• Title, Summary, Keyword: residues

Search Result 3,131, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

A Study on Reduction Treatment of EAF′s Dusts Mixed with Millscale (電氣爐製鋼粉塵과 millscale 混合펠릿의 還元擧動에 관한 硏究)

  • 윤기병
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.9 no.6
    • /
    • pp.45-52
    • /
    • 2000
  • Generally, the residues of EAF's dusts treated by reduction process at high temperature are disposed. If the residues can be recycled as iron sources of EAF by upgrading their iron contents, it can be expected to reduce the amounts of disposed wastes and the environmental impacts. Reduction of EAF's dusts mixed with millscale was carried out in rotary hearth furnace to upgrade iron contents of reduction residues. Dusts should be reduced rapidly to protect from reoxidation of reduced iron residue which can be reoxidized at high temperature. In our experimental conditions, optimum reduction time was about 40min. and iron contents of the residues were increased with increasing mixing ratio of millscale and upgrade to 85% at 50%wt mixing ratio. Zinc and lead contents in residues were about 3% and 0.5% respectively. The residues reduced rapidly must be recycled in EAF because heavy metal elements in the residues can be extracted easily and contaminate air and water.

  • PDF

A Monitoring Survey on Pesticide Residues in Pears and Sweet Persimmons (배와 단감 중 농약 잔류에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 이해근;이영득;신용화
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.3 no.3
    • /
    • pp.131-137
    • /
    • 1988
  • A pesticide monitoring survey was undertaken for the both 30 samples of pears and sweet persimmons from chief producing districts in1985 to evaluate pesticide residues in these agrcultural products and also to give basic informations in establishing maximum residue limits. Pesticide residues in pears were detected with fairly low in 7-60% of total samples. Even the maximum residue levels were only in the amount of 1/53-2/3 compared with maximum residue limits established in fruits in Environment Administration, Korea. Most of the residues (71-82%) was remained in peels of pears. Incase of sweet persimmons, captan, captafol, EPN, parathion, and phenthoate residues were also detected with fairly low in 3-20% of total samples. Presently, it is considered that pesticide residues in pears and sweet persimmons may be no harmful levels for food commodities.

  • PDF

Effect of Heating Treatment on the Cooking Loss and Heavy Metal Residues of Porcine Variety Viscera (열처리에 의한 돈 내장근의 중량손실 및 미량 중금속 잔류에 미치는 영향)

  • 양철영
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.297-306
    • /
    • 1994
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the healing loss and the heavy metal residues such as copper, zinc, manganese, cadmium and lead In porcine visceras by inductively coupled argon plasma spectrometer(ICP), and to probe changes when porcine visceras were boiling In water treatment(BWT), heating in autoclave treatment (HAT) and heating In oil treatment (HOT) . The range of heating loss on porcine viscera were BWT(23.11∼34.53%) , HAT(18.48∼28.00%) and HOT(14.20∼25.22%)and the heart tissue were higher and liver were lower than those of the other tissues. The total value of heavy metal residues in large intestine, small intestine, heart, kidney, liver and stomach tissue were 11.298${\pm}$5.302 ppm, 27.825${\pm}$8. 177 ppm, 16.756${\pm}$6.334 ppm 21.107${\pm}$6.057 ppm, 25.369 ${\pm}$ 10.164 ppm and 12.611 ${\pm}$5.513 ppm, respectively. Heavy metal residues in porcine visceras tended to decrease according to heating methods and the variety viscera, and the change of total heavy metal residues on BWT, HAT and HOT were 4.16∼32.57%, 12.01∼28.09% and 9.60∼25.76%, respectively. The decrease of lead element of mean value were 21.76% and copper, zinc, manganese and cadmium element were 18.00∼ 18.16%. The change of heavy metal residues were not significant in the porcine visceras(P>0.05), and the these were significantly correlated among the three heating method(P < 0.05).

  • PDF

A Comparison of Legume Residues as a Nitrogen Source for Silage Corn (콩과목초 잔주의 사일리지용 옥수수에 대한 질소 공급효과)

  • 김동암;김종덕;이광녕;신동은;정재록;김원호
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.293-304
    • /
    • 1997
  • A field experiment was conducted at the forage experimental plots, Seoul National University, Suweon h m 1995 to 1996 to determine the effect of legume residues as a N source and N fertilizer on corn (Zea mays L.) silage yield, N uptake, and availability of inorganic N in the soil. Corn was grown following (i) red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), (ii) crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.), (iii) alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and (iv) winter fallow. The plots were split into two rates of fertilizer N (0 and 90kg Nlha) in a split-plot experimental plan. Compared with fallow treatment, legumes depleted soil water in the surface 15cm at corn planting by 17 to 26%. As a result, corn emergence was markedly delayed with legume residues by 8 to 11 days. Corn silage DM yield was significantly reduced in the presence of legume residues by 2.0 to 3.4 and 1.5 to 2.5 tonlha compared with winter fallow treatment at 0 and 90kg fertilizer Nlha, respectively, but no significant difference in the corn DM yield was found between legume residue treatments. There was an overall tendency for increased corn yields with 90kg fertilizer Nlha compared to Okg fertilizer Nlha, although not all yield increases were significantly greater. The corn yield response to applied N suggests that a source of N from legume residues was not sufficient for a succeeding corn crop. There was significantly more N (P

  • PDF

EFFECT OF PROCESSING ON THE NUTRITIVE VALUE OF EIGHT CROP RESIDUES AND TWO FOREST GRASSES IN GOATS AND SHEEP

  • Reddy, M.R.;Reddy, G.V.N.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.295-301
    • /
    • 1992
  • Eight crop residues : 1, sorghum (Sorqhum bicolor) straw, 2, maize (Zea mays) straw, 3, cotton (Gossypium Sp.) straw, 4, sunflower (Helianthus Sp.) straw, 5, cotton (Gossypium Sp.) seed hulls, 6, groundnut (Archais hypogaea) hulls, 7, maize (Zea mays) cobs, 8, sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) bagasse and two forest grasses 9, Heteropogan contortus dry grass and 10, Sehima nervosum dry grass were subjected to three physical processing 1, chopping (2-3 cm) 2, grinding (8 mm sieve) and 3, pelleting (10 mm die holes). The processed material was fed ad lib. Along with 250 g of concentrate mixture per head per day to 6 adult local goats and 16 adult Nellore rams in ten digestion experiments and finally assessed the nutritive value of the processed roughages by difference method. Grinding increased bulk density by 32.4 (cotton seed hulls, CSH) to 88.1% (Sehima dry grass) while pelleting of ground material increased bulk density by 53.9 (maize cobs) to 235.8% (maize straw). The average particle size ranged from $584.1/^U$ (sorghum straw) to $1467/^U$ (CSH). Modulus of uniformity ranged from 2:5:3 (sorghum straw) to 7:2:1 (CSH) while modulus of fineness ranged from 3.4 (sorghum straw) to 5.4 (CSH). Molasses absorbability was highest with cotton seed hulls and least with maize cobs. Pelleting increased DM intake of the residues except cotton seed hulls compared to grinding. Grinding of chopped material/unprocessed material increased DM intake on sorghum straw and cotton seed hulls. Sheep consumed more DM compared to goats on all the residues except sorghum and sunflower straws. Pelleting increased nutritive value of all the residues compared to grinding and chopping. However, no difference was observed in the nutritive value due to grinding and chopping. Goats performed better compared to sheep in utilizing the fibrous residues.

MICROBIAL COLONISATION AND DEGRADATION OF SOME FIBROUS CROP RESIDUES IN THE RUMEN OF GOATS

  • Ho, Y.W.;Abdullah, N.;Jalaludin, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.519-524
    • /
    • 1996
  • An investigation was carried out to study the microbial colonization and degradation of five crop residues, viz., sago waste, rice straw, oil palm trunk shavings, untreated palm press fibre and palm press fibre teated with 3% ammonium hydroxide in the rumen of goats. Colonisation by rumen bacteria and fungi was already established on all the five crop residues 8 h after incubation. However, the extent of colonization varied among the crop residues. Microbial colonization was poor on palm press fibre (treated and untreated) but more extensive on sago waste, oil palm trunk shavings and rice straw. By 24 h, most of the soft-walled tissues in sago waste, rice straw and oil palm trunk shavings were degraded leaving the thick-walled tissues extensively colonized by bacteria and fungi. Degradation on palm press fibre was still limited. At 48 h, the thick-walled tissues of sago waste, oil palm trunk shavings and rice straw showed various degrees of degradation - from small erosion zones to large digested areas. Bacterial growth was similar to that at 24 h but fungal growth was less. On palm press fibre, microbial colonization was more extensive than at 24 h but degradation of the fibres was still limited. Degradation of all the five crop residues at 72 h was somewhat similar to that at 48 h. Overall, microbial colonization and degradation were the most extensive on sago waste, followed by rice straw and oil palm trunk shavings, and the least on palm press fibre (treated and untreated). Dry matter loss of the five crop residues at the various incubation periods also showed the same order of degradation.

Analysis of Beauvericin and Unusual Enniatins Co-Produced by Fusarium oxysporum FB1501 (KFCC 11363P)

  • Song Hyuk-Hwan;Ahn Joong-Hoon;Lim Yoong-Ho;Lee Chan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1111-1119
    • /
    • 2006
  • Beauvericins and enniatins are cyclohexadepsipeptides exhibiting various biological activities on animal systems, including humans. Fusarium oxysporum FB1501 (KFCC 11363P) that produces four different cyclohexadepsipeptides was isolated from soil in Korea and the structures of the four cyclohexadepsipeptides elucidated by HPLC, MS, IR, and NMR analyses. The molecular weights for compounds 1,2,3, and 4 were determined to be 654.5, 784.5, 668.6, and 682.5, respectively, on the basis of ESI-MS measurements. The IR spectra for all the compounds exhibited absorptions for ester $(1,733-1,743\;cm^{-1})$ and amide $(1,649-1,655\;cm^{-1})$ bonds that were very similar to those for beauvericin and enniatins with ester and amide absorptions. The results of the NMR analysis $(^{1}H,\;^{13}C,\;135-DEPT,\;COSY,\;HMQC,\;and\;HMBC;\;in\;COCl_{3})$ revealed that compounds 1,3, and 4 consisted of $_{L}-N-methyl\;valine$ (N-MeVal), $_{D}-{\alpha}-hydroxyisovaleic\;acid$ (Hiv), and 2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid (Hmp) residues (compound 1: three N-MeVal residues, two Hiv residues, and one Hmp residue; compound 3: three N-MeVal residues, one Hiv, and two Hmp residues; compound 4: three N-MeVal residues and three Hmp residues). Therefore, the compounds were identified as enniatin H (compound 1), enniatin I (compound 3), and enniatin MK1688 (compound 4). Compound 2 was analyzed as beauvericin according to 1D and 2D NMR analyses. This study is the first report related to the co-production of beauvericin with other unusual enniatins, such as enniatin H, enniatin I, and enniatin MK1688, by Fusarium oxysporum.

Determination of Captan, Folpet, Captafol and Chlorothalonil Residues in Agricultural Commodities using GC-ECD/MS (GC-ECD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Captan, Folpet, Captafol 및 Chlorothalonil의 잔류분석법)

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Hwang, Young-Sun;Kim, Young-Hak;Kwon, Chan-Hyeok;Do, Jung-A;Im, Moo-Hyeog;Lee, Young-Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.165-175
    • /
    • 2010
  • A gas chromatographic (GC) method was developed to determine residues of captan, folpet, captafol, and chlorothalonil, known as broad-spectrum protective fungicides for the official purpose. All the fungicide residues were extracted with acetone containing 3% phosphoric acid from representative samples of five agricultural products which comprised rice, soybean, apple, pepper, and cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover the fungicides from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final cleanup of the extracts. The analytes were then determined by gas chromatography using a DB-1 capillary column with electron capture detection. Reproducibility in quantitation was largely enhanced by minimization of adsorption or thermal degradation of analytes during GLC analysis. Mean recoveries generated from each crop sample fortified at two levels in triplicate ranged from 89.0~113.7%. Relative standard deviations (RSD) were all less than 10%, irrespective sample types and fortification levels. As no interference was found in any samples, limit of quantitation (LOQ) was estimated to be 0.008 mg/kg for the analytes except showing higher sensitivity of 0.002 mg/kg for chlorothalonil. GC/Mass spectrometric method using selected-ion monitoring technique was also provided to confirm the suspected residues. The proposed method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residues of captan, folpet, captafol, and chlorothalonil in agricultural commodities for routine analysis.

A Study on the Characteristics of Groundwaters in Gyeongsan City (경산시 지하수의 수질특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Sung-Sook;Park, Byoung-Yoon;Lee, Bu-Yong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.677-682
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was performed to provide the basic information on characteristics of groundwater pollution in Gyeongsan city. Forty two groundwater samples were collected, and pH, DO, COD, $NH_3-N,\;NO_3^--N$, T-N, $PO_4^{3-}-P$, Cl, Ca, Mg, hardness, evaporate residues and others were investigated. And, ANOVA analyses were carried out to reveal the differences in water pollution indicator values of by industry, commerce/residence and agriculture areas. The results were as follows. 1. The mean values of pH, DO, COD, $NH_3-N,\;NO_3^--N$, T-N, $PO_4^{3-}-P$, Cl, evaporate residues, Ca and hardness were 6.9, $7.9mg/\ell,\;0.4mg/\ell,\;2.44mg/\ell,\;2.73mg/\ell,\;6.06mg/\ell,\;0.82mg/\ell,\;32.72mg/\ell,\;381.67mg/\ell,\;41.53mg/\ell,\;177.17mg/\ell$, respectively. 2. As groundwater became deeper, the values of Cl, Ca, Mg, Na, hardness and evaporate residues remarkably increased, but those of COD, $NH_3^--N,\;NO_3^--N,\;NO_2^-N$, T-N decreased. 3. The values of COD, Cl, Ca, Mg, Na, hardness and evaporate residues were very high in industrial area, and those of $NH_3-N,\;NO_2^--N$, T-N were very high in commercial/residential area, and those of $NO_3^--N$ were a little high in agricultural area. 4. The correlations between depth and each value of Mg, Na, Fe, hardness and evaporate residues were highly positive, and those between DO and each value of Mg, Cu, Fe, hardness and evaporate residues were highly negative. 5. According to ANOVA analyses, the differences in three area groups (industry, commerce/residence and agriculture) on the values of $NH_3-N$, T-N, evaporate residues, hardness, Ca, Mg, K and Fe were significant at 1% level.

Nuclear Localization Signals in Prototype Foamy Viral Integrase for Successive Infection and Replication in Dividing Cells

  • Hossain, Md. Alamgir;Ali, Md. Khadem;Shin, Cha-Gyun
    • Molecules and Cells
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.140-148
    • /
    • 2014
  • We identified four basic amino acid residues as nuclear localization signals (NLS) in the C-terminal domain of the prototype foamy viral (PFV) integrase (IN) protein that were essential for viral replication. We constructed seven point mutants in the C-terminal domain by changing the lysine and arginine at residues 305, 308, 313, 315, 318, 324, and 329 to threonine or proline, respectively, to identify residues conferring NLS activity. Our results showed that mutation of these residues had no effect on expression assembly, release of viral particles, or in vitro recombinant IN enzymatic activity. However, mutations at residues 305 (R ${\rightarrow}$ T), 313(R ${\rightarrow}$ T), 315(R ${\rightarrow}$ P), and 329(R ${\rightarrow}$ T) lead to the production of defective viral particles with loss of infectivity, whereas non-defective mutations at residues 308(R ${\rightarrow}$ T), 318(K ${\rightarrow}$ T), and 324(K ${\rightarrow}$ T) did not show any adverse effects on subsequent production or release of viral particles. Sub-cellular fractionation and immunostaining for viral protein PFV-IN and PFV-Gag localization revealed predominant cytoplasmic localization of PFV-IN in defective mutants, whereas cytoplasmic and nuclear localization of PFV-IN was observed in wild type and non-defective mutants. However sub-cellular localization of PFV-Gag resulted in predominant nuclear localization and less presence in the cytoplasm of the wild type and non-defective mutants. But defective mutants showed only nuclear localization of Gag. Therefore, we postulate that four basic arginine residues at 305, 313, 315 and 329 confer the karyoplilic properties of PFV-IN and are essential for successful viral integration and replication.