures, ethoxysulfuron plus fentrazamide, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl plus pyrazolate plus simetryn, and non-SU herbicide-based mixtures, pyrazolate plus butachlor, pyrazolate plus pretilachlor, simetryn plus molinate, carfentrazone-ethyl plus butachlor, and carfentrazone-ethyl plus thiobencarb can be used to control both the resistant and susceptible biotypes of M. vaginalis when applied before the second leaf stage. In the field experiment, the resistant biotype of M. vaginalis that survived from the paddy fields treated with a SU herbicide-based mixture could effectively be controlled by using mixtures of bentazone plus MCPA, bentazone plus mecoprop-P, and bentazone plus 2,4-D when applied at 2 or 4 main leaves. Our results suggest that the SU-resistant M. vaginalis had not developed multiple resistances to herbicides with different modes of action. In particular, bentazone plus MCPA and bentazone plus mecoprop-P were effective control measures after failure to control resistant M. vaginalis in Korean rice culture.

Response of Phytotoxicity on Rice Varieties to HPPD-inhibiting Herbicides in Paddy Rice Fields (HPPD 저해 제초제에 대한 벼 품종별 약해 반응)

  • Kwon, Oh-Do;Shin, Seo-Ho;An, Kyu-Nam;Lee, Yeen;Min, Hyun-Kyeng;Park, Heung-Gyu;Shin, Hae-Ryoung;Jung, Ha-Il;Kuk, Yong-In
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.240-255
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    • 2012
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the levels of phytotoxicity of rice varieties to HPPD (4-hydroxy phenylpyruvate dioxygenase)-inhibiting herbicides known for their efficiency to control the sulfonylureas-resistant weed species:mestrione, benzobicyclone, and tefuryltrione. The twenty-six rice varieties (8-Japonica ${\times}$ Indica-type varieties and 18-Japonica-type varieties) were grown for 25 days on seedling trays and then transplanted to paddy rice fields followed by herbicide treatment i.e. standard and double doses of there respective herbicides at 5, 10, and 15 days after transplanting. Although mestrione, benzobicyclone and tefuryltrione are all HPPD-inhibiting herbicides, the phytotoxicity symptoms of the different rice varieties based on the timing of application and doses of the herbicides were significantly different. The Japonica ${\times}$ Indica-type varieties showed much more phytotoxicity symptoms than Japonica-type varieties in all applied herbicides. Increasing herbicidal doses of mesotrione, and an earlier application of and increasing herbicidal doses of benzobicyclon caused severe phytotoxicity symptoms. On the other hand, phytotoxicity due to tefuryltrione did not exhibit significant differences between rice varieties in either the timing of application or dose of the herbicide. Regardless of timing of application and dose of the herbicides, Hangangchalbyeo-1, Hyangmibyeo-1 and high-yield rice varieties such as Namcheonbyeo, Dasanbyeo, Areumbyeo, and Hanareumbyeo, which belong to the Japonica ${\times}$ Indica-type varieties, showed 5 to 8 levels of phytotoxicity symptoms including albinism, browning, detached leaf, and necrosis to mesotrione and benzobicyclon whereas only 1 to 3 levels of phytotoxicity symptoms (chlorosis, albinism, and browning) were seen with to tefuryltrione application. The Japonica-type varieties exhibited only slight phytotoxicity symptoms (1~2 levels) in conformity with the timing of application and doses of the herbicides. However, there were significant differences among the Japonica-type rice varieties, depending on the type of herbicide. Thirteen-Japonica type rice varieties were sensitive to benzobicyclone while 4-Japonica-type and 7-Japonica-type varieties showed phytotoxicity symptoms such as chlorosis and albinism with mestrione and tefuryltrione application, respectively. Therefore, we suggest that the combined-type herbicides including mestrione, benzobicyclone and tefuryltrione should be rejected in paddy fields where rice is grown for either human consumption (functional or processed rice) or livestock feed because of severe phytotoxicity symptoms on the various rice varieties seen regardless of the timing of application and doses of the herbicides.

Control of Sulfonylurea Herbicide-Resistant Lindernia dubia in Korean Rice Culture

  • Kuk, Yong-In
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 2002
  • A Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell var. dubia accession from Jeonnam province, Korea was tested for resistance to sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides, imazosulfuron and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl in whole-plant response bioassay. The accession was confirmed resistant to both herbicides. The $GR_{50}$ (herbicide concentration that reduced shoot dry weight by 50%) values of resistant accession were 264 and 19 times higher to imazosulfuron and pyrazosulfuronethyl, respectively, than that of the standard susceptible accession. The surviving resistant L. dubia after pyrazosulfuron-ethyl + molinate application can be controlled by sequential applications of soil-applied herbicides, butachlor, dithiopyr, pyrazolate, and thiobencarb and foliar herbicides, bentazon. Sulfonylurea-based mixtures such as mixtures of azimsulfuron + anilofos, bensulfuron-methyl + oxadiazon, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl + fentrazamide, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl + anilofos + carfentrazon can also be used to control the surviving resistant L. dubia. However, use of these mixtures should be restricted to a special need basis. Thus, we suggest that sequential applications of non-SU-based mixtures such as butachlor + pyrazolate and MCPB + molinate + simetryne be used to control the surviving resistant L. dubia after SU herbicide applications. Rice yield was reduced 24 % by resistant L. dubia that survived after the pyrazosulfuron-ethyl + molinate application compared with pyrazolate + butachlor in transplanted rice culture. In vitro ALS activity of the resistant biotype was 40 and 30 times more resistant to imazosulfuron and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, respectively, than the susceptible biotype. Result of in vitro ALS assay that the resistance mechanism of L. dubia to SU herbicides may be due, in part, to an alteration in the target enzyme, ALS.

Differences in Response of Rice(Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars to Herbicides (제초제에 대한 벼 품종간 반응)

  • Shin, D.H.;Moody, K.;Zapata, F.J.;Kim, K.U.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.140-149
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    • 1996
  • Three hundred rice(Oryza sativa L.) cultivars were screened for tolerance to butachlor [N-(buthoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl) acetamide], thiobencarb(S-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]diethylcarbamothioate), and simetryn [N,N-diethyl-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine]. The responses of the rice cultivars to herbicides differed depending upon the herbicides and their concentrations. New Sabarmati(BAS), Gora, PTB 18 were tolerant to butachlor, and Azucena, IR44707-31-1-3-2, ARC 7293 to thiobencarb, while Gora, ARC 7293, and Dudmona were tolerant to both herbicides. Response of rice to simetryn differed from its response to butachlor and thiobencarb. Inhibition of shoot growth and fresh weight increased as the temperature and herbicide concentration increased. There was a higher correlation among rice cultivars response to butachlor and thiobencarb in the greenhouse when laboratory studies were conducted at higher temperatures.

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Effects of Mixed Application of Wood Vinegar and Herbicides on Weed Control, Yield and Quality of Rice(Oryza sativa L.)

  • Rico, Cyren M.;Souvandouane, Souliya;Mintah, Lemuel Ohemeng;Chung, Il-Kyung;Son, Tae-Kwon;Lee, Sang-Chul
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.387-392
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    • 2007
  • The effect of mixed treatments of wood vinegar and sulfonylurea-based herbicides on weed control, yield and yield components, and quality of rice was investigated. Two herbicides were tested namely: imazosulfuron-ethyl+thiobencarb[ethyl-1-(2-chloroimidazo[1,2-$\alpha$]pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)-3-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) urea+S-4-chlorobenzyl diethyl(thiocarbamate)], and bensulfuronmethyl+butachlor [methyl $\alpha$-[(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-ylcarbamoyl)sulfamoyl]-o-toluate+N-butoxymethyl-2-chloro-2',6'-diethylacetanilide]. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications and 5 treatments. Treatments used were recommended(RH: 100%) and half-recommended(HRH: 50%) application rates of each herbicide. Half-recommended application rates were combined with 1 mL wood vinegar $500mL\;water^{-1}$(500) and 1 mL wood vinegar $1000mL\;water^{-1}$(1000) wood vinegar. Plots for no herbicide treatments were also prepared and used as control. Results showed that wood vinegar significantly increased efficacy of HRH in bensulfuron-methyl+butachlor while high efficacy was already obtained in HRH treatment of imazosulfuron-ethyl+thiobencarb. Wood vinegar did not improve the efficacy of imazosulfuron-ethyl+thiobencarb but improved rice yield. Significantly similar rice yields were obtained in the HRH+1000 WV and RH treatments of both herbicides. There were no significant variations in the yield components among the treatments; however, differences in yield can be attributed to the variations in the spikelet number and ripening ratio. Data on rice quality analysis did not show clear trend on the effects of the treatments on grain appearance and nutritional quality.

Study on Weed Control Systems in Rice Production in Korea (한국(韓國) 논잡초(雜草) 방제체계(防除體系)에 관한 조사연구(調査硏究))

  • Oh, Yun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 1983
  • In recent years weed flora have been changed to perennial dominance in paddy field being affected by the cropping systems and cultural practices. The perennial weeds are difficult to be controlled with annual herbicides which occupy 94% of total consumption of herbicides. The weeds competed more with rice plants in early tillering stages in machine transplanted field. For the reasonable and effective weed control, it is advisable to use single ai herbicides in hand transplanting field, but combined and mixed herbicides should be applied in machine transplanting field.

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Mixing Pyroligneous Acids with Herbicides to Control Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli)

  • Acenas, Xernan Sebastian;Nunez, John Paolo Panisales;Seo, Pil Dae;Ultra, Venecio Uy Jr.;Lee, Sang Chul
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2013
  • Alternatives to commercial chemical herbicide are currently being searched and tested due to the numerous adverse effects of commercially available herbicides to the environment. Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli) is an important weed species around the world, especially in paddy rice fields. This study focuses on the favorable effects of mixing pyroligneous acids with commercial liquid herbicides. Seedlings were transplanted and grown under greenhouse conditions. The effect of treatment time or leaf-stage on herbicide-pyroligneous acid efficacies was checked, coupled with isolation and quantification of biochemical compounds. Results revealed that herbicide treatment at early post emergence (2~3 leaf stage) of Echnochloa crus-galli leads to effective control. Both liquid herbicides affected fatty acid, protein, and amino acid syntheses as reflected on their contents. The influence of wood vinegar (WV) or rice vinegar (RV) on these compounds was not thoroughly verified due to lack of information on the pyroligneous products. We observed that mixing WV or RV with BCB (bentazone + cyhalof-butyl) gives more favorable results than BUC (butachlor + clomazone), mixed with WV or RV. The result would indicate the potential of mixing pyroligneous acid in reducing herbicide application rate.

Competitive Ability of Paddy Rice Against Monochoria vaginalis Presl (논 잡초(雜草) 물달개비(Monochoria vaginalis Presl.)와 수도(水稻)와의 경합(競合))

  • Park, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Kil-Ung;Kim, Soon-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 1985
  • This experiment was conducted to identify the competitive ability of rice against Monochoria vaginalis Presl. and to determine effect of various herbicides on it. Photosynthetic efficiency of rice markedly increased as the density of M. vaginalis increased from 1 to 3 plants per hill. Competition index increased in propotional to an increase of M. vaginalis density while total dry matter of rice decreased in reverse. Significant yield reduction of rice, was observed at the density of M. vaginalis, 2 plants per hill and 37% at 3 plants per hill. Such a yield reduction can be mainly attributed to the decrease of panicle and spikelet number of rice which were greatly affected by competition with M. vaginalis. Regardless of herbicides tested, % inhibition increased remarkably as the concentration of herbicides increased from 1 to 20 ppm. No plant growth was observed in all the herbicides treated with 20 ppm except for butachlor, thiobencarb and bifenox, showing existence of the new promising herbicides to control M. vaginalis among the herbicides tested.

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Control and Occurrence of Herbicide Resistance Echinochloa oryzicola in Rice Paddy Field of Honam Area (호남지역에서 제초제 저항성 강피의 발생과 방제)

  • Im, Il-Bin;Im, Bo-Hyeok;Park, Jea-Hyeon;Im, Min-Hyeok;Kim, Dae-Hyeon;Jang, Jeong-Han;Choi, Kyeong-Jin
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to investigate the ACCase inhibiting herbicide resistant Echinochloa oryzicola collected in a Honam rice field and to investigate the control of E. oryzicola in directly seeded paddy rice field. The study result showed that about 44% of the 67 biotypes collected in the rice field in Honam region were resistant to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides. The efficacy of several chemical herbicides on these resistant E. oryzicola biotypes was evaluated according to their application timings. Among herbicides applied 4 days before seeding, pretilachlor, butachlor, oxadiazon, oxadiargyl, oxadiazon+pretilachlor, and fentrazamide+oxadiargyl, provided 95% or higher control of the resistant E. oryzicola biotypes. Among the herbicides applied 10 days after seeding, bromobutide+fentrazamide+imazosulfuron, benzobicyclon+fentrazamide+imazosulfuron, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl+thiobencarb, fentrazamide+imazosulfuron, bromobutide+imazosulfuron+mefenacet and bromobutide+imazosulfuron+pyraclonil provided ${\geq}95%$ control of the weeds. Bromobutide+imazosulfuron+mefenacet and bromobutide+pyrazosulfuron-ethyl+pyriminobac-methyl, applied 15 days after seeding, provided ${\geq}95$ and 90% control of the weeds. Foliar application of cyhalofop-butyl+propanil at 30 days after seeding provided ${\geq}90%$ control of the weeds. In addition, oxaziclomefone provided ${\geq}90%$ control for 40 days after soil application. These results show that E. oryzicola biotypes resistant to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides could be effectively controlled in directly seeded rice in submerged paddy fields using single or tank-mixed chemical herbicides currently available on the market.

Herbicidal Efficacy of Newly Developed Several Herbicides in Rice (최근(最近) 개발(開發)된 수도용(水稻用) 제초제(除草劑)의 작용성(作用性)과 제초효과(除草效果))

  • Kim, S.C.;Lee, S.K.;Kim, D.S.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.208-219
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    • 1987
  • Newly developed several herbicides were evaluated as paddy rice herbicide at the Yeongnam Crop Experiment in 1986. And also, the general situation of rice cultivation between Korea and Japan was compared. Twenty-nine herbicides of the total 59 herbicides were used as paddy rice field in Korea while these were 100 and 187, respectively, in Japan. Among paddy rice herbicides, butachlor was the most important herbicide in both countries. However, the degree of concentration to a particular herbicide was greater in Korea compared to Japan; consumption rate of single butachlor to the total herbicide were 66.5% for Korea and 11.9%r for Japan, respectively. Pyrazolate, pyrazoxyfen and quinclorac were the most promising hebicides in pressed-type rice nurserybed in terms of herbicidal efficacy and phytotoxic effect. For transplanted paddy rice field, single application of NC-311 or combining applications of NC-311 with butachlor or quinclorac gave excellent results at the weed community that was dominated by Echinochloa crus-galli, Aneilema japonica, Ludwigia prostrata, Scirpus hotarui, Cyperus serotinus, Potamogeton distinctus and Eleocharis kuroguwai. Particularly the above combining applications maintained their excellent herbicidal effect up to 3 leaf stage of E. crus-galli without arising herbicidal phytotoxicity. Pyrazolate and three sulfonyl urea herbicides (DPX-5384, NC-311 and CGA 142464) exhibited very high safety against rice. However, Japonica type rice cultivar was a little bit more sensitive than Indica/Japonica type rice cultivar. On the other hand, the effect of these herbicides against E. crus-galli was very strong. Herbicidal effect against E. crus-galli was enhanced through shoot absorption for sulfonyl urea herbicides and root abosorption for pyrazolate and quinclorac, respectively.

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