• 제목/요약/키워드: retrogradation

검색결과 272건 처리시간 0.111초

전통떡의 노화 억제 기술에 관한 특허분석 (Analysis of Patents on Retarding Retrogradation of Traditional Rice Cake)

  • 문선희;송영훈
    • 한국콘텐츠학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국콘텐츠학회 2012년도 춘계 종합학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.363-364
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    • 2012
  • It has been the need for commercializing Korean traditional food using the grains like the Korean rice cake as improvement in the food life depending on advanced food processing and changes to the industrial society. However, the Korean traditional food using the grains has some weak point such as the hardness as retrogradation of starch, reducing of texture and flavor, and decrease of coefficient digestibility in human body if it's left unattended for a long time. In this paper, it was investigated that the delaying or preventing method for retrogradation of Korean rice cake at its production and storage using the literature search of patent.

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Bacterial Cellulose 첨가 백설기의 품질특성 (Quality Characteristics of Baikseolgi Added with the Bacterial Cellulose)

  • 장세영;김옥미;정용진
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • 제12권5호
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    • pp.455-459
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구에서는 BC를 백설기에 첨가하여 저장 중 품질특성을 조사하였다. 그 결과, bacterial cellulose 0.09%이상 첨가한 백설기가 무첨가구에 비해 저장동안 노화도가 낮게 나타났다. 또한 hardness를 측정한 결과 BC첨가를 첨가한 구간들에서 hardness가 낮게 나타나 노화억제효과가 있었다. 관능검사 결과 거의 모든 평가항목에서 시료들 간의 유의적인 차이가 없었으나, 전반적인 기호도에서 BC를 첨가한 백설기가 더 좋은 것으로 나타났다.

Effects of Cereal Powders with Dietary Fibers on Retrogradation Properties of Jeungpyun, a Korean Traditional Fermented Rice Cake

  • Park, Mie-Ja;Kim, Hye Young L.
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • 제29권4호
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated retrogradation properties of Jeungpyun substituted for cereals with dietary fibers of 60% of brown rice, and barley. Quality changes during storage periods of the functional Jeungpyun, were studied using $\alpha$-amylase iodine enzyme digestion methods, X-ray diffraction patterns, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The barley substituted samples showed significantly lower retrogrdation rates than those of control when examined by $\alpha$-amylase method. The Relative crystallity by X-ray diffraction patterns had typical A type in all samples with appealing big crystallity around its diffraction angle 23$^{\circ}$degrees as storage periods were increased. The brown rice and barley Jeunpyun made smaller crystallity than that of control, representing slower retrogradation rates. The batter controls had significantly lower ΔH than the other compared samples when measured by DSC, but had significantly higher ΔH after 30 days of storage, implying that the control required more energy for regelatinization after the 30 days of storage.

당알콜이 밀전분이 호화 및 노화에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Sugar Alcohol on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation)

  • 김혁일;신인영;김창순
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • 제28권6호
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    • pp.1251-1255
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    • 1999
  • The sugar alcohols are useful alternatives to sucrose in confections because they provide desirable taste but lessen the potential risks for dental caries. The effects of sugar alcohol and their interaction on starch pasting properties were determined by the viscoamylograph with the concentration of 30%, 20%, 10% sugar alcohol in 1% CMC. The disaccharides, lactitol, maltitol, and isomalt, delayed pasting more than did monosaccharides, sorbitol and xylitol. With regard to the solubility in water, sorbitol and xylitol are more soluble than sucrose, maltitol and lactitol are almost equal and isomalt is less soluble than sucrose. Sorbitol and xylitol were highest on gelatinization. But their retrogradation occurred faster than other sugar alcohols. Lactitol and maltitol decreased gel strength more than did sucrose and other sugar alcohols.

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호박잎 분말을 첨가한 스폰지 케이크의 품질 특성, 항산화 활성 및 저장 기간에 따른 노화 억제 효과 (Effects of Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) Leaf Powder on Quality Characteristics, Antioxidant Activities, and Retarding Retrogradation by Shelf-life of Sponge Cake)

  • 송가영;오현빈;장양양;정기영;김영순
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • 제29권6호
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    • pp.930-937
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics, antioxidant activities, and retarding retrogradation of sponge cakes made with 0%, 1%, 3%, 5% and 7% pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) leaf powder. Specific capacity significantly increased with the addition (0.33~0.38), but baking loss and dough yield were not significantly different (p<0.05). In color, there was a decrease in the L-value, a-value and b-value, but ${\Delta}E$ increased in proportion to the amount of pumpkin leaf powder. Moisture content increased in the 0~3% additions, from 27.90~31.68%, but decreased in 5% and 7% (22.37% and 28.15%, respectively). pH tended to decrease significantly according to the amount of pumpkin leaf powder (p<0.05). Hardness increased with the addition of pumpkin leaf powder, and pumpkin leaf groups presented higher springiness and cohesiveness than the control. Chewiness was not significantly differ (p<0.05). In retarding retrogradation, Avrami exponent (n) showed that addition of 5% (0.1329) had more retarding retrogradation effect than the control (0.4319), whereas time constant (1/k) showed both 3% (100.00) and 5% (70.42) addition had more effect than control (18.45). Total phenols and flavonoids content increased proportionate to the addition levels. ABTS radical scavenging activity tended to increase according to the level of pumpkin leaf powder. In sensory properties, 5% addition showed maximum color, and 3% addition had the highest scores in flavor, moistness, sweetness, chewiness and overall acceptability. These results suggested that pumpkin leaf was a good addition to improve the quality characteristics, health and sensory preferences. The most appropriate proportion to have the effect of retarding retrogradation in sponge cake is 3%.

Physicochemical Properties of Starch Affected by Molecular Composition and Structures: A Review

  • Srichuwong, Sathaporn;Jane, Jay-Iin
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • 제16권5호
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    • pp.663-674
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    • 2007
  • Starches from different botanical sources differ in the ratio of amylose to amylopectin contents, molecular structures of amylose and amylopectin, granule morphology, and minor-component contents. These structural features result in different gelatinization, pasting, retrogradation properties, and enzyme digestibility of starch granules. In this review, compositions and molecular structures of starches and their effects on the physicochemical properties are summarized and discussed.

유화제와 효소 첨가가 설기떡의 저장 중 품질특성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Emulsifier and Enzyme on the Quality Characteristics or Seolgiddeok during Storage)

  • 최미용;조정순;장윤희
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • 제13권3호
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    • pp.197-215
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 유화제와 효소 첨가 유무가 흑미.녹차.표고버섯.호박의 부재료를 첨가하여 제조한 설기떡의 저장 중 노화지연의 효과 및 조직에 대한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 수분함량과 색도는 유화제와 효소 첨가 유무에 관계없이 저장기간이 늘어남에 따라 약간의 변화를 보였으나 큰 차이가 없었다. (p<0.05) 2. 호화도는 유화제와 효소 첨가군이 유화제와 효소 무첨가군에 비하여 저장기간이 늘어날수록 높았다.(<0.05) 3. 노화도는 유화제와 효소 첨가군이 저장기간이 늘어날수록 감소율이 낮았으며, 그 중 호박첨가설기떡이 가장 낮았다. 4. 텍스쳐는 씹힘성을 제외한 모든 항목에서 유화제와 효소 첨가군이 유의한(p<0.05)차이를 나타냈다. 호박첨가 설기떡은 유화제와 효소 첨가군에서 경도, 부착성, 탄력성과 점착성, 유화제와 효소 무첨가군에서는 부착성, 점착성이 유의하게 차이가 나타났다. (p<0.001) 5. 관능검사는 유화제와 효소 첨가유무에 관계없이 흑미 첨가 설기떡을 선호했다. 이와 같은 실험결과로 우리고유의 전통식품인 떡에 유화제와 효소를 첨가하고, 기능성 있는 재료를 첨가한다면 떡의 단점인 노화를 지연하고 저장성을 높여 떡의 대중화에 이바지할 수 있으리라 사료된다.

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아밀로스 함량이 다른 자포니카 벼 품종의 전분 특성 (Physicochemical Properties of Starches in Japonica Rices of Differenct Amylose Content)

  • 송진;김재현;김덕수;이춘기;윤종탁;김선림;서세정
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • 제53권3호
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    • pp.285-291
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to find out starch properties of rice grains in three varieties with different amylose content, Ilpumbyeo (non-waxy), Goami2 (high amylose), and Hwasunchalbyeo (waxy rice). There was no difference among physico-chemical characteristics of rice grains, but Goami 2 showed $2{\sim}3$ folds higher crude fat (1.36%) than Ilpumbyeo. Pasting properties of RVA showed the highest values of maximum viscosity, breakdown, and final viscosity in Ilpumbyeo. A similar chain length distribution of amylopectin was found in Ilpumbyeo and Hwasunchalbyeo, indicating that DP 12 had the highest distribution. Goami 2 had the highest distribution in DP 14, and showed the lower percent (14.1%) than other rice cultivars. Thermal properties of DSC showed that the values of Tc and Tp of Hwasunchalbyeo were similar to Ilpumbyeo, whereas a slightly higher Tc was observed. The absorbtion enthalpy was also the highest (11.1 mJ/mg) in Hwasunchalbyeo. Goami 2 showed higher To, but the lowest enthalpy (6.52 mJ/mg) compared to Ilpumbyeo (7.92 mJ/mg). Retrogradation properties, which were measured with the gelatinized rice sample used for DSC, and stored in $4^{\circ}C$ during 6 days, indicated that retrogradation absorbtion peak was the first peak at $52.6{\sim}55.2^{\circ}C$, and the second peak above $95^{\circ}C$. Retrogradation enthalpy of Goami 2 was the highest value (5.12 mJ/mg).

차전자(Plantago ovata Forsk)피를 이용하여 제조한 구운 쌀 도넛의 품질 특성 및 노화 특성 (Quality Characteristics and Retrogradation Properties of Baked Rice Donut with Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forsk) Seed Husk)

  • 신소연;오현빈;정기영;김영순
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • 제31권3호
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    • pp.367-377
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    • 2018
  • In this study, baked rice donuts with added psyllium seed husk were manufactured and their quality and retrogradation characteristics were investigated. Control (Con) was made only with wheat flour; Psyllium seed husk in the amount of 8, 12, 16 and 20 grams was added to make rice donuts (P8, P12, P16 and P20). Higher amounts of psyllium seed husk reduced the moisture loss and baking loss, and increased the moisture content and water holding capacity of the donuts. The specific volume of Con was the highest of all the groups. As the amount of psyllium seed husk increased, the lightness and yellowness of the crumb decreased, and the redness of the crumb increased. Hardness also increased as the amount of psyllium seed husk increased. The hardness of P16 was the most similar to that of Con. The scanning electron microscopy images also identified that the structure of the donuts got denser as the amount of psyllium seed husk increased. Rate constant (k) of the rice donuts with psyllium seed husk were lower than that of Con. In conclusion, it is considered that P16 is the sample that is the most similar to Con in terms of texture, but the retrogradation was more retarded in P16 than Con.

아밀로오스 함량과 Gel Consistency의 차이에 의한 품종별 쌀전분의 노화특성 (Retrogradation Behavior of Rice Starches Differing in Amylose Content and Gel Consistency)

  • 금준석;이상효;이현유;이찬
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • 제28권6호
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    • pp.1052-1058
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    • 1996
  • 쌀 품종별 가공특성에 관한 연구의 일부로 아밀로오스 함량과 gel consistency가 다른 5가지 품종에 대한 노화특성을 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. Brabender amylograph에 의한 쌀 품종별 호화특성에서는 아밀로오스 함량에 관계없이 hard gel인 품종이 높은 setback 값을 보였다. 45%의 쌀전분 겔을 $20^{\circ}C$에서 저장하면서 0, 1, 2, 3, 5일 후의 rigidity modulus (E)를 측정한 결과 hard gel인 품종의 초기경도가 soft gel에 비해 더 높았는데 고아밀로오스 품종의 경우는 초기 경도에 관계없이 최종경도가 다른 품종들에 비하여 더 높았다. Avrami equation에 의한 쌀전분겔의 노화 특성 연구에서는 고아밀로오스인 수원232호와 San Li Cun이 각각 4.42와 7.94로 작은 시간상수(1/k)값을 나타내 아밀로오스 함량이 높을수록 노화가 더 빠르게 진행되는 것으로 나타났으나 품종별 gel consistency의 차이가 노화속도에 미치는 영향은 일정한 양상을 나타내지 않았다.

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