• Title, Summary, Keyword: retrograded rice starch

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Effects of Various Salts on the Reheating Behavior of Retrograded Rice Starch and Cooked Rice

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Kim, Bo-Reum;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2011
  • The influence of sodium salts and chlorides at various concentrations (0.05, 0.10, 0.50, and 1.00%) on the reheating behavior of retrograded rice starch and cooked rice was investigated. The degree of gelatinization of the all retrograded rice starch gels and the cooked rice containing sodium salts and chlorides increased after reheating compared to the starches without salt. Gelatinization also showed an increasing trend as the concentration of sodium salts and chlorides increased. The increase of gelatinization after reheating the samples containing sodium salts and chlorides was greater than 38.0%. The reheated retrograded rice starch and cooked rice containing $Na_3PO_4$ showed the lowest set back value and retrogradation rate constant. Among all the samples, the cooked sample containing $Na_3PO_4$ showed the highest increment of gelatinization after reheating. Also, this same sample showed the lowest retrogradation degree.

Effect of retrograded rice on weight control, gut function, and lipid concentrations in rats

  • Ha, Ae-Wha;Han, Gwi-Jung;Kim, Woo-Kyoung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2012
  • The effects of retrograded rice on body weight gain, gut functions, and hypolipidemic actions in rats were examined. When the retrograded rice was produced by repetitive heating and cooling cycles, it contained significantly higher amounts of resistant starch ($13.9{\pm}0.98%$) than is found in common rice ($9.1{\pm}1.02%$) (P < 0.05). Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either common rice powder or retrograded rice powder, and mean body weight gain was significantly lower in the retrograded rice group (P < 0.05). The liver weight of the retrograded rice group ($14.5{\pm}0.5\;g$) was significantly lower than that of the common rice group ($17.1{\pm}0.3\;g$, P < 0.05). However, the weights of other organs, such as the kidney, spleen, thymus, and epididymal fat pad were not significantly affected by rice feeding. Intestinal transit time tended to be lower in rats fed retrograded rice when compared to rats fed the common rice, but the difference was not significant. The retrograded rice diet significantly increased stool output when compared to that in the common rice powder diet (P < 0.05), whereas fecal moisture content (%) was significantly higher in the retrograded rice group ($23.3{\pm}1.2$) than that in the common rice group ($19.1{\pm}1.2$) (P < 0.05). The retrograded rice group had significantly lower plasma cholesterol (P < 0.05), liver cholesterol (P < 0.05), and triacylglycerol contents in adipose tissue (P < 0.05) when compared to those in the common rice group. In conclusion, retrograded rice had higher resistant starch levels compared with those of common rice powder, and it lowered body weight gain and improved lipid profiles and gut function in rats.

Development of Squash Sikhye Added with Retrograded Rice Flour Containing Resistant Starch Using Response Surface Methodology and Quality Comparison with Commercial Beverages (반응표면검사를 이용한 RS함유 노화쌀가루를 첨가한 단호박식혜 개발 및 시판음료와 품질비교)

  • Ha, Kyungae;Park, Boseock;Chang, Hyeja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.129-138
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    • 2014
  • This research aimed to develope squash sikhye containing retrograded rice flour using response surface methodology. For this, nonlinear regression equation was calculated with the setting of independent variables as retrograded rice flour containing resistant starch and squash, and dependent variables as viscosity, sugar content, pH, color, and sensory attributes. Under the experimental condition, the quality characteristics of squash sikhye were found as 6.20~6.25 for pH, $14.00{\sim}17.33^{\circ}Brix$ for sweetness, 2.64~4.45 cP for viscosity, 57.51~60.18 for lightness, 4.94~7.52 for redness, and 50.98~60.29 for yellowness. It also was revealed overall acceptability in sensory evaluation rated as 9.67~10.83 out of 15 point. These results showed statistically significant differences in quality attributes with the increase of retrograded rice flour and squash(p<0.05). Thus, optimal mixing quantity of squash and retrograded rice flour for squash sikhye was identified as 114 g and 65 g, respectively. Comparison of sensory qualities of four samples, namely squash sikhye with and without retrograded rice, and two commercial products, showed that squash sikhye including retrograded rice flour had the best quality in terms of color, taste, mouth feeling, flavor and overall acceptability (p<0.05). Thus the squash sikhye with retrograded rice flour can be the potential products as a health benefit beverage for the old adult and the young generation.

Effect of Addition of Enzyme-Resistant Rice RS3 on Quality and Textural Characteristics of Madeleine (효소저항성 쌀전분의 첨가가 마들렌의 품질 및 텍스처 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Wan-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2010
  • This study attempted to examine the application of retrograded starch (RS3) isolated from rice flour into Madeleine which is easy to make, supply enough energy and micro nutrients with adequate drinks, and prevent an adult disease. This could be a popular food to anyone regardless of age and gender who avoid rice and become high value-added, processed rice foods. For this, control Madeleine was made from wheat flour and an experimental one was made from 5 or 10% rice RS3 addition as well as wheat flour. Four different types of rice were produced from Premium Ho-Pyong Rice, that is, dry milled rice flour(RFD), soaked for 8 hours and milled, followed by air-dried rice flour(RFW), rice starch(RST), and retrograded rice starch or enzyme-resistant starch(RS3). The results found were as follows: Proximate compositions were decreased with soaking to make RFW, RST and RS3, compared to RFD. RS3 had the highest L, +a and ${\Delta}E$ with the lowest +b, changing it to a dark color, explaining the need for heat control during processing. At $80^{\circ}C$, the swelling power was shown in the order of RST>RFW>RFD>RS3 and the solubility of RS3 was the highest. There were significant differences in viscosities of peak, trough, cold, breakdown and total setback of all rice samples using RVA (p<0.001). Due to the pH of RS3, the Madeleine batter became acidic (p<.01) and expanded, resulting in more air cells and open texture. With an increasing RS3 level in Madeleine, several textural attributes among 'fresh' and 'stored at room temperature' Madeleine samples were significantly different by using Texture Analyzer. While the addition of RS3 in Madeleine did not significantly affect the sensory evaluation, indicating RS3 isolated from rice as a beneficial ingredient for processed rice products.

Effects of Resistant Starch on the Viscosity and Stability of Fat-Free Dressing (무지방 드레싱의 점도와 안정성에 미치는 저항전분의 효과)

  • Song, Ji-Young;No, Jun Hee;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To develop fat-free dressing containing a resistant starch (RS) as a dietary fiber, the viscosity and stability of various type RSes prepared from wheat, maize, potato, rice, waxy rice, and amaranth starches were investigated by using Brookfield viscometer. The shape of RS granule in the dressing during storage was also observed. Methods: The viscosity of fat free dressing with different retrograded RS3 (RS3V) prepared from waxy rice starch with 0.1% lemon vinegar and ascorbate mixed solution had higher RS3 that was maintained constant during storage. Annealing and heating prior to cross-linking, and heating after cross-linking increased RS level of RS4 type starches. Results: The viscosities and stabilities of dressings with RS were different depending on starch sources and RS preparation conditions. The heated RS4 (HRS4) increased in viscosity and stability with RS4 addition. Especially the fat-free dressings with HRS4 prepared from rice and waxy rice starches maintained stability regardless of separation after one month storage with only 7% separation after 6 month storages. The shape of RS4 granule in acidic medium of dressing did not change until 6 months. Conclusion: In this study, RS4 made by the rice and waxy rice starches showed high viscosity and maintained stability of the fat-free dressings during storage.

Effect of Storage Conditions, Rice, Cooker and Oil Types on the Changes of Resistant Starch Contents of Cooked Rice (저장조건, 쌀, 조리기구와 유지 종류가 밥의 저항전분 함량 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ren, Chuanshun;Kim, Ji Myoung;Park, Sara;Jeong, On Bit;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • The changes of resistant starch (RS) contents of cooked rice with soybean and coconut oils under different storage conditions were investigated and RS contents were compared between the rice and cooker types. The japonica (Hopyeong) and the indica (Thailand) type rice were cooked (washed rice: water = 100: 130) using an electric cooker and a saucepan. The coconut oil and soybean oil (3%, based on rice, w/w) were added into cooking water before heating. The RS contents of freeze-dried cooked rice powders (newly-cooked rice, stored for 12 h in the refrigerator, microwave heating after storage for 12 h in the refrigerator) were measured by the AOAC method. The RS contents of cooked rice using a saucepan were higher than those using an electric cooker. The indica type cooked rice had a higher RS content than the japonica type cooked rice, regardless of storage conditions. However, addition of oil before cooking rice resulted in increased RS content on storage in the refrigerator. The highest RS content of the cooked indica type rice with soybean oil ($5.89{\pm}0.22%$) that was stored for 12 h in the refrigerator was analyzed. The results suggested that the cooked rice formed retrograded (RS3) and amylose-lipid complex (RS5) type RS; furthermore, the RS content is affected by storage conditions, rice, cooker and oil types.

Preparation of Saccharified kochujang with Retrograded Rice Cakes (노화된 떡을 이용한 당화고추장의 제조에 관한 연구)

  • 차은정;김경자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 1998
  • Kochujang was prepared by using retrograded rice cakes (Song Pyun, Sym rice cake, Ssuk rice cake, Pat rice cake) as a source starch and the physiochemical and sensory characteristics were compared with traditional kochujang during aging for 60 days. Moisture content of all kochujang groups increased slowly but crude fat content decreased according to aging process. Changes of pH values of all kochujang reduced gradually during aging and the pH of saccharified kochujang was lowered than that of traditional one. Total reducing sugar contents in saccharified kochujang reached the maximum value at 50th day, and decreased thereafter. In contrast, the reducing sugar content in traditional kochujang was the highest at 30-day-aging. After 60 days of aging, the total contents of organic acids were 28.57 mg for P$\_$1/, 27.9 mg for P$\_$4/, 27.05 mg for P$\_$3/ 24.60 mg for P$\_$2/, and 22.30 mg for P$\_$0/. By sensory evaluation, saccharified kochujang prepared with Siru rice cake showed the highest sensory score in its appearance, flavor, texture, color, and taste.

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Effects of Sikhe dietary fibers on the Rice Starch gelatinization and Retrogradation properties (식혜식이섬유가 쌀전분의 호화와 노화 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 전은례;김경애;정난희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2002
  • The gelatinization and retrogradation properties of rice starch added with dietary fibers from sikhe were investigated. The pasting temperature and setback of starch measured by using a rapid visco analyzer were increased by the addition of the fiber, whereas the peak viscosity, trough viscosity, end viscosity, breakdown and consistency were lowered. The onset temperature of starch measured by a DSC was increased, but the enthalpy of gelatinization of the starch was decreased as the addition of fiber increased. The melting peak temperature of the retrograded starch gels was 41∼46$\^{C}$ as measured by a DSC. The melting enthalpy of the control retrograded starch gel was increased while storing for 1, 3 and 7 days at 4$\^{C}$, but that of containing sikhe fiber showed no differences.

Effect of Retrograde Restraint of Rice Cake Using Raw Starch Saccharifying ${\beta}-amylase$ from Bacillus polymyxa No. 26 (Bacillus polymyxa No. 26의 생전분 당화형 ${\beta}-amylase$를 이용한 떡의 노화억제효과)

  • Sohn, Cheon-Bae;Lee, Sang-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.459-463
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    • 1994
  • To improve the quality of rice-cake(Cholpyon), raw starch saccharifying (${\beta}-amylase$ from Bacillus polymyxa No. 26 was used in process of raw rice-cake production. 30g of raw rice flour was incubated with $0{\sim}1,200$ RS units of the enzyme for 5 hr at $45^{\circ}C$, and then steamed and stored for 40 hr at $4^{\circ}C$. In instrumental analysis, control group, which was incubated without addition of (${\beta}-amylase$, was completely hardened after incubation for $12{\sim}24$ hr at $4^{\circ}C$. In contrast, enzyme-treated group was not retrograded, and showed a great differences in hardness, cohesiveness and chewiness. On the other hand, in sensory analysis, the effect of the enzyme treatment was higher values of hardness, moistness, and sweetness than these of control group. Therefore, these results clearly suggested that ${\beta}-amylase$ was fully active to degrade raw rice starch in process of rice-cake production, resulting in improvement of starch retrogradation, good digestibility, and taste.

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Retrogradation Properties of Waxy Starches (찰 전분의 노화특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyong-Soo;Lee, Mi-Sook;Woo, Ja-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.794-800
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    • 1988
  • The retrogradation properties of waxy starches isolated from waxy rice(Shin sun, Tong il), waxy barley(Suwon # 227), waxy indian millet. waxy millet and Jobs tears(Yullmoo) were investigated. The extent of retrogradation determined by the glucoamyase method during freeze-thaw treatment and storage in low temperature$(0{\sim}5^{\circ}C)$ showed that six kinds of waxy starches were very slowly retrograded. The order of the retrogradation tendencies of these starches were waxy indian millet > Suwon # 227 Waxy millet > Yullmoo > Tong il > Shin sun. Waxy indian millet and Suwon # 227 starches were distinctively retrograded compared with other starches. Retrogradation properties observed during freeze-thaw 30 cycles were similar to those of storage for 30 days at $0{\sim}5^{\circ}C$. Suwon # 227, which has been the only recommened variety in our nation, was composed of 15% of non-waxy starch and 85% of waxy starch granule.

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