• Title/Summary/Keyword: reverse osmosis membrane

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A Study on the Removal Effect of Bacteria and E. Coli. by Water Treatment Processes using Activated Carbon and Membrane (정수처리공정에 따른 일반세균과 대장균군의 제거에 관한 연구)

  • 조태석;김영규;정문호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.24-27
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    • 1997
  • This study has been designed to check the removal effect of contaminated water by various water treatmemt processes using sediment filter, activated carbon, reverse osmosis membrane, ultra vilolet sterilizer and ultra filtration and then to analyze the change of pH, the concentration of chlorides, bacteria and E. coli. after 24 hours. pH has increased as much as 0.15-0.32 by activated carbon but decreased sharply by reverse osmosis treatment after 24 hours. The removal effect of chloride was low by activated carbon and ultra filter but high in reverse osmosis. The removal effect of bacteria and E. coli was low by activated carbon and membrane filter system using activated carbon. Ultra filtration process was effective for purify agricultural water containg bacteria and E.coli.

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Removal of Silica and Humic Acid from Brackish Water with Calcite (Calcite를 이용한 brackish water 내의 실리카와 휴믹산의 제거에 관한 연구)

  • 박소희;박재우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • 2002.04a
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    • pp.243-245
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    • 2002
  • Brackish water desalination using reverse osmosis(RO) membrane is more useful and economic than sea water to solve the shortage of fresh water supply because of its low total dissolved solid(TDS) contents. Silica and humic acid in brackish water make serious fouling problems and cause the decline of permeate flux and increase of operating pressure. In this study, the experiments for removal of silica and humic acid were conducted with calcite particles to prevent membrane fouling and investigated the effect of pH of feed water Adsorption of silica to calcite was higher at pH=7.5 than 9.5 and removal rate was increased according to increase of initial concentration of silica. The effect of pH on adsorption of humic acid was not significant but at low initial concentration the adsorption of humic acid was enhanced at pH 7.5. The result of this study expect to apply to brackish water desalination experiment of flat-sheet reverse osmosis membrane.

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Introduction of vinyl Compounds Containing Hydroxyl Group into Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membrane

  • 염민오;김학상;김성수;김재진
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • 1995.10a
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    • pp.54-55
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    • 1995
  • 현재 수처리용 분리막으로 널리 사용되고 있는 상업용 polyamide membrane은 주사슬을 이루고 있는 amide bond가 chlorine에 쉽게 분해됨으로써 주쇄의 절단이 일어나므로 막이 파괴되는 결과를 초래하여 역삼투 분리막의 기능이 저하되는 문제점을 갖고 있다. 또한 분리막의 성능으로써 수투과도의 향상도 기존의 분리막의 개선점으로 지적되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 재료 자체의 친수성이 강한 hydroxyl group을 가진 vinyl계 화합물을 기존의 amine계 monomer와 혼합하여 가교반응을 시킴으로써 전체적인 분리막의 수투과도 및 내염소성의 향상을 도모하였다. 기존의 polyamide 분리막의 소재인 1,3-phenylenediamine(MPDA)에 친수성기인 hydroxyethylmethacrylate(HEMA) monomer를 첨가하고 가교제인 trymesoyl chloride(TMC)로 이를 가교시켜 HEMA 및 PVA의 친수성에 의한 수투과도 및 내염소성의 향상을 유도하여 보았다.

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Reverse osmosis membrane for Water treatment (수처리용 역삼투막 제조)

  • 임대우
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • 1997.06a
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    • pp.183-205
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    • 1997
  • 산업발전에 따라 발생하는 각종 오염물질에 의한 양질의 물 부족현상을 해결하거나 산업적으로 특정물질을 분리하기 위하여 새로운 분리기술이 개발되고 있으며 이는 앞으로 인류에 대한 가장 절실한 기술로 떠오를 것이다. 이러한 측면에서 분리막은 가장 효율절인 분리기술로 여겨져 지난 30년간 눈부신 발전을 해왔고 최근 국내에서도 소재개발과 함께 이를 응용한 분리막 System개발이 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 분리막에 의한 공정은 상변화가 없는 분리공정이므로 에너지 측면에서 효율적이며 공정자체가 간단하여 점차 보편적인 기술로 자리를 잡아가고 그 기본원료가 부직포, 중공사나 장단섬유이므로 주로 화섬회사 위주로 소재개발이 주로 되고 있다. 본 발표에서는 최근에 국내에서 생산되기 시작한 역삼투막의 제조 방법과 특성 및 개발동향을 총괄적으로 소개하고자 한다.

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Fouling and cleaning of reverse osmosis membrane applied to membrane bioreactor effluent treating textile wastewater

  • Srisukphun, Thirdpong;Chiemchaisri, Chart;Chiemchaisri, Wilai;Thanuttamavong, Monthon
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2016
  • Membrane bioreactor (MBR) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane system was applied to the treatment and reclamation of textile wastewater in Thailand. An experiment was carried out to determine the fouling behavior and effect of anti-scalant and biocide addition to flux decline and its recovery through chemical cleaning. The RO unit was operated for one month after which the fouled membranes were cleaned by sequential chemical cleaning method. RO flux was found rapidly declined during initial period and only slightly decreased further in long-term operation. The main foulants were organic compounds and thus sequential cleaning using alkaline solution followed by acid solution was found to be the most effective method. The provision of anti-scalant and biocide in feed-water could not prevent deposition of foulant on the membrane surface but helped improving the membrane cleaning efficiencies.

Removal of Virus in Home Drinking Water Treatment Systems (가정용 정수시스템의 바이러스 제거)

  • 김영진;오남순;정문호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2000
  • Reverse osmosis filtration(RO) system and ultrafiltration(UF) system are principally use for domestic home drinking water treatment systems. The object of this study is to make a comparison between two systems in terms of theirs abilities to remove RNA coilphage QB as an indicator of pathogenic enteroviruses. The virus removal ratio of RO system was 99.999%, which was higher than EPA virus treatment guideline(99.99%). In the course of filtration, removal ratios of sediment filter, pre-carbon filter, reverse osmosis membrane and post-carbon filter were 75.000%, 93.208%, 99.997% and 99.999%, repectively. In case of UF system, virus removal ratio was 99.708%. Removal ratios of sediment filter, pre-carbon filter, post-carbon filter and ultrafiltration membration membrane were 71.038%, 91.530%, 98.283% and 99.708%, respecively, in UF steps. Therefore, RO system is more effective than UF system in virus removal.

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Construction Method of Zero Discharge System for Environmental Energy Complex in Landfill (매립지내 환경에너지단지의 무방류 시스템 구축방안)

  • Chun, Seung-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.581-590
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    • 2013
  • A research was performed for zero discharge system of waste water which is produced from energy recovery process of waste and biomass. Leachate and all kinds of waste water should be separated and integrated into three categories in addition to converting existing leachate treatment facility into waste water treatment facility as well as introducing a management system of reverse osmosis membrane facility and bioreactor landfill. Following these conditions to better water treatment process, it was likely to produce over 3,000 tons of low-grade recycling water and 2,000 tons of high-grade recycling water per day when zero discharge system of waste water is applied starting from 2016. Economical efficiency was also surveyed in total treatment fee. Present system costs 18,129 million won per year, and suggested zero discharge system would cost 15,789 million won per year.

Studies on the Removal of Silica from the boric Acid Solution by Reverse Osmosis Membrane Process (역삼투막을 이용한 붕산수중 실리카 분리 실험)

  • 박헌휘;양주동;최광호
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • 1998.10a
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    • pp.156-158
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    • 1998
  • 원자력 발전소에서 사용하는 1차 냉각수에 대해 살펴보면, 일차냉각수의 pH는 5~8 범위이며, 수질기준은 염소이온과 불소이온이 0.15 ppm, 현탁고형물 이 0.2 ppm이나 실제 농도는 기준치보다 훨씬 낮은 매우 순수한 상태로 유지된다. 다만, 핵분열 반응도를 제어하기 위해 주입되는 붕소가 수백 ppm정도, pH를 조절하기 위해 부가되는 리튬의 1 ppm정도 포함되며, 그밖에 1ppm 정도의 실리카가 포함될 수 있다. 붕산으로 포화 운전되는 이온교환 수지탑 내에서는 붕산보다 이온선택도가 낮은 실리카는 이온교환수지에 흡착되지 않기 때문에 발전소의 가동년수의 증가에 ㄷ아라 원자로 냉각제의 실리카 농도는 점차 증가하게 되었다.

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Recent Development Trends of Cation Exchange Membrane Materials (양이온교환막 소재 개발 동향)

  • 이충섭;신현수;전지현;정선영;임지원
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2002
  • Currently, the commercialized cation exchange membranes have the excellent performance and stability, however their costs are very expensive and they are not still optimized for the several application areas. A number of membranenologists are focused to solve the problems on the development of novel membrane to be applicable to each membrane field. The present will deal with the introduction of the existing membrane materials and their performances.