• Title, Summary, Keyword: retention of benzoic acids

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Retention of Benzoic Acids in RPLC (역상액체크로마토그래피에서 벤조산류의 머무름)

  • Lee, Jae-Seok;Choi, Beom-Suk
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.269-276
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    • 2000
  • Chromatographic retention mechanism of seven benzoic acids in RPLC were investigated. Inorganic salt is pertinent for the measurement of dead time in benzoic acid. Logarthims of capacity factor (log k') and Hildebrand solubility parameter (${\delta}$) showed proportional relationship which imply the hydrophobic effect of the retention mechanism in RPLC. Enthalpies of solute transfer showed inverse proportion to temperature and organic modifier ratio of the mobile phase. It was found that the S value showed positive slope in plot of log k' vs. volume fraction of water in mobile phase. Free energy change increases with increasing organic volume fraction. The hydrophobicity index, ${\varphi}_0$(organic volume fraction) is inversely proportional to column temperature.

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Retention Factors and Resolutions of Amino Benzoic Acid Isomers with Some Ionic Liquids

  • Zheng, Jinzhu;Polyakova, Yulia;Row, Kyung-Ho
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.477-483
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    • 2006
  • Ionic liquids in the form of organic salts are being widely used as new solvent media. In this paper three positional isomers, o-amino benzoic acid, m-amino benzoic acid, and p-amino benzoic acids were separated with four different ionic liquids as mobile phase additives using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The following ionic liquids were used: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIm][$BF_{4}$]), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([EMIm][$BF_{4}$]), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate ([EMIm][MS]), and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate ([OMIm][MS]). The effects of the alkyl group length on the imidazolium ring and its counterion, and the concentrations of the ionic liquids on the retention factors and resolutions of amino benzoic acid isomers were tested. The results of the separations with ionic liquids as the eluents were better than those without ionic liquids. Excellent separations of the three isomers were achieved using 2.0-8.0 mM/L [OMIm][MS] and 1.0-8.0 mM/L [EMIm][MS] as the eluent modifiers.

Ion-Pair Chromatography of Benzoic Acid and Its Derivatives on XAD-2 (XAD-2 지지체를 이용한 벤조산과 그 유도체들의 이온쌍 크로마토그래피에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sam-Woo;Ryu, Sam-Gon;Park, Young-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.176-184
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    • 1984
  • Retention behavior of benzoic acid and its derivatives on XAD-2 in the alcoholic aqueous solution was investigated and separation was attempted. Retention was affected by the concentration and kinds of added organic solvents, the pH of the aqueous solution, the added $R_4N^+$ and the position and kinds of functional group in the sample molecules. Retention of sample acids in acidic conditions was due to mainly molecular adsorption on nonpolar XAD-2 surface and that in basic conditions was due to mainly ion-pair model. In these bases a mixed sample was separated in EtOH 20% aqueous solution at pH 8.50.

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