• 제목, 요약, 키워드: retrograded cooked rice

검색결과 5건 처리시간 0.033초

Effects of Various Salts on the Reheating Behavior of Retrograded Rice Starch and Cooked Rice

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Kim, Bo-Reum;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2011
  • The influence of sodium salts and chlorides at various concentrations (0.05, 0.10, 0.50, and 1.00%) on the reheating behavior of retrograded rice starch and cooked rice was investigated. The degree of gelatinization of the all retrograded rice starch gels and the cooked rice containing sodium salts and chlorides increased after reheating compared to the starches without salt. Gelatinization also showed an increasing trend as the concentration of sodium salts and chlorides increased. The increase of gelatinization after reheating the samples containing sodium salts and chlorides was greater than 38.0%. The reheated retrograded rice starch and cooked rice containing $Na_3PO_4$ showed the lowest set back value and retrogradation rate constant. Among all the samples, the cooked sample containing $Na_3PO_4$ showed the highest increment of gelatinization after reheating. Also, this same sample showed the lowest retrogradation degree.

저장조건, 쌀, 조리기구와 유지 종류가 밥의 저항전분 함량 변화에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Storage Conditions, Rice, Cooker and Oil Types on the Changes of Resistant Starch Contents of Cooked Rice)

  • 임전순;김지명;박사라;정온빛;신말식
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • The changes of resistant starch (RS) contents of cooked rice with soybean and coconut oils under different storage conditions were investigated and RS contents were compared between the rice and cooker types. The japonica (Hopyeong) and the indica (Thailand) type rice were cooked (washed rice: water = 100: 130) using an electric cooker and a saucepan. The coconut oil and soybean oil (3%, based on rice, w/w) were added into cooking water before heating. The RS contents of freeze-dried cooked rice powders (newly-cooked rice, stored for 12 h in the refrigerator, microwave heating after storage for 12 h in the refrigerator) were measured by the AOAC method. The RS contents of cooked rice using a saucepan were higher than those using an electric cooker. The indica type cooked rice had a higher RS content than the japonica type cooked rice, regardless of storage conditions. However, addition of oil before cooking rice resulted in increased RS content on storage in the refrigerator. The highest RS content of the cooked indica type rice with soybean oil ($5.89{\pm}0.22%$) that was stored for 12 h in the refrigerator was analyzed. The results suggested that the cooked rice formed retrograded (RS3) and amylose-lipid complex (RS5) type RS; furthermore, the RS content is affected by storage conditions, rice, cooker and oil types.

Varietal Difference in Retrogradation of Cooked Rice and Its Association with Physicochemical Properties of Rice Grain

  • Choi, Hae Chune;Hong, Ha Cheal;Cho, Soo Yeon
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 1999
  • The experiments were carried out to elucidate the varietal variation of retrogradation in aged cooked rice and its association with some physicochemical properties of milled rice. The fifteen rice materials were selected from forty-three low-amylose japonica and Tongil-type rice cultivars based on palatability and retrogradation of cooked rice stratified by preliminary sensory evaluation of warm and cooled cooked rice. One japonica glutinous rice variety was included for comparison of retrogradation of cooked rice. The $\alpha$-amylase-iodine method was adopted for checking the varietal difference in retrogradation of cooked rice. The desirable checking time for evaluating the varietal difference in deterioration of aged cooked rice was four hours after storing in room temperature and two hours after preserving in refrigerator based on the largest coefficients of variations in degree of retrogradation of cooked rice. The rice cultivars revealing the relatively slow retrogradation in aged cooked rice were Ilpumbyeo, Chucheongbyeo, Sasanishiki, Jinbubyeo and Koshihikari. A Tongil-type rice, Taebaegbyeo, and a japonica cultivar, Seomjinbyeo, showed the relatively fast deterioration of cooked rice. The retrogadation index represented by the percentage of retrogradation difference between warm and cooled cooked rice to original estimates of warm cooked rice was significantly affected by the degree of retrogradation of cooled cooked rice. Generally, the better rice cultivars in eating quality of cooked rice showed less retrogradation and much sponginess in cooled cooked rice. Also, the rice varieties exhibiting less retrogradation in cooled cooked rice revealed higher hot viscosity and lower cool viscosity of rice flour in amylogram. The sponginess of cooled cooked rice was closely associated with magnesium content and volume expansion of cooked rice. The hardness-changed ratio of cooked rice by cooling was negatively correlated with solids amount extracted during boiling and volume expansion of cooked rice. The major physicochemical properties of rice grain closely related to the palatability of cooked rice may be directly or indirectly associated with the retrogradation characteristics of cooked nce. The varietal difference in retrogradation of cooked rice can be effectively classified by scatter diagram on the plane of upper two principal components based on some retrogradation properties of cooked rice. The deteriorated structural change in cooled cooked rice by observing through the scanning electron microscope was more conspicuous in the fastly retrograded cooked rice than in the slower one.

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동결속도 및 저장온도가 취반된 쌀의 노화도, 조직감 및 미세구조에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Freezing Rate and Storage Temperature on the Degree of Retrogradation, Texture and Microstructure of Cooked Rice)

  • 최성길;이철
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.783-788
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 동결속도 및 동결저장온도가 취반된 쌀의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고자, 단열재를 이용하여 최대 빙결정 형성신간이 3시간, 5시간, 7시간 그리고 12시간인 동결속도로 24시간 동안 동결하였고, 동결된 시료는 각각 $-20^{\circ}C$$-70^{\circ}C$의 냉동고에서 3개월간 저장하여 동결저장동안에 각 시료의 노화도 그리고 조직감의 변화를 조사하였다. 동결된 쌀밥의 미세구조 및 표면구조는 빙결정을 동결치환에 의해 제거한후 scanning electron microscopy(SEM)으로 관찰하였다. 취반된 쌀의 노화도는 동결속도, 동결저장온도, 저장기간에 따라 큰 영향을 받아 최대 빙결정 형성시간이 3시간에서 12시간으로 길어짐에 따라 노화도는 14.85%에서 40.00%로 증가하였고, 동결된 쌀밥의 동결저장 중 노화도는 $-20^{\circ}C$에서 저장한 것이 $-70^{\circ}C$의 경우보다 노화된 정도로 크고, 빠른 진행을 보였다. 동결된 시료를 해동한 후의 경도는 동결시키지 않은 대조구와 비교할 때 크게 증가하였으며, 또한 동결속도가 늦어질수록 더 큰 증가를 보였다. 하지만, 3개월간 저장한 후에는 경도가 다시 감소하였다. 한편, 부착성은 대조구와 비교하여 24시간 동안 동결된 쌀밥에서는 감소하였으며 3개월간 저장한 후에는 다시 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 동결된 취반된 쌀의 빙결정의 크기는 동결속도가 늦어짐에 따라 커졌고 그 수는 상대적으로 적었다. 또한 3개월간 저장한 후에는 얼음의 재결정화에 의해 시료의 빙결정은 더욱 커져 취반된 쌀의 구조가 많이 파손되었음을 확인할 수 있었다. 결론적으로 최대빙결정형성시간을 단축하여 취반된 쌀을 동결시키는 것과 낮은 온도에서 저장하는 것이 빙결정의 형성과 성장에 따른 전분의 노화와 조직감의 변화를 억제할 수 있다고 판단되었다.

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유색미 미강 추출물 첨가가 밥의 취반 특성에 미치는 영향 (Cooking Properties of Rice with Pigmented Rice Bran Extract)

  • 김주희;남석현;김미현;손재근;강미영
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.60-68
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 유색미 미강 추출물을 일정량 첨가하여 취반하였을 때의 취반적성을 검정하고자 하였다. 유색미 품종들이 일반미 품종들에 비해서 amylose 함량이 높았으며, 전분-$I_2$ 정색반응으로 미루어 보아 아밀로오스 분획의 포도당 사슬의 길이가 약간 짧은 것으로 유추할 수 있다. 그리고 유색미 품종들이 일반미 품종들에 비해서 호화개시온도, 호화종결온도, 호화최대온도 및 호화엔탈피에서 높은 경향을 보여 취반 시 전분의 호화에 더 많은 흡열 에너지가 소요됨을 알 수 있다. 또한 유색미 미강 추출물을 첨가한 밥이 유색미 밥에 비해 가수분해도가 높아 유색미 단독으로 취반하였을 때보다 일반미에 미강 추출분획을 첨가하여 취반하여 섭취하는 편이 소화 흡수가 용이함을 알 수 있다. 밥의 식미에 영향을 미치는 인자들을 살펴본 결과, 유색미 미강 추출물을 첨가한 쌀의 지방산 조성은 유색미와 차이가 없으면서 글루타민산 함량은 높은 반면, 총단백질 및 아스파라긴산은 적게 함유하고 있어서 취반 시 식미가 더 우월할 것으로 사료된다. 유색미 미강추출물을 첨가한 밥이 유색미 밥에 비해 노화가 덜 일어났으며, 색도와 전반적인 기호도가 더 높게 나타났다. 본 연구 결과 유색미 미강추출물을 첨가하여 밥을 지을 경우 백미상태 밥의 식감은 유지하면서 유색미의 생리활성물질까지 이용할 수 있으므로 건강 기능성 쌀 가공식품 제조용 신소재로서의 적극적인 활용이 가능 할 것으로 사료된다.