• Title, Summary, Keyword: rheological properties

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Relationship between Printability and Rheological Properties of UV-curable Flexographic Ink

  • Jeong, Kyoung-Mo;Koseki, Ken'ichi
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.209-213
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    • 2006
  • Relationship between printability and rheological properties of UV flexographic (flexo) inks were investigated. UV flexo suspensions of carbon black in liquid medium having various binding materials such as acylate pre-polymer, di/multi-functional monomer, and diluents, were used as sample inks. Inks were characterized on a rheometer in terms of steady and dynamic behaviors. To understand the rheological properties of UV flexo inks, we must determine the specific rheological properties of chemical and/or physical interactions of their components (pigments, functional monomers, and pre-polymers). In particular, we discussed the influence of multi-functional monomers and the relationship between the rheological properties and transient networks formed by carbon black. In this study, we investigated the interrelationships between rheological properties of UV flexo inks and chemical and/or physical interactions of their components. To investigate correlations between the printability and the rheological behaviors induced by interfacial interactions between ink compositions, we carried out rheological tests of UV ink suspensions. The results were compared with printing tests so as to find out the relationship between printability and rheological properties of ink.

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Experimental analysis on rheological properties for control of concrete extrudability

  • Lee, Hojae;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay;Moon, Jae-Heum;Kim, Won-Woo;Seo, Eun-A
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we examined the relationship among the rheological properties, workability, and extrudability in the construction of concrete structures using additive manufacturing. We altered the component materials (binder type, water-binder (W/B) ratio, sand ratio) to assess their effect on the rheological properties experimentally. The results indicated that the W/B and sand ratios had the largest effect on the rheological properties. In particular, when the sand ratio increased, it indicated that adjusting the sand ratio would facilitate control over the rheological properties. Additionally, we compared the rheological properties with the results of a traditional workability evaluation, namely the table flow test. This indicated the possibility of inferring the rheological properties by using traditional methods. Finally, we evaluated extrusion quantity according to table flow. The extrusion rate was 350 g/s for a flow of 210 mm and 170 g/s for a flow of 130 mm, indicating that extrusion rate increased as flow increased; however, we concluded that a flow standard of approximately 140-160 mm is suitable for controlling the actual extrusion quantity and rate.

Rheological Properties of Cement Mixed with Fine Blast Furnace Slag Powder Blended Cement (미세 고로슬래그 분말을 혼합한 시멘트의 레올로지 특성)

  • 박춘근;김남호;김학연
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2003
  • High-Flowability Concrete has many advanced properties and been focused on their workability. Because of the difficulty in understanding of the quality of High-Flowablity Concrete just using slump properties, many studies have been carried out rheological properties influenced on concrete fluidity. In this paper, for the purpose of expecting some level of rheological properties, the change of rheological properties of High-Flowability Concrete with dosages and types of superplasticizer, and various addition amounts addictives were investigated.

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Morphological and rheological properties of culture broth of Cephalosporium acremonium M25

  • Lim, Jung-Soo;Kim, Jin-Hee;Kim, Chongyoup;Kim, Seung-Wook
    • Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2002
  • Cephalosporium acremonium is a filamentous microorganism producing cephalosporin C. The morphological differentiation of C. acremonium in submerged culture is closely related with the rheological properties of culture broth and production of cephalosporin C. In this study, the rheological and morphological properties of culture broth of C. acremonium were investigated. In the seed broths of shake-flask and fermenter culture, the Herschel-Berkley equation was in excellent agreement with experimental results in the whole range of shear rate. In the seed broths of shake-flask culture, morphological differentiation into arthrospores affected to changes of apparent viscosity. But results in the fermenter culture, morphological factors such as mean hyphal thickness and the number of tips gave more effect on changes of apparent vitacosity than differentiation into arthrospores. Overall, it suggested that the morphological parameters measured by image analysis can be used as a good parameter to indicate the rheological properties of culture broth of C. acremonium M25.

The Study on the Rheological Properties of Polymer Matrix for MIF (Molded-In Foaming) Process (MIF (Molded-In Foaming) 공정에 적합한 고분자 기재의 유변학적 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Mingeun;Song, Hyeong Yong;Kim, Dong Gun;Kim, Hyo Jun;Park, Geon Uk;Yu, Jae Keun;Hyun, Kyu
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2014
  • In order to select polymer matrix for MIF (Molded-In Foaming) process, in this study, we investigated rheological properties of commercial polymers, SBC (Styrene-Butadiene Copolymers, K-resin KK38) and SBS (Styrene- Butadiene-Styrene, KTR 101 and KTR 301). In time sweep test, the rheological properties ($G^{\prime}$, $G^{{\prime}{\prime}}$, ${\eta}^*$) of SBS at 155 and $170^{\circ}C$ display almost constant value as a function of time from 0 s to 1800 s. On contrast, the rheological properties of SBS at 185 and $200^{\circ}C$ exponentially increase as a function of time. It could be due to gelation of SBS at high temperature conditions. These increment of rheological properties are not observed in SBC. From LAOS (large amplitude oscillatory shear) test, the nonlinear rheological properties of SBS at 155 and $200^{\circ}C$ after 1800 s are compared. The nonlinear rheological properties at $155^{\circ}C$ show simple strain thinning behavior such as linear homopolymer, however, the nonlinear rheological properties at $200^{\circ}C$ show 2 times strain thinning behavior (Payne effect). It well match with the gelation of SBS at $200^{\circ}C$. From rheological studies, it is confirmed that the proper polymer matrix for MIF process (low rheological properties at initial time and high rheological properties after process) is SBS KTR 301.

Analysis of Rheological Properties of Cement Paste with Binder Type and Composition Ratio (결합재 타입 및 구성비 변화에 따른 시멘트 페이스트의 레올로지 특성 분석)

  • Jeon, Sung IL;Nam, Jeong Hee;Lee, Moon Sup;Nho, Jae Myun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSES : It is necessary to clarify the rheological properties of cement paste as a basic research in the development of mechanistic concrete mix design. The rheological properties of cement paste with different binder types, mix propositions, and with/without high range water reducers have been analyzed. METHODS : In this study, ordinary Portland cement, fly-ash, blast furnace slag, silica fume, and limestone powder were used as binders. The range of water-binder ratio was 0.3-0.5, and a total of 30 different mixes have been tested. The slump flow test, V-funnel test, and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) test were performed to analyze the rheological properties of cement paste. RESULTS : As a result of the slump flow test, it was found that the composition ratio of the binder contents greatly affected the paste flow when the high range water reducers were added. The results of V-funnel test showed that when the water-binder ratio was decreased without high range water reducers, the binder composition ratio had a large effect on the passing time of the V-funnel tester, but with high range water reducers the impact of the binder composition ratio was decreased. The slump flow and V-funnel have a certain relationship with the rheological factors (yield stress and plastic viscosity), but the correlation was not significant. Finally, we proposed the M-value considering the density and specific surface area of the binder. The correlation between rheological factors and M-value were better demonstrated than experimental values, but there is still a limit to predict the rheological factor in general mix design. CONCLUSIONS :In this study, the rheological properties of cement paste were analyzed. The binder type, composition ratio of binder, and with/without high range water reducers have combined to provide the complex effects on the rheological properties of cement paste. The correlation between the proposed M-value and rheological factor was found to be better than experimental results, but needs to be improved in the future.

Effect of pH on Rheological Properties of Dysphagia-Oriented Thickened Water

  • Yoon, Seung-No;Yoo, Byoungseung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.73-77
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    • 2016
  • Flow and dynamic rheological properties of thickened waters prepared with commercial food thickeners were investigated at different pH levels (3, 4, 5, 6, and 7). The commercial xanthan gum (XG)-based thickener (thickener A) and starch-based thickener (thickener B), which have been commonly used in a domestic hospital and nursing home for patients with swallowing difficulty (dysphagia) in Korea, were selected in this study. Thickened samples with both thickeners at different pH levels showed high shear-thinning flow behaviors (n=0.08~0.22). Thickened samples at pH 3 showed higher n values and lower consistency index (K) values when compared to those at other pH levels. The K values of thickener A increased with an increase in pH level, while the n values decreased, showing that the flow properties greatly depended on pH. There were no noticeable changes in the K values of thickener B between pH 4 and 7. At pH 3, the thickened water with thickener A showed a higher storage modulus (G') value, while that with thickener B showed a lower G'. These rheological parameters exhibited differences in rheological behaviors between XG-based and starch-based thickeners, indicating that the rheological properties of thickened waters appear to be greatly influenced by the acidic condition and the type of food thickener. Appropriately selecting a commercial food thickener seems to be greatly important for the preparation of thickened acidic fluids with desirable rheological properties for safe swallowing.

Effect of Properties of Conductive Ink on Printability of Electrode Patterning by Gravure Printing Method (그라비어 방식을 이용한 전극 인쇄 시 전도성 잉크의 물성이 인쇄성에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Ki Sang;Yoon, Seong Man;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Dong Soo;Kim, Chung Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.573-577
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    • 2013
  • The one of the most important issue in roll-to-roll gravure printing is increase of ink transfer ratio or printability. As the result of high ink transfer ratio or printability, we can assess the quality of the printed patterns. The rheological properties are the important factors for the printability of electrodes patterning. In this study, the rheological properties of conductive ink are controlled by adding the solvent. The inks with different rheological properties are used for the patterning of the electrodes of $100{\mu}m$ by gravure printing equipment. The various printing speed, which also affect the rheological properties of conductive ink, is applied and the printed patterns are compared for their width and aspect ratio. Decreasing in the ink viscosity as well as increasing in the printing speed decreases the printability in gravure patterning, which shows that the rheological properties are important factors for the printability of gravure patterning.

Modeling the effects of additives on rheological properties of fresh self-consolidating cement paste using artificial neural network

  • Mohebbi, Alireze;Shekarchi, Mohammad;Mahoutian, Mehrdad;Mohebbi, Shima
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.279-292
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study includes investigation of the rheological properties of fresh self consolidating cement paste containing chemical and mineral additives using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model. In order to develop the model, 200 different mixes are cast in the laboratory as a part of an extensive experimental research program. The data used in the ANN model are arranged in a format of fourteen input parameters covering water-binder ratio, four different mineral additives (calcium carbonate, metakaolin, silica fume, and limestone), five different superplasticizers based on the poly carboxylate and naphthalene and four different Viscosity Modified Admixtures (VMAs). Two common output parameters including the mini slump value and flow cone time are chosen for measuring the rheological properties of fresh self consolidating cement paste. Having validated the model, the influence of effective parameters on the rheological properties of fresh self consolidating cement paste is investigated based on the ANN model outputs. The output results of the model are then compared with the results of previous studies performed by other researchers. Ultimately, the analysis of the model outputs determines the optimal percentage of additives which has a strong influence on the rheological properties of fresh self consolidating cement paste. The proposed ANN model shows that metakaolin and silica fume affect the rheological properties in the same manner. In addition, for providing the suitable rheological properties, the ANN model introduces the optimal percentage of metakaolin, silica fume, calcium carbonate and limestone as 15, 15, 20 and 20% by cement weight, respectively.

A Study of Rheological Properties on Cement Paste System Mixed with Mineral Admixtures (광물혼화재가 혼합된 시멘트 페이스트 시스템의 레올로지 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 박대효;노명현;박춘근
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.505-508
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    • 2003
  • The rheological properties of cement paste system mixed with mineral admixture for the purpose of increasing the strength and improving durability and rheology of concrete were investigated. The results were as follows: The rheological properties of one-ingredient paste system were improved with increasing the dosage of superplasticizer. For two-ingredients paste system, increasing the replacement rate of BFS(blast furnace slag) and FA(fly ash), the yield value and plastic viscosity were decreased compared with non-replacement. In the OPC(ordinary portland cement)-SF(silica fume) system, increasing the replacement rate of SF, the plastic viscosity and yield value increased linearly. In three-ingredients paste system, both OPC-BFS-SF and OPC-FA-SF system, the rheological properties were improved compared with the only replacement of SF. Both two- and three- ingredients paste system, the rheological properties using BFS were improved more than FA.

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