• Title/Summary/Keyword: retrogradation

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Supression Functions of Retrogradation in Korean Rice Cake(Garaeduk) by Various Surfactants (다양한 Surfactants의 가래떡 노화 억제 기능)

  • 신완철;송재철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1218-1223
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate supression functions of retrogradation in Korean rice cake by various surfactants. Samples were manufactured by multifunctional extruder and wrapped with polyethylene wrap at 2$0^{\circ}C$ for four days of storage. In the thermal characteristics studies on supression of retrogradation, the Korean rice cake with various surfactants had lower onset temperature compared to the control. The Korean rice cake with GLF (glycerin fatty acid ester) had the lowest onset temperature. In case of peak temperatures, they showed a similar tendency to the onset temperature. All the Korean rice cakes added with various surfactants had low melting enthalpy values compared to the control. In addition the Korean rice cake with GLF added had the lowest melting enthalpy. Melting spreadabilities of the Korean rice cake added with GLF, SUF, SOF and PST were higher values than that of the control. The n value of Avrami exponent was 0.90 in case of the Korean rice cake added with GLF and its retrogradation was slowly progressed compared to the other samples. The Korean rice cake with GLF had the lowest rate constants of retrogradation. The recrystallinity of the Korean rice cake with GLF was relatively lower than that of the control. The rate constant of retrogradation showed the lowest value in case of GLF. All the Korean rice cakes added with surfactants were in good compared to the control in sensory characteristics. GLF exhibited the best effect in sensory characteristics during storage. In conclusion surfactant showed suppression effect of retrogradation in Korean rice cake, and GLF was best effective.

A Study on Texture of Jeung-pyun According the Kinds of Rice (쌀 품종에 따른 증편의 조직특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김효진;이숙미;조정순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 1997
  • The composition and polymeric structure of starch are the most important factors to determine the functional properties of rice. In an effort to relate the structural characteristics and its functional properties of starch in rice, molecular structural properties of starch from 6 rice cultivars were analysed. To relate the structure and function of starch the texture of Jeung-pyun made of rice were analyzed during retrogradation. The polymeric structure of rice starch was analyzed by debranching with isoamylase after gelatinization and fractionated with Sephadex G-75 gel filteration. The size fractionated debranched starch was categorized into four groups such as Fraction I, II, III and Intermediate Fraction depending in their max, The fractions with the max higher than 620 nm were designated as Fraction I, while those in the range of 600-620 nm and 540-600 nm as the Intermediate Fraction and Fraction II, respectively. The Fractions with the max lower than 540 were described as Fraction III. The average degree of polymerization (DP) of the Fraction I was estimated to be higher than 200, and those of other fractions, i.e. the Intermediate Fraction I, Fraction II and III were 150,45 and 25, respectively. The levels of Fraction I were varied from II to 35% of total sugar. The Fraction I showed the linear relationship with the amylse contents, and the Intermediate Fraction, which might contain the mixture of short chain of amylose and debranched long chain of amylopectin, were measured to be in the range of 2.7∼8.4%. The levels of fraction II and III, both to be considered as the branches of amylopectin, were ranged 14.5∼23.6% and 39.7∼73.0%, respectively. The ratio of Fraction III to Fraction II describing the degree of branch or compactness of amylopectin was estimated to be around 4.0 for waxy varieties and around 2.0 for high amylose cultivars. With these results, it can be suggested that the degree of branch of the amylopectin may effect on amylose contents of starch or rice versa, To invertigate processing aptitude of different rice cultivars for the preparation of Jeung-pyun, its texture was analyzed by Instron, hardness, cohesiveness, elasticity, gumminess and chewiness of Jeung-pyun made of rice showed the significant relationship with the amylose content. Hardness was increased during retrogradation of product, but the relationship between hardness and amylose content due to not only difference in amylose content but also difference in structural characteristics of starch. In analysis of relationship between structure of rice starch and mechanical properties of Jeung-pyun during retrogradation elasticity did not show any relationship before retrogradation bur during retrogradation showed significant correlation. With these result, it can be suggested that the degree of branch of the amylopectin may effect on elasticity during retrogradation. However hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness which were significant different before retrogradation, showed some correlation with structure of rice starch during retrigradation.

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Effect of Chinese Chives Addition on Retrogradation Rate and Storage Stability of Frozen Noodle (부추 첨가가 냉동면의 노화 및 저장 안정성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kwak, Yeon-Ju
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.510-517
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    • 2008
  • Effects of addition of Chinese chives into frozen noodle on retrogradation of the cooked frozen noodle were examined by enzymatic evaluation during the storage 3 days at $4^{\circ}C$. The retrogradation rate during storage was significantly reduced by addition Chinese chives. Thus we hypothesized that retarogardation and textural changes of frozen noodle might be linked to thermostable amylase in Chinese chives. The amylase isolated from Chinese chives was affected by temperature and pH of buffer used. The enzyme was mainly extracted 20 mM potassium phosphate buffer(pH 7.0). The enzyme was extremly stable at wide temerature and pH. Amylase activity was maximal at $50^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.5. The enzyme was not inactivated by heat treatment at $70^{\circ}C$, $80^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. We suggest the enzyme was stable at high temperature. To investigate the effect of different storage packge on texture properties, color, sensory evaluation, parent-packged and unparent packaged frozen noodle was compared with control. As the storage passed, the frozen noodle packaged with parent showed a rapid decrease in the color. The hardness was gradually decreased during storage. It was found that unparent packged must be nessasry in the Chinese chives frozen noodle. In changes of sensory properties by traind panel, Chinese chives frozen noodle with 2% blanched Chinese chives got the highest score in overall acceptability, therefore we tried acceptance test by consumers with 2% blanched frozen Chinese chives noodle.

Retrogradation Characteristics of Jeolpyon Prepared by Different Moisture Addition (수분 첨가량에 따른 절편의 노화도에 관한 연구)

  • 윤숙자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.402-409
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    • 2000
  • Jeolpyon was prepared by different moisture addition and then retrogradation characteristics and quality evaluation were investigated during storage periods. In Hunter's color value, lightness of Jeolpyon was decreased, whereas yellowness was increased during storage. In texture profile analysis, hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Jeolpyon were increased during storage and texture parameters were decrease by increasing moisture level. Jeolpyon prepared with 35% moisture addition was slowly retrograded in avrami equation. In the results of sensory evaluation, the parameters were significantly different during storage. The results showed that Jeolpyon prepared with 35% moisture addition had good sensory quality and slow rate of retrogradation.

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A study on Reducing Power, Degree of Gelatinization and Retrogradation Rate of Soybean Jeolpyon (콩절편의 소화율, 호화도 및 노화속도)

  • 정해옥
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.162-165
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    • 1996
  • Various kinds of jeolpyon (cubed rice cake) differing in roasted soybean flour. content (0, 5, 10, 15, 20%) were prepared to study digestibility, degree of gelatinization and retrogradation rate. Digestibility slightly in creased as soybean content increased. Degree of gelatinization also increased as soybean content increased. Retrogradation rate obtained from the changes in hardness of soybean jeolpyon with the control was 0.528 day and time constant (1/k) was 1.89 days.

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Influence of Water and Surfactants on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation (수분과 계면활성제가 밀전분의 호화와 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 1991
  • The effects of water contents and surfactants, sodium stearoyl-lactylate, sucrose ester and distilled monoglyceride(Dimodan) on wheat starch gelatinization and retrogradation were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The endothermic peak patterns of starch varied with water content of starch. When water content was less than 30%, gelatinization did not occur. The onset temperature of gelatinization peak of native starch was $59{\sim}60^{\circ}C$ and that of endothermal peak of retrograded starch was $50{\sim}55^{\circ}C$. The enthalpy value of retrograded starch were greatest in the $40{\sim}50%$ water content. In the presence of surfactants, gelatinization temperatures shifted slightly to higher temperatures. DSC endothermal enthalpies of the amylose-lipid complex increased. The degree of retrogradation in starch was lower with surfactant than without surfactant, but enthalpy of amylose-lipid complex did not change during storage.

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Studies on the Retrogradation Properties of Rice Starch (쌀 전분의 노화 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2003
  • The effect of varietal differences of rice starches by amylose content and gel consistency on the retrogradation behavior was studied. The gel consistency test, which is designed to detect differences in the texture of cooked rice of varieties that have a similar amylose content, had been turned out to be useful in this study. Both Suwon 232 and San Li Cun had higher amylose content, but were greatly different in gel consistency values. The results showed that setback viscosity of rice flour measured in a Brabender amylograph was significantly affected by amylose content as well as gel consistency. Increase in the rigidity modulus (E) of rice starch gels during storage determined by using Texture analyzer indicated that amylose content was an important factor in terms of hardness development The study of Avrami kinetics of retrogradation showed that time constant of rice starch gels was influenced by amylose content, but not by gel consistency.

The Quality Characteristics of Korean Rice Cakes (Karedduk) with a Mixture of Maltooligosaccharide and Modified Starch (말토올리고당과 변성 전분 혼합 사용 떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 2013
  • The quality characteristics of Korean rice cakes (Karedduk) with a mixture of maltooligosaccharide and OSA (octenyl succinic acid starch) added, after 2 and 24 hr of storage at $5^{\circ}C$, was analyzed. A central composite design was used for arrangement of treatment. The two independent variables selected for retarding retrogradation analysis were amounts of maltooligosaccharide (x) and OSA (y). Maltooligosaccharide was added at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12% levels, and OSA added at 0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% levels, to dry rice flour. The texture properties analysis using a Texture Analyzer revealed that the springiness and cohesiveness (p<0.01), chewiness, gumminess and hardness (p<0.001) were significantly different after 24 hr of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. The effect of retarding retrogradation of Korean rice cakes with added mixtures of maltooligosaccharide and OSA showed an increasing trend as the amount of maltooligosaccharide increased. Overall, the instrumental texture properties were highly correlated with the sensory characteristics. These results suggest that adding a mixture of 6% maltooligosaccharide and 0.6% OSA to Korean rice cakes (Karedduk) is effective for retarding retrogradation.

Storage Characteristics and Retrogradation Property of Makphyun Containing Peach (복숭아 첨가 막편의 저장성 및 노화 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun Jeong;Shim, Eun Kyoung;Kim, Mee Ree
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.531-539
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the storage characteristics of Makphyun, a kind of rice cake, containing peach and Makgeolli. The effect of peach paste (0, 5, 10 or 20%) on the storage qualities of Makphyun was evaluated during storage at $20{\pm}2^{\circ}C$ for 3 days. As the amount of peach paste increased, the loss of water in peach Makphyun decreased during storage. The sugar concentration ($^{\circ}Brix$) increased with the amount of peach paste. Textural properties by TPA showed that the hardness of Makphyun containing 20% peach paste was the lowest among the treated samples. However, the hardness of all Makphyuns increased during storage, regardless of the amount of peach paste. In accordance with texture results, DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) showed that the enthalpy of Makphyun with 20% peach addition was the lowest, demonstrating the delaying effect of peach paste on the retrogradation of rice cake. From these results, it was determined that the addition of peach to Makphyn extends shelf-life by delaying retrogradation.

The Retrogradation of Steamed Korean Rice Cake (Jeungpyun) with Addition of Gums (검류 첨가에 의한 개량 증편의 노화억제 효과)

  • Kim, Dong-Ho;Whang, Hea-Jeung;Moon, Sung-Won;Kang, Byung-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.838-842
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    • 2006
  • Gum was added to Jeungpyun (steamed Korean rice cake) to extend the shelf life and prevent retrogradation. The hardness of Jeungpyun was analyzed and the type of retrogradation was calculated by the Avrami equation. Guar gum, xanthan gum and pullulan were added to the steamed Korean rice cake at contents of 0.05%, 0.1% and 0.5% (w/w). The moisture contents of the steamed Korean rice cake stored at $4^{\circ}C$ remained unchanged over the three days. When the concentration of added gums was less than 0.1 %, the hardness was lower than that of the non-added gum. At a gum concentration of 0.5%, the hardness of Jeungpyun with added guar gum and xanthan gum was higher than that of pullulan and non-added Jeungpyun. The types of retrogradation varied according to the amount and the kind of the added gums. The type of retrogradation of pullulan-added rice cake was similar to that of xanthan-added rice cake. The Avrami exponent of pullulan-added and xanthan-added Jeungpyun was 1.4${\sim}$1.49 and 1.25${\sim}$1.43, respectively. As the concentrations of pullulan were increased from 0.05% to 0.5%, the time constant (1/k) increased from 5.37 to 15.65. Pullulan and xanthan gum were confirmed to be more effective than guar gum for preventing the retrogradation of the steamed Korean rice cake known as Jeungpyun.