• Title, Summary, Keyword: residues

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A Study on the Pesticide Residues Monitoring of Medicinal Herbs which has marketed in the Daejeon (대전 지역 유통 식용 한약재의 잔류농약 실태 연구)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Shin;Kim, Sung Gu;Lim, Jae Yeun;Kim, Byoung-Soo
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the residue amount of pesticide on the 41 medicinal herbs in Daejeon area. This study was carried out to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in commercial medicinal herbs for sale of food use in 2012. It was performed using GC/ECD, GC/NPD, HPLC to analyze pesticides residues. Residues of 283 pesticides were analyzed by a simultaneous multiresidue method in 41 medicinal herbs being on sale in Daejeon. The medicinal herbs detected pesticides in 10 of 41 cases, showed a detection rate of 24.39%. The medicinal herbs which exceed the maximum residue limit were five cases as Cnidii Rhizoma, Osterici Radix, Artemisiae Capillaris Herba, Zizyphi Fructus and Alismatis Rhizoma. And pesticide residue of Cnidii Rhizoma and Alismatis Rhizoma exceeds the limit standard presented in only medicine use of KFDA. The residual pesticides which had the high detection rate were Chlopyrifos, Tebuconazole and Endosulfan in the detection of medicinal herbs. For further research, standards of Pesticide Residues in medicinal herbs should be added and more research of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs required. And standards of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs should be applied equally as medicines and food.

TRIPLE CIRCULANT CODES BASED ON QUADRATIC RESIDUES

  • Han, Sunghyu
    • Journal of the Chungcheong Mathematical Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 2010
  • One of the most interesting classes of algebraic codes is the class of quadratic residue (QR) codes over a finite field. A natural construction doubling the lengths of QR codes seems to be the double circulant constructions based on quadratic residues given by Karlin, Pless, Gaborit, et. al. In this paper we define a class of triple circulant linear codes based on quadratic residues. We construct many new optimal codes or codes with the highest known parameters using this construction. In particular, we find the first example of a ternary [58, 20, 20] code, which improves the previously known highest minimum distance of any ternary [58, 20] codes.

Development of a model for a national animal health monitoring system 1. Epidemiological evaluation of factors influencing drug residues of milk in Gyeongnam area (동물(젖소) 건강 Monitoring system 모델 개발 1. 경남 지역에서 우유내 항생재 잔류에 영향을 미치는 인자에 대한 역학적 평가)

  • Kim, Jong-shu;Choi, Min-cheol;Kim, Gon-sup;Kang, Ho-jo;Nah, Dae-sik;Son, Sung-gi;Lee, Jong-min;Park, Il-guen;Heo, Jung-ho;Lee, Ju-hong;An, Dong-won
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.544-552
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    • 1998
  • A random study of 574 dairy farms in Gyeongnam area was designed to determine 1) management factors that may be associated with the occurrence of drug residues; 2) the dairy farmer's attitudes and knowledge about residues; 3) how these variables influence the occurrence of residues in dairy cattle. Management factors perceived as having the greatest influence on drug residues in milk were insufficient knowledge about withdrawal periods, errors due to hired help, insufficient identification and record of animals treated for mastitis, dry cow treatment for mastitis, and metritis treatment. Seventy-one percent of farms with residues problem used mixed own feeds compared with twenty-nine percent of farms with premedicated feeds. Factors significantly associated with the occurrence of residues were herd size, increased number of hired persons, increased frequency of use of mixed-own feeds, category of medicated feed, and producer's attitude toward the public health significance of residues. Our findings suggest that residue occurrence was mainly associated with errors due to hired help, insufficient knowledge about withdrawal periods, poor animal identification and records of treatment animals and use of medicated feeds. Any residue avodiance educational program needs to stress how to deal with these factors. This educational program should be directed to dairy farmers and employees, especially temporary employees. In addition, Dairy farmer's attitudes and knowledge about drug residues need to be improved. More evidence on the public healths significance of residues should be available to them. Because belife in importance of public healths concerns was related to successful residue avidance and because 81.3% of the dairy farmers with residue problem thought public healths concerns were less important than economic ones, it would be helpful to provide educational programs specifically directed to this issue. it may be useful to provide programs not only for the dairy farmers but also change of their concerns about on the public healths.

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Investigation of the Current Status on Generation Route and Recycling of Residue derived Animals (동물성 잔재물의 발생경로 및 재활용업체의 재할용 실태에 대한 조사)

  • Lee, Ju-Ho;Phae, Chae-Gun
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the occurrence of residues derived animals produced during the process of slaughter and the subsequent channels of processing those residues derived animals; the status of recycling of these residues derived animals by recycling business is investigated to utilize the results as the basic data for management purposes. At present, animal slaughter is highly specialized and the residues derived animals obtained from the slaughter of animals are separated and dissected into different parts to serve as fodder and residual compost. Some of the residues derived animals obtained from slaughter, which are edible are utilized for edible purposes and those parts which are not edible such as horns, claws, fats etc. are confirmed to be recycled. Poultry residues derived animals are mostly recycled as single-component feed, used as original forms, residual compost whereas fish remains are recycled mostly as singlecomponent feed etc. Most of the companies that recycle residues derived animals are situated in provinces such as Jeollanamdo, Jeollabukdo, Gyeongsangnamdo, Gyeongsangbukdo, where many of the slaughterhouses are located. And many of these recylcing business find themselves in the vicinity of these slaughterhouse. Majority of these slaughterhouse are capable of processing residues derived animals in the range of 10~60 ton/day, which is quite small in terms of processing capacity. The problem encountered in the recycling of the residues derived animals is the occurrence of foul smell caused by the decomposition, for which appropriate measures have to be taken. The residues derived animals are on many occasions directly collected and transported to save costs and secure required amount of residues derived animals.

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Cys-92, Cys-95, and the C-Terminal 12 Residues of the Vibrio harveyi Ferric Uptake Regulator (Fur) are Functionally Inessential

  • Sun, Kun;Cheng, Shuang;Zhang, Min;Wang, Fang;Sun, Li
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.670-680
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    • 2008
  • Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a global regulator involved in multiple aspects of bacterial life. The gene encoding the Vibrio harveyi Fur ($Fur_{Vh}$) was cloned from a pathogenic V. harveyi strain isolated from diseased fish. $Fur_{Vh}$ shares 77% overall sequence identity with the Escherichia coli Fur ($Fur_{Ec}$) and could complement a mutant of $Fur_{Ec}$. Like $Fur_{Ec}$, $Fur_{Vh}$ possesses two cysteine residues at positions 92 and 95, yet unlike $Fur_{Ec}$, in which these cysteine residues constitute part of the metal ion coordination site and hence are vital to the repressor activity, C92 and C95 of $Fur_{Vh}$ proved to be functionally inessential. Further study identified a Vibrio Fur signature sequence, which is preserved in all the ten Vibrio Fur proteins that have been discovered to date but in none of the non-vibrio Fur proteins. Site-directed and random mutation analyses of the signature residues, the cysteine residues, and seven highly charged amino acid residues indicated that D9, H32, C137, and K138 of $Fur_{Vh}$ are functionally important but D9, C137, and K138 can be replaced by more than one functional substitutes. Systematic deletion analysis demonstrated that the C-terminal 12 residues of $Fur_{Vh}$ are functionally inessential. These results (i) indicated that the activation mechanism, or certain aspects of which, of $Fur_{Vh}$ is possibly different from that of $Fur_{Ec}$; and (ii) suggested that it is not very likely that the C-terminal 12 residues play any significant role in the activation or stability of $Fur_{Vh}$; and (iii) provided insights into the potential function of the local structure involving C137 and K138.

Studies on the Change of Minerals during Yakju Brewing(I) (Aspergillus kawachii를 이용한 약주 양조법에 따른 무기물의 변화 I)

  • 이상영;임형식;박계인
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.116-122
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    • 1975
  • Calcium and magnesium in polished rice, polished barley, what flour, and corn which were used for Yakju fermentation were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and their quantitative changes in the filtrates of mashes were checked at 24 hours intervals dueing the whole brewing period. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Mineral contens of raw materials(mg% of each anhydrous materials). Ca : polished rice 8.21, polished barley 26.11, wheat flour 66.10, corn 86.63 2) Mineral contents of kojies made from raw materials (mg %of each anhydrous materials). Ca : rice koji 26.36, barley koji 97.61, what flour koji 87.69, corn koji 16.13, seeding koji 28.76 Mg: rice koji 29.29, barley koji 39.84, what flour koji 244.50, corn koji 102.64, seeding koji 143.79 3) Quantitative changes of minerals in the fitrates of mashes. Calcium contents in the filtrates of mashes were increased gradually after mashing in the first stage but unchanged till the mashes were ripened after mashing in the second stage. On the other hand, magnesium cotents were decreased gradually after increase in the the other hand, magnesium contens were decreased gradually after increase in the first stage but showed a tendency to increase gradually in the second stage. 4)Mineral contents of Yakjues produced, marketing Yakju, and natural water for brewing (g/ml). Ca : rice Yakju 72.38, barley Yakju 84.08, what flour Yakju 105.32, corn Yakju 71.26, marketing Yakju 71.50, natural water for brewing 51.25 Mg :rice Yakju 93.67, barley Yakju 62.39, wheat flour Yakju 273.34, corn Yakju 321,60, marketing Yakju 90.00, natrual water for brewing 20.00 5) Mineral contents of Yakju residues (mg% of each anhydrous matrials). Ca : rice Yakju residues 209.70, barley Yakju residues 62.83, what flour Yakju residues 133.92, corn Yakju residues 60.64 Mg : rice Yakju residues 15.62, barley Yakju residuet 13.22, wheat flour Yakju residues 59.10, corn Yakju residues 67.38

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Changes of Soil Physical Properties by Manured Sorghum Residues Incorporation

  • Jung, Ki-Yuol;Yun, Eul-Soo;Park, Chang-Young;Hwang, Jae-Bok;Choi, Young-Dae;Oh, In-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.379-385
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    • 2013
  • Although sorghum residue production was estimated to be $8{\sim}10Mg\;ha^{-1}$, most sorghum straw was used to be burnt or removed after harvest. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of manured sorghum residues on soil physical properties from 2010 to 2012 in the converted paddy field. Five treatment with 3 replication consisted of control, inorganic fertilizer (NPK), manured residues, sorghum stover and sawdust manure. The incorporation level of organic source was $10Mg\;ha^{-1}$ without inorganic fertilizer NPK. The investigated physical parameters were bulk density (BD), porosity, water stability aggregate (WSA), water infiltration rater (WIR), penetration resistance (PR) and soil water retention characteristics (WRC) with soil depth. The incorporation of manured sorghum residues improved WIR significantly over inorganic fertilizer (NPK), sorghum residues and sawdust manure. The BD by incorporating with manured residues on sorghum was reduced significantly with crop residue over plot of NPK and sawdust. Significant increase in WSA was observed with stubble incorporation alone or manured sorghum residues. Soil WRC were significantly enhanced with manured sorghum residue incorporated without NPK. The average PR at 0~15 cm was 0.54 MPa for manured sorghum residues. For sawdust manure plot it was 0.42 MPa, for Sawdust manure plot 0.39 MPa and for NPK plot 0.54 MPa.

Effects of Mutagenesis of Highly Conserved Tyrosine Residues on the Function of m1 Muscarinic Receptor

  • Lee, Seok-Yong;Cho, Tai-Soon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.209-209
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    • 1996
  • Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors contain two highly conserved tyrosine residues which are located within or at the extracellular border of the second transmembrane domain. These tyrosine residues are located at positions 82 and 85 of the sequence of the ml subtype of muscarinic receptors. In this wok, we studied the involvement of these two residues in ligand binding to and agonist-induced activation this receptor subtype. our data suggest an important role for these two tyrosines in these processes, with a more prominent role for the tyrosine residue located at position 82 than that located at position 85. Evidence is also provided that while the aromatic moiety of these tyrosine residues is important for antagonist binding, both this moiety and the tyrosine phenolic hydroxyl group are involved in agonist binding and receptor activation.

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Determination of sulfamethazine in chicken by HPLC (HPLC에 의한 계육의 설파메타진 잔류량 분석)

  • Hah, Dae-sik;Kim, Jong-shu;Kim, Gon-sup
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to determine the sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney of chickens. For this experiment total 80 samples of livers and kidneys were collected at random 4 points(east area 2, west area 2) meat markets in Kyong-nam area 2 and were analysed by HPLC system. The results were as follows : 1. The average concentration of sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney were 0.056 ppm and 0.035 ppm, respectively, the sulfamethazine residues in chicken tissue was higher in liver than kidney. 2. The sulfamethazine residues of livers were exceed 0.1 ppm in three samples and no samples were exceed than 0.1 ppm in kidney. 3. No sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney were 14 and 25 samples respectively.

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Removal of Pesticide Residues in Rice Bran Oil by Refining Process (미강유의 정제과정중 잔류농약의 감소)

  • 이철원;신효선
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the pesticide residues in rice bran, crude rice bran oil and the oil of various stages of refining process. Each samples were analyzed for 41 pesticide residues by multiclass multiresidue methods with GC-ECD, NPD and identified by GC-MSD. Rice bran were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, and its level were ranged from 0.01~0.122 ppm. Crude rice bran oil were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, dimethoate, etrimfos, flucythrinate, and its level were ranged from 0.015~0.654 ppm Crude rice bran oil has the higher level of pesticide residues and more varieties of pesticides than rice bran. But pesticide residues in the crude rice bran oil was found to be almost removed then pigment was decolorized by absorption using active carbon and clealy removed by thermolysis for deodorization.

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