• Title, Summary, Keyword: rheological property

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Rheological and Pasting Properties of Naked Barley Flour as Modified by Guar, Xanthan, and Locust Bean Gums

  • Yoon, Sung-Jin;Lee, Youngseung;Yoo, Byoungseung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.367-372
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    • 2016
  • To understand the effects of adding different gums (guar, xanthan, and locust bean gums) on naked barley flour (NBF), the rheological and pasting properties of NBF-gum mixtures were measured at different gum concentrations (0, 0.3, and 0.6% w/w). Steady shear rheological properties were determined by rheological parameters for power law and Casson models. All samples showed a clear trend of shear-thinning behavior (n=0.16~0.48) and had a non-Newtonian nature with yield stress. Consistency index, apparent viscosity, and yield stress values increased with an increase in gum concentration. Storage modulus values were more predominant than loss modulus values with all concentrations of gums. There is a more pronounced synergistic effect of elastic properties of NBF in the presence of xanthan gum. Rapid visco analyser pasting properties showed that the addition of gums resulted in a significant increase in the peak, breakdown, setback, and final viscosities, whereas the pasting temperature decreased.

Effect of Precured EPDM on the Property of Magneto-rheological Elastomer Based on NR/EPDM Blend

  • Na, Bokgyun;Chung, Kyungho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2018
  • Magneto-rheological elastomers (MREs) are smart materials in which the inherent stiffness and damping properties can be changed by the influence of an external magnetic field. The magneto-rheological (MR) effect depends on the orientation characteristics of the dispersed magneto-responsible particles (MRPs) in the matrix. In this study, natural rubber (NR) and ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) were blended and used as a matrix of an MRE. EPDM was pre-cured before blending with NR. The Mooney viscosity, curing characteristics, and mechanical properties were analyzed with various pre-curing conditions of EPDM and the NR/EPDM blend. The results show that excellent mechanical properties of the NR/EPDM blend-based MRE were obtained when the pre-curing time of EPDM was 60 min. The aging property of the NR-based MRE was improved by the introduction of pre-cured EPDM. Also, the anisotropic MRE showed a higher MR effect than that of the isotropic MRE.

A Sliding Mode Control for an Engine Mount Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 엔진마운트의 슬라이딩모드제어)

  • 이동길;안영공;정석권;양보석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1144-1149
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, a sliding mode controller of a fluid engine mount using MR (Magneto-Rheological) fluid was discussed When the MR fluid is applied to a fluid mount, resistance of MR fluid can be controlled by electro-magnetic valve installed in the inertia track. Since the rheological property of the MR fluid shows a function of shear rate, the damping characteristics of the mount will be change according to the frequency. Changing an applied magnetic field to the valve changes the property of the mount, such as the resistance of the MR fluid, the notch and the resonant frequencies due to the fluid passing, quantity of the fluid passing, the effective piston area of the volumetric damping and stiffness. Therefore, the fluid mount using MR fluid can be regarded as a variable structure system The sliding mode control known well as a particular type of variable structure control was introduced in this study. The sliding mode control, which has inherent robustness, is also expected to improve the control performance in the engine mount The sliding mode controller for the mount formatted by taking into account the response property with a time constant to MR fluid and the variable mount property. The motion equations of the fluid mount are derived from Newton's law of motion and used in numerical simulation. Numerical simulations illustrate the effectiveness of the sliding mode controller.

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Rheological Differences of Waxy Barley Flour Dispersions Mixed with Various Gums

  • Kim, Chong-Yeon;Yoo, Byoungseung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2017
  • Rheological properties of waxy barley flour (WBF) dispersions mixed with various gums (carboxyl methyl celluleose, guar gum, gum arabic, konjac gum, locust bean gum, tara gum, and xanthan gum) at different gum concentrations were examined in steady and dynamic shear. WBF-gum mixture samples showed a clear trend of shear-thinning behavior and had a non-Newtonian nature with yield stress. Rheological tests indicated that the flow and dynamic rheological parameter (apparent viscosity, consistency index, yield stress, storage modulus, and loss modulus) values of WBF dispersions mixed with gums, except for gum arabic, were significantly higher than those of WBF with no gum, and also increased with an increase in gum concentration. In particular, konjac gum at 0.6% among other gums showed the highest rheological parameter values. Tan ${\delta}$ values of WBF-xanthan gum mixtures were lower than those of other gums, showing that there is a more pronounced synergistic effect on the elastic properties of WBF in the presence of xanthan gum. Such synergistic effect was hypothesized by considering thermodynamic compatibility between xanthan gum and WBF. These rheological results suggest that in the WBF-gum mixture systems, the addition of gums modified the flow and viscoelastic properties of WBF, and that these modifications were dependent on the type of gum and gum concentration.

Performance of Squeeze Film Damper Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 스퀴즈필름 댐퍼의 응답특성)

  • 안영공;양보석;신동춘;김동조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents the property of the Squeeze Film Damper (SFD) using Magneto-Rheological fluid (MR fluid). The damping property of a SFD for a flexible rotor system varied according to vibration mode. MR fluid is known as a functional fluid with controllable apparent viscosity of the fluid by applied magnetic field strength. When the MR fluid is applied in the SFD, the SFD using MR fluid can effectively reduce vibrations of the flexible rotor in a wide range of rotating speed by control of the applied magnetic field strength. To investigate in detail the SFD using MR fluid, the SFD to support one mass was constructed and its performance was experimentally investigated in the present study. The damping property of the SFD using MR fluid has viscous damping by Newtonian fluid, but not Coulomb friction by Bingham fluid. Therefore, The system damped by the SFD can be considered as a linear system.

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Rheological Properties of Binder Pastes for Self-Compacting Concrete

  • Park, Yon-Dong
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2001
  • This paper investigated rheological properties of binder pastes for self-compacting high performance concrete. Six mixtures of self-compacting concrete were initially prepared and tested to estimate self-compacting property. Then, the binder pastes used in self-compacting concrete were tested for rheological properties using a rotary type rheometer. Binder pastes with different water-binder ratios arid flow values were also examined to evaluate their rheological characteristics. The binders were composed of ordinary Portland cement, fly ash, two types of pulverized blast-furnace slag, and limestone powder. The flow curves of binder pastes were obtained by a rotary type rheometer with shear rate control. Slump flow, O-funnel time, box, and L-flow teats were carried out to estimate self-compacting property of concrete. The flow curves of binder pastes for self-compacting concrete had negligible yield stresses and showed an approximately linear behavior at higher shear rates beyond a certain limit. Test results also indicated that the binders incorporating fly ash are more appropriate than the other types of binders in quality control of self-compacting concrete.

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A Study on the Properties of Porous Concrete according to Rheological Property of Binder and Compaction Energy (결합재의 유동특성 및 다짐에너지에 따른 포러스콘크리트의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jun;Park, Seong-Bum;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Bum-Kyou;Kim, Hyung-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.596-599
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate properties of porous concrete according to rheological properties of binder and compaction factor. The results of this study, the rheological property of binder is stabilized when a mixing time is over 240 seconds in case of target flow values are $175\%\;and\;200\%$. The void ratio of specimen has a very near value by target void ratio on the whole according as the rheological properties of binder and compaction energy are changed when target flow value is $200\%$, compaction energy is $75kN{\cdot}m/m^2$. The specimen has the excellent compressive strength when compaction energy and target flow value are $100kN{\cdot}m/m^2$ and $200\%$ respectively.

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Experimental Investigation on the Flow Characteristics of ER Fluids III (3nd Report, Flow-Pressure Drop Characteristics clearance between Two Parallel Plate) (ER유체의 유동특성에 관한 실험적 연구 III (평행평판 간극내의 유량-압려강하 특성))

  • 김도태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.399-404
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    • 1999
  • Electro-rheological(ER) fluids are suspensions which show an abrupt increase in rheological properties under electric fields. The rheological response is very rapid and reversible when the electric field is imposed and/or removed. Therefore, there are many practical applications using the ER fluids. The purpose of the present study is to examine the flow characteristics of electro-rheological fluids. The field-dependent yield stress are obtained from experimental investigation on the Bingham property of the ER fluid. Then the steady relationshup between pressure drop and flow rate of the ERF was two fixed parallel-plates was measured under application of an electric fields. The electrical and rheological properties of zeolite based electro-rheological fluids were reported.

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Response Property of Multi-directional Mount Using Magneto-Rheological Fluid (MR유체를 이용한 다방향 제진형 마운트의 응답특성)

  • 안영공;신동춘;양보석;이일영;김동조
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents response property of the squeeze mode type mount using Magneto-Rheological fluid (MR fluid) . The MR mount for the isolation of multi-directional vibrations was constructed in this study. Both the mechanism and shape of the mount are the same as squeeze film dampers for a rotor system. In the present work, the performance of the mount was experimentally Investigated according to the magnetic field strength. The experimental results present that the MR mount can effectively reduce the vibration in a wide range of frequency by controlling the applied electromagnetic filed strength. Viscous damping and stiffness coefficients of the MR mount tend to be changed according to the variation of the applied currents In this study.

Rheological Property and Adjuvant Effect of l-Carrageenan (l-카라기난의 유동학적 성질과 어쥬번트 효과)

  • 김하형;김범수;이광재;이종혁;조두현;김윤중;정병욱
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 2002
  • The present study investigated the rheological properties and adjuvant activity of IgG production of ι-Carrageenan prepared using two different methods . incubation at 37.4$^{\circ}C$ after either being heated or not being heated int 6$0^{\circ}C$ for 10 minutes. The carrageenan exhibited plastic flow with thixotropy in both cases, but the viscosity of the sample that had been heated was significantly higher. C57BL/6 mice were then immunized intraperitoneally with either of the carrageenans containing protein antigens. The maximum adjuvant effect was found when using the nonheated carrageenan, especially in term of IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgG3 production. In contrast, IgG1 antibody production was the same far both types of carrageenan. furthermore, when administered oral1y, neither type of carrageenan resulted in the production of any antibodies.